Animals in Space: From Research Rockets to the Space Shuttle
Many readers will doubtless be astonished to learn that animals were being fired aloft in U.S. and Soviet research rockets in the late 1940s. In fact most people not only believe that the Russian space dog Laika was the first canine to be launched into space, but also that the high-profile, precursory Mercury flights of chimps Ham and Enos were the only primate flights conducted by the United States. In fact, both countries had sent literally dozens of animals aloft for many years prior to these events and continued to do so for many years after. Other latter-day space nations, such as France and China, would also begin to use animals in their own space research.
Animals in Space will explain why dogs, primates, mice and other rodents were chosen and tested, at a time when dedicated scientists from both space nations were determined to establish the survivability of human subjects on both ballistic and orbital space flights. It will also recount the way this happened; the secrecy involved and the methods employed, and offer an objective analysis of how the role of animals as spaceflight test subjects not only evolved, but subsequently changed over the years in response to a public outcry led by animal activists. It will explore the ways in which animal high-altitude and space flight research impacted on space flight biomedicine and technology, and how the results - both successful and disappointing - allowed human beings to then undertake that same hazardous journey with far greater understanding and confidence.
This book is intended as a detailed yet highly readable and balanced account of the history of animal space flights, and the resultant application of hard-won research to space technology and astrobiology. It will undoubtedly become the ultimate authority on animal space flights.
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From wrath to research
Highaltitude research A curious phenomenon First animal passengers On re but safe The hazards of highaltitude ight A fatal error Research balloons ...
Holloman and the Albert Hall of Fame
Able and Baker lead the way
The most famous dog in history 143
Prelude to manned space ight
Cold War collaboration
Politics and biosatellites in the 1990s
Tragedy and a lengthy hiatus
Rodents lead the way in research
Pioneers in a weightless world 203
Biting the hand
Paving the way for John Glenn
The age of the biosatellites 277
U S biological rocket ights 19461960
Appendix F Bion research ights 391