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Benefit Societies.... Prevention of Bank Forgery. [Jan, En, or Ain, indicating fountains, may I further beg leave to hint, that I think possibly have given origin to the name of the reduction of the allowance to one fhila Nesibis ; but it is far more probable some ling per week, if a member lies fick more deserted place contiguous to the dry ra- than six months, seems withdrawing the vine, yet called after it Sebaa. Havila aid when most needed, as it is probable was, no doubt, htuate in the province, the allowance of four shillings per week and on the river of the same name, and will not frequently support a fick perlon, should be sought nearer to its mouth than and pay all expences of medicine and atto its head, because the names of rivers tendance; and if the extra expence is to commonly ascend, being first imposed be paid out of the necessaries of the fick where they are most considerable. The perfon, is there not reafon to fear such pername of Raamah may with faint proba- fon may be left to great want, and one bility be imagined in Aaraban, between grand design of such institutions lost, viz. Relain and Thallaba. If these indica- a support in old age or inability to labour. tions be put together, it will follow that ---Several instances have lately been men, the land of Cuh nearly answered to the tioned in the papers of different Friendly modern province of Diarrabia, fince it Societies supporting some of the aged and contained five of the cities therein situate: infirm members for several years.---But, in a word, that it was the district com although I take the liberty to give these prehended between the Tigris and the hints, I do it with some degree of diffiCharboras ; and consequently that the den.ce and great deference to those respectChahoras is the Ghion which bounded able characters who have inftituted and the land of Cuih.

promoted the Societies in question, who The four rivers of Paradise appear then having made observations upon their efto have been the Euphrates, the Chabo- fects, will better judge of the propriety of ras, the Mygdonius, and the Tigris. such regulation than I can do.

It is strange, that the garden of Eden I beg leave to observe further, in addishould not oftener be mentioned by the tion to the hint I gave in your Magazine early writers of the Jews. Except in an 'for September, that a complete trial of one indecisive paffage of Deuteronomy, a book of the le societies could not be made in less which feeins to have been written during than forty years, that my calculation went the captivity, (XXIX. 28) under Hofhea, upon the ground of the allowance not beno allusions to it occur, until about the ing lefsened in so great a proportion to a period of the Babylonian conqueft. Was member, who might lie a long time fick, the account at that time new to Jewish li- as is the case in the Berwick Society; neterature ?

vertheless, I am still of opinion, that no

fociety of the kind can have had a fair trial To tbe Editor of tbe Monthly Magazine, in less tiine, as many years must elapie, SIR,

after such an inititution is forined, before I

by the account Mrs. CATHARINE it, therefore not subject to those expences CAPPE has given in your Magazine for No- which fall most heavy on the funds of the vember, of the success that has attended a society. I am, Sir, your humble servant, female benefit club; and I think those who

J. K. founded or promoted such an institution, are entitled to public regard. I beg leave, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. through your Magazine, to throw out a SIR, hint or two, which, I humbly apprehend, A Correspondent of your's, who fubmight be improvements upon these excel icribes himself “ A Sufferer by Fora lent institutions. In the first place, I gery,” has expressed a wish to be informed, thould recommend, that in such focieties, whether the Directors of the Bank of on any female marrying, a mall sum of England have refuted : plan for preventfixpence per quartır, or whatever fum ing the forgery of Bank notes ; a plan may be thought adequate, shall be paid, which would not only have rendered forgein addition to the former subscription, in ry more difficult than at present, but alorder to raise a fund for allowing mar- must, if not altogether impossible, and of ried women tomething in child-bed ; fup- which the excellency was attested by all pose, ten shillings and fixpence for the the principal artists in London ?" month, and in case they are not fully re From the manner in which the question covered, two fhillings per week during is put, I am led to fuppofe (though I the remainder of their illness, unless such cannot be certain) that your correspondent fubsequent illness is amongst the number has heard something respecting the plan provided for by the rules,

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1798.]
Rhapsody on Newspapers.

