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NO. 8.


We give below so much of the Annual Report of the Secretary of State as relates to the School Fund. The amount to be appropriated the onsuing year to each scholar over 4 and under 20 years of age, will exceed the sum appropriated last year between 20 and 30cents.[ED.]


The proceeds arising from the sale of school lands, seventy-five per cent. of the nett proceeds of the lands granted by act of Congress of the 28th September, 1850, and the proceeds of the sale of lands selected in lieu thereof, together with the five per centum of the nett proceeds of the sale of Government lands, to which the State is entitled, the five per alty as forfeiture for the non-payment of interest when due upon school land certificates and loans from the School Fund. and the clear proceeds of all fines collected in the several counties, for the breach of any of the penal laws of the State, are set apart to constitute the School Fund,—this Fand being subject only to certain expenses, for advertising and selling lands, and necessary books and blanks for conducting the transactions therein.

cent. pen

This fund, at the date of the last report from this office, had been overpaid, $1,021 65 Receipts, ...

$84,216 08 Disbursements,

812,816 88 Overpayments,

229,121 95

813,838 08 318,888 08

229,121 95

Overpayments brought down,
Transfer from Swamp Land Fund,...
Balance on hand, ...

271,177 95

42,055 69

$271,177 64 271,177 64 The records and books of this office exhibit the following to be the present condition of the School Fund : Balance on hand as above,.....

$42,055 69 Amount due on certificates of sale,..

1,787,988 14 Amount due on loans,

667,993 20 Amount due on swamp land certificates, ($856,746 00,) less 25 per

cent. for draining,

642,559 50

$3,090,506 53 The principal, or capital of the School Fand, excepting the balance in the treasury, is productive, drawing interest at the rate of 7 per cent. payable before the 5th day of March, in each year.

This interest constitutes


Which is annually apportioned by the State Superintendent, to the sereral towns in the State, for the use of Common Schools, and drawn from the treasury, through the treasurer of the proper county. On account of the Income of the School Fond, during the year there has been received,

$156,621 17 Balance January 1st,..

16,350 97 Disbursements during the year,.

$162,225 53 Balance now on hand,...

10,746 61

$172,972 14 $172,972 14 The principal of the School Fund, as above shown, drawing interest, is as follows:

Amount due on certificate,
Amount due on loans,..

$2,880,547 64

667,993 20

The interest upon this sum for one year, at 7 per cent., is.
To which add swamp Land Income on hand,
Also School Fund Income as above,

$3,048,540 84 $213,807 86

22,719 51 10,746 61

Making a total of,....

$246,863 98 This sum is the amount of School Fund Income subject to be appropriated for the support of Oommon Schools in March next, subject to a deduction of 25 per cent. of the income of the gross proceeds arising from the sale of Swamp and Overflowed Lands, apportioned by the act approved 7th March, (Chap. 82, General Laws,) 1857. It, however, will be increased by interest on loans made, and sales of School and Swamp Lands, previous to the 1st of March.


This Fund is composed of the net proceeds of the sale of University Lands, and from the 5 per cent. penalty, as forfeiture for the non-payment of interest when due upon University Land Certificates and loans from the University Fund. The transactions in this Fund during the year ending on the 30th ultimo, are as follows, to wit: Receipts during the year,

$4,263 63 On hand January 1st,...

11,896 80 Disbursements,

$15,547 42 Balance,..

613 01

$16,160 43 $16,160 43 The records of the office exhibit the present condition of the University Fund, to be as follows:

Amount due on Certificates of sale,..... do

Loans,.. Balance in Treasury,..

$266,432 26 50,521 20

613 01


$317,566 47 This Fund, except the amount above stated as being in the treasury, is drawing interest at the rate of 7 per cent., payable before the 5th day of March in each year, which interest constitutes


This is annually applied toward defraying the current expenses of the State University, and is drawn from the State Treasury by the Treasurer of the Wisconsin University. During the year the receipts on account of the Income of the University Fund, has been,

$20,150 85 Balance January 1st,...

1,084 29 Disbursments during the year,.

$21,595 53 Overpayments,

360 39

$21,595 53 $21,595 53 The principal of the University Fund as above shown, drawing interest is as follows: Amount due on Certificates,....

