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$ 11 General examinations, credentials and degrees. The Re- May confer gents may confer by diploma under their seal such honorary degrees grees and as they may deem proper, and may establish examinations as to and degrees attainments in learning, and may award and confer suitable cer- tion tificates, diplomas and degrees on persons who satisfactorily meet the requirements prescribed.

§ 12 Academic examinations. The Regents shall establish in the Standards for academies of the University, examinations in studies furnishing a graduation suitable standard of graduation from academies and of admission admission to colleges, and certificates or diplomas shall be conferred by the Regents on students who satisfactorily pass such examinations.

§ 13 Admission and fees. Any person shall be admitted to these Open to all examinations who shall conform to the rules and pay the fees prescribed by the Regents, and said fees shall not exceed $1 for Fees limited each academic branch, or $5 for each higher branch in which the demic and $5 candidate is examined; and all fees received may be used by the branches Regents for expenses of examinations.

$ 14 Extension of educational facilities. The Regents may co- Regents may operate with other agencies in bringing within the reach of the educational people at large increased educational opportunities and facilities, by stimulating interest, recommending methods, designating suitable teachers and lecturers, lending necessary books and apparatus, conducting examinations and granting credentials and otherwise aiding such work. No money appropriated by the State not to state for this work shall be expended in paying for services or expenses or expenses of teachers or lecturers.

§ 15 State Library; how constituted. All books, pamphlets, All state manuscripts, records, archives and maps, and all other property erty part of appropriate to a general library, if owned by the state and not exceptions placed in other custody by law, shall be in charge of the Regents and constitute the State Library. $ 16 Manuscripts and records “on file.” Manuscript or printed Ms and

records more papers of the Legislature, usually termed “on file," and which than 3 years shall have been on file more than five years in custody of the part of State Senate and Assembly clerks, and all public records of the state not placed in other custody by a specific law shall be part of the State Library and shall be kept in rooms assigned and suitably arranged for that purpose by the trustees of the Capitol. The To be made Regents shall cause such papers and records to be so classified and able arranged that they can be easily found. No paper or record shall be removed from such files except on a resolution of the Senate

pay teachers'

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State Library: moved only

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Library

Assembly resolution

open at least

Other borrowers

To be re- and Assembly withdrawing them for a temporary purpose, and in by Senate and case of such removal a description of the paper or record and the

name of the person removing the same shall be entered in a book

provided for that purpose, with the date of its delivery and return. Library to be § 17 Use. The State Library shall be kept open not less than 8 hours daily eight hours every week day in the year, and members of the Legis

lature, judges of the Court of Appeals, justices of the Supreme State officers Court, and heads of state departments may borrow from the may borrow

library books for use in Aibany, but shall be subject to such restrictions and penalties as may be prescribed by the Regents for the safety or greater usefulness of the library. Others shall be entitled to use or borrow books from the library only on such conditions as the Regents shall prescribe.

Laws of 1891, ch.377, S1, makes the first appropriation for the state medical library and $2 embodies the conditions of the gift by the Albany Medical College of its library, as follows:

82 The said medical library shall be a part of the New York State Library under the same government and regulations and shall be open for consultation to every citizen of the state at all hours when the state law library is open and shall be available for borrowing books to every accredited physician residing in the State of New York, who shall conform to the rules made by the Regents for insuring proper protection and the largest

usefulness to the people of the said medical library. $15,000 annu- $ 18 Book appropriation. The Treasurer shall pay annually to ally for books

the Regents, on warrant of the Comptroller, $15,000 for books,

serials and binding for the State Library. Charge of cer- $ 19 Duplicate department. The Regents shall have charge of

the preparation, publication and distribution, whether by sale, exchange or gift, of the colonial history, natural history, and all other state publications not otherwise assigned by law. To guard against waste or destruction of state publications, and to provide for completion of sets to be permanently preserved in American and foreign libraries, the Regents shall maintain a duplicate department to which each state department, bureau, board or commission shall send not less than five copies of each of its publications when issued, and after completing its distribution, any remaining copies which it no longer requires. The above, with any other publications not needed in the State Library,

shall be the duplicate department, and rules for sale, exchange Receipts to be or distribution from it shall be fixed by the Regents, who shall brary

use all receipts from such exchanges or sales for expenses and for increasing the State Library. [As amended by laws of 1895, ch.859, $19 and 1901, ch.507, $14]

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§ 20 Transfers from state officers. The librarian of any library B owned by the state, or the officer in charge of any state department, bureau, board, commission or other office, may, with the trans approval of the Regents, transfer to the permanent custody of the State Library or Museum any books, papers, maps, manuscripts, specimens or other articles which, because of being duplicates or for other reasons, will in his judgment be more useful to the state in the State Library or Museum than if retained in his keeping.

§ 21 Other libraries owned by the state. The report of the State Libri State Library to the Legislature shall include a statement of the total i number of volumes or pamphlets, the number added during the me year, with a summary of operations and conditions, and any lit needed recommendations for safety or usefulness for each of the other libraries owned by the state, the custodian of which shall furnish such information or facilities for inspection as the Regents may require for making this report. Each of these libraries shall be under the sole control now provided by law, but for the annual report of the total number of books owned by or bought each year by the state, it shall be considered as a branch of the State Library and shall be entitled to any facilities for ex- Such libraries change of duplicates, interlibrary loans or other privileges prop- privileges of

branches erly accorded to a branch.

