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because his father had not displeased him display themselves, without any reserve, të at any time, in saying, Why hast thou the view. done so !-It is a certain sign men want We are some of us very fond of know. restraints, when they are impatient under ledge, and apt to value ourselves upon any any; too headstrong to be governed by proficiency in the sciences; one science, authority, too weak to be conducted by however, there is, worth more than all the reason.
Seed. rest, and that is, the science of living well;
which shall remain, when, "Whether there $ 48. Irregularities of a Few bring Cenfure be tongues, they shall cease; Whether there on the Whole.
be knowledge, it shall vanish away.' As It were to be wished, that they who to new notions, and new doctrines, of which claim greater indulgences, would seriously this age is very fruitful, the time will come, reflect, that the glaring irregularities of when we thall have no pleasure in them: two or three members bring an undiftin- nay, the time shall come, when they shall guishing censure upon a whole body; make be exploded, and would have been fora noise in, and alarm the world, as if all gotten, if they had not been preserved in flesh had here corrupted their ways: where. those excellent books, which contain a conas the sober, moleft worth of a much futation of them; like insects preserved greater number, who here in private at- for ages in amber, which otherwise would tend the duties of the wise and good, must, foon have returned to the common mass in the nature of the thing, escape the no- of things. But a firm belief of Christia. tice of the world, Notorious disorders, nity; and a practice suitable to it, will suphow few soever are concerned, strike upon port and invigorate the mind to the lait
, the senses of some, and affect the passions and most of all at last, at that important of many more; by which (their senses and hour, which must decide our hopes and paffions) the gross of mankind generally apprehensions: and the wisdom, which, judge of things: but it requires Tome ex. like our Saviour, cometh from above, will, pence of reflections to which the bulk of through his merits, bring us thither. And mankind will never put themselves to con- indeed, all our other studies and pursuits, fider, that great numbers must have spent however different, ought to be subservient their time profitably, formed habits of just to, and center in this grand point, the purthinking here, and laid in that stock of suit of eternal happiness, by being good in knowledge which they have produced into ourselves, and useful to the world. Ibid. view in a more public sphere; that those vices, which they complain of, may not be $ 50. The Necessity of peculiar Témpérance the native growth of the place, but im
in Places of Education. ported from irregular and undisciplined fa
From a thorough insight into human milies, from schools, and from the worst of schools, the world at large, when youth attention to the vanity and intemperate
nature, with a watchful eye, and kind are entered into it too soon. Ibid.
heat of youth, with well-weighed measures $49. Difidence of one's Abilities, an Indi- and the continual support and increase of
for the advancement of all useful literature, cation of good Sense.
virtue and piety, have the wise and religiConsider, that it is a sure indication of ous institutors of the rules of conduct and good sense to be diffident of it. We then, government in places of education, done all and not till then,are growing wise, when that human prudence could do, to promote we begin to discern how weak and unwise the most excellent and beneficial delign, by
An absolute perfection of under the most rational and well-concerted means standing is impossible: he makes the near- They first laid the foundation well, in the est approaches to it, who has the sense to discipline and regulation of the appetites. discern, and the humility to acknowledge, They put them under the restraint of its imperfections. Modesty always lits wholesome and frugal rules, to place them. gracefully upon youth; it covers a multi- out of the reach of intemperance, and to tude of faults, and doubles the lustre of preclude an excess that would serve only to every virtue which it seems to hide : the corrupt, infame, and torment them. They perfections of men being like those flowers are fed with food convenient for them; which appear more beautiful when their with simplicity yet sufficiency; with a kind leaves are a little contracted and folded though cautious hand. By this means, the up, than when they are full blown, and feeds of vice are stifled in their birth; young
persons persons are here removed from tempta- cation, where industry, literature, virtues tors, to which others, from a less happy decency, and whatever else is praise-worftuation, are too frequently exposed; and thy, did for ages flourish and abound ? Is by an early habit of temperance and self- this the genuine fruit of the pious care of command, they may learn either to pre- our anceitors, for the security and propavent all irregular solicitations, or with ease gation of religion and good-manners, to to controul them. Happy are they who, the latest pofterity? Is this at last the reby a thankful enjoyment of these advan- ward of their munificence ? Or does this tages, and a willing compliance with these conduct correspond with their vicws, or rules, lay up in store for the rest of their with the just expectations and demands life, virtue, health, and peace! Vain, in- of your friends and your country? deed, would be the expectation of any
Tottie. real progress in intellectual and moral improvements, were not the foundation thus $ 51. Valuable Opportunities once lojt caus laid in ftria regularity and temperance;
