Page images
PDF
EPUB

There has been no adulteration of the ingredients of the dishes composing the banquet. I may, however, casually remark that some curious discrepancies are occasionally met with in the figures in appropriation Acts, for which the publishers and myself do not wish to be held responsible should any appear in the following pages. I abstain from expressing my own personal opinions, and, except to a very limited extent in the Introductory Chapter, do not refer to my individual experiences.

DUGALD J. BANNATYNE.

ALDRICH COURT, 41-45 BROADWAY, NEW YORK,

August 1887.

CONTENTS

Description of the United States flag and seal
Table of the states and territories, their respective land and water areas, &c.

PAGE
xix
XX

INTRODUCTORY CHAPTER.

PAGE

PAGE

.

25

Good work done by Christian men

26 and women, &c.

26 Socialism, anarchism, &c.

37

Perpetual electioneering, &c.

37

“One day's news of corruption”

27 Obstacles in the way of reform, &c. 38

29 Illustrations

38

29 No national bankrupt Act

41

Objections thereto stated by Chan-

29 cellor Kent

41

Mr Bishop on the legality of prefer-

30 ences to creditors in New York 41

Collecting judgments difficult, &c. 41

30 Mercantile agencies, &c.

42

30

Marriage laws in the several states 43

30 Divorce laws in the several states 43

Polygamy and polyandry possible

30 in New York

44

28,000 divorces granted annually 44

31 Hon. Noah Davis, ex-justice, on

Marriage and Divorce”

32 No divorces among Roman Catholics 46

32 | Percentage of divorces among adults 46

Appalling state of affairs

46

Curiosities in marriages .

46

32 A monarchy desired by some citizens 47

Designs of socialists, Knights of

Labour, &c.

47

33 Freemasonry

47

33 Great number of musicians and

bands

34 Merit and demerit of trade-unions

cannot be treated of .

47

The Grand Army of the Republic

34 Association

47

35 Confederate veterans, &c.

50

Good traits of the people cannot be

treated of

50

35 Reasons why ordinary travellers'

35 books are misleading

50

What citizens have to do and face,

36 &c.

51

Impolicy of si cutting” those who

36 overreach, &c.

51

Points for the reader's attention 51

36 The writer's experience in sundry

matters,

51

36 Message of Governor Hill of New

York regarding abuses, state legis-

37 lation, home rule, &c.

52


zens

State courts of record and not of

record, &c.

United States courts, to be added :
Systems of espionage-detectives,

officials, &c., forgetting decency,

&c., and a very flagrant illustration
Great number of place-holders, &c.
Smartness of young citizens
Universal distrusť shown by poli-

ticians.

Shown in federal and state legisla-

tion

Women suffrage in municipal elec-

tions in Kansas, &c.
Political influence, and machines
The new Labour party
An Act of New Jersey to regulate

primary elections in cities
Religion not quite ignored-separa-

tion of Church and State

Atheists rejected as would-be citi-

Vast amount of legal swearing, &c.

Enormous number of persons author-

ised to administer oaths, &c.

Perjury

Crime not greater among foreign

than among native-born inhabit-

ants

Some peculiar phases of crime
Political parties have no desire to

render trickery impossible
Paper on political reform in New

York, read to the Common-

wealth Club
Applicable to other cities
Address of the City Chamberlain of

New York to the Democratic

Club on political reform
Spirit of laws uncertain
Justices of the peace liable to be

biassed, &c.
United States justices, &c., appoint-

ed for life, &c.

Necessity for Law and Order Socie-

ties, &c.

Laws, &c., favour offenders more

than the law-abiding classes
Evil consequences of seeking the

protection of the laws, &c.

.

PART I.

The Declaration of Independence, Washington's farewell address, Sep-

in Congress, July 4, 1776

55 tember 17, 1796.

The Articles of Confederation, in

The Congress :
Congress, July 9, 1778

58 The Library of Congress
The Constitution of the United

The Presidente
States, September 17, 1787, and

Presidential elections

amendments thereto

64 Office and compensation

77

88

93

94
96

Executive Departments

97 Appropriations for pay

199

Department of State

100 Expenditure, 1886

206

Department of War

102 Signal Service

207

Department of the Treasury 104 The United States Military Academy 208

The Comptrollers

108 The United States Militia

210

The Auditors

109 The United States Navy

214

The Treasurer ,

113 The United States Naval Academy 225

The Register

114

The Marine Corps

228

The Commissioner of Customs 115 The Volunteer Navy

229

The Commissioner of Internal Pensions

229

Revenue

115 The Soldiers' Home

230

The Comptroller of the Currency 116 The National Home for Disabled

The Bureau of Statistics.

