The Ascension of the Messiah in Lukan Christology
Building on the form-critical assessment of the Lukan ascension story (LK 24: 50-53; Acts 1: 1-12) as a rapture story, and motivated by the consideration that the 'monotheistic principle' almost inevitably must have led to a reestimate of the meaning and function of rapture in comparison with heathen rapture stories (immortalisation and deification!), the present study seeks to investigate the Lukan ascension story in the light of the first-century Jewish rapture traditions (Enoch, Elijah, Moses, Baruch, Ezra, etc.). The author argues that first-century Judaism provides a more plausible horizon of understanding for the ascension story than the Graeco-Roman rapture tradition, and that Luke develops his 'rapture christology' not as a reinterpretation of the primitive exaltation kerygma (G. Lohfink), but as a response to the eschatological question, i.e. the delay of the parousia, so as to secure the unity of salvation history.
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According Acts already angels Apostelgeschichte Apostles appearances ascension ascension story assumption biblical Book chapter Christ Christian christology Church clear cloud Commentary connection context death departure described Diatessaron disciples early Elijah Enoch Entrückung eschatological event exaltation expected expression Ezra final forty days Fourth further glory Gospel Göttingen Greek hand heaven heavenly Himmelfahrt Hrsg idem implied interpretation Introduction ISBN 90 J.C.B. Mohr/Paul Siebeck Jerusalem Jesus Jewish John journey literature Lohfink London Lord Lukan Lukas Luke Luke-Acts Luke's Mark meaning Moses motif narrative noted original parallel Paris parousia Parsons Paul Pentecost period present question rapture reading reference regarded repr resurrection seems significance sources Spirit story Studies suggests supra taken Testament Theologie tradition Translation Tübingen Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht vols York καὶ