not be recalled. fere the sensual appetites to be pampered Nor let any one vainly imagine, that is yoath, or even vitiated with that de- the time and valuable opportunities which gree of indulgence which an extravagant are now loft, can hereafter be recalled at world may allow and call elegance, but in will; or that he who has run out his youtha place of education would be downrightful days in diffipation and pleasure, will Jurury. The taste of sensual pleasures have it in his power to flop when he mat be checked and abated in them, that pleases, and make a wiser use of his riper they may acquire a relish of the more fub- years. Yet this is too generally the tallime pleasures that result from reason and lacious hope that Matters the youth in his religion; that they may pursue them with sensual indulgences, and leads himn infeneffect, and enjoy them without avocation. sibly on in the treacherous ways of rice, And have they not in this place every till it is now too late to return. There motive, affittance, and encouragement, to are few, who at one plunge fo totally imengage them in a virtuous and moral life, merge in pleasures, as to drown at once and to animate them in the attainment of all power of reason and conscience: they nieful learning? What rank or condition promise themselves, that they can indulge of youth is there, that has not daily and their appetites to such a point only, and hourly opportunities of laying in supplies can check and turn them back when they of knowledge and virtue, that will in have run their allotted race, I do not in enery station of life be equally service- deed say that there never have been perable and ornamental to themselves, and sons in whom the strong ferment of youthbene cial to mankind? And shall any one ful lufts may have happily fubfided, and dare to convert a house of discipline and who may have brought forth fruits of learning into a house of diffoluteness, ex- amendment, and displayed many eminent travagance, and riot! With what an ag- virtues. God forbid ! that even the molt gravation of guilt do they load themselves, licentious vices of youth should be ablowao at the same time that they are pur- lutely incorrigible. But I may venture to fairg their own unhappiness, facrilegi- afirm, that the instances in this case have only break through all the fences of good been so rare, that it is very dangerous for order and government, and by their prace any one to trust to the experiment, upon tice, fedacement, and example, do what a presumption that he mall add to the in them lies, to introduce into these schools number. The only sure way to make any of frugality, sobriety, and temperance, all proficiency in a virtuous life, is to set out the mad vices and vain gaieties of a li- in it betimes. It is then, when our inclicentious and voluptuous age! What have nations are trained up in the way that they they to answer for, who, while they pro- should lead us, that custom foon makes E gately squander away that most precious the best habits the most agreeable; the part of time, which is the only feason of ways of wisdom become the ways of ple:plication and improrement, to their own santness, and every step, we advance, ihey rretrievable lofs, encourage one another grow more easy and more delightful. But, in an idle and sensual course of life, and on the contrary, when vicious, headitrong by spreading wide the contagion, reflect appetites are to be reclaimed, and invere. z frandal opon, and strive to bring into rate habits to be corrected, what sec:rity pubic difesteem, the place of their edu- can we give ourselves, that we all have
either inclination, resolution, or power, to licentious attachment, one criminal palstop and turn back, and recover the right fion, are, by a train of consequences, way from which we have so long and so drawn on to another, till the government widely wandered, and enter upon a new of our minds is irrecoverably loft. The life, when perhaps our strength now faileth enticing and the odious passions are, in this us, and we know not how near we may be respect, fimilar in their process; and, to our journey's end? These reflections I though by different roads, conduct at last have suggested principally for the sake of to the same issue.
Blair. those, who allowing themselves in greater indulgences than are consistent with a li- § 53. Order to be observed in Amusea beral and virtuous education, give evident
ments. proofs that they are not sufficiently aware Observe order in your amusements; thar of the dangerous encroachments, and the is, allow them no more than their proper peculiar deceitfulness of pleasurable fin. place; ftudy to keep them within due Happy for them, would they once seri- bounds; mingle them in a temperate fucously consider their ways! and no time çelion with serious duties, and the higher can be more proper, than when these so- business of life. Human life cannot prolemn seasons of recollection and religious ceed, to advantage, without some measure discipline should particularly dispose them of relaxation and entertainment. We reto seriousness and thought. They would quire relief from care. We are not form. then discover, that though they are awhile ed for a perpetual stretch of serious carried gently and supinely down the smooth thought. By too intense and continued stream of pleasure, yet soon the torrent application, our feeble powers would soon will grow too violent to be stemmed; the be worn out. At the same time, from our waves will arise, and dash them upon propensity to ease and pleasure, amuserocks, or sink them in whirlpools. It is ment proves, among all ranks of men, the therefore the part of prudence to stop short most dangerous foe to order: for it tends while they may, and to divert their course incessantly to usurp and encroach, to wiinto a differeni channel; which, whatever den its territories, to thrust itself into the obstructions and difficulties they may la- place of more important concerns, and bour with at first, will every day become thereby to disturb and counteract the namore practicable and pleasing, and will tural course of things. One frivolous assuredly carry them to a serene and fe- amusement indulged out of season, will cure haven.
