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NATIONAL HOME FOR DISABLED VOLUNTEER SOLDIERS (Continued), Cooke; treasurer, W. W. Martin; surgeon, John L. Fryer. Pacific, Santa Monica, Cel.: governor, O. H. La Grange; treasurer, T. J. Cochrane; surgeon, o.'c. McNary.
Marion, Marion, Ind. ; governor, Geo. W. Steele; treasurer, J. W. Miles; surgeon, Harry MIE ler. Danville, Danville, III. governor, Isaac Clements; treasurer, M. J. Barges; surgeon, D. C. Jones. Mountain, Johnson City, Tenn.: governor, J. P. Smith; treasurer P. E, Divine; surgeon, E. T. West. Battle Mountain Sanitarium Hot Springs, S. D.; governor and surgeon, R. D. Jennings.
The requirements for admission include an honorable discharge from the United States service and disability which prevents the applicant from earning his living by labor. Soldiers or sailors whose pensions exceed $16 a month are not eligible unless the reasons are explained to the manager and are satisfactory to him,
There are also thirty State homes, located as follows: Veterans Home ot Callfornia, Yountville; Colorado Soldiers and Sailors' Home, Monte Vista; Fitch's Home for Soldiers, Noroton, Conn.; Idaho State Soldiers' Home, Boisé; Illinois Soldiers and Sailors' Home, Quincy: Indiana State Soldiers' Home, Lafayette; Iowa State Soldiers Home, Marshalltown; Kansas State Soldiers' Home, Fort Dodge; Massachusetts State Soldiers' Home, Chelsea; Michigan State Soldiers' Home, Grand Rapids, Minnesota State Soldiers' Home, Minnehaha; Missouri_State Federal Soldiers' Horne, St. James; Montana State Soldiers' Home, Columbia Falls; Nebraska State Soldiers and Sailors' Home, Grand Island; Nebraska State Soldiers and Sailors' Home, Milford'; New-Hampshire State Soldiers Home, Tilton; New Jersey State Soldiers' Home, Kearny; New-Jersey State Home for Soldiers, Sailors, Marines and Their Wives, Vineland; New-York State Solaters and Saitors' Home, Bath; New-York State Woman's Relief Corps Home, Oxford; North Dakota State Soldiers' Home, Lisbon, Ohio State Soldiers' Home, Sandusky; Oregon State Soldiers' Home, Roseburg; Pennsylvania State Soldiers and Sailors Home. Erte; Rhode Island State Soldiers' Home, Bristol; South Dakota State Soldiers Home, Hot Springs; Vermont State Soldiers' Home, Bennington; Washington State Soldiers Home, Orting; Wisconsin Veterans' Home, Waupaca; Wyoming State Soldiers' Home, Buffalo.
THE NATIONALIZED MILITIA, 1906. An aet of Congress, approved Jan, 21, 1903, defined as the organized militia of the United States the regularly enlisted, organized and uniforned militia of the various states and territories, and provided that the organization, armament and discipline of this militia should be within five years from the date of the approval of the act the same as those prescribed for the regular and volunteer forces of the United States. The federal governinent now issues stores and supplies to the militia and conducts joint maneuvres of regular and militia forces. The following table gives the militia strength in each state and territory, the state headquarters and names of state ad futants general. States and
Montgomery..Brig. Gen. Wm, W. Brandon. Arizona
Col. Benjamin W. Leavell.
Little Rock... Maj. Gen, Charles Jacobson. California
Sacramento.. Brig. Gen J. B. Lauck. Colorado
Denver.. Brig. Gen. Buikeley Wells. Connecticut
Hartford. Brig. Gen, George M. Cole. Delaware
Wilmington.. Brig. Gen. I. P. Wickershan. District of Columbia.
Washington.. Lieut. Col. Lloyd M. Brett. Florida
Tallahassee.. Maj. Gen. J. C. R. Foster, Georgia
Atlanta.. Brig. Gen. S. W. Harris. Hawaii
Honolulu. Col. John H. Soper.
