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my publike proceeding gaue such incouragement, that it became so well apprehended by some fewe of the Southren Company, as these projects were liked, and he furnished from London with foure ships at Sea, before they at Plimouth had made any prouision at all, but onely a ship cheesely set out by Sir Ferdinando Gorge ; which vpon Hunts late trecherie among the Saluages, returned as shee went, and did little or nothing, but lost her time. I must confesse I was beholden to the setters forth of the foure ships that went with Cooper; in that they offered mee that imploiment if I would accept it: and I finde, my refusall hath incurred some of their displeasures, whose fauor and loue I exceedingly desire, if I may honestly inioy it. And though they doe censure me as opposite to their proceedings; they shall yet still in all my words and deedes, finde, it is their error, not my fault, that occasions their dislike: for hauing ingaged my selfe in this businesse to the West Countrie; I had beene verie dishonest to haue broke my promise; nor will I spend more time in discouerie, or fishing, till I may goe with a companie for plantation: for, I know my grounds. Yet euery one that reades this booke can not put it in practice; though it may helpe any that haue seene those parts. And though they endeauour to worke me euen out of my owne designes, I will not much emuy their fortunes: but, I would bee sory, their intruding ignorance should, by their desailements, bring those certainties to doubtfulnesse: So that the businesse prosper, I haue my desire; be it by Londoner, Scot, Welch, or English, that are true subjects to our King and Countrey: the good of my Countrey is that I seeke; and there is more then enough for all, if they could bee content but to proceed. o At last it pleased Sir Ferdinando Gorge, and the occasion of Master Doctor Sutliffe Deane of Etceter, to con- """ ceiue so well of these projects, and my former imployments, as induced them to make a new aduenture with me in those parts, whither they haue so often sent to their continuall losse. By whose example, many inhabitants of the west Country, made promises of much more then was looked for, but their priuate emulations quickly qualified that heat in the greater number; so that the burden lay principally on them, and some few Gentlemen my friends, in London. In the end I was furnished with a Ship of 200. and another of 50. But ere I had sayled 120 leagues, shee broke all her masts; pumping each watch 5 or 6000 strokes: onely her spret saile remayned to spoon before the wind, till we had reaccommodated a Jury mast, so reinbarkand the rest, to returne for Plimouth. My Vice- so o Admirall beeing lost, not knowing of this, proceeded on'. her voyage: Now with the remainder of those proul- """

sions, I got out again in a small Barke of 60 tuns with 30 men (for this of 200 and prouision for 70) which were the 16 before named, and 14 other saylors for the ship. With those I set saile againe the 24 of lune: where what befell me (because my actions and writings are so publicke to the world, enuy still seeking to scandalize my indeauours, and seeing no power but death, can stop the chat of ill tongues, nor imagination of mens mindes) lest my owne relations of those hard euents, might by some constructors, be made doubtfull, I haue thought it best to insert the examinations of those proceedings, taken by Sir Lewis Stukley a worthie Knight, and Vice admirall of Deuonshire; which were as followeth. * f

The examination of Daniel Baker, late Steward to Captaine Iohn Smith in the returne of Plimouth; taken before Sir Lewis solo the eight of December 1615. . . Who saith, being chased two dayes by one Fry, $o..."; an English Pirate, that could not board vs, by rea