Tottie. often carry perplexity and confusion thro'
a long succession of affairs. $ 52. The Beginnings of Evil 10 be refifted.
Amusements, therefore, though they be Think not, as I am afraid too many do, of an innocent kind, require steady gothat because your passions have not hur- vernment, to keep them within a due and
into atrocious deeds, they have limited province. But such as are of an therefore wrought no mischief, and have irregular and vicious nature, require not left no fting behind them. By a conti- to be governed, but to be banished from nued series of loose, though apparently every orderly society. As soon as a man trivial gratifications, the heart is often as fecks his happiness from the gaming-tathoroughly corrupted, as by the commif- ble, the midnight revel, and the other fion of any one of those enormous crimes haunts of licentiousness, confusion seizes which spring from great ambition, or upon him as its own. There will no lon. great revenge. Habit gives the pasions ger be order in his family, nor order in itrength, while the absence of glaring guilt his affairs, nor order in his time. The seemingly justifies them; and, unawakened most important concerns of life are abanby remorte, the finner proceeds in his doned. Even the order of nature is by course, till he wax bold in guilt, and be- such persons inverted; night is changed come ripe for ruin: for, by gradual and into day, and day into night. Character, latent steps, the destruction of our virtues honour, and intereit itself, are trampled advances. Did the evil unveil itself at under foot. You may with certainty progthe beginning; did the storm which is to nofticate the ruin of these men to be just overthrow our peace, discover, as it rose, at hand. Disorder, arisen to its height, all its horrors, precautions would more has nearly accomplished its work. The frequently be taken againit it. But we spots of death are upon them. Let every are impercepribly betrayed; and from one one who would escape the peftilential con
begion, Ay with halte from their com- pose to be orderly in the conduct of your pany.
Blair. affairs, if you be irregular in the diari
bution of your time. In vain you attempt $ 54. Order to be preserved in your Society. to regulate your expence, if into your a
Preserve order in the arrangement of musements, or your society, disorder has your society; that is, entangle not your- crept. You have admitted a principle of felves in a perpetual and promiscuous confusion which will defeat all your plans, crowd; select with prudence and propriety, and perplex and entangle what you fought those with whom you chuse to affociate; to arrange. Uniformity is above all things let company and retreat succeed each other necessary to order. If you desire that any a measured intervals. There can be ro thing should proceed according to method order in his life, who allots not a due and rule, let all things be done in ore bare of his time to retirement and reflec. der.' tan. He can neither prudently arrange I must also admonish you, that in small, bis temporal affairs, nor properly attend as well as in great affairs, a due regard to to his fpiritual interests. He lives not to order is requisite. I mean not, that you himself, but to the world. By continual ought to look on those minute attentions, dispation, he is rendered giddy and which are apt to occupy frivolous minds, thoughtless. He contracts unavoidably as connected either with virtue or wisdom: from the world that spirit of disorder and but I exhort you to remember, that disconfulion which is fo prevalent in it. order, like other immoralities, frequently
It is not a sufficient preservation against takes rise from inconsiderable beginnings. this evil, that the circles of society in which They who, in the lesser transactions of life, you are engaged are not of a libertine are totally negligent of rule, will be in and vicious kind. If they withdraw you hazard of extending that negligence, by from tha: attention to yourselves, and your degrees, to such affairs and duties as will domelic concerns, which becomes a good render them criminal. Remissness grows man, they are subversive of order, and on all who study not to guard againit it; incoaútent with your duty. What is in- and it is only by frequent exercise, that Docent in itself, degenerates into a crime, the habits of order and punctuality can from being carried to excess; and idle, be thoroughly confirmed. lbid. trising fociety, is nearly a-kin to such as is corrupting. One of the first principles $ 56. Idleness avoided by the Observation cí order is, to learn to be happy at home.
of Order. It is in domestic retreat that every wise D20 finds his chief satisfaction. It is there By attending to order, you avoid idlea he forms the plans which regulate his pub- ness, that most fruitful source of crimes öc conduct. "He who knows not how to and evils. Acting upon a plan, meeting enjoy himself when alone, can never be every thing in its own place, you conlong happy abroad. To his vacant mind, ftantly find innocent and useful employcompany may afford a temporary relief; ment for time. You are never at a loss but when forced to return to himself, he how to dispose of your hours, or to fill up will be so much more oppressed and lan- life agreeably. In the course of human guid. Whereas, by a due mixture of pub, action, there are two extremes equally Lic and private life, we keep free of the dangerous to virtue; the multiplicity of frares of both, and enjoy each to greater affairs, and the total want of them. The advantage.