Brig. Gen. David Vickers,
3,929 Springfield.. Brig. Gen. Thomas W. Scott. Indiana
Indianapolis.. Brig. Gen. Oran Perry. Iowa
Des Moines.. Brig. Gèn. William H. Thrift. Kansas
Topeka... Brig. Gen, J. W. F. Hughes. Kentueky
Frankfort. Brig. Gen. Henry R. Lawrence ouisiana
1,521 Baton Rouge. Maj. Gen. D. T. Stafford. Maine
Augusta Maj. Gen. A. B. Farnham. Maryland
Annapolis. Maj. Gen. Clinton L Riggs. Massachusetts
Boston. Brig. Gen. James A. Frye. Michigan
2,667 Lansing Brig. Gen. Wm. T. MeGurrin. Minnesota
St. Paul. Brig. Gen. Fred B. Wood. Mississippi
1,262 Jackson. Brig. Gen. Arthur Fridge. Missouri
2,253 Jefferson City. Brig. Gen. James A. DeArmond. Montana
Helena.. Brig. Gen. A, M. Alderson. Nebraska
Brig. Gen. J. H. Culver.
141 Carson City. Brig. Gen. Lemuel Allen. New Hampshire
1,242 Corcord. Maj. Gen. Augustus D. Ayling New-Jersey
Trenton. Brig. Gen. R. Heber Breintnal) New-Mexico
Santa Fe. Brig. Gen. A. P. Tarkington, New-York
14,017 Albany. Brig. Gen. Nelson H. Henry. North Carolina
1, 867 Raleigh.
Brig. Gen. Thos. R. Robertson. North Dakota
Pismarck. Brig. Gen, H. M. Creel. Ohio
3,889 Columbus. Brig. Gen. A. B. Critehfield
THE NATIONALIZED MILITIA, 1906- -(Continued).
771 (Guthrie. Brig. Gen. Alva J, Niles. Oregon
1,063 Portland. Brig. Gen. Wm. E. Finzer, Pennsylvania
Harrisburg. Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Stewart Rhode Island
Providence. Brig. Gen. Fred'c M. Saciti South Carolina
Columbia. Prig. Gen, John D. Frost. South Dakota
Brig. Gen. C. H, Engelsby. Tennessee
Nashville. Brig. Gen. Harvey H, Hannah Texas
Brig. Gen. John A. Hulen, Utah
Salt Lake City Brig. Gen. Raymond C. Naylor. Vermont
Montpelier.. Brig. Gen. Wm. H. Gilmore. Virginia.
2,133 Richmond. Brig. Gen. Charles J. Anderson. Washington
Olympia, Brig. Gen. Ortis Hamilton West Virginla
Charleston.. Brig. Gen. S. B. Baker. Wisconsin
Madison.. Brig. Gen, C. R. Boardman. Wyoming
Cheyenne.. Brig. Gen. P, A. Gatchell. Total.
UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY.
Situated at. West Point, N. Y. SUPERINTENDENT, COLONEL HUGH L. SCOTT, U. SA. The United States Military Academy at West Point was founded in 1802. Each Congress district and Territory, the District of Columbia and Porto Rico is entitled to bave one cadet at the academy. Each State is also entitled to have two cadets at the academy from the State at large. Forty are also appointed from the United States at large. The appointments (except those from the United States at large and from the District of Columbia) are made by the Secretary of War at the request of the Senator, Representative or Delegate in Congress; and the person appointed must be an actual resident of the State, District or Territory from which the appointment is made.
The appointments from the United States at large and from the District of Columbia are specially conferred by the President. The appointment of the cadet from Porto Rico is made by the President on the recommendation of the Resident Commissioner from Porto Rico. The nun.ber of students is thus limited to 522.
Appointments are required by law to be made one year in advance of date of admission, and may be made either after corapetitive examination or given direct, at the option of the Representative. For each candidate appointed there may be nominated two alternates, who will be examined with the regular nominee, and one of whom may be admitted in the event of the latter's failure to pass the prescribed preliminary examinations. Appointees to the Military Academy must be between seventeen and twenty-two years of age at date of admission, at least five feet three inches in height, weigh 100 pounds. be unmarried, free from any infectious or moral disorder, and, generally, from any deformity. disease or infirniity; must be well versed in reading. in writing, including orthography. in arithmetic, and have a knowledge of the elements of English grammar, of descriptive geography (particularly of the United States), and of the history of the United States. The course of instruction requires four years, and is largely mathematical and professional.
