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of man with that of other creatures; in had been doing?” Upon this question shich I could not but observe, that not being proposed to the whole assembly, they withstanding we are obliged by duty to stared one upon another, as not knowing keep ourselves in constant employ, after what to answer
. He then interrogated each the same manner as inferior animals are of them separately. Madam, says he to prompted to it by instinct, we fall very the first of them, you have been upon the fhort of them in this particular. We are earth about fifty years; what have you been here the more inexcusable, because there doing there all this while? Doing! says is a greater variety of business to which fe, really I do not know what I have been we may apply ourselves, Reason opens doing: I desire I may have tine given me to us a large field of affairs, which other to recollect
. . After about half an hour's creatures are not capable of. Beasts of pause, she told him that the had been playprey, and I believe of all other kinds, in their ing at crimp; upon which Rhadamanthus natural state of being, divide their time be- beckoned to the keeper on his left hand, to tween action and reit. They are always at take her into custody. And you, madam, work or asleep. In short, their waking fays the judge, that look with fuch a foft hours are wholly taken up in seeking after and languishing air; I think you set out their food, or in consuming it. The human for this place in your nine-and-twentieth fpecies only, to the great reproach of our year, what have you been doing all this natures, are filled with complaints, that while? I had a great deal of business on " The day hangs heavy on them,” that my hands, says the, being taken up the first * They do not know what to do with twelve years of my life in dresing a jointed themselves,” that “ They are at a loss baby, and all the remaining part of it in hoz to pass away their time,” with many reading plays and romarces. Very well, of the like thameful murmurs, which we says he, you have employed your time to often ind in the mouths of those who are good purpose, Away with her. The next filed reasonable beings. How monstrous was a plain country-woman: Well, mistress, azích expressions among creatures who says Radamanthus, and what have you been have the labours of the mind, as well as doing? An’t please your worship, lays the, ticle of the body, to furnish them with · I did not live quite forty years; and in that proper employments; who, besides the bu- time brought my husband feren daughters, iness of their proper callings and profef- made hiin nine thousand cheeses, and left my fions, can apply themselves to the duties of eldest girl with him, to look after his house religion, to meditation, to the reading of in my absence, and who, I may venture to tiful books, to discourse; in a word, who say, is as pretty a housewife as any in the nas exercite themselves in the unbounded country. Rhadamanthus smiled at the paríaits of knowledge and virtue, and every simplicity of the good woman, and ordered hear of their lives make themselves wiser the keeper of Elyfium to take her into his or better than they were before !
And you, fair lady, says he, what After having been taken up for some have you been doing these five-and-thirty time in this course of thought, 1 diverted years? I have been doing no burt, I assure rifelf with a book, according to my usual you, fir, said the. That is well, said he, custom, in order to unbend my mind before but what good have you been doing? The Inent to sleep. The book I made ute of lady was in great confusion at this question, on this occasion was Lucian, where I amu- and not knowing what to answer, the two led my thoughts for about an hour among keepers leaped out to seize her at the same the dialogues of the dead, which in all pro- time; the one took her by the hand to conbability produced the following dream. vey her to Elysium, the other caught hold of
I was conveyed, methought, into the en- her to carry her away to Erebus. But Rhatrance of the infernal regicns, where I law damanthus observing an ingenuous modely Rhadamanthus, one of the judges of the in her countenance and behaviour, bid them dead, seated on bis tribunal. On his left- both let her loose, and set her aside for a rebard stood the keeper of Erebus, on his examination when he was more at leisure. right the keeper of Elysium. I was told An old woman, of a proud and four look, be fat upon women that day, there being se- presented herself next at the bar, and being teral of the sex lately arrived, who had not asked what she had been doing? Truly, Jer their mansions afligned them. I was said the, I lived threescore-and-ten years in surprised to hear him ask every one of them a very wicked world, and was so angry at tie fame question, namely, “ What they the behaviour of a parcel of young flirts,
that I passed most of my last years in con- off. Upon the approach of the keeper of demning the follies of the times; I was Erebus, her colour faded, her face was every day blaming the filly conduct of puckered up with wrinkles, and her whole people about me, in order to deter those person lost in deformity. I conversed wiih from falling into the like I was then surprised with a diftant errors and miscarriages. Very well, says sound of a whole troop of females, that Rhadamanthus; but did you keep the same came forward laughing, inging, and dancwatchful eye over your own actions? Why ing. I was very desirous to know the retruly, says she, I was so taken up with ception they would meet with, and withal publishing the faults of others, that I had was very apprehenfive, that Rhadaman- . no time to consider my own. Madam, says thus would spoil their mirth: But at their Rhadamanthus, be pleased to file off to nearer approach the noise grew so very the left, and make room for the venerable great that it awakened me. matron that stands behind
gen- I lay fome time, reflecting in myself on tlewoman, says he, I think you are four- the oddness of this dream, and could not score: you have heard the question, what forbear atking my own heart, what I was have you been doing so long in the world? doing? I answered myself that I was writAli, Sir! says the, I have been doing what ing Guardians. If my readers make as I should not have done, but I had made a good a use of this work as I design they firm resolution to have changed my life, thould, I hope it will never be imputed to if I had not been í atched off by an un. me as a work that is vain and unprofittimely end.
