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(as they may in time,) and the meanes to make salte meate fresh againe, they would endeaver to preserve fishe for winter, as well as corne; and that if any thinge bring them to civility, it will be the use of Salte, to have foode in store, which is a cheife benefit in a civilized Commonwealth. These people have begunne already to incline to the use of Salte. Many of them would begge Salte of mee roy or son. for to carry home with them, that had frequented of %; our howses and had been acquainted with our Salte meats: and Salte I willingly gave them; although I sould them all things else: onely because they should be delighted with the use there of; and thinke it a commodity of no value in it selfe, allthough the benefit was great, that might be had by the use of it.
Of theire Subtilety. Hese people are not (as some have thought a dull, or T slender, witted people; but very ingenious and very subtile. I could give maine instances to maintaine mine opinion of them in this: But I will onely relate one, which is a passage worthy to be observed. In the Massachusetts bay lived Cheecatawback the Sachem or Sagamore of those territories, who had large dominions, which hee did appropriate to himselfe. Into those parts came a greate company of Salvages, from the territories of Narohiganset, to the number of 100, persons; and in this Sachems Dominions they intended to winter. When they went a hunting for turkies: they spreade over such a greate scope of ground, that a Turkie could hardly escape them: Deare they killed up in greate abundance, and feasted their bodies very plentifully: Beavers they p.,,..., killed by no allowance: the skinnes of those they onio traded away at wassaguscus with my neighboures "" for corne, and such other commodities as they had neede of; and my neighboures had a wonderfull great benefit by their being in those parts. Yea sometimes (like genious fellowes) they would present their Marchant with a fatt beaver skinne, alwayes the tayle was not diminished, 4% oft"; but presented full and whole: although the tayle is gore" citime. a present for a Sachem, and is of such masculaine vertue, that if some of our Ladies knew the benefit thereof
they would desire to have ships sent of purpose, to trade for the tayle alone, it is such a rarity, as is not more esteemed of then reason doth require. But the Sachem Cheecatawbak (on whose possessions they usurped, and converted the commodities thereof to their owne use, contrary to his likeing) not being of power to resist them, practised to doe it by a subtile stratagem. And to that end A non-plot of a gave it out amongst us, that the cause why these Sachem. other Salvages of the Narohigansets, came into these parts, was to see what strength we were of, and to watch an opportunity to cut us off, and take that which they found in our custody usefull for them; And added further, they would burne our howses, and that they had caught one of his men, named Meshebro, and compelled him to discover to them where their barnes, Magazines, or storehowses were, and had taken away his corne, and seemed to be in a pittifull perplexity about the matter. And the more to adde reputation to this tale, desires that his wises and children might be harbered in one of our howses. This was graunted, and my neighbours put on corslets, headpeeces, and weapons defensive and offensive. ... ", This thing being knowne to Cheecatawback, hee caused some of his men to bring the Narohigansets to trade, that they might see the preparation. The Salvage that was a stranger to the plott, simply comming to trade, and finding his merchants, lookes like lobsters, all cladd in harnesse, was in a maze to thinke what would be the end of it. Haste hee made to trade away his surres, and tooke any thing for them, wishing himselfe well rid of them, and of the company in the howse. But (as the manner has bin) hee must eate some surmety before hee goe: downe hee sits, and eats, and withall had an eie on every side; and now and then saw a sword, or a dagger layd a thwart a headpeece, which hee wondered at, and asked his guide whether the company were not angry. The guide, (that was privy to his Lords plot) answered in his language, that hee could not tell. But the harmelesse Salvage before hee had halfe filled his belly, started up on a sodayne, and ranne out of the howse in such hast, that hee left his furmety there, and stayed not to looke behinde him who came after: Glad hee was that he had escaped so. The subtle Sachem hee playd the tragedian; and fained a feare of being surprised; and sent to see whether the enemies (as the Messenger termed them) were not in the howse; and comes in a by way with his wises and children; and stopps the
A Salvage scarcd.
chinkes of the out howse, for feare the fire might be seene in the night, and be a meanes to direct his enemies where to finde them.
And in the meane time, hee prepared for his Ambassador to his enemies a Salvage, that had lived 12. moneths in England, to the end it might adde reputation to his ambas-, so sage. This man hee sends to those intruding Naro- og #.” higansets, to tell them that they did very great in- o jury, to his Lord, to trench upon his prerogatives: “” and advised them to put up their pipes, and begon in time: if they would not, that his Lord would come upon them, and in his ayd his freinds the English, who were up in armes already to take his part, and compell them by force to be gone, if they refused to depart by faire meanes.
