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squirrels; and tame fowl, as well as hogs, breed in abundance, with little or no charge. There is great plenty of wild fowl, particularly turkies, partriges, doves, geese, ducks, teale, gannets, curlews, &c. And the greatest variety of fish in the world; especially sturgeon, which might be improved to great advantage. There are also fruit trees, as apples, pears, peaches, plumbs, nectarines, figs, olives, black and white mulberry trees, walnuts, chesnuts, chincopin nuts, hickory, ground nuts, several sorts of berries, and oranges to the southward: besides great quantities of grapes, both wild and cultivated, of exceeding good taste and flavour, and generally all the herbs and roots used in England. It produces good Indian corn and rice, which is naturall to the country; and all English grain will grow there, especially oats, barley, and wheat, as also beans and pease, of all which I have seen very good. An acre of hickory ground near Savannah, of which there is plenty, generally produces 25 or 30 bushels of Indian corn; and at Augusta-town, which lies up the river, an acre produces 35 bushels. I have seen the silkworms breed there and fed, and afterwards wound off the balls, by Mrs. Camus, the Italian silk winder there, and it is of the finest and best sort of silk in the world: I reckon they will produce this year thrice the quantity they did last, because of the vast increase of mulberry trees of the white sort which have been planted, and so in proportion will encrease the quantity every year. That the country is well adapted to produce silk, is most certain; for you shall see numbers of silk balls, sticking to the boughs of trees even in the woods. There are some thousands of vines of the Portugal growth planted there, which thrive exceedingly; and as they are daily encreasing their stocks, no doubt, but we shall soon see wine. The annual cotton grows well there, and has been by some industrious people made into cloathes. Some vessels have been built there, and, as workmen are encouraged, we may expect to see more. Indigo and cochineal may be also made, there being both the fly and the simple. Its commodities at present are deer skins, timber, bees wax, myrtle wax, honey, bears oil, furs, leather, pitch, tar, turpentine, drugs, and simples of several sorts. Several ships have been loaded there with joyce, cedar planks, green ebony, cypress shingles, pipe staves, hoop poles, and red bay (which is a closer grain, and a finer timber than mahogany) for the West Indies, and many more might every year with proper encouragement. The clay is so fine that very good potter's ware is made there, and sent to Carolina. Besides what provisions we raise, we are supplied from New England, New York and Pennsylvania, and have the necessaries of life at the following rates in sterling; viz. beef, at one penny half-penny to two-pence halfpenny; pork, from two-pence to two-pence half-penny; veal, from two-pence half-penny to three-pence; mutton, from fourpence half-penny to five pence; good strong beer, from twopence half-penny to three pence per quart; Madeira wine at one shilling per quart; cyder at four-pence per quart; tea at six shillings per pound; coffee at one shilling six-pence; fine wheat flour at one penny per pound; rice at four shillings sixpence per hundred weight. Georgia has at present two divisions, the Northward and Southward. There are three towns, several villages, and con siderable plantations in the Northward; viz.
Savannah Old Ebenezer
Frederica, Towns Forts in Fort Argyle, New Inverness, - the Fort St. Andrew, Barikmacke, X Willage. Province. (Fort Augustine.
Savannah is a regular well built healthful town, full of springs of fine fresh water, containing above 130 houses, besides warehouses and huts, which are as many more. It stands upon an eminence near forty feet from the surface of the water, and fronts Savannah river. It hath a Court of Record in it, consisting of three Bailiffs, and a Recorder, who holds a Court every six weeks. It is extremely well situated for trade, being hardly a tide from the sea; and where ships of three hundred tons may lie in fresh water, free from the worm, close to the wharfs and take in their loading. On the entrance of its harbour is a beacon of curious workmanship called the Light house. The bar is near half a mile in width, and has 22 feet and upwards at high water. The entrance is so safe, that ships of 40 tons, without altering their course, may run directly from the sea, over the bar, where you presently get into a fine harbour (of good anchorage, and deep water, where a whole fleet of ships may lie at anchor in safety) called Cockspur.
The river Savannah is navigable some hundred of miles, and runs into the Indian nation, and commands the lindian Trade, so that you see numbers of trading boats continually going backwards and forwards; and some thousand weight of skins are vended at Savannah, and many thousand more would be, if sufficient ware-houses were once established there, with trading oods. I must beg leave to mention the speech of Redshoes, a Chief of the Choctaw Nation, July the first, 1734, “We come a great way, and are a great nation; the people of Carolina have endeavoured to bring us down, but we were never down before. The French are building forts about us, which we don’t like; we want to know who we might depend on, we have long traded with the French, but they are poor in goods, and we desire that a Trade may be opened between us and you.” Since which we have traded with 10 towns, but want goods to supply them. There are several fine harbours all along the coast, capable of receiving his Majesty's fleets; and as in 24 hours they can sail from thence into the Gulph Stream, where the Spanish vessels return from New Spain to Europe, they are of the greatest consequence to Great Britain. During my residence there, which was upwards of seven years, many ships put into the harbours by distress, especially from the bay of Honduras and the Spanish Coast. As I am not particularly acquainted with the other towns I shall sorbear to describe them. Thus much may suffice, to show the consequence of this country to England, and to silence the idle talk of people, who have had no experience there, which prompted me to publish this relation thereof. I arrived here in June last, and petitioned soon after for a grant of lands, which I have obtained, and am going there again in order to spend the remainder of my life.