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BEFORE THE

HEARINGS
11.5. Connair.rinare
COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY

UNITED STATES SENATE

SEVENTY-FIRST CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

S. 3470

A BILL TO DEFINE FRUIT JAMS, FRUIT PRESERVES,
FRUIT JELLIES, AND APPLE BUTTER, TO PROVIDE
STANDARDS THEREFOR, AND TO AMEND THE FOOD
AND DRUGS ACT OF JUNE 30, 1906, AS AMENDED

Parts 1 and 2

APRIL 16 AND 24, 1930

Printed for the use of the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry

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COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY

CHARLES L. McNARY, Oregon, Chairman GEORGE W. NORRIS, Nebraska.

ELLISON D. SMITH, South Carolina. ARTHUR CAPPER, Kansas.

JOSEPH E. RANSDELL, Louisiana. PETER NORBECK, South Dakota.

JOHN B. KENDRICK, Wyoming. LYNN J. FRAZIER, North Dakota.

J. THOMAS HEFLIN, Alabama. ARTHUR R. GOULD, Maine.

THADDEUS H. CARAWAY, Arkansas. JOHN THOMAS, Idaho.

BURTON K. WHEELER, Montana. H. D. HATFIELD, West Virginia.

ELMER THOMAS, Oklahoma.
JOHN G. TOWNSEND, JR., Delaware.
FREDERIC C. WALCOTT, Connecticut.

HENRIK SHIPSTEAD, Minnesota

HELEN K. KIEFER, Clerk
II

CONTENTS

22

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Statement of —

Page Mr. W. G. Campbell, director of regulatory work, United States Department of Agriculture ---

11 Mr. Daniel R. Forbes, counsel for National Preservers' Association, Hill Building, Washington, D. C.

7 Mr. Chester H. Gray, Washington representative of the American

Farm Bureau Federation, Washington, D. C.-
Mr. Wayne C. Meschler, president American Preserves Co., Third
and Lehigh_Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa--

19 Hon. Wesley L. Jones, a Senator from the State of Washington.-- 6 Mr. W. P. Jones, representing the Association of Corn Products

Manufacturers, 801 Union Trust Building, Washington, D. C.--- 20 W. G. Campbell, director of regulatory work, United States Depart

ment of Agriculture.. Daniel R. Forbes, counsel for the National Preservers' Association.L. S. Glaser, of Chicago, Ill., representing the Glaser Crandell Co.--

30, 61 Bernard A. Kozicke, of the firm of Breed, Abbott & Morgan, representing the National Wholesale Grocers' Association.

25, 28, 29

27, 56 28, 47

III

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STANDARDS FOR FRUIT PRESERVES

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 16, 1930

UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY..

Washington, D. C. The committee met, pursuant to call of the Chairman, in the committee room, 324 Senate Office Building, Senator Charles L. McNary (chairman), presiding.

Present: Senators McNary (chairman), Norbeck, Thomas of Idaho, Hatfield, Townsend, and Walcott.

Present also: Hon. Wesley L. Jones, a Senator from the State of Washington.

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order. The call this morning to the members of the committee was to consider Senate bill 3470, a bill proposed by Senator Jones of Washington to define fruit jams, fruit preserves, fruit jellies, and apple butter, and to provide standards therefor, under the food and drugs act passed in 1906.

Before we call upon Senator Jones to make a statement, I would like to have inserted in the record the bill under consideration, to be followed by the report thereon of the Department of Agriculture, which is favorable, with suggested amendments.

(Said S. 3470, the bill under consideration by the committee, is here printed in full, as follows:)

[S. 3470, Seventy-first Congress, second session] A BILL To define fruit jams, fruit preserves, fruit jellies, and apple butter, to provide standards therefor

and to amend the food and drugs act of June 30, 1906, as amended Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That for the purposes of the food and drugs act of June 30, 1906 (Thirty-fourth Statutes at Large, page 768), as amended

(1) Preserve, fruit preserve, pure fruit preserve, jam, fruit jam, pure fruit jam shall be understood to mean the clean, sound product possessing definite characteristic flavor of the fruit named on the label, made by cooking to a pulpy or semisolid consistency properly prepared fresh fruit, cold-packed fruit, canned fruit, or a mixture of two or all of these with sugar or with sugar and water, with or without spice and vinegar or harmless organic acids other than acids or acid salts generally recognized as chemical preservatives. In its preparation not less than forty-five pounds of fruit are used to each fifty-five pounds of sugar. In the case of fruits deficient in pectin, or whose composition or texture prevent the preparation of preserve or jam as defined herein of the proper consistency, pectin or pectinous material may be added: Provided, however, That when pectin or pectinous material is added as herein provided, the ratio of not less than forty-five pounds of fruit to each fifty-five pounds of sugar shall be maintained, and the finished preserve or jam containing such added pectin shall contain not less than 68 per centum water-soluble solids derived from the fruit and sugar used in its manufacture.

(2) Jelly, fruit jelly, pure fruit jelly shall be understood to mean the clean, sound, semisolid, gelatinous product possessing definite characteristic flavor of

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