Ibid. man of order stands in the middle between
these two extremes, and suffers from neia 55. A due Regard to Order necesary in ther: he is occupied, but not oppressed. Enfires, Time, Expence, and Amuse- Whereas the disorderly, overloading one
part of time, and leaving another vacant, Throughout your affairs, your time, are at one period overwhelmed with busiyour expence, your amusements, your lo- ness, and at another, either idle through ciety, the principle of order must be equally want of employment, or indolent through carried, if you expect to reap any of its perplexity. Those seasons of indolence happy fruits. For if into any one of those and idleness, which recur fo often in their great departments of life you suffer dif- life, are their most dangerous moments. order to enter, it will spread through all The mind, unhappy in its fituation, and the reit. In vain, for instance, you purn clinging to every object which can occupy
or amuse it, is then apteft to throw itself always found out of their proper piacej into the arms of every vice and foily. they of course interfere and jar with
Farther; by the preservation of order, others. The disorders which they raise you check inconstancy and levity. Fickle never fail to spread beyond their own line, by nature is the human heart. It is fond and to involve many in confufion and of change; and perpetually tends to start distress; whence they necessarily become aside from the straight line of conduct. the authors of tumult and contention, of Hence arises the propriety of bringing difcord and enmity. Whereas order is ourselves under fubjeétion to method and the foundation of union. It allows every rule; which, though at first it may prove man to carry on his own affairs without conftraining, yet by degrees, and froin the disturbing his neighbour. It is the golden experience of its happy effects, becomes chair which holds together the focieties of natural and agreeable. It rectifies those men in friendship and peace. irregularities of temper and manners to
Ibid. which we give the name of caprice; and which are diftinguished characteriltics of a $ 58. Care to be taken in fuppreling crimidisorderly mind. It is the parent of stea
nal Thoughts. diness of conduct. It forms consistency When criminal thoughts arise, attend to of character. It is the ground of all the all the proper methods of speedily fup. confidence we repose in one anoiher. preiling them. Take example from the For, the disorderly we know not where to unhappy industry which finners discover find. In him only can we place any trust, in banishing good ones, when a natural who is uniform and regular; who lives by sense of religion forces them on their conprinciple, not by humour; who acts upon science. How anxiously do they fly from a plan, and not by defultory motions. themselves! How studiously do they
Blair. drown the voice which upbraids them, in
the noise of company or diversions! What $ 57. Order effential to Self-enjoyment and numerous artifices do they employ, to Felicity.
evade the uneasiness which returns of re. Consider alfo how important it is to your flection would produce !-Were we to use self-enjoyment and felicity. Order is the equal diligence in preventing the entrance fource of peace; and peace is the highest of vicious suggestions, or in repelling them of all temporal blessings. Order is indeed when entered, why nould we not be the only region in which tranquillity equally successful in a much better cause? dwells. The very mention of confusion -As soon as you are sensible that any imports disturbance and vexation. Is it dangerous passion begins to ferment, in. possible for that man to be happy, who stantly call in other passions, and other cannot look into the state of his affairs, or ideas, to your aid. Hasten to turn your the tenor of his conduct, without discern- thoughts into a different direction. Suming all to be embroiled ? who is either in mon up whatever you have found to be of the midst of remorse for what he has neg- power, for composing and harmonizing lected to do, or in the midst of hurry to your mind. Fly for asistance to serious overtake what he finds, too late, was necef- studies, to prayer and devotion; or even sary to have been done? Such as live fly to business or innocent society, if foliaccording to order, may be compared to tude be in hazard of favouring the seduc. the celestial bodies, which move in regular tion. By such means you may stop the courses, and by stated laws; whole in- progress of the growing evil : you may fluence is beneficent; whole operations apply an antidote, before the poison has are quiet and tranquil. The disorderly, had time to work its full effect. Ibid. resemble those tumultuous elements on earth, which, by sudden and violent irrup- § 59. Experience to be anticipated by tions, disturb the course of nature. By
Reflection. mismanagement of affairs, by excess in It is observed, that the young and the expence, by irregularity in the indulgence ignorant are always the mott violcnt in of company and amusement, they are per- pursuit. The knowledge which is forced petually creating inoleitation both to then upon them by longer acquaintance with felves and others. They depart from their the world, moderates their impetuosity. road to seek pleasure, and infiead of it, Study then to anticipate, by reflection, that ihey every where raise up forrows. Being knowledge which experience often pus