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science, or business, or publick life, be your aim, virtue still enters, for a principal share, into all those great departments of society. It is connected with eminence, in every liberal art; with reputation in every branch of fair and useful business; with distinction in every publick station.

10. The vigour which it gives thế mind, and the weight which it adds to character; the generous sentiments which it breathes; the undaunted spirit which it inspires; the ardour of diligence which it quickens; the freedom which it procures from pernicious and dishonourable avocations; are the foundations of all that is highly honourable, or greatly successful among men.

11. Whatever ornamental or engaging endowments you now possess, virtue is a necessary requisite, in order to their shining with proper lustre. Feeble are the attractions of the fairest form, if it be suspected that nothing within corresponds to the pleasing appearance without. Short are the triumphs of wit, when it is supposed to be the vehicle of malice.

12. By whatever means you may at first attract the attention, you can hold the esteem, and secure the hearts of others, only by amiable dispositions, and the accomplishments of the mind. These are the qualities whose influence will last, when the lustre of all that once sparkled and dazzled has passed away.

13. Let not then the season of youth be barren of improvements, so essential to your future felicity and honour. Now is the seed-time of life; and according to “ what you sow, you shall reap." Your character is now, under Divine Assistance, of your own forming; your fate is, in some measure, put into your own hands.

14. Your nature is as yet pliant" and soft. Habits have not established their dominion. Prejudices have not preoccupiedo your understanding. The world has not had time to contract and debase your affections. powers are more vigorous, disembarrassed, and free, ihan they will be at any future period.

15. Whatever impulse you now give to your desires and passions, the direction is likely to continue. It will form the channel in which your life is to run; nay, it may determine its everlasting issue. Consider then the employ. ment of this important period, as the highest trust which shall ever be committed to you; as in a great measure, de cisive of your happiness, in time, and in eternity,

All your

16. As in the succession of the seasons, each, by the invariable laws of nature, affects the productions of what is pext in course; so, in human life, every period of our age, according as it is well or ill spent, influences the happiness of that which is to follow. Virtuous youth gradually brings forward accomplished and flourishing manhood; and such manhood passes of itself without uneasiness, into respectable and tranquil old age.

17. But when nature is turned out of its regular course, disorder takes place in the moral, just as in the vegetables world. If the spring put forth no blossoms, in summer there will be no beauty, and in autumn, no fruit: so, if youth be trifled away without improvement, manhood will probably be contemptible, and old age miserable. If the beginnings of life have been “vanity," its latter end can scarcely be any other than"" vexation of spirit.”

18. I shall finish this address, with calling your attention to that dependence on the blessing of Heaven, which, amidst all your endeavours after improvement, you ought continually to preserve. It is too common with the young, even when they resolve to tread the path of virtue and honour, to set out with presumptuous confidence in themselves.

19. Trusting to their own abilities for carrying them successfully through life, they are careless of applying to God, or of deriving any assistance from what they are apt to reckon the gloomy discipline of religion. Alas! how little do they know the dangers which awaits them? Neither human wisdom, nor human virtue, unsupported by religion, is equal to the trying situations which often occur in life.

20. By the shock of temptation, how frequently have the most virtuous intentions been overthrown? Under the

pressure of disaster, how often has the greatest constancy' sunk? “Every good, and every perfect gift, is from above." Wisdom and virtue, as well as “ riches and honour, come from God.” Destitute of his favour, you are in no better situation, with all your boasted abilities, than orphans' left to wander in a trackless desert, without any guide to conduct them, or any shelter to cover them from the gathering storin.

21. Correct, then, this ill-founded arrogance. Expect not, that your happiness can be independent of Him who

By faith and repentance, apply to the Redeemer of the world. By piety and prayer, seek the protection of the God of heaven. I conclude with the solemn words, in which a great prince, delivered his dying

made you.

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charge to his son: words, which every young person ought to consider as addressed to himself, and to engrave deeply on his heart.

Solomon, my son, know thou the God of thy fathers; and serve him with a perfect heart, and a willing mind. For the Lord searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts. If thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off forever.”

22. 66



SECTION I. a Earth-quake, értk’-kwåke, tre-lo Stench, stênsh, a violent stink, a mour of the earth.

bad smell. b Ca-la-bri-a, ka-lao-bre-a, a coun-|p Thong, thống, a strap of leather. try of Italy.

9 Sub-lu-nar-y, súb'-lu-når-e, ter c Kir-cher, kêr'-tshår, a celebrated restrial. traveller and writer.

ir Thresh-old, thresh'-hold, a step d Prod-i-gy, prod'-de-je, a thing as under the door, entrance.

tonishing for good or bad. s Con-cus-sion, kön-küsh'-ún, shock e Fri-ar, fri'-úr, a monk.

of an earthquake.
f Sec-u-lar, sêk'-ki-lür, not spiritu- t Lo-piz-i-um, 10-pizh-e-ům, a case

al, one not bound by monastick tle near Euphæmia.

u Belch, bểlsh, to eject wind from & Pe-lo-rus, pe-16-růs, one of the the stomach, the act of eructation,

three great promontories of Sici- o Re-mote, re-möte', distant, forly, near Charybdis.