5 offered to the Bank of England by a Mr. was disputed by some of our state-orators, TILLOCK; at the rejection of which, by whether a newspaper was an article of a Committee of Bank Directors, I was luxury or necessity; but the Minister, who present, together with Meflirs. BYRNE, was more desirous to obtain an addition to FITLER, LOWRY, and SHARP. That the revenue, than to wait for the discussion it was our unanimous opinion, as well of fo intricate a question, hurried the buas the opinion of Mr. BARTOLozzi, finess forwards, without allowing time to (who was prevented' by indifpofition determine it. Perhaps, indeed, he might from attending on the occafion) that think that much was to be faid on both the specimen produced by Mr. Til- fides; and that it was a matter of very LOCK of a newly-invented art, was little consequence to a mere financier whenot copyable by any known art of en- ther it was determined one way or other. graving; and that the attempt toward When, however, I look around me in imitating it produced by the Engraver to this vast metropolis, and mix in the varied the Bank was very easy to be distinguish- societies that are formed in it, I am cleared from its original, may be acceptable ly of opinion, that a newspaper ranks information to your correspondent, and among the necessaries of life, and ranks fo perhaps not useless to the public. high, that, if we except the mere mecha

To say that this invention would ut- ' nical operations of eating and drinking, I terly prevent the possibility of forgeries on scarcely know any thing that is so indirthe Bank, would be hazarding a rah al- penfible to the happiness of my fellow-cisertion : to determine that, it adopted, it tizens. As a question, “ What news ?" would, by increasing the difficulty, di- is second only to “ How do you do?" and minith the number of forgeries, requires I am much mistaken if, on many occano hesitation, and very little eye-light. fions, it does not precede even now, and That I mean to deny that little to the Di hereafter, in all probability, it will iffue rectors of the Bank, must not be inferred, at the first opening of the lips. nor that I think they have thewn them- It is, perhaps, imposible to prove the selves less clear-lighted in this business milery that would overshadow such a place than disinterested.

as London, were there no newspapers pubIrony apart, I should conceive it to be lished in it; but my imagination has a point both of duty and honour, for the fometimes suggested to me the horrid Bank Directors---not to tempt men to the thought of a Tuspension of newspapers for commission of a capital crime, by autho- only one week! Dreadful idea! Intellecrising an ealy mode of committing it--- tual famine! What crowds of diftreffed not themselves to fustain the losses arising human beings, hurrying from place to from the frequent forgery of Bank-notes, place, asking and beseeching one another, ---not to adopt Mr. TILLOCK's plan for is for the love of mercy," to supply one the prevention of forgery, if a better can be little bit of intelligence, to cool the parchproduced, but---to call forth the talents ed tongue of communication ---one little and ingenuity of the country in fair com- accident to supply the repetition of diurpetition, by offering a handsome reward nalmorality---one anecdote, ever so meagre for the best practical means of preventing and barren, just to keep the life and soul forgery on the Bank.

of conversation together---or one crim. con. That a procedure to this effect, is a or even the lealt suspicion, hint, conduty the Bank Directors owe to the public, ječture, or surmise, to employ the magniyour correspondent has sufficiently ihewn; fying powers of imagination, and prevent that it should be considered as a point of the dreadful necessity of seeking for what honour too, I think, is evident, when we we know we cannot find---resources withrecollect that honour due is, in all cases, in ourselves. proportionate to confidence reposed. Such have sometiines been the horrid I am, Sir, your's, &c;

images which my imagination, probably

disordered at the time, has suggested to Queen Anne-ftreet East, J. LANDSEER. me : but how faint is this expression of Dec. 20, 1797.

the workings of fancy; for sure I am, it

hath not yet entered into the heart of man To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine,

to form words capable of displaying the
wretched state of our metropolis, were it
to be afflicted with a ceffation of news.

