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A Flying Squir. The third is a little flying Squirill, with bat like rill. winges, which hee spreads when hee jumpes from tree to tree, and does no harme. Now because I am upon a treaty of the beasts, I will place this creature the snake amongst the beasts, having my warrant from the holy Bible; who (though his posture in his passage be so different from all other, being of a more subtile and aidry nature, that hee can make his way without feete, and liste himselfe above the superficies of the earth, as hee glids along.) Yet may hee not bee ranked with any, but the beasts, notwithstanding hee frequents the water, as well as the land. There are of Snakes divers, and of severall kindes, as be with us in England, but that Country hath not so many, as in England have bin knowne. The generall Salvage name of them is Ascowke. There is one creeping beast or longe creeple (as the name is in Devonshire,) that hath a rattle at his tayle, that does discover his age; for so many yeares as hee hath lived, so many joynts are in that rattle, which soundeth (when it is in motion,) like pease in a bladder, and this beast is called a rattle Snake; but the Salvages give him the name of Sesick; which some take to be the Adder; and it may well be so; for the Salvages are significiant in their denomination of any thing) and is no lesse hurtfull than the Adder of England, nor no more. I have had my dogge venomed with troubling one of these; and so swelled, that I had thought it would have bin his death: but with one Saucer of Salet oyle powred downe his throat, he has recovered, and the swelling asswaged by the next day. The like experiment hath bin made upon a boy that hath by chaunce troad upon one of these, and the boy never the worse. Therefore it is simplicity in any one that shall tell a bugbeare tale of horrible, or terrible Serpents that are in that land. Mise there are good store, and my Lady Woodbees black gray malkin may have pastime enough there: but for Rats, the Country by Nature is troubled with none.


The rattle Snakes.


ty.......,tn Lyons there are none in New England: it is omat, “ contrary to the Nature of the beast, to frequent places accustomed to snow; being like the Catt, that will hazard the burning of her tayle rather than abide from the fire.

C H A P. W I.
Of Stones and Minerals.

Ow (for as much as I have in a breise abstract shewed N you the Creatures: whose specificall Natures doe simpathise with the elements of fire and aire) I will come to speake of the Creatures that participate of earth more then the other two, which is stones. And first of the Marble for building; whereof AIarble. there is much in those parts, in so much there is one bay in the land, that beareth the name of Marble harber, because of the plenty of Marble there: and these are usesull for building of Sumpteous Pallaces. And because, no good building can be made per- Limestone. manent, or durable, without Lime: I will let you understand that there is good Limestone neere to the river of Monatoquinte at uttaquatockto my knowledge and we hope other places too, (that I have not taken so much notice of) may have the like, or better: and those stones are very convenient

for building.

Chalke stones there are neere Squantos Chap- Chalk. pell shewed me by a Salvage. I There is abundance of excellent Slate in divers Slate.

places of the Country: and the best that ever I beheld for covering of howses: and the inhabitants have made good use of these materials for building. There is a very usefull Stone in the Land, and as yet there is found out but one place where they may be had, in the whole Country, Ould Woodman, (that was choaked at Plimmouth after hee had played the unhappy Markes man when hee was pursued by a carelesse fellow that was new come into the Land) they say laboured to get a patent of it to himselfe. Hee was beloved of many, and had many sonnes, that had a minde to engrosse that commodity. And I cannot spie any mention made of it in the woodden prospect. Therefore I begin to suspect his aime; that it was for himselfe, and therefore will I not discover it, it is the Stone so much commended by Ovid, because love delighteth to make his habitation in a building of those materials, where hee advises. Those that seeke for love to doe it, Duris in Cotibus illum. This stone the Salvages doe call Cos, and of these (on the

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North end of Richmond Island) are store, and those are very excellent good for edg’d tooles: I envy not his happinesse. I have bin there: viewed the place, liked the commodity : but will not plant so Northerly for that, nor any other commodity that is there to be had. There are Loadstones also in the Northerne parts of the land: and those which were found are very good, and are a commodity worth the noteing. Iron stones there are abundance: and severall sorts


of them knowne.

Lead Lead ore is there likewise, and hath bin found by the breaking of the earth, which Frost hath made mellow.

Black Black Leade I have likewise found very good,

ack Lead. - - -

which the Salvages use to paint their faces with.

read Lead. Red Leade is there likewise in great abundance.

Bolt. There is very excellent Boll Armoniack.

Permilion There is most excellent Vermilion. All these

things the Salvages make some litle use of, and doe finde them on the circumference of the Earth. Brimstone. Brimstone mines there are likewise. Mines of Tinne, are likewise knowne to be in those parts: which will in short time be made use of: and this cannot be accompted a meane commodity. Copper mines are there found likewise: that will enrich the Inhabitants. But untill theire younge Cattell, be growne hardy labourers in the yoake, that the Plough and the Wheate may be seene more plentifully, it is a worke must be forborne. They say there is a Silver, and a gold mine found by Captaine Littleworth: if hee get a patent of it to himselfe, hee will surely change his name.



