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docks for itself and the public at its own expense and to furnish all necessary lands for the project at its own expense.

There would be about 50 percent of the dock space used by the St. Marys Kraft Corp. and about 50 percent by the public, therefore, it can be seen that this contribution alone would be a very heavy contribution by the St. Marys Kraft Corp.

It is hoped in the interest of the small landowner, the farmer with small tracts of land, small businesses in the area and the common good throughout the United States that this committee will favorably report out this resolution authorizing the appropriation for this project.

I hand you herewith a resolution by the Board of County Commissioners of Charlton County, Ga.; a resolution by the city of Folkston, Ga.; a resolution by the Charlton County Timber Protective Organization and the Charlton County Unit of the Georgia Forestry Commission; a resolution by the board of directors of the Folkston, Ga., and Charlton County Chamber of Commerce, and a resolution by the board of directors of Waycross and Ware County Chamber of Commerce, the city of St. Marys and the St. Marys Chamber of Commerce, in each of which it is definitely and forcefully brought out that the real benefit that will be derived from this project will inure to the benefit of the small landowner and small business and not to the St. Marys Kraft Corp. The attention of each member of this committee is respectfully referred to these resolutions from people who could not have any special interest in the St. Marys Kraft Corp.

Permit me to again thank you, Mr. Chairman, and each member of this committee for your patience and your cooperation in working this matter out.

Again I thank you and hope that you will act favorably on my request.

CHARLTON COUNTY, GA.,
COMMISSIONERS OF ROADS AND REVENUES,

Folkston, Ga., May 11, 1949. Whereas, the board of county commissioners is vitally interested in every movement that looks to the upbuilding of not only this county but the whole tributary section of country; and

Whereas the dredging of the St. Marys River in Charlton County to Traders Hill, the opening of a deep channel from Crandell to St. Marys, and the making of a deep-water port at that point would be something calculated to bring in. dustry to this county, provide employment for a large number of people and open new outlets for all timber products; and

Whereas timber furnishes practically the sole source of income to this part of Georgia and Florida ; Therefore, be it

Resolved, That the Commissioners of Roads and Revenues of Charlton County, Ga., hereby request the Rivers and Harbors Committee of Public Works to give favorable action upon the proposition cited above, believing such action to be to the best interests of not only this section of country but to the whole United States.

E. BELL,

Chairman. JOHN HARRIS,

Clerk.

CITY OF FOLKSTON,

Folkston, Ga., May 11, 1949. Wheras the St. Marys dredging project is of vital interest to the city of Folkston and her people because of the impetus to growth and development that will come to all tributary territory upon the completion of this work; and

Whereas this matter is still pending before the Public Works Committee; Therefore, be it

Resolved, That the mayor and City Council of the City of Folkston ask this committee to carefully consider all facts relative to this proposition and give it favorable action if they feel justified ; and be it

Resolved, That in our opinion the dredging of this port and channel will be of unmeasurable benefit to thousands of small land owners and a vast number of laboring people in a large territory that depend almost entirely on timber for income; and be it further

Resolved, That we commend the interest of Senators George and Russell, of Congressman Wheller, of Col. W. S. Moore, of Hon. John S. Gibson, and others who have worked untiringly to present the salient facts relative to the merits of this vital project.

R. WARD HARRISON,

Mayor. JOHN HARRIS,

City Clerk.

CHARLTON TIMBER PROTECTIVE ORGANIZATION,

Folkston, Ga., May 11, 1949. Whereas timber is the chief source of income for this whole section of Georgia and Florida; and

Whereas the development of timber production has been retarded materially for many years by a lack of transportation facilities; and

Whereas the proposition to dredge the St. Marys River and to provide port facilities at the plant of the St. Marys Kraft, Corp. will give impetus to every phase of timber operation over a territory extending hundreds of miles from this port; Therefore, be it

Resolved by the Charlton County Timber Protective Organization and the Charlton County Unit of the Georgia Forestry Commission, That we ask the Public Works Committee for favorable action on dredging proposition now before them for consideration; and be it further

'Resolved, That we point out to them that the benefit will be to a vast number of small land owners and timber growers, to operators in lumber, piling, cross ties, pulp wood and various products made from timber in this section of country, and particularly as a source of such building material for the whole United States.

J. V. GOWEN,

President. L. JASPER STOKES,

Secretary.