SIR,

of last winter, relative to imposing trive, that, on our first entrance into daily an additional tax upon newspapers, it life, we should have it in our power to de.

your

6
Rhapsody on Newspapers.

[Jan. vour the newspaper and the breakfast at though one may not know more than an, the same time; that in an hour when sleep other, he certainly may conceive more than has lett a blank in our thoughts, and the another, It is a mistake to suppose that memory of past events hath perished, a the intelligence in newspapers is to be un. new world, or a world of news, should derstood in a literal sense, or that we are ftart up to Gght, and fet every spring of to be contented with what the editor pleafes the mind in fresh motion. This I call to tell us. For example, we read that winding up our curiosity for the day; by “Yesterday was married at St. Dunstan's means of which operation, the machine church, Mr. Joshua Tape, an eminent goes regularly for the accustomed time. mercer, to-Miss Polly Languith, of Mile,

The invention of morning papers was of end." Were we to stop here, I question infinite importance; for morning was not whether all the papers in London would the original time of publication; most furnish half an hour's conversation. But of the old papers were published at noon, this is no barren text; it includes doc, or in the evening, when they could be of trines and inferences, which may branch use only to thole persons who make a out into as many heads as a fermon of the trade of politics. At that time they were last century. Is it not necessary to a cernot deemed of much use in families';. but tain what Mr. Tape's property is ; how when tea was introduced, morning papers far he may be called an eminent mercers naturally followed, and the contents of when it is well known that he failed ten many of them are now happily contrived years ago, and paid only ten shillings in to give a particular zett to the Indian the pound ; and how far he may be called luxury. The connection, indeed, be- a genteel man, when it is well known he twixt a breakfast and a newspaper is in- stoops in the shoulders ? It may be allo diffoluble. We may hear news at any necesary to determine whether he deserves other time of the day; but how lame, the character of a polite shop-keeper, who, how imperfect, how unsatisfactory, how it is well known, refused to take back an deficient in all those little circumítances of article which a lady had kept only fix detail and description, for which we are months : and, above all, whether the man indebted to the abilities of editors and was not an arrant fool to marry Polly collectors of paragraphs. Insensible and Languith, who, it is well known, had ungrateful persons can only count the va- not a tizperce? Then, Sir, with respect lue of a blelling from the lots of it ; but to the lady, many important questions if ever the time comes that the propaga- auile; as, frit, how it can be poflible any tion of news is suspended, they will learn person can think her handtome, when it to prize the abilities of those geniuies who is well known the has no complexion, very furnish the news of the day with appro- bad ttaring eyes, appears to be crooked, priate imagery; give a brilliancy to an and moreover, it is strongly suspected, is accidental fire; break the neck of a brick- thirty-three, or thirty-two at leait. Thus layer with grace; and even cloathe the you tee that the above paragraph is a full gallows in heroics ;---men, whose mere and rich fountain, sending forth waters, reports transcend even facts in point of sweet and bitter, and quenching the talkentertainment, and whose hints and fur- ative thirst of the whole parish of St. Dunmises are to the thirsty reader

Itan's, and, probably, the hamlet of Mileos Confirmations Atrong,

end. “ As proofs of holy writ."

Let us take another example:---- Yer

terday Lady ------- was detected in an By means of morning papers, the in- amour with Col. His Lordthip habitants of the metropolis are put upon has sent her to her mother's, for the prea footing of equality in point of informa- fent, and is immediately to fue for a di. tion, which is not to be looked for in vorce." Now, Sir, will any lover of provincial towns, far less in villages, news stop here? Will this fatisfy him? where perhaps the great 'Squire only re- No. It is neceffary to divide and fuh. ceives a paper, the contents of which he divide this into an infinite feries of lefler doles out to his especial favourites. Yet intelligences, all greatly contributing to it may be said, that this equality of in- a righi understanding of the inatter. On formation which prevails in the metro. the one hand, his Lordship, it is well polis, cin tend only to perfe&t filence, be known, was old enough to be her father, cause ro man poffefles an overplus of news and what could he expect? On the other which le may communicate; and at first hand, Lady ---, it is well known, was fight this would appear to be the case, young enough to be his daughter, and but in fact it is quite otherwise ; for als wherein was the disappointed? Then it is