Madam, says he, you will able. please to follow your leader: and spying I shall conclude this paper with recomanother of the same age, interrogated' her mending to them the fame short self-exain the same form. To which the matron mination. If every one of them frequently replied, I have been the wife of a hus- lays his hand upon his heart, and considers band who was as dear to me in his old what he is doing, it will check him in all age as in his youth. I have been a mo- the idle, or, what is worse, the vicious ther, and very happy in my children, whom moments of life, lift up his mind when I endeavoured to bring up in every thing it is running on in a series of indifferent that is good, My eldest son is blest by actions, and encourage him when he is enthe poor, and beloved by every one that gaged in those which are virtuous and lauknows him. I lived within my own fa- dable. · In a word, it will very much allemily, and left it much more wealthy than viate that guilt which the best of men have I found it. Rhadamanthus, who knew the reason to acknowledge in their daily convalue of the old lady, smiled upon her in fessions, of " leaving undone those things such a manner, that the keeper of Ely- which they ought to have done, and of fium, who knew his oslice, reached out his doing thole things which they ought not hand to her. He no sooner touched her, to have done.'
Guardian. buther wrinkles vanished, hereyes sparkled, her cheeks glowed with blushes, and the § 16. A Knoruledge of the Use and Value of appeared in full bloom and beauty. A Time very important io louih. young woman observing that this Officer, There is nothing which I more with that who conducted the happy to Flysium, was you Mould know, and which fewer people so great a beautifier, longed to be in his do know, than the true use and value of hands; so that presling through the crowd, time. It is in every body's mouth; but in the vas the next that appeared at the bar. few people's praciice. Every fool who And being asked what the had been doing flatterns away his whole time in nothings, the five-and-twenty years that she had utters, however, some trite common-place passed in the world? I have endeavoured, sentence, of which there are millions, to says she, ever since I came to years of prove, at once, the value and the fleetness discretion, to make myself lovely, and gain of time. The sun-dials, likewise, all over admirers. In order to it, I passed my Europe, have some ingenious inscription to time in bottling, up May-dew, inventing that effect; fo that nobody squanders away white washes, mixing colours, cutting out their time, without hearing and seeing, daipatches, consulting my glass, fuiting my ly, how necessary it is to employ it well, complexion, tearing off my tucker, fink- and how irrecoverable it is if loft
. But ing my stays – Rhadamanthus, without all these admonitions are useless, where hearing her out, gave the sign to take her there is not a fund of good fenfe and rea
for ion to suggest them, rather than receive impossible; whereas few things are so to them. By the manner in which you now industry and activity. But ditñculties seem tell me that you employ your tiine, I flat- to them impoffibilities, or at least they ter mvielt, that you have that fund: that pretend to think thern so, by way of excuse is the furd which will make you rich in- for their laziness. An hour's attention to deed. I do not, therefore, mean to give the same object is too laborious for them; `you a critical etay upon the use and abuse they take every thing in the light in which of time; I will only give you come hints, it at firit presents itself, never consider it sita regard to the ute of one particular in all its different views; and, in short, period of that long time which, I hope, never think it thorough. The consequence you have beiure you; I mean the next of this is, that when they come to speak tho years. Remember then, that whatever upon these subjects before people who have kroulenge you do not folidly lay the foun- confilered them with attention, they only dation of beiore you are eighteen, you discover their own ignorance and laziness, wii never be master of while you breathe. and lay themselves open to answers that Knowledge is a comfortable and necessary put them in centution. retrcat and shelter for us in an advanced Do not then be discouraged by the first 2g8; and if we dunet plant it while young, dificulties, but contra ardentior ito: and it will give us no shade when we grow old. refolve to go to the bottom of all those I neither require nor expect from you things, which every gentleman ought to great application to books, after you are know well. Those aris or sciences, which once thrown out into the great world. I are peculiar to certain profeflions, need not krow it is imş ollille; and it may even, in be deeply known by those who are not inicme cases, be imp:oper: this, therefore, tended for those prufefions. As, for inis your time, and your only time, for un- stance, fortification and navigation; of both wearied and uninterrupted application. If which, a superficial and general knowledge, you hcald sometimes think