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days after his father, m and is by this means left out of the catalogue of kings. And

No. 8.–Athelstan, base born son of Edward, m w aged 30, m elected king, m hn w while he had three legitimate brothers living. m hv w Reigos sixteen years. m hv

Y. C. 940.—He dies, m hv w Oct. 27th. hv w* So that the reign of Edward and Athelstan amount exactly to thirty-nine years, and

No. 9.--Edmund I. second surviving and legitimate son of Edward, m hv u aged 18, m hy reigns five years, seven months. hv

Y. C. 943.-Edgar born to king Edmund, hv w

Y. C. 946.-King Edmund killed in a fray, m hv w Tuesday May 26th. eim hn hv w And

No. 10.-Edred, third surviving and legitimate son of Edward, m hv w reigns nine years, six months. e mt

Y. C. 955 —He dies, m hv w Nov. 23d, e without issue, ch and

No. 11.—Edwin, first son of Edmund, mhn hv w ch reigos four years, e m hn w or rather three years, nine months. hv

Y. C. 957.—He is renounced by the northern half of the kingdom, which elects his younger brother Edgar king. hv w ch

Y. C. 959.-Edwin dies, m hv w and

No. 12:–Edgar, second son of Edmund, m hn hv w ch aged 16, m hv ch elected king over the whole, hv w reigos near sixteen years. m

Y. C. 975.—He dies, i mhv w Thursday July 8th, e hv aged 32. i hv So that the reign of Edwin and Edgar amount exactly to nineteen years, seven months, fifteen days. And here Ethelwerd ends his history, e and

No. 13.-Edward II. first son of Edgar, i mw after a great strife elected king, hv w reigns 3 years, 8 months, 10 days.

Y, C. 978.-(That is, '978, 9) He is killed hv w by his stepmother, m hv w March 18th, tr in Malmsbury therefore says 979, m f and

No. 14.–Ethelred II. second son of Edgar, m w aged 11, m ch reigns thirty-seven years, one month, five days.

Y. C. 987.—The nobles of France reject the race of Charles the Great, and choose Hugh Capet, Earl of Paris, king; from whom the kings of France have since descended. cp

Y. C. 1013.-Swane, king of Denmark, lands in Kent hn hv w in July, hv u thence sails to the Humber, and conquers all the north and west of England. m hn hv w

In Aug. mw Ethelred quits London, flies to the isle of Wight, and Swane is universally acknowledged king of England. m hn hv w

II. THE DANISH LINE BEGINS. No. 1.-Swane in August conquers England, having no relation to the crown by blood.

Y. C. 1014.—(That is, 1013, 14) Beginniog of Jan. Ethelred Aies from the isle of Wight to Normandy. m hv w

Feb. 3d, Swane killed. hv w ch (That is, 1013, 14). And

No. 2.-Canute, son of Swane, elected king by the Dawes. In hn hu w But the English send for

* Hoveden by mistake calls this Wednesday, Oct. 27th, Indiction fourteen ; when Oct. 27th this year, is Tuesday, and Indiction thirteen, with the Latins; though fourteen with the Greeks.

+ Huntingdon says Edmund I. and Edred were sons of Athelstan. hn tr Tyrrel. in Tindal in the margin of Rapin. q Rapin.

The Monkish writers call him Edward the Martyr, only because he was a friend to their superstitions ; r and March 18th, from his death, is called St. Edward's day. In

§ That is, accounting to the day of his death; but to the conquest of England by Swane, no more than thirty-four years, five months.

(Ethelred)* who in Lent returns to England, hv ch drives Canute to Denmark, and resumes the crown. m hn hv w.

Y. C. 1015.—This summer m Canute returns to England, lands in Kent, and recovers the Southern part of the kingdom. m hn hv w.t

Y. C. 1016.-Monday, April 23, Ethelred dies at London, hv w ch | and

No. 15.-Edmund Il. called Ironside, first son of Ethelred, elected, i hn and proclaimed king by the citizens, m w reigos seven months, seven days. But the rest of England elect Canute their king. m hv w ch.

Oct. 18, is their last battle, w upon which they agree to divide the kingdom; Edmund taking the Southern part and Canute the Northern. m hv w.

Nov. 30, king Edmund killed, m hv § w ch and

Canute by the whole kingdom is elected king, hv while three sons of king Ethelred, and two sons of king Edmund are living m hv w reigns eighteen years, eleven months, thirteen days, after Edmund.