1998.) Mr. Elkington's Plan for draining marshy Grounds. 7 highly probable that he was the most in- is no scandalous story without some foundulgent husband in the world, and that dation." The was the moft unreasonable and disobe I might now proceed to consider the rze. dient wife. Or, fhould this not be the cellity of newspapers, 28 fupplying fund case, the reverse will exactly serve the for political conversation; but as that fame purpole ; that is, gratify that infa- subject would lead me to be more prolix tiable desire for news, which is become as than in duty bound, I shall adjourn the necessary as the food we eat, or the rai- question fine die, and conclude with an ment we put on.

humble hope that I have suggested enough We constantly pray to be delivered to prove that newspapers are articles of * from battle, murder, and from sudden absolute necessity, and of the first redeath ; " (this, by the bye, seems an quisition." I am, Sir, your's, &c. anti-climax, battle being the greatest ca

RHAPSODICUS, famity of the three ; but let that pass) and yet, Mr. Editor, I know no three

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. ingredients more necessary, nor, of late years, more frequent than these. Battles,

SIR, indeed, from long habit, we read over F success shall not betray you to relax trith frigid indifference, and I must say, your efforts, your Magazine seems they are very dull and unentertaining. The likely to become the most excellent and the other two, however, afford many com most generally acceptable periodical myocha ments, which greatly tend to promote lany of the age. For this reason, and conversation, because they come home to as thole who have just begun to learn, are “ 'men's business and bofoms." The often the most eager to teach, I beg leave death of one man in the streets, who to trouble you, for the information of thought hinself a match for half a dozen your readers, with a short account of Mr. armed robbers, is a topic of conversation ELKINGTON'S Mode af Draining ; with for a month; but the proftration of ten which I have had a recent opportunity to thousand bodies on a feld, to gratify the make anyfelf acquainted. inexplicable schemes of contending courts, There are but two ways in which fagis the ephemera which cannot outlive the naint water can be diffuted over grounds, day.

so as to reduce them into the state of mo'Thus much for the fa&ts recorded in roses. It may proceed from the overour nen Tpapers. Now, Sir, only consider flowing of adjacent rivers, or the collcewhat the cale most be, if, after dwelling tion of rain-water; or, it may bubble up fo long upon any important event handed incessantly from springs dispersed withia to us at our breakfait-tables, and carried the bounds of the morals. from thence about with us wherever we In the former of these cases, the overgo throughout the day, as ammunition flowing of adjacent rivers is to be preventready to thoot the monter, filence, and ed only by Atrong embankments; and any supply the deficiency, thought---if, I say, fimple trench will easily carry away flagafter all this, it should be next day con nant water, which las no interior fource, tradicted by the fame authority. This and merely floats upon the surface. may appear somewhat embarrassing ; but In almost all lakes and morasses, nuhabit has reconciled us to this allo.“ We merous springs are dispersed within the always thought there was foinething im- compass of the lake or morats. These cap probable in the story;" or, “ we had our never be exhausted, Very many moraffes fufpicions, yet did not chufe to communi- have therefore long bañed every endea cate them; or, “ we were viry cautious vour to drain them effeétually for cultivain giving full credit to the report, al. tion, Trenches of almost every different though, to be sure, it appeared to be very depths, and in almost every different diwell founded, and every body must ac- reition, liave been tried, in vain, or at knowledge it was remarkably well told.belt, with very imperfect success, Vaft With this ex fost faslo fagacity, some tracis of morals, in England, in Scotland, continue to get out of the scrape pretty and in Ireland, have been hopelessly abandecently, while others, deterinined to doned to perpetual barrenness. support the dignity of firit impressions, But, about the year 1764, Mr. Elkingand Audious to avoid the weather-cock ton, in an attempt to draw some part variations of cominon changelings, are of the farm of Princethorpe, in the parish Aill firmly of opinion that there was some- of Stretton, upon Dunimore, in the county thing in it , and vote nem, con, that there of Warwick, was accidentally led to ob