eign. h Eu-phe-mi-a; yu-fe'-md-e a city w Con-tig-u-ous, kon-tig--å-ås, of Calabria.

meeting so as to touch. Trans-act, tráns-åkt', to manage, a Par-ox-ysm, pår'-rok-sizm, a fit, perform.

periodical exacerbation of a dia k Cha-ryb-dis, ka-rib'-dis, a danger

ous whirlpool on the coast of Sic- y Ca-tas-tro-phe, kå-tås'-tro-fé, final
ily, opposite another whirlpool, event, generally unhappy,
called Scylla.

z Hid-e-ous, hid'-s-ůs, or hid'-je-ús,
? Verge, vérje, to tend, a rod, the horrible, dreadful.

a Pen-sive-ly, pěn'-siv-le, sorrowm Vol-ume, vol'-yume, a compact fully, thoughtfully. body, a book.

16 Loath, lethe, to hate, abhor. n Sul-phur-ous, sůl-für-ůs, contain- c Per-sist, pèr-sist', to persevere, go ing sulphur.

Earthquakea at Calabria, in the year 1638. 1. An account of this dreadful earthquake, is given by the celebrated father Kircher. It happened whilst he was



on his journey to visit Mount Ætna, and the rest of the wonders that lie towards the south of Italy. Kircher is considered by scholars, as one of the greatest prodigies' of learning.

2. “Having hired a boat, in company with four more, (two friarse of the order of St. Francis, and two seculars,) we launched from the harbour of Messina, in Sicily; and arrived, the same day, at the promontory of Pelorus. Our destination was for the city of Euphæmia, in Calabria; where we had some business to transact; and where we designed to tarry for some time.

3. “However, Providence seemed willing to cross our design; for we were obliged to continue three days at Pelorus, on account of the weather; and though we often put out to sea, yet we were as often driven back.-At length, wearied with the delay, we resolved to prosecute our voy, age; and, although the sea seemed more than usually agitated, we ventured forward.

4. “ The gulf of Charybdis, which we approached, seemed whirled round in such a manner, as to form a vast hollow, verging to a point in the centre. Proceeding onward, and turning my eyes to Ætna, I saw it cast forth large volumes of smoke, of mountainous sizes, which en tirely covered the island, and blotted out the very shores from my view.

5. “This, together with the dreadful noise, and the sulphurous” stench which was strongly perceived, filled me with apprehensions, that some more dreadful calamity was impending. The sea itself, seemed to wear a very unusual appearance: they who have seen a lake in a violent shower of rain, covered all over with bubbles, will conceive some idea of its agitations.

6. “ My surprise was still increased, by the calmness and serenity of the weather; not a breeze, not a cloud, which might be supposed to put all nature thus into motion. I. therefore warned my companions, that an earthquake was approaching; and, after some time, making for the shore with all possible diligence, we landed at Tropæa, bappy and thankful for having escaped the threatening dangers of the sea.

7. “ But our triumphs at land were of short duration; for we had scarcely arrived at Jesuit's College, in that city, when our ears were stunned with a horrid sound, resembling that of an infinite number of chariots, driven fiercely forward; the wheels rattling, and the thongs cracking.

8. - Soon after this, a most dreadful earthquake ensued; so that the whole tract upon which we stood seemed to vibrate, as if we were in the scale of a balance that continued wavering. This motion, however, soon grew more violent; and being no longer able to keep my legs, 'I was thrown prostrate upon the ground.

9. “ In the mean time, the universal ruin round me redoubled my amazement. The erash of falling houses, the tottering of towers, and the groans of the dying, all contributed to raise my terror and despair. On every side of me, I saw notbing but a scene of ruin; and danger threatening wherever I should fly. I recommended myself to God, as my last great refuge.

10. “ Ař that hour, O how vain was every sublunarya happiness! Wealth, honour, empire, wisdom, all mere useless sounds, and as empty as the bubbles of the deep ! Just standing on the threshold" of eternity, nothing but God was my pleasure; and the nearer I approached, I only loved him the more.

11. “ After some time, however, finding that I remained unhurt, amidst the general concussion, I resolved to venture for safety; and running as fast as I could, I reached the shore, but almost terrified out of my reason. I did not search long here, till I found the boat in which I had landed; and my companions also, whose terrors were even greater than mine. Our meeting was not of that kind, where every one is desirous of telling his own happy escape: it was all silence, and a gloomy dread of impending terrors.

Leaving this seat of desolation, we prosecuted our voyage along the coast; and the next day came to Rochetta, where we landed, although the earth still continued in violent agitations. But we had scarcely arrived at our inn, when we were once more obliged to return to the boat; and in about half an hour, we saw the greater part of the town, and the inn at which we had set up, dashed to the ground, and burying the inhabitants beneath the ruins.

13. “ In this manner, proceeding onward in our little vessel, finding no safety at land, and yet, from the smallness of our boat, having but a very dangerous continuance at sea, we at length landed at Lopizium,' a castle midway between Tropæa and Euphæmia, the city to which as I said before, we were bound.

12. "

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