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happy for the fpace of only threescore and virtues which are wild and uncultivated;
ten years, nay, perhaps, of only twenty or to see courage exerting itself in fierceness,
ten years, I might say, of only a day or resolution in obftinacy, wisdom in cunning,
an hour, and miserable to all eternity; or, patience in sullenness and despair.
on the contrary, miserable for this short Men's paflions operate variously, and
term of years, and happy for a whole appear in different kinds of actions, ac-
eternity ; what words are suificient to ex- coding as they are more or less rectified
press that folly and want of confideration and swayed by reason. When one hears of
which in such a case makes a wrong negroes, who upon the death of their mar-

ters, or upon changing their service, hang
I here put the case, even at the worst, themselves upon the next tree, as it fre.
by supposing (what seldom happens) that quently happens in our American planta
a course of virtue makes us miserable in tions, who can forbear admiring their fide-
this life ; but if we suppose (as it gene- lity, though it expresses itself in so dread.
rally happens) that virtue will make us fui a manner ? What might not that fa-
more happy, even in this life, than a con- vage greatness of soul, which appears in
trary course of vice; how can we sufficient. these poor wretches on many occasions, be
ly admire the stupidity or madness of those raised to, were it rightly cultivated ? And
persons who are capable of making so ab. what colour of excuse can there be for the
surd a choice!

contempt with which we treat this part of Every wise man, therefore, will consider our species; that we should not put them this life only as it may conduce to the hap- upon the common foot of humanity; that piness of the other, and chearfully facrifice we should only set an insignificant fine up. the pleasures of a few years to those of an on the man who murders them ; nay, that eternity.


we should, as much as in us lies, cut them

off from the prospects of happiness in ano, 5. The Advantages of a good Education.

ther world, as well as in this, and deny I consider an human soul without edu. them that which we look upon as the procation like marble in the quarry, which per means for attaining it ! Thews none of its inherent beauties, until It is therefore an unspeakable blessing the skill of the polisher fetches out the co- to be born in those parts of the world lours, makes the surface shine, and disco- where wisdom and knowledge flourish ; vers every ornamental cloud, spot, and vein, though it must be confessed, there are, even that runs through the body of it. Educa- in these parts, several poor uninstructed tion, after the same manner, when it works persons, who are but little above the inhaupon a noble mind, draws out to view every bitants of those nations of which I have latent virtue and perfection, which, with- been here speaking ; as those who have out such helps, are never able to make had the advantages of a more liberal edutheir appearance.

cation, rise above one another by several If my reader will give me leave to different degrees of perfection. For, to change the allusion so soon upon him, I return to our statue in the block of marble, fall make use of the same instance to il- we see it sometimes only begun to be lustrate the force of education, which Arif- chipped, sometimes rough-hewn, and but totie has brought to explain his doctrine juit iketched into an human figure ; fomeof substantial forms, when he tells us that times we see the man appearing distinctly a statue lies hid in a block of marble; and in all his limbs and features ; sometimes we that the art of the statuary only clears find the figure wrought up to great eleaway the superfluous matter, and removes gancy ; but seldom meet with

any the rubbish. The figure is in the stone, which the hand of a Phidias or a Praxiteles and the sculptor only finds it. What sculp- could not give several nice touches and ture is to a block of marble, education is finishings.

Spectator. to an human soul. The philosopher, the saint, or the hero, the wise, the good, or

$ 6. The Disadvantages of a bad Educas the great man, very often lie hid and con

tion. cealed in a plebeian, which a proper edu- Sir, I was condemned by some disar. cation might have dis-interred, and have trous influence to be an only son, born to brought to light. I am therefore much the apparent prospect of a large fortune, delighted with reading the accounts of fa- and allotted to my parents at that time of vage nations, and with contemplating those life when fatiety of common diversions al



bws the mind to indulge parental affec- ness in their manner. They therefore tion with greater intenseness. My birth agreed, that a domestic tutor should be was celebrated by the tenants with feasts, procured ; and hired an honest gentleman and dances, and bagpipes; congratulations of mean conversation and narrow sentiwere fent from every family within ten ments, but whom having passed the commiles round; and my parents discovered, mon forms of literary education, they imin my firit cries, such tokens of future plicitly concluded qualified to teach all that virtue and understanding, that they decla- was to be learned from a scholar. He red themselves determined to devote the thought himself fufficiently exalted by remaining part of life to my happiness and being placed at the same table with his the encrease of their estate.

pupil, and had no other view than to perThe abilities of my father and mother petuate his felicity by the utmost flexibility were not perceptibly unequal, and educa- of fubmiffion to all my mother's opinions tion had given neither much advantage and caprices. He frequently took away over the other. They had both kept good my book, left I should mope with too much company, satuled in chariots, glittered in application, charged me never to write playhouses, and danced at court, and were without turning up my ruffles, and geneboth expert in the games that were in their rally brushed my coat' before he dismissed times called in as auxiliaries against the me into the parlour. intrufion of thought.