it a little la- such as the common course of conversation, tories, coniider, that labour is the una- with a very little enquiry on your part, vouble fatigue of a necessary journey. will give you, is suficient. Though, by Tie ir:ore hours a day you travel, the the way, a little more knowledge of fortifroner you wili be at your journey's end. fication may be of some use to you ; as the The louer you are qualified for your li- events of war, in fieges, make many of the berty, the iconer you shall have it; and terms of that science occur frequently in your manumission will entirely depend up- common conversations; and one would be on the manner in which you employ the forry to say, like the Marquis de Malintermedine une I think I offer you a carille, in Moliere's Précieujes Ridicules, very good bargoin, when I promise you, when he hears of une denie Lune : Ma foi, upon my wed, thai, if you will do every c'étoit bien une Lune route entiere. But those thing that I would have you do, till you things which every gentleman, indepenare gaten, I will do every thing that dently of profession, hould know, he ought you would have me do, ever afterwards. to know well, and dive into all the depths
Lord Chesterfield. of them. Such are languages, history, and
geography, ancient and modern; philoso$ 17. Oa a lazy and trifiing Disposition,
phy, rational logic, rhetoric; and for you There are two forts of understandings; particularly, the constitutions, and the cione of which hinders a man from ever be- vil and military state of every country in in confiderable, and the other commonly Europe. This, I confefs, is a pretty large makes him riaiculous; I mean the lazy circle of knowledge, attended with some mind, and the trisling frivolous mind. difficulties, and requiring some trouble, Yours, I hope, is neither. The lazy mind which, however, an active and industrious will not take the trouble of going to the mind will overcome, and be amply rebottom of any thing; but, discouraged by paid. the tirit difficulties, (and every thing worth The trilling and frivolous mind is always kenning or having is attended with some) busied, but to little purpose ; it takes little fops short, contents itself with easy, and, objects for great ones, and throws away confequently, fuperficial knowledge, and upon trifles that time and attention which prefers a great degree of ignorance, to a only important things deferve. Knick(mall degree of trouble. These people knacks, butterflies, shells, infects, &c. are fither think, or represent, most things as the objects of their most serious researches.
FIRST. They contemplate the dress, not the cha- have cost the performers to arrive at the racters, of the company they keep. They art of writhing their bodies into fuch vaattend more to the decorations of a play, rious and unnatural contortions. But I than to the sense of it; and to the cere- was most taken with the ingenious artist, monies of a court, more than to its politics. who, after fixing two bells to each foot, Such an employment of time is an absolute the same number to each hand, and with loss of it. Lord Chesterfield's Letters. great propriety placing a cap and bells on
his head, played several tunes, and went § 18. The bad Efects of Ineolince.
through as regular triple peals and bob
majors, as the boys of Christ-church HorNo other disposition, or turn of mind, so pital; all which he effected by the due totally unfits a man for all the social offices jerking of his arms and legs, and nodding of life, as Indolence. An idle man is a his head backward and forward. If this mere blank in the creation : he seemis made artist had taken equal pains to employ his for no end, and lives to no purpose. He head in another way, he might perhaps cannot engage himself in any employment have been as deep a proficient in numbers or profession, because he will never have as Jedediah Buxton, or at least a tolerable diligence enough to follow it: he can suc- modern rhymer, of which he is now no bad ceed in no undertaking, for he will never emblem : and if our fine ladies would use pursue it; he must be a bad husband, fa- equal diligence, they might fashion their ther, and relation, for he will not take the minds as successfully, as Madam Catharina least pains to preserve his wife, children, disorts her body. and family, from itarving; and he must be There is not in the world a more useless, a worthleis friend, for he would not draw idle animal, than he who contents himself his hand from his bofom, though to pre- with being merely a gentleman. He has vent the destruction of the universe. If he an estate, therefore he will not endeavour is born poor, he will remain fo all his life, to acquire knowledge: he is not to labour which he will probably end in a ditch, or in any vocation, therefore he will do noat the gallows : if he embarks in trade, he thing. But the misfortune is, that there will be a bankrupt: and if he is a per- is no such thing in nature as a negative fon of fortune, his ftewards will acquire virtue, and that absolute idleness is imimmense estates, and he himself perhaps practicable. He, who does no good, will will die in the Fleet.
