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Missions, Organization, and Budget

Missions

Budget

The U.S. Geological Survey was established by an act of Congress on March 3, 1879, to answer the need for a permanent government agency at the Federal level to conduct, on a continuing, systematic, and scientific basis, investigations of the "geological structure, mineral resources, and products of the national domain." Although a number of laws and executive orders have expanded and modified the scope of the Survey's responsibilities over its 104-year history, the Survey has remained principally a scientific and technical investigation agency as contrasted with a developmental or regulatory one. Today, the Survey is mandated to assess onshore and offshore energy and mineral resources; to provide information for society to mitigate the impact of floods, earthquakes, landslides, volcanoes, and droughts; to monitor the Nation's ground- and surface-water supplies; to study the impact of man on the Nation's water resources; and to provide mapped information on the Nation's landscape and land use. The Survey is the principal source of scientific and technical expertise in the earth sciences within the Department of the Interior and the Federal Government. This Yearbook provides highlights of the wide range of earth science research and services in the fields of geology, hydrology, and cartography. These activities represent the continuing pursuit of the longstanding scientific missions of the Survey.

Organization

The U.S. Geological Survey is headquartered in Reston, Virginia. Its activities are administered through the major program divisions of National Mapping, Geologic, and Water Resources. These program operations are supported by the Administrative and Information Systems Divisions. The Survey conducts its functions through an extensive field organization of offices located throughout the 50 States and Puerto Rico. At the national level, the functions of the Survey are coordinated through assistant directors for administration, program analysis, research, information systems, intergovernmental affairs, and engineering geology.

In fiscal year 1983, the U.S. Geological Survey had obligational authority for $556.0 million, of which $378.2 came from direct appropriations, $18.7 million came from transfers from accounts discussed below, and $ 1 59.1 million came from reimbursements. The Survey received funds under two congressional appropriations, "Barrow Area Gas Operations, Exploration and Development" ($6.4 million), and "Surveys, Investigations, and Research," which is the traditional source of direct funding for all other Survey activities ($371.8 million). Transfers to the latter account equaled $ 16.2 million unobligated balance from the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska account as required in the appropriation language, $2.2 million from the same account under emergency authority to cover the Redwood City, California, flood damage, and $0.3 million unobligated balance from the Office of Water Research and Technology for the Water Resources Scientific Information Center Program. The Survey also received funds for reimbursements for work performed under agreements with other Federal agencies, State and local governments, international organizations, and foreign governments. The Survey performs services under these agreements when earth science expertise is required by other agencies and their needs complement Survey program objectives. Work done for State, county, and municipal agencies is

Percentage allocation of funds, by Division.

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Surveys, Investigations, and Research:

