The German Revolution, 1917-1923

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BRILL, 2005 - Political Science - 991 pages
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On 12 October 1923, Grigory Zinoviev, president of the Communist International wrote the following in "Pravda": "The German events are developing with the inexorability of fate. The path which it took the Russian Revolution twelve years to cover, from 1906 to 1917, will have taken the German Revolution five years, from 1918 to 1923. ... The proletarian revolution is knocking at Germany's door; you would have to be blind not to see it. ... Very soon, everyone will see that this autumn of 1923 is a turning-point, not just for the history of Germany, but for the history of the whole world." In fact, far from being on the point of triumphing, the German Revolution was on the verge of an irredeemable disaster which would soon inflict terrible consequences on Germany and the world. In this magisterial work, first published 1971 and still unsurpassed, Pierre Broue meticulously reconstitutes the six decisive years during which - between 'ultra-leftism' and 'opportunism', 'sectarianism' and 'revisionism', 'activism' and 'passivity' - the German revolutionaries attempted to begin a new chapter in the history of the proletariat.
 

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Contents

Chapter One The Battlefield
1
Chapter Two Social Democracy Before 1914
11
Chapter Three The Lefts in German Social Democracy
27
PART
41
Chapter Five The Foundation of the Independent
73
Chapter Six The Rise of the Revolutionary Movement
89
Chapter Seven Problems of the World Revolution
111
Chapter Eight The November Revolution
129
Chapter TwentySix Aftermath of a Defeat
505
Chapter TwentySeven The Moscow Compromise
527
Chapter TwentyEight Unity Preserved With Difficulty
555
Chapter TwentyNine A New Start
585
Chapter Thirty The Rapallo Turn
599
Chapter ThirtyOne For the United Front Against Poverty
607
Chapter ThirtyTwo The Mass Communist Party
627
Chapter ThirtyThree The Workers Government
647

Chapter Nine The Period of Dual Power
157
Chapter Ten The Crisis in the Socialist Movement
189
Chapter Eleven The Foundation of the Communist Party
209
Chapter Twelve The Uprising of January 1919
227
Chapter Thirteen The Noske Period
261
Chapter Fourteen Stabilisation in Germany and World
285
Chapter Fifteen The Communist Party After January 1919
299
Chapter Sixteen The UltraLeft Opposition and the Split
323
Chapter Seventeen The Problem of Centrism
333
Chapter Eighteen The Kapp Putsch
349
Chapter Nineteen The Communist Party at the Crossroads
381
Chapter Twenty Moscow and the German Revolutionaries
393
Chapter TwentyOne The Great Hopes of 1920
421
A German Conception
449
Chapter TwentyThree The First Steps of the Unified Communist
459
Chapter TwentyFour The Split in the Italian Socialist Party
475
Chapter TwentyFive The March Action
491
Chapter ThirtyFour The Development of the Tactic
665
Chapter ThirtyFive The Occupation of the Ruhr
685
Chapter ThirtySix Crisis in the KPD
699
Chapter ThirtySeven An Unprecedented PreRevolutionary
709
Chapter ThirtyEight The Overthrow of the Cuno Government
733
Chapter ThirtyNine Preparing the Insurrection
755
Chapter Forty Moscows View of the German Revolution
779
Chapter FortyOne The German October
791
Chapter FortyTwo Aftermath of Another Defeat
817
Chapter FortyThree History and Politics
839
Chapter FortyFour Grafting Bolshevism onto German Stock
851
The Lost Opportunity?
875
The Confusion of Styles?
889
Chapter FortySeven Balance Sheet of a Defeat
899
Bibliography
935
Biographical Details
959
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About the author (2005)

Pierre Broué (born 1926) was for many years Professor of Contemporary History at the Institut d'études politiques in Grenoble. A world renowned specialist of the communist and international workers' movements, he is the founder of the Cahiers Léon Trotsky, editor of Leon Trotsky's writings in French and the author of many publications, including La Révolution et la guerre en Espagne (with Etienne Témime, 1961), Le Parti bolchévique. Histoire du Parti communiste de l'URSS (1963), Les Procès de Moscou (1965), La Question chinoise dans l'Internationale communiste (1965), Le Printemps des peuples commence à Prague (1969), La Révolution espagnole (1972), L'Assassinat de Trotsky (1980), Trotsky (1988), Staline et la Révolution. Le cas espagnol (1993), Rakovsky ou la Révolution dans tous les pays (1996), Histoire de l'Internationale communiste, 1919-1943 (1997) and Communistes contre Staline. Massacre d'une generation (2003).