ferve

8 Mr. Elkington on Draining....Mr. Coleridge on his Monody. [Jan. serve, that by commencing his drains from ficiently dry and kindly; that an astonishthe different springs which continually inę proportion of the lands of Great Bripoured forth their waters upon the ground, tain and Ireland might be thus redeemed and by this means alone he could effectually from infertility: Contriving to cover his accomplish bis purpose. He had not even drains, with only certain openings at proreflected upon the possibility of the inoisture per distances, he thus prevented them of morasses, arising from springs at a con from marring the beauty and equality of fiderable depth beneath the surface, when, the fields. To collect water for the use to his surprise, he happened to observe a of mills and canals; to draw off the wacolumn of watet burst up with great force, ter from mines and coal-pits, and for by a hole which he casually made with an other useful purposes, may the same iniron crow, within the bounds of his mo vention of Mr. Elkington's be likewise rafs. The fact, although neither new applied. nor strange, struck his mind as an extra To reward this invention, and to purordinary discov ry. He soon after adopt. chase it for the use of the public, the ed the use of an auger, instead of an iron Board of Agriculture obtained to Mr. Elcrow; and deterinined to make his mo- kington a grant from Parliament, of a rafs pertectly dry for tillage, by detect- thousand pounds sterling; I am pering all the springs, and continually ex- fuaded, that the beneficial effects of his hausting thefe by tiritable - drcins. He discovery have already more than compenquickly lucceeded in making that par.i. fated this sum to the nation. I am, &c. cular field perfe&tly dry. The fublequent Keljo, Dec. 21, 1797.

R. H. application of the same principle to all the other marshy parts of his farm, proved To the Edi:or of the Monthly Magazine. alike successful.

SIR, In confequence of the itriking improve. I Hope, that this letter may arrive time ment thus effected upon his own grounds, enough to answer its purpose. I canMr. Elkington was consulted and ein not lielp considering mytelf as having ployed by his neighbours. He, in every been placed in a very ridiculous light, by instance, sought out the fprings from the gentlemen who have remarked, anwhich the stagnant water was fupplied; swered, and rejoined concerning my mowherever there was a declivity of the fur- nody on Chatterton. I have not seen the face, endeavoured to detect the main compositions of my competitors (unless spring, on which, in every such cale, there indeed the exquisite poem of Warton's, are usually various smaller springs de- entitled, The Suicide," refer to this pendant ; still bored with the auger to dif- subject) but this I know, that my own cover springs of which he luspected the is a very poor one. It was a school exexistence, although they were not quite ercife, icmewhat altered ; and it would apparent; commenced liis drains from the have been omitted in the last edition of respective springs; but, instead of cutting my poems, but for the request of my a drain, in every cale, to the very level of friend, Mr. CortLE, whose property a very deep spring, adopted the idea of those poems are. If it be not in your preferving only an auger-hole perpendi- intention to exhibit my nance on any fucular to the spring, as an outlet by which

ture month, you will accept my best its waters might ascend into the drain, to thanks, and not publish this letter, But be by it conveyed away. Continued ex

if Crito and the Alphabet-men should perience gave him, at lait, very great fa- continue to communicate on this subject, gacity in detecting the existence of hidden and you hould think it proper, for reaiprings, and extraordinary skill to discern fons best known to yourlelf, to publish the readiest means for draining oif their their communications, then I depend on waters. He learned to pay particular at

your kindness for the insertion of my lettention to the nature of the itrata through ter; by which, it is poslible, those your which the water had to rise, and to adapt correspondents may be induced to expend to it the construction of his drains.. His their remarks, whether panegyrical or vi. tame as a drciner was extended his af- tuperative, on nobler game than on 2 poem fittance was fought even from diftant parts which was, in truth, the first effort of a of the country. It decisively appeared, young man, all whose poems a candid that barren morasses might, dy his art, critic will only consider as first efforts. be converted into rich meadow and fertile

Your's, with due respect, arable fields; that scur, wettish grounds, Shrewxbury, S. T. COLERIDGE. might, by the same means, be made suf

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