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[No. 35.]

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March 3, 1863.

A RESOLUTION authorizing the collection in coin of postages due on un.

paid mail matter from foreign countries.

Preamble.

from

Whereas the failure to prepay foreign correspondence throws

upon the Post Office Department of the United States large
balances which have to be paid in coin: Therefore

Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of
the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Postages
Postmaster General be, and is hereby, authorized to take such abroad oot prepaid
measures as may seem to him advisable to collect postages on let. Postmaster Gene-
ters from abroad, not prepaid, in order to avoid loss in the payment ble.
of such balances.

Approved March 3, 1863.

ral deems advisa

(No. 36.] A RESOLUTION to grant the use of a portion of Judiciary or Armory March 3, 1863.

square, for a home for destitute newsboys in Washington. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Sec- Trustees of home retary of the Interior be, and he is hereby, authorized to grant to boys.

for destitute newsProfessor Joseph Henry, Henry Beard, and J. W. Forney, as trustees, and their successors, the use of a portion of the Judiciary square, or Armory square, in the city of Washington, to erect thereon, free from charge to the United States, a suitable building for a “home for destitute newsboys:" Provided, That the same Proviso. can be done without prejudice to the public interests: And pro- Expenses to be vided, That all expenses shall be borne by said trustees in erect- borne by trustees. ing, maintaining, and removing said building, and that said build. Building to be re

moved, when, &c. ing shall be removed whenever the Secretary of the Interior shall require the same to be done.

Approved March 3, 1863.

[No. 37.]

March 3, 1863.

the

erty.

JOINT RESOLUTION to compensate the crew of the United States steamer

“Monitor” for clothing and other property lost in the public service.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the proper « Monitor "' to he accounting officers of the treasury be, and they are hereby, au- compensated for thorized, in settling the accounts of the petty officers, seamen, and does of their prope others of the crew of the United States steamer “Monitor," which was wrecked near Cape Hatteras on or about the thirtieth day of December, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, to credit each of them with the amount of sixty dollars, to cover their losses of bedding, clothing, and other property, occasioned by the sinking of the said steamer.

Approved March 3, 1863.

[No. 38.]

March 3, 1863.

A RESOLUTION in relation to property devised to the people of the United

States by Captain Uriab P. Levy, deceased.

Preamble.

Devise and bequest of Uriah P.

of the U. 8.

Whereas Uriah P. Levy, late a captain of the United States navy,

died in the city of New York, on the twenty-second day of March, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, leaving a last will and

testament, containing the following provision, to wit: "I give, Levy to the people devise, and bequeath my farm and estate of Monticello, in Vir

ginia, formerly belonging to President Thomas Jefferson, together with all the rest and residue of my estate, real and personal or mixed, not hereby disposed of, wherever or however situated, to the people of the United States, or such persons as Congress shall appoint to receive it, and especially all my real estate in the city of New York, in trust for the sole and only

purpose of establishing and maintaining at said farm of MontiFor an agricul- cello, in Virginia, an agricultural school, for the purpose of tural school.

educating, as practical farmers, children of the warrant officers of the United States navy whose fathers are dead," subject to certain conditions therein mentioned: Therefore

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the ral to ascertain United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Attor

report the facts.

General be authorized and empowered to ascertain the facts ney in relation to the devise and bequest aforesaid, and report the same, with his opinion as to the validity of the same, and such recommendations as he may think proper to make in reference thereto to the next Congress.

Approved March 3, 1863.

and

APPENDIX

(No. 16.)

By the President of the United States of America :

Sept. 22, 1862.

A PROCLAMATION.

war.

Slaves in States,

I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America, Objects of the and commander-in-chief of the army and navy thereof, do hereby proclaim and declare that hereafter, as heretofore, the war will be prosecuted for the object of practically restoring the constitutional relation between the United States and each of the States and the people thereof, in which States that relation is or may be suspended or disturbed.