The principal subjects taught are mathematics, French, drawing, tactics of all arms of the service, natural and experimental philosophy, chemistry, mineralogy, geology and electricity. history, international, constitutional and military law, Spanish, and civil and military engineering and science of war. Academic duties commence September 1 and continue until June 1. Examinations are held in each December and June, and cadets deficient in either conduct or studies are discharged. From about the middie of June to the end of August cadets live in camp, engaged only in military duties and receiving practical military instruction. Cadets are allowed but one leave of absence during the four years' course and, as a rule, it is granted at the expiration of the first two years. The pay of a cadet, with commutation for ration, is $609 50 a year, and with proper economy is sufficient for his support. Upon graduating cadets are commissioned as second lieutenants in the United States Army.
MANNER OF APPLICATION.--Applications may be made at any time, by letter, to the Secretary of War, to have the applicant's name registered for submission to the proper Representative when a vacancy occurs, The application must exhibit the full name, date of birth and permanent abode of applicant, with the number of the Congress district in which his residence is situated. Immediately after his admission, and before receiving his warrant of appointment, the cadet must sign the following engagement for service, in the presence of the Superintendent or some officer deputed by him: "I, of the State (or Territory) of
years months, do herely engage (with the consent of my parent or Tuardian) that, from the date of my admission as a cadet of the United States Military Academy, I will serve in the Army of the United States for eight years, unless sooner discharged by competent authority. In the presence
The candidate must then take the following oath or affirmation: "I,
do Sulemnly swear that I will support the Constitution of the United States, and bear true allegiance to the National Government; that I will maintain and defend the sovereignty or the United States paramount to any and all allegiance, sovereignty or fealty I may cwe to any Stats or country whatsoever, and that I will at all times obey the legal orders of my superior officers, and the rules and articles governing the armies of the United States.
UNITED STATES SOLDIERS' HOME COMMISSION, Commissioners-Major General F. C. Ainsworth, the Military Secretary, president; Quartermaster General Charles F. Humphrey, Commissary General Henry G. Sharpe, Surgeon General Robert M. O'Reilly, Rudge Advocate General G. B. Davis, Brigadier General Alexander Mackenzie, Chief of Engineers, and Brigadier General Hamilton S. Hawkins (retired); secretary of the board, N. Hershler.
Officers of the United States Soldiers' Home, Washington-Brigadier General Hamilton s. Hawkins (retired), governor; Brigadier General Edw. B. Williston (retired), depuły governor; Major Henry M. Kendall (retired), secretary and treasurer; Major Wm. H. Arthur, attending surgeon.
TROOPS IN WARS OF THE UNITED STATES.
1775-1783 Northwest Indians.. 1790-1795 With France (naval).. 1798-1800 With Tripoli (naval). 1801-1805 Creek Indians.
1813-1814 War of 1812..
1812-1815 Seminole Indians.. 1817-1818 Black Hawk Indiars.. 1831-1832 Creek Indians.
Troops. | |
| Years. Troops. 395,330 Cherokee troubles. (1836-1837 3,926 8,983 Florida Indians.
1835-1843 29, 253 4,593 Aroostook troubles. 1838-1839 1,500 3,330 Mexican
1846-1848 108,475 13,781 Apache, Navajo & Utah (1849-1955 2,561 528, 274 Civil War.
1861-1865 2,778,304 5,911 Seminole Indians.
1856-1858 3,687 5.031 Spanish War.