FOLKSTON AND CHARLTON COUNTY CHAMBER OF COMMERCE,

Folkston, Ga., May 11, 1949. Whereas there is pending before the Public Works Committee in Washington a proposition to dredge a port at St. Marys, Ga., and to dredge the St. Marys River through Camden and Charlton Counties; and

Whereas this proposition is of vital interest to all the trade territory tributary to Folkston in Charlton, Camden, and Ware Counties, Ga., and Nassau and Baker Counties, Fla.: Therefore be it

Resolved by the board of directors of the Folkston and Charlton County Chamber of Commerce, That we memorialize the committee to act favorably upon this dredging proposition because of the direct benefit to the business interests of a vast territory in south Georgia and north Florida in which the timber industry is the major source of income; and be it

Resolved, That we direct the attention of the committee to the fact that every owner of a single acre of the more than 1,000,000 acres comprising the area tributary to this dredging project will be directly benefited and that the thousands of laborers whose sole source of employment depends upon cutting, transporting, and manufacturing of timber will have their livelihood made more secure by the dredging of this port and feeding channel; and be it further

Resolved, That the benefit accruing to the St. Marys Kraft Corp. will be far less than the impetus to development of a vast timber-producing territory which with the completion of this project will be able to furnish vast quantities of lumber, turpentine, cross ties, piling, and veneer material to the whole United States and will further induce the establishment of plants like that now being erected in Folkston by the N. G. Wade interests for finishing lumber products for national and export trade.

E. B. STAPLETON,

President.

JOHN HARRIS, Secretary and Executive Vice President.

WAYCROSS AND WARE COUNTY CHAMBER OF COMMERCE,

Waycross, Ga. Whereas a project is being sought for the dredging of the St. Marys River, which forms the boundary line for a considerable distance between the States of Georgia and Florida ; and

Whereas we believe the project to be one of extreme importance to the many landowners, large and small, along the St. ys, both in Georgia and Florida, and that such a project would prove a powerful economic factor in making a profitable operation on small timber tracts producing lumber, pulpwood, cross ties, poles, pilings, and naval stores; and

Whereas the landowners adjacent to the St. Marys are dependent almost entirely on the production and marketing of the above-named products; and

Whereas transportation of these products to the market is one of the heavy costs involved in timberland operations, and such cost would be materially reduced by the dredging of the St. Marys River, thus providing water transportation to the port of St. Marys; and

Whereas such a project would prove beneficial not only to pulpwood producers selling at the mill in St. Marys, but also to lumber, cross-tie, and naval stores operators, and would have a beneficial effect in developing a sound economy for the owners of approximately a million acres of forest lands lying along the St. Marys; and

Whereas the creation of an adequate channel would provide the basis for new industrial and forest pay rolls, contributing to the economy of an area that is in definite need of further development, its influence extending through the entire south Georgia territory: Therefore be it

Resolved, That the Waycross and Ware County Chamber of Commerce urge the approval by the Federal Government of the proposed St. Marys dredging project as a vital step in strengthening the economy and opportunities of south Georgia timberland owners, many of whom owe their existence to the marketing of timber products.

Adopted this May 7, 1949, by the Waycross and Ware County Chamber of Commerce, Waycross, Ga.

LISTON ELKINS, Executive Manager.

CITY OF ST. MARYS,

St. Marys, Ga., May 11, 1949. The mayor and the Council of the City of St. Marys, Ga., at a special meeting held on May 11, 1949, adopted the following resolution :

"Whereas the project for improvements to the St. Marys River and to the harbor at St. Marys, Ga., is being considered by the Committee on Rivers and Harbors of the House of Representatives: It is

Resolved, That the mayor and Council of the City of St. Marys urge the Committee for Rivers and Harbors to give favorable consideration to improvements to the St. Marys River, and the harbor at St. Marys. The citizens of St. Marys and of those sections adjacent to the St. Marys River, realize that the economic development of these communities has been retarded by the lack of shipping facilities, which are available to other communities. It is felt that in order for the merchants and other commercial organizations in this section to be in a competitive position with other sections of the country, the completion of the development project proposed is absolutely necessary; be it further

Resolved, That a copy of this resolution be submitted to the Committee on Rivers and Harbors, with the request that the committee take favorable action on the project."

Certified to be a true copy of the resolution passed by the mayor and Council of the City of St. Marys, on May 11, 1949.

MARY E. POWELL, City Clerk.

ST. MARYS CHAMBER OF COMMERCE

ST. MARYS, GA.

At a regular meeting of the St. Marys Chamber of Commerce, held on May 11, 1949, the following resolution was unanimously adopted :

“Whereas it has come to the attention of this organization that the Committee on Rivers and Harbors of the House of Representatives has under consideration

the authorization of certain improvements to the St. Marys River, and the barbor at St. Marys, Ga.: It is

Resolved, That this organization place before the Committee on Rivers and Harbors its full approval of this project, and to state that the benefits which will be derived from these improvements will be of immense value to those sections of Georgia and Florida, which will be served by these facilities in the St. Marys River; to the cititzens of the city of St. Marys, Ga., through the benefits which will be derived from the development of the community; and to the entire section of country adjacent to St. Marys, Ga., to which harbor shipping facilities have not heretofore been available. This section of our country is deeply sensible of the fact that its normal development has been retarded because facilities which have been available to other sections of the country, and which have contributed to the economic development of communities, have been denied it; be it further

Resolved, That a copy of this resolution be presented to the Committee on Rivers and Harbors, and that the committee be urgently requested to pass favorably on the authorization for this project."

