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activities administration agencies amendment American appropriation approval Association authority babies believe better bill birth carried causes cent CHAIRMAN child child health Children's Bureau cities committee conference Congress Constitution continue COOPER county health course Court death rate demonstration direct diseases districts Doctor WOODWARD effect established fact Federal Government field funds give given going health departments House HUDDLESTON hygiene important increased infant infant mortality interest Labor legislation live maternity and infancy matter measures Miss mothers necessary nurses officers organization period physicians plans population practically President prevention problems promotion Public Health Service question reason record relation Representatives responsibility rural Senate Sheppard-Towner Act social statement submitted supervision thing tion United Washington welfare women
Page 265 - The fundamental theory of liberty upon which all governments in this Union repose excludes any general power of the State to standardize its children by forcing them to accept instruction from public teachers only. The child is not the mere creature of the State; those who nurture him and direct his destiny have the right, coupled with the high duty, to recognize and prepare him for additional obligations.
Page 12 - The party who invokes the power must be able to show, not only that the statute is invalid, but that he has sustained or is immediately in danger of sustaining some direct injury as the result of its enforcement, and not merely that he suffers in some indefinite way in common with people generally.
Page 1 - Nothing in this act shall be construed as limiting the power of a parent or guardian or person standing in loco parentis...
Page 189 - We have no power per se to review and annul acts of Congress on the ground that they are unconstitutional. That question may be considered only when the justification for some direct injury suffered or threatened, presenting a justiciable issue, is made to rest upon such an act.
Page 159 - Questions of power do not depend on the degree to which it may be exercised. If it may be exercised at all, it must be exercised at the will of those in whose hands it is placed.
Page 250 - But the proposition that there are legislative powers affecting the nation as a whole which belong to, although not expressed in the grant of powers, is in direct conflict with the doctrine that this is a government of enumerated powers.
Page 1 - States accepting the provisions of this Act and shall certify to the Secretary of the Treasury the amount to which each State is entitled under the provisions of this Act.
Page 250 - This natural construction of the original body of the constitution is made absolutely certain by the tenth amendment. This amendment, which was seemingly adopted with prescience of just such contention as the present, disclosed the widespread fear that the national government might, under the pressure of a supposed general welfare, attempt to exercise powers which had not been granted.
Page 12 - ... burden is imposed upon the states, unequally or otherwise? Certainly there is none, unless it be the burden of taxation, and that falls upon their inhabitants, who are within the taxing power of Congress as well as that of the states where they reside.