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..o. to: Iohn Minter, his mate, Thomas Digby the moto, gour. Pilot, and others importuned his saide Captaine to yeeld; houlding it vnpossible hee should defend himselfe: and that the saide Captaine should send them his boate, in that they had none : which at last he concluded vpon these conditions, That Fry the Pyrate should vow not to take any thing from Captaine Smith, that might ouerthrowe his voyage, nor send more Pirates into his ship then hee liked off; otherwaies, he would make sure of them he had, and defend himselfe against the rest as hee could. - More: he confesseth that the quarter-masters and Chambers receiued golde of those Pirats; but how much, he knoweth not : Nor would his Captain come out of his Caben to entertaine them; although a great many of them had beene his saylers, and for his loue would haue wasted vs to the lles of Flowers. At Fyall, wee were chased by two French Py*...:” rats, who commanded vs Amaine. Chambers, Minter, Digby, and others, importuned againe the Captaine to yeeld; alledging they were Turks, and would makethem all slaues: or Frenchmen, and would throw them all ouer board if they shot but a peece; and that they were entertained to fish, and not to fight: vntill the Captaine vowed to fire the powder and split the ship, if they would not stand to their defence; whereby at last we went cleere of them, for all their shot. * The Admiralliso At Flowers wee were chased by soure French

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*"...usio men of warre; all with their close fights afore and

after. And this examinants Captaine hauing pro- *.*.*

- - ** . 1stols, et vided for our defence, Chambers Minter, Digby, o, ..., and some others, againe importuned him to yeeld to ... '"vo: the fauour of those, against whom there was nothing ..."; but ruine by fighting: But if he would goe aboard . .". - all had 250 nutn

them in that hee could speake French, by curtesie or of hee might goe cleere; seeing they offered him such " faire quarter, and vowed they were Protestants, and all of Rochell, and had the Kings commission onely to take Spaniard, Portugales, and Pyrats; which at last hee did : but they kept this examinates Captaine and some other of his company with him. The next day the French men of warre went aboard vs, and tooke what they listed, and diuided the company into their seuerall ships, and manned this examinates ship with the Frenchmen; and chased with her all the shippes they saw: vntill about fiue or six dayes after vpon better consideration, they surrendered the ship, and victualls, with the most part of our prouision, but not our weapons. - * > More: he confesseth that his Captain exhorted them to performe their voyage, or goe for New found Land to returne fraughted with fish, where hee would finde meanes to proceed in his plantation: but Chambers and Minter grew vpon tearms they would not; vntill those that were Souldiers concluded with their Captaines resolution, they ...” would; seeing they had clothes, victualls, salt, nets, ro-um: and lines sufficient, and expected their armes: and such other things as they wanted, the French men promised to restore, which the Captaine the next day went to seeke, and sent them about loading of commodities, as powder, match, hookes, instruments, his sword and dagger, bedding, aqua vitae, his commission, apparell, and many other things; the particulars he remembreth not: But, as for the cloath, canuas, and the Captaines cloathes, Chambers, and his associats diuided it amongst themselues, and to whom they best liked; his Captaine not hauing any thing, to his knowledge, but his wastecoat and breeches. And in this manner going from ship to ship, to regaine our armes, and the rest; they seeing a sayle, gaue chase wntill night. The next day being very soule weather, this examinate came so neere with the ship vnto the French men of warre that they split the maine sayle on the others spret sayle yard. Chambers willed the Captaine come aboard, or hee would leaue him: whereupon the Captaine commanded Chambers to send his boate for him. Chambers replyed shee was split (which was false) telling him hee might come if he would in the Admiralls boat. The Captaines answer was, he could not command her, nor come when hee would : so this examinate fell


on sterne; and that night left his said Captaine alone amongst the French men, in this manner, by the command of Chambers, Minter, and others.

Daniel Cage, Edward Stalings, Gentlemen; Walter Chissell, Dauid Cooper, Robert Miller, and Iohn Partridge, beeing examined, doe acknowledge and confesse, that Daniel Baker his examination aboue written is true.