CIVIL WAR STATISTICS. Number of enlistments in the army, navy and marine corps in the war of 1861-65, taken from latest revised reports of the government; many men who served in the war enlisted two or three times and are counted that number of times in the table: White Sailors
Colored Territories, etc. of army. (marines. troops. Territories, etc. Iof army.marines. troops. Alabama 2,5761
100,616 151 8,344 Arkansas 8,289
3,157 California 15,725
1,080 Colorado 4,903
New Hampshire 32,930 882 125 Connecticut
67,5001 8,129 1,185 Dakota
404,805 39,920 4,125 Dist. of Colum. 11,912 1,353 3,269 North Carolina. 3,156 Florida 1,290
3,274) 5,092 255,057
1,537 Pennsylvania 315, 017 14,307 8,612 Iowa
5 440 Rhode Island. 19,521 1,878 1,837 Kansas
1,965 Louisiana 6,224
619 120 Maine 64,973 6,030 104 Washington
964 Maryland 33,995 3,925 8,718) West Virginia.. 31,872
196 Massachusetts 122,781 19,983 3,966 | Wisconsin
91,0291 133 165 Michigan
99,337 Mississippi 84.5
12,493,366 105,963|178,975 Number of deaths, by causes, ir. the U. S. Army during the Civil War:
EnCauses of death, Or- listed Totals. Causes of death. OL- listed Totals. ficers. men.
ficers. men, Killed in action...... 4,142 62,916 67,058 Killed after capture. 14 90 104 Died of wounds re
Committed suicide. 26 365 391 ceived in action.... 2,223 40,789 43,012 Executed by U. S. Died of disease... 2,795 221,791224,586 military auth'ties,
267 267 Accidental deaths
Executed by enemy. 4 60 64 except by drown
Died from sunstroke
308 313 ing)
142 3,972 4,114 "Other known causes 62 1,972 2,034 Drowned .......
4,944 Causes not stated.., 281 12,093 12, 121 Murdered
1 Indians. *Number not credited on the quota of any State, 8This item includes an deaths resulting from quarrels, riots and the like, which are not definitely reported as murder; from being shot for insubordination or by provost guards ar sentinels in attempting to escape or pass the ines; from exhaustion or exposure; killed while depredating upon the property of citizens, and all other causes not mentioned in the foregoing table. Desertions (estimated by War Department), 117,247.
No trustworthy deductions with regard to the nativity of soldiers in service during the Civil War can be made from any existing statistics.
***... $11,000 00 Major-general
7,500 00 Brigadler-general
5,500 00 * Colonel
2,000 00 Captain, not mounted.
1,800 00 8 Regimental adjutant
1,800 00 8 Regimental quartermaster...
1,800 00 First lieutenant, mounted.
1,600 00 First lieutenant, not mounted.
1,300 00 Second lieutenant, mounted.
1,500 00 Second lieutenant, not mounted... 1, 400 00 Chaplain
135 00 210 00
160 00 178 33 1S6 67
The maximuin pay of a colonel 18, by law, $4,500 per annum.
NOTE--Under Sec. 1,261, Revised Statutes, an aide-de-camp to a major-general is allowed $200 a year in addition to the pay
Retired officers receive 75 per cent of pay (salary and increase) of their rank. Retired officers detailed for duty at colleges
Mileage, from and after July 1, 1898, is allowed to officers travelling on duty under orders at the rate of seven cents per mile,
The monthly pay of enlisted men in the Army is as follows: Artillery, infantry and cavalry--Privates, $13; corporals, $16;
There is, in addition, a clothing allowance. Twenty per cent increase on pay proper of all enlisted men is allowed in time of war. Enlisted men when retired are entitled to 75 per cent of the pay which they receive la active service,
NAVAL STATIONS AND COMMANDERS.
(Corrected to December 1, 1906. ) Atlantic Fleet (Rear Admiral Robley D Evans, commander-in-chief).--First Squadron-First Division: Maine, Missouri, Keniucky, kearsarge. Second Division (Rear Admiral Charles H. Davis, commanriing): Alabama, Illinois, Iowa, Indiana. Second Torpedo Flotilla (Lieutenant Commander Edwin A. Anderson, commanding): Hopkins, Lawrence, Macdonough, Whipple, Truxtun. Worden, Santo Domingo Division (Captain W. H. H. Southerland, commanding): Dixie, Newport, Don Juan de Austria, Dubuque, Marietta, Paducah Scorpion.
