Archaeometallurgy in Global Perspective: Methods and Syntheses

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Benjamin W. Roberts, Christopher P. Thornton
Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 7, 2014 - Social Science - 868 pages

The study of ancient metals in their social and cultural contexts has been a topic of considerable interest in archaeology and ancient history for decades, partly due to the modern dependence on technology and man-made materials. The formal study of Archaeometallurgy began in the 1970s-1980s, and has seen a recent growth in techniques, data, and theoretical movements.

This comprehensive sourcebook on Archaeometallurgy provides an overview of earlier research as well as a review of modern techniques, written in an approachable way. Covering an extensive range of archaeological time-periods and regions, this volume will be a valuable resource for those studying archaeology worldwide. It provides a clear, straightforward look at the available methodologies, including:

• Smelting processes

• Slag analysis

• Technical Ceramics

• Archaeology of Mining and Field Survey

• Ethnoarchaeology

• Chemical Analysis and Provenance Studies

• Conservation Studies

With chapters focused on most geographic regions of Archaeometallurgical inquiry, researchers will find practical applications for metallurgical techniques in any area of their study.

Ben Roberts is a specialist in the early metallurgy and later prehistoric archaeology of Europe. He was the Curator of the European Copper and Bronze Age collections at the British Museum between 2007 and 2012 and is now a Lecturer in Prehistoric Europe in the Departm

ent of Archaeology at the Durham University, UK.

Chris Thornton is a specialist in the ancient metallurgy of the Middle East, combining anthropological theory with archaeometrical analysis to understand the development and diffusion of metallurgical technologies throughout Eurasia. He is currently a Consulting Scholar of the University of Pennsylvania Museum, where he received his PhD in 2009, and the Lead Program Officer of research grants at the National Geographic Society.

 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
1
Chapter 2 From Ores to Metals
11
Chapter 3 Metals
46
Chapter 4 Metallography and Microstructure of Metallic Artifacts
67
Chapter 5 The Investigation of Archaeometallurgical Slag
91
Chapter 6 Technical Ceramics
106
Chapter 7 Methods of Mining Archaeology Montanarchäologie
133
Chapter 8 Experimental Archaeometallurgy
160
Chapter 17 Aspects of Metalworking and Society from the Black Sea to the Baltic Sea from the Fifth to the Second Millennium BC
447
Chapter 18 Early Metallurgy in the Central Mediterranean
473
The Spread of Metallurgy through Eastern and Southern Africa
507
Chapter 20 Organization and Specialization of Early Mining and Metal Technologies in Anatolia
528
Chapter 21 Who Dunnit? New Clues Concerning the Development of Chalcolithic Metal Technology in the Southern Levant
559
Chapter 22 Ancient Metallurgy in the Caucasus From the Sixth to the Third Millennium BCE
579
Chapter 23 The Emergence of Complex Metallurgy on the Iranian Plateau
665
Chapter 24 Production and Consumption of CopperBase Metals in the Indus Civilization
697

Chapter 9 Ethnoarchaeological and Historical Methods
193
Chapter 10 Chemical and Isotopic Studies of Ancient Metals
217
Chapter 11 Provenance Determination of Archaeological Metal Objects
239
Chapter 12 A Conservators Perspective on Ancient Metallurgy
269
Chapter 13 CopperWorking Technologies Contexts of Use and Social Complexity in the EasternWoodlands of Native North America
302
the Perspective from theWest
329
Chapter 15 Andean Metallurgy in Prehistory
361
Chapter 16 Production Networks and Consumer Choice in the Earliest Metal ofWestern Europe
423
Copper and Iron in Megalithic Contexts
728
Chapter 26 Metals Society and Economy in the Late Prehistoric Eurasian Steppe
755
Retrospect and Prospects
785
New Perspectives
804
ERRATUMA Conservators Perspective on AncientMetallurgy
853
Index
853
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About the author (2014)

Ben Roberts is a specialist in the early metallurgy and later prehistoric archaeology of Europe. He was the Curator of the European Copper and Bronze Age collections at the British Museum between 2007 and 2012 and is now a Lecturer in Prehistoric Europe in the Department of Archaeology at the University of Durham, UK.

Chris Thornton is a specialist in the ancient metallurgy of the Middle East, combining anthropological theory with archaeometrical analysis to understand the development and diffusion of metallurgical technologies throughout Eurasia. His is currently a Consulting Scholar of the University of Pennsylvania Museum, where he received his PhD in 2009, and the Lead Program Officer of research grants at the National Geographic Society.

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