He had no occasion to complain of too When there is such a parity between burthensome an employment ; for my two persons associated for life, the dejec- mother very judiciouily considered, that tica which the husband, if he be not com- I was not likely to grow politer in his pletely stupid, muft always fuffer for want company, and suffered me not to pass any of fuperiority, finks him to submissiveness. more time in his apartment than my leflon My mamma therefore governed the family required. When I was summoned to my withoor controul ; and except that my fa- talk, she enjoined me not to get any of my ther still retained some authority in the cutor's ways, who was seldom mentioned izbles, and now and then, atier a super. before me but for practices to be avoided, umerary bottle, broke a looking-glais or I was every moment admonished not to caira-diih to prove his sovereignty, the lean on my chair, cross my legs, or swing whole course of the year was regulated by my hands like my tutor ; and once my her direction, the servants received from mother very serioully deliberated upon his her all their orders, and the tenants were total dismission, because I began, she said, continued or dismissed at her discretion. to learn his manner of sticking on my hat,

She therefore thought herself entitled to and had his bend in my shoulders, and his the superintendance of her son's education; totter in my gait. and when my father, at the instigation of Such, however, was her care, that I the parson, faintly proposed that I should escaped all these depravities; and when I be sent to school, very positively told him, was only twelve years old, had rid myself that she would not suffer a fine child to be of every appearance of childish diffidences ruined ; that she never knew any boys at I was celebrated round the country for the a grammar school, that could come into petulance of my remarks, and the quicka room without blushing, or sit at the ness of my replies; and many a scholar table without some aukward uneasiness ; five years older than myself, have I dashthat they were always putting themselves ed into confusion by the steadiness of my into danger by boisterous plays, or vitiat, countenance, filenced by my readiness of ing their behaviour with mean company; repartee, and tortured with envy by the and that, for her part, she would rather address with which I picked up, a fan, prefollow me to the grave, than see me tear sented a souff-box, or received an empty my cloaths, and hang down my head, and tea.cup. freak about with dirty shoes and blotted At fourteen I was compleatly skilled fingers, my hair unpowdered, and my hat in all the niceties of dress, and I could uncocked.

not only enumerate all the variety of My father, who had no other end in his filks, and distinguish the product of a proposal than to appear wise and manly, French loom, but dart my eye through soon acquiesced, fince I was not to live by a numerous company, and observe every my learning; for indeed, he had known deviation from the reigning mode. I was very few students that had not some ftiffuniversally kilful in all the changes of



FIRST. expensive finery; but as every one, they my life to their service and their pleasure. fay, has fomething to which he is parti- But I find that I have now lost my charms. cularly born, was eminently knowing in Of those with whom I entered the gay Bruffels lace.

world, some are married, some have reThe next year faw me advanced to the tired, and some have fo much changed truit and power of adjusting the ceremo- their opinion, that they scarcely pay any nial of an aliembly. All received their regard to my civilities, if there is any other partners from my hand, and to me every man in the place. The new fight of beauftranger applied for introduction. My ties, to whom I have made my addresses, heart now disdained the infructions of a fuffer me to pay the treat, and then titter tutor; who was rewarded with a small an- with boys. So that I now find myself welnuity for life, and left me qualified, in my come only to a few grave ladies, who, unown opinion, to govem myself.

acquainted with all that gives either use or In a short time I came to London, and dignity to life, are content to pass their as my father was well known among the hours between their bed and their cards, higher classes of life, foon obtained ad- without esteem from the old, or reverence million to the moit splendid asemblies, from the young. and most crowded card-tables. Here I I cannot but think, Mr. Rambler, that found myself universally care led and ap- I have reason to complain ; for surely the plauded; the ladies praised the fancy of females ought to pay fome regard to the my clothes, the beauty of my form, and age of him whose youth was palled in enthe softness of my voice; endeavoured in deavours to please them. They that enevery place to force themselves to my no- courage folly in the boy, have no right to tice; and invited, by a thousand oblique pumn it in the man. Yet I find, that folicitations, my attendance to the play, though they lavih their first fondness upon house, and my falutations in the Park. 'I pertnets and gaiety, they foon transfer their was now happy to the utmost extent of regard to other qualizes, and ungratefully my conception; I pasled every morning abandon their : ers to dream out their in' dress, every afternoon in visits, and last years in ity and contempt. every night in fome select assemblies,

, &c. Florentulus. where neither care nor knowledge were

Rambler. fuffered to moleit us, After a few ycars, however, these de.

