Endosperm: Developmental and Molecular Biology
The nutritive endosperm of angiosperms is mankind’s most important source of food, livestock feed and industrial raw material. This book is the first comprehensive overview of the developmental and molecular biology of endosperm. The text covers cereal endosperm development from fertilization to maturity, including molecular and cell biology of the syncytial phase, the cellularization process and cell fate specification of the embryo surrounding region cells, the basal transfer cells, the starchy endosperm and aleurone cells. In addition, endosperm development in the model species Arabidopsis thaliana is covered, along with recent progress in endosperm in vitro culture. Special features of endosperm, such as imprinting, polyploidy, programmed cell death and anthocyanin biosynthesis, are described in separate chapters. Finally, the genes and pathways for the main nutritional components of endosperm, storage proteins and starch are covered in detail. Each chapter is illustrated with figures and diagrams, accompanied by text intended for readers at all levels with a basic understanding of cell and molecular biology.
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Endoreduplication and Programmed Cell Death in the Cereal Endosperm
Aleurone Cell Development
The Embryo Surrounding Region
Arabidopsis as a Model for Understanding the Basics of Endosperm Development
Endosperm Cell and Organ Culture
Anthocyanin Synthesis in Maize Aleurone Tissue
activity aleurone aleurone cells aleurone layer allele anthocyanin Arabidopsis thaliana barley Becraft Berger F BETL biochemical Brown RC caryopsis cell cycle cell fate cell plate cell wall cellularization central cell cereal endosperm cyclin cytokinesis cytoplasm DEK1 developmental differentiation division DNA methylation domain dosperm embryo endoreduplication endosperm cell walls endosperm development enzyme fie1 fie2 function gametophyte gene expression Genet genome germination glutelin grain Gutierrez-Marcos hordein interaction kernels kinase Larkins BA Lemmon maize endosperm maternal MEA allele MET1 microtubules mitosis mitotic molecular mutant NCDs nuclear nuclei Olsen O-A Otegui paternal MEA pathway phragmoplasts pigmentation Plant Cell Plant Mol Biol Plant Physiol prolamin promoter protein protein bodies region regulation regulatory rice role seed development sequence Shewry PR specific starch starchy endosperm cells storage proteins structure sucrose syncytial synthase synthesis TC-specific tissues transfer cells transgenic vacuole vesicles vitro wheat xyloglucan zein