$265,432 26 do Loans, ..

50,521 20

The interest upon this sum, for one year, at 7 per cent., is..
Less overpayments as above.

$815,953 46
$22,116 74

360 89


$21.756 85

Loans and further sales will doubtless increase the Income to such an extent, that the amount to be apportioned in March next, will reach the

sum of $22,000 00.

The whole number of children in the State between the ages of four and twenty, entitled to share in the common fund is 241,647, being an increase of 27,761 over the number reported for the previous year. The number of pupils who have attended the public schools is 153,613.

The number of school districts and parts of districts reported is 4378 and the number of school-houses in the State, 2945. The average amount of monthly wages to male teachers was $24,60, and to female teachers $15,16.

The amount apportioned to schools in March, 1857, was 66 cents to each pupil. The apparent amount to be apportioned this year is about $230,000, which would be 95 cents to each pupil; but in view of the prob. able delay in payments to the funds, that average can not be fairly expected.-Governor's Message.

BAD SPELLING AND ITS CONSEQUENCES. SOME years ago a teacher presented himself as a candidate for the mas. tership of a school, of which the salary was fifteen hundred dollars. His qualifications were deemed satisfactory in all respects, except in spelling. On account of this deficiency he was rejected. See, now, what igoorance in this elementary branch cost him. In ten years his salary would have amounted to fifteen thousand dollars, throwing out of the calculation the increase which, by good investment, might have accrued from interest. Besides, the salary of the same school has since been advanced to two thousand dollars. But he might have remained in this position twice or three times ten years, as other teachers in the same place have done, and that large amount might, consequently, have been increased in proportion.

A gentleman of excellent reputation as a scholar was proposed to fill a professorship in one of our New England colleges, not many years since ; but in his correspondence so much båd spelling was found, that his name was dropped, and an honorable position was lost by him. The corporation of the college concluded that, however high his qualifications as a professor might be in general literature, the orthography of his correspondence would not add much to the reputation of the institution.

A prominent manufacturer, in a neighboring town, received a business letter from an individual who had contracted to supply him with a large quantity of stock; bat so badly was it spelled, and so illegible the pen

manship, that the receiver found it nearly impossible to decipher the meaning. An immediate decision must be given in reply; and yet so obscure was the expression that it was impossible to determine what should be the answer. Delay would be sure to bring loss: a wrong decision would lead to a still more serious result. Perplexed with uncertainty, throwing down the letter, he declared that this should be the last business transaction between him and the writer of such an illiterate communication; “for,” said he, “I am liable to lose more in this trade alone, than I can make in a lifetime of business with him."

A gentleman wlio had been a book-keeper some years, offered himself As a candidate for the office of secretary to an insurance company. Although a man of estimable character, possessed of many qualifications, he failed of being elected because he was in the habit of leaving words misspelled on his books. The position would require him to attend to a portion of the correspondence of the office, and it was thought incorrect spelling would not insure the company a very excellent reputation from their method of doing business, whatever amount might be transacted.

Inability to spell correctly exposes one to pecuniary loss. It is, moreover, an obstacle to an advancement to honorable station. Such instances as those recited above are satisfactory proofs; but that this defect in one's education is productive of mortification and mischief, is illustrated by the following actual occurrences :

A young teacher had received assistance from a friend in obtaining a school and wrote a letter overflowing with gratitude to his benefactor, but closed it thus : “Please except (accept ?) my thanks for your kind favors in my behalf.”

Another individual addressed his friend thus: “My dear cur” (sir ?)

So, in the one case, the grateful emotions of a young man are nullified by a solitary perverse word; in the other, the writer unwittingly applies to his friend the epithet which the follower of Mahomet uses, when he would degrade his Christian neighbor to the lowest point his language will admit.

We were about to write a brief homily on the science of spelling as a coda to the foregoing, but for the present refrain, with the hope that a few cases like the foregoing will awaken attention to the importance of the subject, and we can expend our logic to better advantage hereafter.

In the mean time, we invite everybody to furnish facts, veritable facts, tending to the same point, the accumulation of which will carry with them a weight not easy to be resisted.-A. PARISH.— Connecticut Common School Journal.

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