$ 7. Omnijcience and niprejince of the lights became familiar, and I had leisure

Deity, 168cber ur in dimentity of his

Works. to look round me with more attention. I then found that my fiatterers had very little I was yesterday, about sun-set, walking power to relieve the languor of satiety, or in the open fields, till the night insensibly recreate weariness, by varied amusement; fell upon me. I at first amused myself with and therefore endeavoured to enlarge the all the richness and variety of colours {phere of my plcasures, and to try what which appeared in the weitern parts of satisfaction might be found in the society heaven : in proportion as they faded away of men.

I will not deny the mortification and went out, several stars and planets with which I perceived that every man appeared one after another, till the whole whose name I had heard mentioned with firmament was in a glow, The blueness respect, received me with a kind of ten- of the æther was exceedingly heightened derness nearly bordering on compassion; and enlivened by the season of the year, and that those whose reputation was not and the rays of all those luminaries chat well established, thought it necefiary to passed through it. The galaxy appeared justify their underitandings, by treating in its most beautiful white. To complete me with contempt. One of these witlings the scene, the full moon rose at length in elevated his creít, by asking me in a full that clouded majetty which Milton takes coffeehouse the price of patches; and ano- notice of, and opened to the eye a new ther whispered, that he wondered Miss Frisk picture of nature, which was more finely did not keep me that afternoon to watch ihaded, and disposed among softer lights, her squirrel.

than that which the sụn had before disco, When I found myself thus hunted from vered to us. all masculine converíation by those who As I was surveying the moon walking were themselves barely admitted, I return- in her brightness, and taking her progre's ed to the ladies, and resolved to dedicate among the constellations, a thought arose

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is me which I believe very often perplexes dency. I was afraid of being overlooked and ditcbs men of serious and contem-, amidit the immentity of nature, and lott plative natures. David himself fell into among that infinite variety of creatures, i in that reflexion, When I consider the which in all probability swarm through all bearens the work of thy fingers, the moon these immeasurable regions of matter.

and the fars which thou haft ordained, In order to recover myself from this * what is man that thou art mindful of mortifying thought, I considered that it

him, and the son of man that thou re- took its rise from those narrow conceptions, gardent lim!' In the same manner, when which we are apt to entertain of the diI considered that infinite host of itars, or, vine nature. We ourselves cannot attend

fpeak more philosophically, of suns, to many different objects at the lime time, which were then thining upon me with If we are careful to inspect some things, those innumerable fets of planets or worlds, we must of course neglect others. This srich were moving round their respective imperfection which we observe in ourselves, funs; when I ftill enlarged the idea, and is an imperfection that cleaves in some defufpcíed another heaven of funs and worlds gree to creatures of the highest capacities, ring still above this which we discovered, as they are creatures, that is, beings of and these fill enlightened by a superior finite and limited natures. The presence brmanent of luminaries, which are planted of every created being is confined to a at so great a difiance, that they may ap- certain measure of space, and consequentpear to the inhabitants of the former as ly his observation is stinted to a certain the fars do to us; in short, while I pur- number of objects. The sphere in which feed this thought, I couid not but refcct we move, and ad, and understand, is of on that little insignificant figure which I a wider circumference to one creature byle.i bure amidit the immentity of God's than another, according as we rise one

above another in the icale of existence. Here the sun, which enlightens this But the widelt of these our spheres has its part of the creation, with all the host of circumference. When therefore we reflect pretary worlds that move about him, ut- on the divine nature, we are so used and terly extinguished and annihilated, they accuitomed to this imperfection in oursud nos be missed, more than a grain selves, that we cannot forbear in some meaof fand upon the sea-shore. The ipace sure ascribing it to him in whom there is tev postels is so exceedingly little in com- no shadow of imperfection. Our reason Arion of the whole, it would scarce make indeed assures us, that his attributes arc á black in the creation. The chalm would infinite: but the poorness of our concepbe imperceptible to an eye, that could tions is such, that it cannot forbear setting take in the whole compass of nature, and bounds to every thing it contemplates, till pals from one end of the creation to the our reason comes again to our succour, and cuer: as it is possible there may be such a throws down all thole little prejudices which ferie in ourselves hereafter, or in creatures rise in us unawares, and are natural to the which are at present more exalted than mind of man. carfelves. We see many stars by the help We shall therefore utterly extinguish this of glasses, which we do not discover with melancholy thought, of our being overcar naked eyes; and the finer our telescopes looked by our Maker in the multiplicity of

more still are our discoveries. his works, and the infinity of those obHaygenius carries this thought so far, that jects among which he seems to be inceshe does not think it impoflible there may santiy employed, if we consider, in the first be Lars whose light is not yet travelled place, that he is omnipresent; and in the down to us fince their first creation. There second, that he is omniscient. is no question but the universe has certain If we consider him in his omnipresence: tounds set to it; but when we consider his being passes through, actuates, and supthat it is the work of infinite power, ports the whole frame of nature. His creaprompted by infinite goodness, with an in- tion, and every part of it, is full of him. Enite space to exest itself in, how can our There is nothing he has made, that is imagination set any bounds to it?