This message comming on the neck of that which doubtlesse the fearesull Salvage had before related of his escape, and what hee had observed; caused all those flo". hundred Narohigansets (that meant us no hurt) to "...”y of be gone with bagg, and baggage, And my neighboures were gulled by the subtilety of this Sachem, and lost the best trade of beaver that ever they had for the time, and in the end found theire error in this kinde of credulity when it was too late.
Of their admirable perfection, in the use of the sences.
of the Salvages of New England, but also, by the
French men in Nova Francia, and therefore I am the more incouraged to publish in this Treatice my observation of them, in the use of theire sences: which is a thinge that I should not easily have bin induced, to beleeve, if I myselse, ad not bin an eie witnesse, of what I shall relate. o have observed, that the Salvages have the ...".
sence of seeing so farre beyond any of our Na- o tion, that one would allmost beleeve they had intel- giivn. ligence of the Devill, sometimes: when they have tould us of a shipp at Sea, which they have seene, soener by one hower, yea two howers sayle, then any English man that stood by; of purpose to looke out, their sight is so excellent. heir eies indeede are black as iett; and that coler is ac
To: is a thinge not onely observed by mee, and diverse
counted the strongest for sight. And as they excell us in this particular so much noted, so I thinke they excell us in all the rest. * This I am sure, I have well observed, that in the sence of smelling, they have very great perfection which is confirmed by the opinion of the French, that are planted about Canada, who have made relation, That they are so perfect in the use of that sence, that they will distinguish between a Spaniard and a Frenchman by the sent of the hand onely. And salvages that will I am perswaded, that the Author of this Relation #on a has seene very probable reasons, that have induced of him, to be of that opinion; and I am the more willing to give credit thereunto, because I have observed in them so much, as that comes to. I have seene a Deare passe by me upon a neck of Land, and a Salvage that has pursued him by the view. I have accompanied him in this pursuite; and the Salvage, pricking the Deare, comes where hee findes the view of two deares together, leading several wayes. One hee was sure, was fresh, but which (by the sence of seeing) hee could not judge, therefore, with his knife, hee diggs up the ##"...oft.; earth of one; and by smelling, sayes, that was not ź. *...a of the fresh Deare: then diggs hee up the other; and viewing and smelling to that, concludes it to be the view of the fresh Deare, which hee had pursued, and thereby followes the chase and killes that Deare, and I did eate
part of it with him : such is their persection in these two sences.
Of their acknowledgment of the Creation, and immortality of the Soule.
gion, Law, and King (as Sir William Alexander hath
well observed,) yet are they not altogether without the knowledge of God (historically) for they have it amongst them by tradition, that God made one man and one woman, and bad them live together, and get children, kill deare, beasts, birds, fish, and fowle, and what they would at their pleasure; and that their posterity was full of evill, and made God so angry: that
A Lthough these Salvages are sound to be without Relihee let in the Sea upon them, & drowned the greatest part of them, that were naughty men, (the Lord destroyed so.) And they went to Sanaconquam who feeds upon them, pointing to the Center of the Earth; where ovothey imagine is the habitation of the Devill:) the other, (which were not destroyed,) increased the world; and when they died (because they were good) went to the howse of Kytan, pointing to the setting of the sonne; where they eate all manner of dainties, and never take paines (as now) to provide it. Kytan makes provision (they say) and saves them that laboure and there they shall live with him #...” forever voyd of care. And they are perswaded that Kytan is hee that inakes corne growe, trees growe, and all manner of fruits. And that wee that use the booke of Common prayer, doo it to declare to them, that cannot reade, what Kytan has commanded us, and that wee doe pray to him with the helpe of that booke; and doe make so much accompt of it, that a Salvage (who had lived in my howse before hee had taken a wife, by whome hee had children) made this request to mee (knowing that I allwayes used him with much more respect than others.) That I would let his sonne be brought up in my howse, that hee might be taught to reade #%.o.; in that booke: which request of his I granted; and of . hee was a very joyfull man to thinke, that his sonne soon should thereby (as hee said) become an English- prayer. man; and then hee would be a good man.| I asked him who was a good man; his answere was, hee that would not lye, nor steale. These, with them, are all the capitall crimes, that can be imagined; all other are nothing in respect of those; and hee that is free from these, must live with Kytan for ever, in all manner of pleasure.