That it is my purpose, upon the next meeting of Congress, to towards the abolagain recommend the adoption of a practical measure tendering ishinent of slavery pecuniary aid to the free acceptance or rejection of all slave States, mended. so called, the people whereof may not then be in rebellion against the United States, and which States may then have voluntarily adopted, or thereafter may voluntarily adopt, immediate or gradual abolishment of slavery within their respective limits; and that the effort to colonize persons of African `descent with their consent, upon this continent or elsewhere, with the previously obtained consent of the governments existing there, will be continued. That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one

&c., in rebellion, thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves to be free from within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof January 1, 1863. shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the executive government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom. That the Executive will, on the first day of January aforesaid,

States, &c., in by proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any, signated. in which the people thereof, respectively, shall then be in rebellion against the United States; and the fact that any State, or the people thereof, shall on that day be, in good faith, represented in the Congress of the United States by members chosen thereto lion. at elections wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such State shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence that such State, and the people thereof, are not then in rebellion against the United States.

That attention is hereby called to an act of Congress entitled “ An act to make an additional article of war," approved March Congress enjoined.

1862, ch. 40. 13, 1862, and which act is in the words and figure following:

rebellion to be de

What to be evidence that they are not in rebel

Obedience, &c., to certain acts of

due;

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That hereafter the following shall be promulgated as an additional article of war, for the government of the army of the United States, and shall be obeyed and observed as such:

“ARTICLE — All officers or persons in the military or naval service of the United States are prohibited from employing any of the forces under their respective commands for the purpose of returning fugitives from service or labor who may have escaped from any persons to whom such service or labor is claimed to be and

any officer who shall be found guilty by a court-martial of violating this article shall be dismissed from the service.

“Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That this act shall take

effect from and after its passage.” 1862, ch. 195, 96 Also to the ninth and tenth sections of an act entitled “ An act 9, 10.

to suppress insurrection, to punish treason and rebellion, to seize and confiscate property of rebels, and for other purposes," approved July 17, 1862, and which sections are in the words and figures following:

“Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That all slaves of persons who shall hereafter be engaged in rebellion against the government of the United States, or who shall in any way give aid or comfort thereto, escaping from such persons and taking refuge within the lines of the army; and all slaves captured from such persons, or deserted by them, and coming under the control of the government of the United States; and all slaves of such persons found on (or] being within any place occupied by rebel forces and afterwards occupied by the forces of the United States, shall be deemed captives of war,

and shall be forever free of their servitude, and not again held as slaves.

“Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That no slave escaping into any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, from afly other State, shall be delivered up, or in any way impeded or hindered of his liberty, except for crime, or some offence against the laws, unless the person claiming said fugitive shall first make oath that the person to whom the labor or service of such fugitive is alleged to be due is his lawful owner, and has not borne arms against the United States in the present rebellion, nor in any way given aid and comfort thereto; and no person engaged in the military or naval service of the United States shall

, under any pretence whatever, assume to decide on the validity of the claim of any person to the service or labor of any other person, or surrender up any such person to the claimant, on pain of being dismissed from the service."

And I do hereby enjoin upon and order all persons engaged in the military and naval service of the United States to observe, obey, and enforce, within their respective spheres of service, the

act and sections above recited. Compensation to And the Executive will in due time recommend that all citizens Joyal persons for

of the United States who shall have remained loyal thereto throughout the rebellion shall (upon the restoration of the constitutional relation between the United States and their respective States and people, if that relation shall have been suspended or disturbed) be compensated for all losses by acts of the United States, includ. ing the loss of slaves.

certain losses.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused

the seal of the United States to be affixed. [L. S.]

Done at the city of Washington this twenty-second day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, and of the independence of the United States the eighty-seventh.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. By the President:

William H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.

[No. 17.]

By the President of the United States of America:

January 1, 1863.

A PROCLAMATION.

States

66

Whereas, on the twenty-second day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, a procla

Certain

and parts of States mation was issued by the President of the United States, con- designated as in taining, among other things, the following, to wit:

rebellion. “That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the executive gov. ernment of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom.

* That the Executive will, on the first day of January aforesaid, by proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any, in which the people thereof, respectively, shall then be in rebellion against the United States; and the fact that any State, or the people thereof, shall on that day be, in good faith, represented in the Cougress of the United States, by members chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such States shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence that such State, and the people thereof, are not then in rebellion against the United States :

Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, by virtue of the power in me vested as commander-inchief of the army and navy of the United States, in time of actual armed rebellion against the authority and government of the United States, and as a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion, do, on this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and in accordance with my purpose so to do, publicly proclaimed for the full period of one hundred days from the day first above mentioned, order and designate as the States and parts of States wherein the people thereof, respectively, are this day in rebellion against the United States, the following, to wit:

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