Pause and Effect: An Introduction to the History of Punctuation in the West
From its publication in 1992 Pause and Effect has become a cornerstone of the study of punctuation across the world. Described as 'magisterial' by Lynne Truss in her best-selling Eats, Shoots and Leaves, this book has stimulated interest and scholarly debates among writers, literary critics, philosophers, linguists, rhetoricians, palaeographers and all those who study the use of language. To celebrate this extraordinary achievement, Pause and Effect has been republished in September 2008, coinciding with the publication of the author's new work, Their Hands Before Our Eyes. The first part of Pause and Effect identifies the graphic symbols of punctuation and deals with their history. It covers the antecedents of the repertory of symbols, as well as the ways in which the repertory was refined and augmented with new symbols to meet changing requirements. The second part offers a short general account of the principal influences which have contributed to the ways in which the symbols have been applied in texts, focusing on the evidence of the practice itself rather than on theorists. The treatment enables the reader to compare usages in different periods, and to isolate the principles which underlie the use of punctuation in all periods. The examples and plates which are at the core of the book provide the reader with an opportunity to test the author's observations. The examples are taken from a wide range of literary texts from different periods and languages. Latin texts are accompanied by English translation intended to illustrate the use of punctuation in the originals in so far as this is possible.
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Influences on the Application
The Layout and Punctuation of Verse
PLATES AND COMMENTARIES
Select Glossary of Technical Terms and Punctuation
Select List of Printed Works cited
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Alcuin Aldus Manutius ancient appears Augustine Bibl Bibliothèque Bischoff Bodleian Library caesura Cambridge Carolingian Cassiodorus Cicero clausulae Codex codices cola colon Coluccio Salutati comma comma mark commata commentary copy corrector diple discussed distinctiones edition emphasize employed example exemplar facs flexus function gloss grammatical humanist ibid illustrated indicate the end inserted interpuncts interrogativus Irish Isidore Keble College language Latin layout letter littera notabilior liturgy London M. B. Parkes manuscripts margin medial pause Medieval minuscule ninth century Oxford paragraph parentheses Paris passage period Petrarca plate poem points positurae practice printed printers Psalms Psalter punctuation punctus elevatus punctus flexus punctus versus quae quam Quintilian quod quotations reading rhetorical structure rhyme roman Rustic Capitals scribes scriptio continua Scriptorium Scripts and Readers semi-colon sense sententia separate speech stanza sunt symbols Uncial verse virgula suspensiva Wearmouth-Jarrow words written medium