Now the cause why the French detayned me *...** againe, was the suspicion this Chambers and Minter gaue them, that F. reuenge my selfe, vpon the Bank, or in New found Land, of all the French I could there incounter; and how I would haue fired the ship, had they not ouerperswaded mee: and many other such like tricks to catch but opportunite in this maner to leaue me. And thus they returned to Plimouth; and perforce with the French I thus proceeded. *... ...; , Being a Fleet of eight or nine sayle, we watched to for the West Indies fleet, till ill weather separated vs wit e Span- - iards. from the other 8. Still we spent our time about the Iles neere Fyall: where to keepe my perplexed thoughts from too much meditation of my miserable estate, I writ this discourse; thinking to haue sent it you of his Maiesties Councell, by some ship or other: for I saw their purpose was to take all they could. At last we were chased by one Captain Barra, an English Pyrat, in a small ship, with some twelue peeces of ordinance, about thirty men, and neer all starued. They sought by curtesie releefe of vs; who gaue them such faire promises, as at last wee betrayed Captaine Wolliston (his Liestenant) and foure or fiue of their men aboard vs, and then prouided to take the rest perforce. Now my part was to be prisoner in the gun-room, and not to speake to any of them vpon my life: yet had Barra knowledge what I was. Then Barra perceiuing wel these French intents, made ready to fight, and Wolliston as resolutely regarded not their threats, which caused vs demurre vpon the matter longer, som sixteene houres; and then returned their prisoners, and some victualls also, vpon a small composition. The next wee tooke was a small }}. man of Poole from New found Land. The great caben at this present, was my prison; from whence I could see them pillage those poore men of all that they had, and halfe their fish when hee was gone, they sould his poore cloathes at the maine mast, by an outcry, which scarce gaue each man seauen pence a peece. Not long after, wee tooke a Scot fraught from Saint Michaels to Bristow : hee had better fortune then the other. For, hauing but taken a boats loading of suger, marmelade, suckets, and such like, we discried foure sayle, after whom we stood; who forling their maine sayles attended vs to fight. But our French spirits were content onely to perceiue they were English red crosses. Within a very small time after, wee chased soure Spanish shippes came from the Indies: wee fought with them foure or fiue houres, tore their sayles and sides; yet not daring to board them, lost them. A poore Caruell of Brasile, was the next we chased: and after a small fight, thirteene or fourteen of her men being wounded, which was the better halfe, we tooke her, with 370 chests of sugar. The next o' was a West Indies man, of 160 tuns, with 1:200 hides, 50 chests of cutchanell, 14 coffers of wedgeses of siluer, 8000 ryalls of 8, and six coffers of the King of Spaines treasure, besides the pillage and rich coffers ... of many rich passengers. Two monethes they kept me in this manner to manage their fights against the Spaniards, and be a prisoner when they tooke any English. Now though the Captaine had oft broke his promise, which was to put me a-shore on the Iles, or the next ship he tooke; yet, at last, he was intreated I should goe for France in the Caruell of sugar: himself resolued still to keepe the Seas. Within two dayes after, we were haled by two West Indy men: but when they saw vs waue them for the King of France, they gaue vs their broad sides, shot through our mayne mast and so left vs. Hauing liued thus, neer three moneths among those French men of warre; with much adoe, we arriued at the Gulion, not far from Rochel; where in stead of the great promises they alwaies fed me with, of double satisfaction, and full content, they kept me fiue or six daies prisoner in the Caruell, accusing me to bee him that burnt their Colony in New France; to force mee giue them a discharge before the Iudge of the Admiralty, and so stand to their curtisie for satisfaction, or lie in prison, or a worse mischiese. To preuent this choise, in the end of such a storme that beat them all vnder Hatches, I watched my opportunity to get a-shore in their . . . boat; where-into, in the darke night, I secretly got: and with a halfe pike that lay by me, put a drift for Rat Ile: but the Current was so strong and the Sea so great, I went a drift to Sea; till it pleased God the winde so turned with the tide, that although I was all this fearfull night of gusts and raine, in the Sea, the space of 12 houres, when many ships were driuen a shore, and diuerse split (and being with sculling and bayling the water tired, I expected each minute would sinke mee) at last I arriued in an oazie Ile by Charowne; were certaine fowlers found mee neere drowned, and halfe dead, with water, colde, and hunger. By those, I found meanes to gette to

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