$ 22 State Museum; how constituted. All scientific specimens Includes work and collections, works of art, objects of historic interest and similar property appropriate to a general museum, if owned by the cer state and not placed in other custody by a specific law, shall con- Includes state stitute the State Museum, and one of its officers shall annually in spect all such property not kept in the State Museum rooms, and the annual report of the museum to the Legislature shall include summaries of such property, with its location, and any needed recommendations as to its safety or usefulness. Unless otherwise provided by law, the State Museum shall include the work of the Exceptions State Geologist and Paleontologist, the State Botanist and the Summarized State Entomologist, who, with their assistants, shall be included in reports the scientific staff of the State Museum. [As amended by laws of 1896, eh.493, $1]

$2 The executive committee of the New York State Agricultural Society may have the free use of said cabinets of natural history, and all the specimens therein deposited, at any and all times, for such purpose as such committee shall desire, subject to the direction and regulations of the Regents of the University; provided that such committee shall not remove said cabinets, or any of the speciniens therein deposited, from the rooms in which they shall be deposited by the Regents of the University.

of all state scientific offi.

property ap

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seum

includes all

institutions for

tion

exclude from

be inspected

annually under oath

Collections to $ 23 Collections made by the staff. Any scientific collection term belong made by a member of the museum staff during his term of office

shall, unless otherwise authorized by resolution of the Regents,

belong to the state and form part of the State Museum. University, $ 24. Institutions in the University. The institutions of the Uniincorporatedor versity shall include all institutions of higher education which are higher educa- now or may hereafter be incorporated in this state, and such

other libraries, museums or other institutions for higher education as may, in conformity with the ordinances of the Regents,

after official inspection, be admitted to or incorporated by the Regents may University. The Regents may exclude from such membership any membership institution failing to comply with law or with any ordinance or

rule of the University. Institutions to $ 25 Visitation and reports. The Regents or their committees and to report or officers shall visit, examine into and inspect the condition and

operation of every institution and department in the University, and require of each an annual report verified by oath of its presiding officer, and giving information concerning trustees, faculty, students, instruction, equipment, methods, and operations, with such other information and in such form as may be prescribed by the Regents who shall annually report to the Legislature the condition of the University and of each of its institutions and departments, with any further information or recommendations which they shall deem it desirable to submit; and such parts of their report as they shall deem necessary for use in advance

of the annual volume, may be printed by the state printer as Suspension of bulletins. For refusal or continued neglect on the part of any charter or rights for neg. institution in the University to make the report required by this

section, or for violation of any law, the Regents may suspend the charter or any of the rights and privileges of such institution.

?$ 26 Apportionment of state money. The Treasurer shall pay 3106,000 ap- annually, on warrant of the Comptroller, $12,000 from the income

of the literature fund, $34,000 from the income of the United States deposit fund, and $60,000 from the general fund, according to an apportionment to be made for the benefit of the academies

of the University by the Regents in accordance with their rules, Restriction and authenticated by their seal, provided that the said $60,000

from the general fund shall be used only for academic departConditions of ments of union schools, and that no academy shall share in such purtionment apportionment unless the Regents shall be satisfied by personal

inspection by one vs their officers, the necessary expenses of which

1Superseded by laws of 1905, chapter 699.

lect to report

Academic fund of

propriated annually

sharing in ap

rants subject to return

incorporate

inspection may be paid out of said money, that it has suitable provision for buildings, furniture, apparatus, library and collections, and has complied with all their requirements; and provided that books, apparatus, scientific collections or other educational equipment furnished by the state or bought with money apportioned from state funds shall be subject to return to the Regents Gora whenever the charter of the school shall be revoked or it shall discontinue its educational operations.

Capital of literature and United States deposit funds must be kept inviolate; revenue of the literature fund must be applied to support of academies; no state funds to be paid to any institution of learning, "wholly or in part under the control or direction of any religious denomination, or in which any denominational tenet or doctrine is taught,” 513, Constitution, art.9, $3-4; L. 1873, ch.642, $7. Literature fund, and he w invested, R. S. pti, ch.9, tit.3, 81-2. L. 1895, ch. 341, provided for an ad-litional $100 to each school of academic grade, and for increasing the fund each year to keep pace with growth in number of schools and students. L. 1901, ch.498, fixed at $350,000 the total annual grants to academic schools. For establishment and regulation of academic departments of union schools, see Consolidated school law, 1894, ch.556, tit.8, $15, sub.810; $26-27, 35. For other details as to such expenditures, see L. 1873, ch.642.

§ 27 Charters. The Regents may, by an instrument under their Regents may seal and recorded in their office, incorporate any university, col- any educa: lege, academy, library, museum, or other institution or associa- tion or assotion for the promotion of science, literature, art, history or other department of knowledge, under such name, with such number of trustees or other managers, and with such powers, privileges and duties, and subject to such limitations and restrictions in all respects as the Regents may prescribe in conformity to law. [As amended by laws of 1895, ch.859, $2]

See also P-30, Constitution, art.8, $i; P.30, Membership corporations law, 1895, ch.559, art.2, $30, repealing all powers to incorporate scientific, literary and similar institutions or associations except by the Regents under this section.

An academy incorporated for the promotion of literature and authorized to educate males and females, may establish separate departments for each, and, under laws of 1870, ch.318, and laws of 1841, ch.261, take and hold real estate in trust to be used for the benefit of either department. [Adams v. Perry, 43 N. Y. 487]

$ 28 Provisional charters. On evidence satisfactory to the Re- Limitations a gents that the conditions for an absolute charter will be met e within a prescribed time, they may grant a provisional charter which shall be replaced by an absolute charter when the conditions have been fully met; otherwise, after the specified time, on notice from the Regents to this effect, the provisional charter shall

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