117 Volunteer Soldiers

232

The Bureau of the Mint

120 Government Hospital for the In-

Department of Justice

120 sane

233

Department of the Post-Office 124 The Columbia Institution for the

Department of the Navy

128 Deaf and Dumb

237

Department of the Interior . 130 National cemeteries

238

General Land Office

130 The Smithsonian Institution

239

Commission of Indian Affairs 131 Miscellaneous institutions

241

Commissioner of Pensions 132 United States Civil Service Com-

Patent Office

132 mission

242

Superintendent of Public Docu-

Collection of duties

245

ments

134 Internal revenue

251

Returns Office

137 Banks and bankers, and national

Office of Education

137

banks.

262

Office of Commissioner of Rail Gold and silver production and

roads

137 currency

269

Bureau of Labour

138 Coinage, weights, and measures 272

Department of Agriculture . 139 Revenue and expenses

275

Commissioner of Fish and Fish-

Bureau of Navigation

278

eries

144 Commerce and navigation

278

Public Printing

145 Domestic commerce

289

The Judiciary of the United States Regulation of fisheries

293

District Courts

151 Yachts

294

Judicial Circuits .

158 Life-saving Service.

294

Circuit Courts

158 Lighthouses

298

Jurisdiction of Circuit Courts 160 Coast and Geodetic Survey

301

Supreme Court

165 Geological Survey

303

Jurisdiction of the Supreme Division of mining statistics and

Court

167 technology

305

Provisions common to more than Railroads

305

one court or judge

171 Telegraphs

308

176 The Postal Service

310

District attorneys, marshals, clerks, Foreign relations

316

deputies, &c.

177 Insurrection

320

Juries .

180 Crimes and prisoners

321

Witnesses

181 Treatment of prisoners

324

Procedure

184 Indians

326

Limitations.

188 Civil rights and citizenship

343

The Court of Claims

189 General Land Office

344

Immigration

193 Public lands

346

Extradition

195 District of Columbia

358

The United States Army

197 Territories

361

General staff

197 Transformation of a territory into

Staff officers

198 a state

367

.

.

.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Constitution of the State of New

Ballot-boxes-poll-lists

434

York, in force as at 31st Decem-

Maintaining order at the polls,

ber 1886

373 canvassing votes, &c.

435

Vote of the people upon the con-

County board of canvassers, pro-

stitution and its amendments 404 ceedings, statements, &c. 436

Several constitutions of the State of

County clerk's duties.

437

New York

405

Secretary of state's duties

438

How amendments are made

406 Board of state canvassers, pro-

State boundaries

407 ceedings, &c.

438

State survey

412 Election of congressional repre-

Sovereignty and jurisdiction of the

sentatives, &c. .

439

state

412 Election of electors of President

Ceded jurisdiction over parts to the

and Vice-President, &c.

439

United States

412 Meeting of these electors-organ-

The civil divisions of the state-

isation-proceedings, &c., of the

1. Counties-

electoral college

441

Boundaries of New York county 413 Election of United States senators
Concurrent jurisdiction of coun-

by the legislature

441
ties over waters
414 Election law offences, &c.

442
Erection of a new county: 414 Miscellaneous provisions as to in-
Cessions of territory by one to

spectors, watchers, &c.

442
another county

415 Watchers challenging voters 443

2. Senate districts

416 Filing, &c., returns and statements 443

3. Congressional districts

416 Ballots

443

4. Towns

416 Supreme court issuing mandamus

5. Cities

417 to compel correction of errors. 444

6. General provisions concerning

Board supervisors of county

the erection and alteration of

having 40,000 inhabitants de-

counties, cities, villages, towns 417 cide whether county judge act

7. Assembly districts .

as surrogate, &c.

444

8. Judicial districts

418

Registry laws,

Census

419 Board of registry

444

Rights of citizens and inhabitants Register of electors-making, fil-

of the state.

420 ing, publishing

445

Indians within the state :

422 Correction of register, &c. 445

Public officers-

Poll - clerk's entries, challenges,

Legislative

425 filing poll-list and register, &c. 447

Executive

425 Registers in cities and incorpor-

Judicial

425 ated villages of 7000 inhabitants 447

Administrative

427 Taking census in a particular

General provisions

428 town in a county having 300,000

Elections-

inhabitants—formation of board

Other than for militia and town

of registry, lists of electors, &c. 447

officers

429 Correcting registries-officers ne-

Disqualification of voters

429 glecting duties, punishments,

Absent military voters can vote,

&c.

449

&c.

429 Board of register in cities having

Qualified voters on Indian lands. 430

16,000 inhabitants, election dis-

No court no suits served on

trict officers register pro-

voters, &c., during elections 431 ceedings, &c.

449

General and special elections 431 Case of new election district, &c. 450

Elections in cities wards-in-

Voters not on corrected register

spectors

431 voting

452

Election in towns-districts

432 Military code-

Polling-places-inspectors of elec-

Contents

452

tion-clerks of the poll

433 Exemptions from military duty-

Challenging voters at the poll 433 general enrolment

453

418

.

.

« PreviousContinue »