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PAGE. Psidium ('attleyanum, Strawberry guava, Plate LXI.....

127 Psidium Cattleyanum, var, lucidum, Plate LXII..

129 Psidium molle, Plate LXIII......... Mangifera indica, common mango, Plate LXIV...

133 Mangifera indica, Manini mango, Plate LXV.

............ 135 Mangifera indica, No. 9 mango, Plate LXVI... Musa, Plate LXVII............. Morinda citrifolia “Noni'', Plate LXVIII..........

141 Vaccinium reticulatum “Ohelo'', Plate LXIX....

143 Solanum pimpinellifolium, currant tomato, Plate LXX.. Solanum Lycopersicum, grape tomato, Plate LXX.... Solanum nodiflorum “Popolo”. Plate LXXI.........

147 Aleurites moluccana “Kukui'', Plate LXXII......

149 Terminalia Catappa “Kamani'', Plate LXXIII....

151 Calophyllum inophyllum “Kamani'', Plate LXXIV.

153 Noronhia emarginata, Plate LXXV.....

155 Castanea sativa, ('hestnut, Plate LXXVI...

157 Inocarpus edulis, Plate LXXVII........

159 Canarium commune, ('anary nut, Plate LXXVIII.

161 ('anarium commune, Canary nut, round var., Plate LXXIX

163 Macadamia ternifolia, Queensland nut, Plate LXXX... Macadamia sp. 66 66 Plate LXXXI...

167 Aegle Marmelos, Bhel or Bael fruit, Plate LXXXII.. Diospyros decandra, Brown persimmon, Plate LXXXIII. Lucuma Rivicoa, Plate LXXXIV....

173 Eriobotrya Japonica, Loquat, Plate LXXXV...... Litchi Chinensis, Lichee fruit, Plate LXXXVI..

177 Euphoria Longana, Plate LXXXVII...........

. 179 Morus nigra, Mulberry, Plate LXXXVIII..

181 Garcinia mangostana, Mangosteen, Plate LXXXIX

183 Garcinia Xanthochymus, Pate XC....... Bunchosia sp., Plate XCI...........

187 Malpighia glabra, Barbados cherry, Plate XCII

189 Theobroma Cacao, Cocoa tree, Plate XCIII...

191 Hibiscus Sabdariffa, Plate XCIV....

193 Monstera deliciosa, Plate X(V. Anacardium dccidentale, Plate XCVI......

197 Zizyphus Jujuba, Jujube, Plate X('VII........

199 Phyllanthus emblica, Plate XCVIII.......

201 Phyllanthus distichus, Ota heiti Gooseberry, Plate XCIV

203 Olea Europea, Olive, Plate C.

205 Vitis Labrusca, Isabella grape, Plate CI.....

207 Pyrus Sinensis, Sand pear, Plate CII....... ....

.. 209 Passiflora quadrangularis, Granadilla, Plate CIII... Passiflora edulis "Lilikoi'!, Plate CIV....

213 Passiflora lauriflolia, Yellow water lemon, Plate CV

215 Passiflora Alata, Plate (VI.......

217 Passiflora, var, foetida, Plate (VII.... ('ereus triangularis, Plate (VIII.. Kigelia pinnata, Plate (IX...

223 Phoenix dactylifera, Plate ('X....

225 Phoenix dactylifera, Plate ('XI....

227 Acrocomia sp., Plate (XII........ (Cocos nucifera, coconut palm, Plate CXIII.

231 ('ordia Collococca, Clammy cherry, Plate CXIV Flacourtia cataphracta, Plate CXV..

235 Atalantia buxifolia, Plate ('XVI...

237 Bumelia sp., Plate ('XVII......

.. 239 Ochrosia elliptica, Plate ('XVIII..

.. 241 Ananas sativus, Pineapple, Plate CXIX. ........ Opuntia Tuna, Prickly pear “Panini'', Plate

245 Prosopis Juliflora, Plate ('XXI............

... 247

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PREFACE

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My original intention with regard to this work, was to publish it in a series of three volumes; and to that end, the first volume was presented to the public in 1906.

Since that time, however, I have deemed it advisable, for various reasons, to incorporate all my data in one volume.

I desire to acknowledge my indebtedness for help in my researches, to various works on Horticulture, and to many of my personal friends who have given me valuable assistance.

I trust that this work will prove of some interest, as I believe that it contains a fairly comprehensive list of both the indigenous and naturalized Fruits of the Hawaiian Islands.

GERRIT PARMILE WILDER.

G. P. IV. Collection.

Plate I

Porsca gratissima.

AVOCADO, PALTA OR ALLIGATOR PEAR.

Grown in the garden of Gerrit Wilder.

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G. P. W. Collection.

P'LATE II

Persea gratissima.

AVOCADO.

This spreading evergreen tree is a native of Tropical America. In the Hawaiian Islands, the first trees of its kind were said to have been planted in Pauoa Valley, Oahu, by Don Marin. It attains a height of from 10 to 40 feet, and is adverse to drought. Its leaves are elliptico-oblong, from 4 to 7 inches in length. The flowers are greenish-yellow and downy. The fruit, which ripens

from June until November, is a round or pear-shaped drupe, covered with a thin, rather tough skin, which is either green or purple in color. The flesh is yellow, firm and marrow-like, and has a delicious nutty flavor. The seed-cavity is generally large, containing one round or oblong seed, covered by a thin, brown, parchment-like skin. The quality of the pear is judged, not only by its flavor, but by the presence or absence of strings or fibre in the meat, and also by the quantity of flesh as compared to the size of the seed. Innumerable variations as to size, shape, and quality have been produced from seedlings—some of which may be seen in the accompanying illustration. The Avocado is easily reproduced by budding and grafting, and the best varieties may be obtained in this manner.

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