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is the most commodious of all fish, as may appeare, by the use which is made of them in foraigne parts. The Codd fishing is much used in America, so New England is a part) in so much as 300. Sayle of shipps, from divers parts, have used to be im ployed yearely in that trade.

\ Mong Fishes First I will begin with the Codd, because it

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I have seene in one Harboure, next Richmond is shipp; at one Island 15. Sayle of shipps at one time, that have “” “ taken in them, driyed Codds for Spaine, and the Straights (and it has bin found that the Saylers have made 15. 18. 20. 22. p. share for a common man.

The Coast aboundeth with such multitudes of Codd, that the inhabitants of New England doe dunge their grounds with Codd; and it is a commodity better than the golden mines of the Spanish Indies; for without dried Codd the Spaniard, Portingal and Italian, would not be able to vittell of a shipp for the Sea; and I am sure at the Canaries it is the principall commodity: which place lyeth neere New England very convenient, for the vending of this commodity, one hundred of these being at the price of 300. of New found land Codds, greate store of traine oyle, is mayd of the livers of the Codd, and soft.% of is a commodity that without question will enrich the inhabitants of New England quickly; and is therefore a principall commodity.

The Basse is an excellent Fish, both fresh and 4.1% have soula Salte one hundred whereof salted (at a market) "** have yielded 5. p. They are so large, the head of one will . give a good eater a dinner, and for daintinesse of diet, they excell the Marybones of Beefe. There are such multitudes, that I have seene stopped into the river close adjoyning to my howse with a sand at one tide, so many as will loade a ship of a 100. Tonnes.

Other places have greater quantities in so much, as wagers have bin layed, that one should not throw a stone in the water, but that hee should hit a fish.

I myselfe, at the turning of the tyde, have seene such multitudes passe out of a pound, that it seemed to mee, that one might goe over their backs drishod. These follow the bayte up the rivers, and sometimes are sollowed for bayte and chased into the bayes, and shallow waters, by the grand pise: and these may have also a prime place in the Catalogue of Commodities.

The Mackarels are the baite for the Basse, and Mackarell are these have bin chased into the shallow waters, where baite for Basse. so many thousands have shott themselves a shore with the surfe of the Sea, that whole hogges-heads have bin taken up on the Sands; and for length they excell any of other parts: they have bin measured 18. and 19. inches in length and seaven in breadth: and are taken with a drayle, (as boats use to passe to and froe at Sea on businesse) in very greate quantities all along the Coaste.

The Fish is good, salted; for store against the winter, as well as fresh, and to be accounted a good Commodity. This Sturgeon in England is regalis piscis. every man in New England may catch what he will, there are multitudes of them, and they are much fatter then those that are brought into England from other parts, in so much as by reason of their fatnesse, they doe not looke white, but yellow, which made a Cooke presume they were not so good as them of Roushea: silly fellow that could not understand that it is the nature of fish salted, or pickelled, the satter the yellower being best to preserve. For the taste I have warrant of Ladies of worth, with choise pallats for the commendations, who liked the taste so well, that they esteemed it beyond the Sturgeon of other parts, and sayd they were deceaved in the lookes: therefore let the Sturgeon passe for a Commodity. Of Salmons there is greate abundance: and these may be allowed for a Commodity, and placed in the Catallogue. Of Herrings, there is greate store, sat, and faire: and (to my minde) as good as any I have seene, and these may be preserved, and made a good commodity at the Canaries. Of Eeles there is abundance, both in the Saltwaters, and in the fresh: and the fresh water Eele there (if I 3. *** may take the judgement of a London **) is the best that hee hath found in his life time. have with jieele potts found my howse hold, (being nine persons, besides doggs) with them, taking them every tide, (for 4. moneths space,) and preserving of them for winter store: and these may proove a good commodity. | Of Smelts there is such abundance, that the Salvages doe take them up the rivers with baskets,





like sives. There is a Fish, (by some called shadds, by †" some allizes) that at the spring of the yeare, passe ground. up the rivers to spaune in the ponds; and are taken in such multitudes in every river, that hath a pond at the end, that the Inhabitants doung their ground with f them. You may see in one towneship a hundred acres together, set with these Fish, every acre taking 1000. of them: and an acre thus dressed will produce and yeald so much corne as 3. acres without fish : and (least any Virginea man would inferre hereupon, that the ground of New England is barren, because they use no fish in setting their corne, I desire them to

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