Certified to be a true copy of resolution passed by the St. Marys Chamber of Commerce, May 11, 1949.

RICHARD G. KING, Secretary.

Mr. LARCADE. The commmittee will now take up the Fernandina Harbor, Fla., House Document No. 662, Eightieth Congress.

Colonel Moore, are you ready to make the presentation?
Colonel MOORE. Yes, sir.
Mr. LARCADE. You may proceed.

FERNANDINA HARBOR, FLA.

(H. Doc. No. 662, 80th Cong.)

Colonel MOORE. Mr. Chairman, the report on Fernandina Harbor, Fla., as published in House Document No. 662, Eightieth Congress, is in response to a resolution adopted February 26, 1945, by the Committee on Rivers and Harbors of the House of Representatives.

Fernandina Harbor is on the Atlantic coast in the northeast corner of Florida, 23 miles north of Jacksonville Harbor and 95 miles south of Savannah Harbor. The total area of the harbor is about 5 square miles, 160 acres of which, with a controlling depth of 25 feet, provide good shelter for deep-draft vessels.

The mean range of tide is 5.8 feet on the bar and 6.0 feet in the inner harbor.

The tributary area totals about 2,105 square miles and has a population of 23,500, a high percentage of which is rural. Fernandina, Folkston, and St. Marys are the largest towns, with populations of 4,500, 1,024, and 733, respectively.

The principal occupations are fishing, farming, and manufacturing. Large quantities of fish are caught for the extraction of oil and the manufacture of fertilizer. Farming includes truck gardening and the raising of corn, hay, cotton, tobacco, potatoes, fruits, nuts, and forest products. Among the many manufacturing establishments, the most important are several large pulp and paper mills.

The Federal improvements include two stone jetties at the entrance, the north jetty 19,150 feet long and the south jetty 11,200 feet long; a channel 28 feet deep at mean low water from deep water in the ocean to deep water at the junction of Lanceford Creek and Amelia River with widths of 400 feet below Calhoun Street in the city of Fernandina and 300 feet above; a turning basin formed by widening the channel to 800 feet at the first bend below Lanceford Creek; and a small area previously dredged by a private corporation.

Costs to June 30, 1945, were $3,286,818 for new work and $776,412 for maintenance. The approved estimate of annual cost of maintenance is $31,000.

The annual commerce of Fernandina Harbor for the years 1932 to 1945, inclusive, varied from a minimum of 79,712 tons in 1933 to a maximum of 275,586 tons in 1940, the average being 180,710 tons.

In 1945, 200,725 tons were transported in 20,931 trips of vessels having drafts of less than 18 feet and 15 trips of vessels having drafts from 18 to 24 feet.

Terminal and transfer facilities in the inner harbor consist of 21 wharves and piers having a length of 4,953 feet including 563 feet of dolphins.

Local interests desire deepening of the present channels to 32 feet and the provision of adequate training basin facilities.

They claim that the entrance jetties are partially or wholly responsible for shore erosion on Amelia Island and desire that necessary shore protection works be erected and that the south jetty be raised to 6 feet above mean low water and capped with a concrete slab. They believe that raising and capping the jetty would reduce local erosion on Amelia Island and that the restored structure would make an excellent pier for recreational fishing.

The shore protection board has made a comprehensive study of the shore lines from 10 miles above to 10 miles below the entrance to Fernandina Harbor giving special attention to the shore line changes on Amelia Island south of the entrance. After careful examination of all features of the problem, it finds that: (a) the local erosion on the Amelia Island results from storm action; (b) the channel structures have had no deleterious effect on the shore lines of Amelia and Cumberland Islands; and (c) the channel structures have tended to stabilize and build these shores.

The district and division engineers concur in recommending that the channel and turning basin be deepened to 32 feet.

The Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors concurs in general in the views of the reporting officers. Erosion of the beaches has not resulted from construction of the jetties and any modification of them would not materially aid navigation or improve beach conditions. Beach protection by other means is not justifiable at this time because the benefits would be incommensurate with the cost. The Board recommends modification of the existing Federal project for Fernandina Harbor, Fla., to provide a depth of 32 feet below mean low water throughout the harbor and turning basin, in general accordance with the plan of the district engineer.

In accordance with law a copy of the Chief of Engineers' proposed report was furnished the Governor of Florida for comment. State officials approve the plan of improvement.

In accordance with section 4 of Executive Order No. 9384 the report was submitted to the Bureau of the Budget for information as to the relationship of the proposed report to the program of the President. The Bureau of the Budget advised that there would be no objection to the submission of the report to Congress.

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