either so diftant, so little, or so inconsiderTo return, therefore, to my first thought, able, which he does not essentially inhabit. I could not but look upon myself with fe. His substance is within the substance of Cet horror, as a being that was not worth every being, whether material or immatethe imallest regard of one who had so great sial, and as intimately present to it, as that work under his care and superinten, being is to itself. It would be an imper


are, the

fection in him, were he able to move out In this confideration of God Almighty's of one place into another, or to draw him- omnipresence and omniscience, every unself from any thing he has created, or from comfortable thought vanishes. He cannot any part of that space which he diffused but regard every thing that has being, erand spread abroad to infinity. In Nort, pecially such of his creatures who fear to fpeak of him in the language of the old they are not regarded by him. He is privy philosophers, he is a being whose centre is to all their thoughts, and to that anxiety of every where, and his circumference no heart in particular, which is apt to trouble where.

them on this occasion; for, as it is impofli In the second place, he is omniscient as ble he should overlock any of his creawell as omnipresent. His omniscience in- tures; so we may be confident that he re. deed neceffarily and naturally flows from gards, with an eye of mercy, those who his omnipresence. He cannot but be con- endeavour to recommend themselves to his fcioas of every motion that arises in the notice, and in unfeigned humility of heart whole material world, which he thus efsen- think themselves unworthy that he mould tially pervades; and of every thought that be mindful of them. Spectator. is stirring in the intellectual world, to every part of which he is thus intimately united. 98. Motives to Piety and Virtue, drawn from Several moralists have considered the crea

the Omniscience and Omnipresence of the tion as the temple of God, which he has

Deity. built with his own hands, and which is filled In one of your late papers, you had ocwith his presence. Others have consider- casion to consider the ubiquity of the God. ed infinite space as the receptacle, or ra- head, and at the same time to Thew, that as ther the habitation of the Almighty: but he is present to every thing, he cannot the noblest and most exalted way of confi- but be attentive to every thing, and privy dering this infinite space, is that of Sir Isaac to all the modes and parts of its existence : Newton, who calls it the sensorium of the or, in other words, that his omniscience and Godhead. Brutes and men have their fen- omnipresence are co-existent, and run toforiola, or little sensoriums, by which they gether through the whole infinitude of apprehend the presence and perceive the space. This confideration might furnish actions of a few objects, that lie contiguous us with many incentives to devotion, and to them. Their knowledge and observa- motives to morality; but as this subject tion turn within a very narrow circle. But has been handled by several excellent wri. as God Almighty cannot but perceive and ters, I shall consider it in a light in which know every thing in which he resides, infi- I have not seen it placed by others. nite space gives room to infinite knowledge, First, How disconfolate is the condition of and is, as it were, an organ to omnisci- an intellectual being who is thus present ence.

with his Maker, but at the same time reWere the foul separate from the body, ceives no extraordinary benefit or advanand with one glance of thought should tage from this his presence ! start beyond the bounds of the creation, Secondly, How deplorable is the condishould it for millions of years continue its tion of an intellectual being, who feels no progress through infinite space with the other effects from this his presence, but fame activity, it would still find itself within such as proceed from divine wrath and inthe embrace of its Creator, and encom- dignation ! pafled round with the immensity of the Thirdly, How happy is the condition Godhead. While we are in the body he is of that intellectual being, who is sensible not less present with us, because he is con- of his Maker's presence from the secret cealed from us. Oh that I knew where effects of his mercy and loving - kind• I might find him! (says Job.) Behold ness! • I go forward, but he is not there; and First, How disconsolate is the condition

backward, but I cannot perceive him : of an intellectual being, who is thus pre• on the left hand, where he does work, sent with his Maker, but at the same time • but I cannot behold him: he hideth him. receives no extraordinary benefit or advan• self on the right hand that I cannot see tage from this his presence! Every par. • him.' In short, reason as well as reve- ticle of matter is actuated by this Almighty lation, assures us, that he cannot be absent Being which passes through it. The hea, from us, notwithstanding he is undiscover. vens and the earth, the Itars and planets, ed by us.

move and gravitate by virtue of this great


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