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CHAPTER II.

TEACHING OF LUTHER—

Bearing of Luther's personal experience on his teaching,

His commentary on the Epistle to the Galatians, -

How he sets forth the reality of Christ's bearing our sins, .

Luther's conception, 1st of the nature of Faith,

2nd of its results, . . . . . . .

His views of the difference between the Law and the Gospel, .

God's will as revealed in Christ the proper object of faith, .

Importance of the personal appropriation of the Atonement,

Nature and limits of Luther's teaching, -

CHAPTER III.

CALVINISM, AS TAUGHT BY DR. OWEN AND PRESIDENT

EDWARDS—

Characteristics of these two writers, . . . . . .
Their treatment of the subject contrasted with Luther's,
Results at which they arrived—

I. Limitation of the Atonement, - -

How they met objections to this doctrine, - - - -

(1) First objection and answers to it by Owen and Chalmers,

Consideration of these answers, - - - -

(2) Another objection taken by the present writer,

An arbitrary act cannot reveal character, . . . . . .

Contradiction between the faith of the head and the love of

the heart, . . . .

II. Substitution of a legal for a filial confidence,
Reasons for not being satisfied with this view,
The Son alone could reveal the Father,

24

26

CALVINISM, AS RECENTLY MODIFIED– PAGE

Four points of difference from the earlier Calvinism, 65

Other differences involved in these, - 66

Assumed advantages of this system, . . . . . . . . 66

The mental history of these writers commands our sympathy, . 68

Their conception of “rectoral justice,” . . . . . . . 68

Sense in which they hold that our sins were imputed to Christ, 71

Two points of coincidence with earlier Calvinism, - 71

Their analysis of the elements of Christ's sufferings, - 75

It does not accord with the penal character ascribed to them, 77

Like the earlier Calvinists they think of the Atonement as

purely legal, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

Their view of the relation of the Atonement to justification by
faith, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . So

Their modification of the doctrine of imputation untenable, 83

Teaching of Edwards on this point, preferred to that of Payne, 84

Relation of faith to justification, not in truth arbitrary, 88

Reason for examining this system at length : its merits and

defects, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92

The Atonement even imperfectly understood, a source of light, 94

Still we ought to desire a fuller apprehension of it, . - 97

CHAPTER V.

REASON FOR NOT RESTING IN THE CONCEPTION OF THE

NATURE OF THE ATONEMENT ON WHICH THESE SYSTEMS

PROCEED.—THE AtoneMENT to BE SEEN BY ITs own

LIGHT-

What was the atoning element in the sufferings of Christ? 99

The Calvinistic writers held that it was pain as pain, . . IO I

Was it not rather pain as a condition and form of horiness? . Io2

The staying of the plague by Phinehas affords us light, . IO3

Light to be sought not in types but in the antitype, . . . IOS

In the Epistle to the Hebrews we find the true method used, . Io/

Consideration of Heb. x. 4-10, Ps. xl. 7-II, and John xvii. 26, 107

Love to God and love to man, united in Christ, . . IO9
CHAPTER VI.

RETROSPECTIVE ASPECT OF THE ATONEMENT —

I. Christ's dealing with men on the part of God, . . II 2

Both joy and sorrow had a place in Christ's witness-bearing, I 13

Further illustration from Eph. ii. 14.—“Christ our peace,” 174-176

This peace first spiritual and then, as a consequence, legal, 177-179

An Atonement which is morally and spiritually adequate,
will of necessity be also legally adequate, . . . . . 18O
“He suffered, therefore I shall not suffer,”—this view con-
sidered, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I81

Reconciliation to “the Father of spirits” the essence of salvation, 181

We cannot too soon present the Father to awakened sinners, . 187

The outward course of Christ's life, now to be considered, . . 200
Christ's inward life developed through outward circumstances, 2 II

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CHAPTER XI.

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