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CH. XXVII.

CHAPTER XXVII.

Noxious Weeds.

neglect.

CHAP. 100.
AN ACT to provide for the destruction of Canada this-

tles, and other noxious weeds, on the banks of the
canals, railroads and turnpike roads.

PASSED April 21, 1847. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

$ 1. It shall be the duty of the superintendents of canals, Duty of suto cause all Canada thistles and other noxious weeds, grow- dents of ing on the banks and sides of the canals, to the width owned canals. by the state, to be cut down twice in each and every year, once between the fifteenth day of June, and the first day of July, and once between the fifteenth day of August and the first day of September.

$ 2. If the said officers shall refuse or neglect to cause the provision same to be cut at the times as aforesaid, it shall be lawful for refusal or any person or persons, to cut the same between the first and fifteenth days of July, and between the first and fifteenth days of September, in each and every year, at the expense of the superintendents having charge of the sections on which such thistles and noxious weeds shall be so cut, at the rate of one dollar per day for the time occupied in so cutting, to be recovered in any court of justice in this state.

$ 3. It shall be the duty of the several railroad corpora- Patres of tions and turnpike road corporations within this state, to and turncause all Canada thistles and other noxions weeds growing panies. on any lands owned or occupied by such corporations, to be cut down twice in each and every year, once between the fifteenth day of June and the first day of July, and once between the fifteenth day of August and the first day of September.

S 4. If the said corporations, or any or either of them, shall Provision neglect to cause the same to be cut down, at the times in the neglect. third section of this act mentioned, it shall be lawful for any person to cut the same, between the first and fifteenth days of July, and between the first and fifteenth days of September in each year, at the expense of the corporation on whose lands said Canada thistles or other noxious weeds shall be so cut, at the rate of one dollar per day for the time so occupied in cutting, to be recovered in any court of justice in this state.

GENERAL STATUTES

OF THE

STATE OF NEW YORK; &C.

PART II.

RIGHTS OF PROPERTY AND OF PERSONS.

CHAPTER I.

Real Property.

CHAP 174,
AN ACT in relation to certain trusts.

PASSED April 15, 1839. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows :

S 1. All deeds of trust in relation to real and personal Certain estate executed and delivered prior to the first day of January, trust for eighteen hundred and thirty, to any persons in trusts for any society united society of the people commonly called Shakers, shall valid. be valid and effectual to vest in the trustees the legal estates and interests purported to be conveyed by such deeds, to and for the uses and purposes declared therein, or declared by any declaration of trusts executed by such trustees in the same manner and to the same effect as before the first day of January, eighteen hundred and thirty; and such legal estate Estates and trusts, and all the legal authority with which the original tinued. trustees were vested by virtue of their appoiutment and con

PART II.

ferred powers, shall forever descend in regular succession to their successors in office and trust, who in conformity to the constitution of said society have been duly chosen and ap

pointed.

Such trusts may be created hereafter.

As amended by Laws of 1849, ch. 373.

27 B., 386; 17 B., 105. S 2. Trusts of real and personal estate for the benefit of any United Society of the people called Shakers, may hereafter be created for the use of the members of any such society, according to the religious constitution of such society; and the legal estates of any property so held in trust shall be vested in the trustees and in those to whom such property may be transmitted in trust by the appointment of any such

society, so long as may be required for the objects and purLimitatio poses of such trusts. But no society shall become beneficially property. interested in any real or personal property, or acquire any

equitable right or interest in any such property, either directly or indirectly, the annual value or income of which after deducting necessary expenses, shall exceed twenty-five thousand dollars, on pain of forfeiture of the privileges conferred by this act: nor shall any trustee be a trustee of more than one such society at the same time.

As amended by Laws of 1852, ch. 203. Meaning of $ 3. The word “ society,” for the purpose of the preceding society."

section, shall be construed and understood to mean and include all persons of the religious belief of the people called Shakers,

resident within the same county. Right to re

$ 4. The legislature may at any time alter, modify or repeal peal.

this act.

CHAP 184. AN ACT in relation to trusts for the benefit of the meetings of the religious society of Friends.

Passed April 17, 1839. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

S 1. All deeds or declarations of trusts of real or personal estate, heretofore executed and delivered to any person or persons, in trust, or for the use and benefit of any meeting of the religious society of Friends, and the trusts thereby created or declared, shall be valid; and the legal estates may be transmitted, and the trusts so created or declared may be continued and pursued, so long as may be required for the purposes of the trusts, by conveyances from the trustees named in such deeds to other trustees appointed by such meeting, and by conveyances from them to others appointed in like manner or otherwise, according to the directions of such meeting.

Former trusts for Friends, valid.

31 B., 563; 27 B., 387; 17 B., 106.

CHAP. I.

$ 2. Trusts of real or personal estate, for the benefit of any such trusts meeting of the religious society of Friends, may be hereafter may be created for the use of such meeting, according to the regula- created. tions and rules of discipline of said society, and the legal estate of any property so held in trust shall be vested in the trustees, and in those to whom such property may be conveyed in trust, by the appointment of any such meeting, so long as may be required for the objects and purposes of such trusts : but nothing contained in this act shall be so construed Proviro. as to impair or diminish the rights of any person, meeting or association of persons, claiming to be a meeting of the religious society of Friends, which such person, or meeting or association of persons claiming to be a meeting as aforesaid, had either in law or equity to or in any real or personal estate, held in trust for the use and benefit of any meeting of the said religious society, prior to the division which took place in said religious society at the yearly meeting held in the city of New York, in the month of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred twenty-eight; and nothing in this act contained shall authorize any real or personal estate to be held in trust for any meeting of such society, the annual value or income of which shall exceed five thousand dollars.

certain literary institutions in trust.

CHAP. 318.
AN ACT authorizing certain trusts.

Passed May 14, 1840. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

$ 1. Real and personal property may be granted and con- Property veyed to any incorporated college or other literary incorpo- granted to rated institution in this state, to be held in trust for either of the following purposes:

1. To establish and maintain an observatory.
2. To found and maintain professorships and scholarships.

3. To provide and keep in repair a place for the burial of the dead; or

4. For any other specific purposes comprehended in the general objects authorized by their respective charters. The said trusts may be created, subject to such conditions and visitations as may be prescribed by the grantor or donor, and agreed to by said trustees, and all property which shall bereafter be granted to any incorporated college or other literary incorporated institution in trust for either of the aforesaid purposes, may be held by such college or institution upon such trusts, and subject to such conditions and visitations as may be prescribed and agreed to as aforesaid.

17 B., 105; 9 B., 99, 324.

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