certainly do mischief; and the mind, if it It fhould be considered, that nature did is not tored with useful knowledge, will not bring us into the world in a state of necessarily become a magazine of nonsense perfection, but has left us in a capacity of and trifles. Wherefore a gentleman, though improvement; which should seem to inti- he is not obliged to rise to open his hop, mate, that we should labour to render our- or work at his trade, should always find felves excellent. Very few are such ab. some ways of employing his time to adfolute idiots, as not to be able to become vantage. If he makes no advances in at least decent, if not eminent, in their wisdom, he will become more and more several stations, by unwearied and keen a slave to folly; and he that does nothing, application : nor are there any possessed of because he has nothing to do, will become such transcendent genius and abilities, as vicious and abandoned, or, at beit, ridicuto render all pains and diligence unneces. lous and contemptible. fary. Perleverance will overcome diffi. I do not know a more melancholy obculties, which at firit appear insuperable ; jeet, than a man of an honest heart, and and it is amazing to consider, how grea: fine natural abilities, whose good qualities and numerous obitacles may be removed are thus destroyed by indolence. Such a by a continual attention to any particular person is a conitant plague to all his friends point. I will not mention here, the trite and acquaintance, with all the means in his example of Demofthenes, who got over power of adding to their happiness; and the greatest natural impediments to oratory, lutfers himself to take rank among the but content myself with a more modern loweit characters, when he might render and familiar initance. Being at Sadler's himself conspicuous among the highest. Wells a few nights ago, I could not but Nobody is more universally beloved and admire the surprising feats of activity there more univerfally avoided, than my friend exhibited ; and at the same time reflected, Careless. He is an humane man, who what incredible pains and labour it must never did a beneficent action; and a man
RELIGIOUS. of unhaken integrity, on whom it is impofible to depend. With the best head,
$ 19. The innocent Pleasures of Childhood. and the best heart, he regulates his con- As it is usual with me to draw a secret ded in the most absurd manner, and fre. unenvied pleasure from a thousand inciquently injures his friends; for whoever dents overlooked by other men, I threw Leglects to do justice to himself, muft ine- myself into a short transport, forgetting Fitably wrong those with whom he is con- my age, and fancying myself a school-boy. neted; and it is by no means a true max- This imagination was strongly favoured im, that an idle man hurts nobody but by the presence of so many young boys, himself.
in whose looks were legible the sprightly Virtue then is not to be considered in pallions of that age, which raised in me a the light of mere innocence, or abitaining fort of sympathy. Warm blood thrilled from harm; but as the exertion of our through every vein; the faded memory faculties in doing good: as Titus, when of those enjoyments that once gave me he had let a day llip undiftinguished by pleasure, put on more lively colours, some act of virtue, cried out, I have lost and a thousand gay amusements filled my a day.' If we regard our time in this mind. light, how many days shall we look back It was not without regret, that I was upon as irretrievably lost! and to how nar- forsaken by this waking dream. The low a compass would such a method of cheapness of puerile delights, the guiltless calculation frequently reduce the longest joy they leave upon the mind, the bloomlife! If we were to number our days, ac- ing hopes that lift up the soul in the ascent cording as we have applied them to vir- of lite, the pleasure that attends the gratee, it would occasion strange revolutions dual opening of the imagination, and the in the manner of reckoning the ages of dawn of reason, made me think molt men Q. We should see some few arrived to found that itage the most agreeable part of a good old age in the prime of their youth, their journey. and meet with several young fellows of When men come to riper years, the inbarscore.
nocent diversions which exalted the spirits, Agreeable to this way of thinking, I and produced health of body, indolence of remember to have met with the epitaph of mind, and refreshing slumbers, are too ofan aged man four years old; dating his ten exchanged for criminal delights, which exiter.ce from the time of his reformation fill the soul with anguish, and the body from evil courses. The inscriptions on most with difeafe. The grateful employment tomb-itones commemorate no acts of vir- of admiring and railing themselves to an tue performed by the persons who lie un- imitation of the polite itile, beautiful images, der them, but only record, that they were and noble sentiments of ancient authors, is born one day, and died another. But I abandoned for law-latin, the lucubrations Would fain have those people, whose lives of our paltry news-mongers, and that bare been useless, rendered of some ser- swarm of vile pamphlets which corrupt vice after their deaths, by affording lessons our taste, and intest the public. The ideas cf iritruction and morality to those they of virtue which the characters of heroes leave behind them. Wherefore I could had imprinted on their minds, insensibly with, that, in every parish, several acres wear out, and they come to be infiuenced were marked out for a new and spacious by the nearer examples of a degenerate burying-ground: in which every person, age. whole remains are there deposited, should In the morning of life, when the soul have a small itone laid over them, reckon- first makes her entrance into the world, all ing their age, according to the manner in things look fresh and gay; their novelty which they have improved or abused the surprizes, and every little glitter or gaudy time allotted them in their lives. In such colour transports the stranger. But by circumstances, the plate on a cofin might degrees the sense grows callous, and we be the highest panegyric which the deceaf- lote that exquifite relith of trifles, by the ed could receive; and a little square ftone, time our minds should be supposed ripe inscribed with Ob. Ann. Æta. 80, would for rational entertainments. I cannot make be a nobler eulogium, than all the lapidary this reflection without being touched with adulation of modern epitaphs.
a commiseration of that species called beaus, Connoifeur, the happiness of those men neceffarily ter