National Mapping, Geography and

Surveys 81,138

Primary Quadrangle Mapping 38,960

Primary Quadrangle

Mapping 35,106

Modernization of Mapping

Technology 3,854

Map Revision and

Orthophotoquads 17,002

Revision 10,840

Orthophotoquads 6,162

Digital Mapping 3,970

Small, Intermediate, and

Special Mapping 14,367

Intermediate-Scale Mapping -- 6,756
Land Use and Land Cover

Mapping 3,409

Airborne Profiling of Terrain

System 1,691

Small-Scale and Other Special

Mapping 2,511

Cartographic and Geographic

Information 3,839

Side-Looking Airborne Radar 3,000

Geologic and Mineral Resource

Surveys and Mapping 159,190

Geologic Hazards Surveys 51,611

Earthquake Hazards

Reduction 34,952

Volcano Hazards 10,840

Ground Failure and

Construction Hazards 2,729

Reactor Hazards Research 3,090

Land Resource Surveys 16,845

Geologic Framework 13,735

Geomagnetism 2,115

Climate Change 995

Mineral Resource Surveys 41,072

Alaska Mineral Surveys 9,252

Conterminous U.S. Mineral

Surveys 5,582

Wilderness Mineral Surveys — 8,425

Strategic and Critical Minerals - 5,752
Development of Assessment

Techniques 11,959

Mineral Discovery Loan

Program 102

Energy Geologic Surveys 34,176

Coal Investigations 14,175

Onshore Oil and Gas

Investigations 6,922

Oil Shale Investigations 823

Geothermal Investigations 7,090

Uranium-Thorium

Investigations 4,166

World Energy Resource

Assessment 1,000

Offshore Geologic Surveys 15,486

Offshore Geologic Framework - 1 5,486

Water Resources Investigations 115,096

National Water Data System

Federal Program 54,201

Data Collection and Analysis — 1 5,888

National Water Data Exchange 1,247
Regional Aquifer Systems

Analyses 14,665

Coordination of Water Data

Activities 894

Core Program Hydrologic

Research 5,982

Improved Instrumentation 1,899

Subsurface Waste Storage 1,453

Flood Hazards Analysis 464

Water Resources Assessment - 329

Supporting Services 3,594

Toxic Wastes—Ground-Water

Contamination 4,451

Acid Rain 2,462

Water Resources Scientific

Information Center 873

Federal-State Cooperative

Program 45,782

Data Collection and Analysis,

Areal Appraisals and

Special Studies 39,390

Water Use (Cooperative) 3,230

Coal Hydrology (Cooperative) - 3,162

Energy Hydrology 15,113

Coal Hydrology 6,849

Nuclear Energy Hydrology 6,993

Oil Shale Hydrology 1,271

Earth Sciences Applications 11,132

Earth Resources Observation

Systems 9,563

Environmental Affairs 943

Land Resources Data

Applications 626

General Administration 14,931

Executive Direction 4,956

Administrative Operations 8,628

Reimbursable to Department of

Labor 1,347

Facilities 9,022

National Center—Standard Level

User Charge 7,364

National Center—Facilities

Management 1,658

TOTAL, Surveys, Investigations,

and Research 390,509

Barrow Area Gas Operation 6,400

TOTAL, U.S. Geological Survey 396,909

'Funding shown represents appropriations under "Surveys, Investigations, and Research" only and does not include other sources of funding such as reimbursements from other Federal or State organizations.

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almost always done on a cost-sharing basis.

Most of the appropriations and reimbursements received by the Survey in fiscal year 1983 are distributed through budget activities that roughly correspond to its mapping, geologic, hydrologic, and administrative areas of responsibility.

Personnel

At the end of fiscal year 1983, the U.S. Geological Survey had 7,245 permanent full-time employees on board, an increase of 80 from fiscal year 1982. With the exception of the transfer of approximately, 2,500 employees to the Minerals Management Service in 1982, the Survey's fulltime permanent work force has been relatively constant since 1973. The Survey's diversified earth science research programs and services are reflected in its workforce which is composed of personnel in over 170 disciplines, with more than 50% possessing a Bachelor's or higher level

degree. More than one-half of the Survey's staff are professional scientists, and approximately one-fourth are technical specialists. Hydrologists, geologists and cartographers predominate among the professional group which includes members of more than 30 other disciplines such as geophysicists, chemists and engineers.

The number of other-than-full-time permanent employees has more than doubled since 1973 and includes many students and faculty members from colleges and universities as well as part-time personnel. The Survey has profited greatly from its association with the academic community. The expertise of many eminent specialists has become available to the Survey in this manner and has provided great flexibility in solving problems and meeting surges in workload, especially during the field season. The relationship also has been an invaluable channel for recruiting young professionals of demonstrated ability for permanent full-time positions upon the completion of their studies.

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Awards and Honors

Honors From Foreign Governments

Each year employees of the U.S. Geological Survey receive awards that range from modest monetary awards to recognition of their achievements by large professional societies. The large number of these awards attests to the quality of the individuals who are the U.S. Geological Survey. This year, the Survey wishes to acknowledge those individuals who either received high honors from or were elected to high office in professional societies and those individuals who received the Department of the Interior's highest award.

Honors

Kenneth L. Pierce, Geologist, was selected for the Kirk Bryan Award of the Geological Society of America in recognition of his studies on the glacial geology of Yellowstone Park.

Eugene M. Shoemaker, Geologist, was awarded the Arthur L. Day Medal of the Geological Society of America in recognition of his imaginative contributions to astrogeology, volcanology, and petrology and for his dedication to science.

James P. Bennett, Hydrologist, was named Engineer Ot the Year for the Department of the Interior by the National Society of Professional Engineers.

Thomas D. Fouch, Geologist, was appointed a Distinguished Lecturer by the American Association of Petroleum Geologists.

George E. Ericksen, Research Geologist, was made a Knight Commander in Chile's Order of Bernardo O'Higgins in Santiago, Chile, June 9, 1983. The Chilean government honored Ericksen's outstanding contributions to the study of mineral resources in that country.

Presidents of Professional Societies

Service in professional societies is one of the important professional contributions a scientist can make. Societies play a fundamental role in the distribution of new knowledge, in addition to providing a forum in which new ideas are tested. The active participation of Survey scientists in professional societies attests to the scientific vitality of the Bureau. The Bureau is particularly proud of those individuals who have been elected to society presidencies by their professional peers.

Robert M. Hamilton

Frederick J. Doyle

Department of the Interior Distinguished
Service Awards

The highest honor given by the Department of the Interior is the Distinguished Service Award. This award for outstanding achievements in

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