Pacific Squadron (Rear Admiral William T. Swinburne, commander-in-chief). -Chicago, Boston, Princeton, Yorktown, Paul Jones, Preble
Asiatic Fleet (Rear Admiral Willard H. Brownson, commander-in-chief Special Service Squadron-West Virginia, Colorado, Maryland, Pennsylvania. Gunboat Division-Callao, Villalobos, Quiros, Concord, El Cano, Helena, Wilmington. Cruiser Squadron-Baltimore, Cincinnati, Raleigh, Galveston, Chattanooga Philippine Squadron (Rear Admiral James H. Dayton, commanding)--Rainbow. Arayat, Pampanga, Paragua. First Torpedo Flotilla (Lieutenant Clark H. Woodward, commanding)--Barry, Bainbridge, Chauncey, Dale, Decatur.
Naval Station, Boston.-Rear Admiral Albert S. Snow, commandant.
Naval Station, Norfolk,Rear Admiral Purpell F. Harrington (retired), commandant.
Naval Station, Narragansett Bay.--Rear Admiral Charles M. Thomas, SuperIntendent Naval Training Service.
Naval Station, Portsmouth, N. 1.-Rear Admiral William M. Mead, commandant.
Naval Station, Washington, D. CCaptain Eugene H C. Leutze, COMmandant.
Naval Station, Mare Island, Cal.-Rear Admiral Henry W. Lyon, commandant.
Navy Yard, Puget Sound,' Wash).- Rear Admiral William T. Burwell, commandant.
Naval Home, Philadelphia.-Rear Admiral Nicoll Ludlow (retired), governor.
Naval Observatory, Washington, D. C.--Rear Admiral Asa Walker, Superintendent.
NAVAL OFFICERS ABOVE THE GRADE OF LIEUTENANT.
Date of appointment. Date of retirement George Dewey.
2, 1899 Rear Admirals.
(Ranking with major general.) Robley D. Evans...
..Feb. 11, 1901
Aug. 18, 1908 James H. Sands...
..Apr. 11, 1902
July 12, 1907 Charles D. Sigsbee.
.. Aug. 10, 1903
Jan. 16, 1907 Caspar F, Goodrich..
.Feb. 17, 1904
7, 1909 Charles H. Davis.
..Aug. . 24, 1904
Aug. 28, 1907 Joseph E. · Craig.
..Dec. 28, 1904
Feb. 24, 1907 Charles M. Thomas........
.Jan. 12, 1905
1, 1908 Albert S. Snow.
.Feb. 21, 1905
Nov. 18, 1907 George C. Reiter.
Mar. 31, 1905
July 6, 1907 Willard H. Brownson.......................
May e, 1905
July 8, 1907 William W. Mead.
Feb 8, 1907 (Ranking with brigadier general.) Charles H. Stockton......
Oct. 13, 1907 Asa Walker....
Nov, 13, 1907 Henry W. Lyon...................
Feb. 19, 1906
Nov, 8. 1907 James H. Dayton...................*... Feb. 28, 1906
Oct. 25, 1908 Charles S. Sperry..
..May 26, 1906
Sept. 3, 1909 William T. Burwell........................
June 6, 1906
July 19, 1908 Robert M, Berry........................... ..June 29, 1906
Jan. 28, 1908 Samuel W. Very
July 22, 1906
Apr. 23, 1908 William T. Swinburne............
..July 22, 1906
Aug. 24, 1909 Joseph N. Hemphill. ........rrr...............Aug. 6, 1906
June 18 1909 William H Emory.......
.......Nov. 2. 1906
Dec, 17, 1908 LINE OFFICERS IN GRADES OF CAPTAIN, COMMANDER AND
Date app'ta. (Rank with colonel.) Merrell, John P. Sept 26, 01 Swift, William....Feb. 8, 02 Name. Date app't'a. Lautze, E. H. C. Oct., 9, 01 Ross, Albert...... Apr. 11, 02 Bicknell, Geo. A.May 12, 01) Sebree, Uriel..... Oct. 9, ai Clover, Rich'dson. A pr. 11, 02 Ackley, Seth M.. Apr. 8. 041 Couden, Albert R.Jan. 15, 02 Miller. Jas M... Apr. 29, 02 Tiley, Benj. F...Sept. 2, 01| Pendleton, E. C..Jan 21, 02 Colby, E G. O...June 18, 02