Y. C. 1035.–Wednesday, November 12, Canute the Great dies, hv w || and

No. 3. Harold I. base born son of Canute, w after a great strife, ch elected king, i mhn hv w ch. Reigns four years, four months, five days.

Y. C. 1040.—He dies, w ch in April, m 16 Kal. Apr. tr { i. e. March 17, and

No. 4.-Hardicanute, a younger son of Canute, mhn hv w ch elected king, hn and the chief men of the kingdom send for him beyond sea, hu w ch while several of Ethelred's offspring are living. m hv w Reigns two years, two months, twenty-two days.

Y. C. 1042.—He dies, hv ch m ** Tuesday, June 8, ch tt and

III. THE SAXON, OR ENGLISH LINE, RETURNS. No. 1.-Edward III. the third son of Ethelred, clected king, ihn while Edward, son of his elder brother king Edmund, is living ; mh uw reigns twentythree years, six months, twenty-seven days, hvor rather twenty-eight days. And he is styl by the Monkish writers the confessor, for being addicted to their superstitions.

Y. C. 1066.-King Edward dies, i hn hu w Thursday Jan. 5, hn hv w ch that is Jan. 5, 1065, 6, and

No. 2.—Harold Il. a son of Godwin, Earl of Kent, of no relation to the crown by blood, elected king, reigns nine months, nine days, hv and the lords make him king, ch while Edgar Atheling with his two sisters, children of Edward, son of king Edmund II. are living in England. m hn hv ch

Sept. 28, h! William, base-born son of Robert Duke of Normandy, neither of Saxon nor Danish royal blood, lands near Hastings in Sussex ; where he stays fifteen days. m w ch Saturday Oct. 14, slays king Harold there in battle, and gains the crown,

hn hv w ch 1 and * They send for and promise to stand by him, upon condition he would rule better. m hn hv w ch + Hoveden seems to place Canute's return between Aug. 15 aod Sept. 8 hv.

Malmsbury by mistake says, St. Gregory's for St. George's day : and so Holinshed observes. $

He was king of England, Denmark, Norway, i m hn hv w and part of Sweden, i m and a little before be died, made his sons, Swane king of Norway, and Hardicanute king of Denmark. hv w ch. tr 1 Tyrel from the Saxon Annals.

** That is, Malmsbury in his continuation of Bede. tt Hoveden by mistake says 6 Ides July, Tuesday; whereas 6 Ides July this year is Saturday : he should therefore have said 6 Ides June, which is Tuesday June 8, as Chester has it.

hl. Holinshed. #1 Hoveden says right, this battle was on Calixtus day, being Saturday, which is October 14 : but wrong in calling this 11 Cal. Nov. which is October 22, and a Lord's Day.

m

IV. THE NORMAN LINE BEGINS. No. 1.-William I. called sometimes the conqueror, and sometimes the bastard, reigns twenty years, ten months, twenty-eight days, hv w or, more exactly, twenty-six days.

1067 –Edgar Atheling goes into Scotland, marries his sister Margaret to Malcom the king, hn w ch from whom the Scottish kings descend. m hn bu ch

Y. C. 1085.—Here Ingulphus ends his history. i.
Y. C. 1087.-William I. dies, m hv w ch Sept. 9, hv w aged 59 m ch, * and

No. 2.- William II. called Rufus, second surviving son of William I. succeeds, while his elder brother Robert is living. m hn hv w ch Reigns twelve years,

ten months, twenty-three days. Y. C. 1100.--He is accidentally slain a hunting, m hn hv w ch Thursday, Aug. 2, m hn hv aged forty-four, ch and

No. 3.—Henry I. the third surviving son of William I. elected king, while his elder brother Robert is living, mhn w ch aged 32. mw ch.

Nov. 11, he marries Maud, daughter of Malcoin king of the Scots by Margaret abovesaid, and reigns thirty-five years, four months. m.

Y. C. 1135.—He dies m hn hv w Dec. 1, mhn hu t and

No. 4.–Stephen, a younger son of Stephen, Earl of Blois, a Norman, m hn hv by Adela, daughter of William I. mhn w accepted king, m hn while Maud daughter of Henry I. is living, m hn hv w ch reigns eighteen years, ten months, twenty-four days, comprehending his nine months captivity.

Y. C. 1141.-Feb. 2, (i. e. 1140, 1 t) king Stephen taken in battle and carried

to

Maud, hn hv w ch who is hereupon acknowledged queen by the whole kingdom, excepting Kent. hn hv ch.

Nov. 1, king Stephen released, mw recovers the kingdom. hn hv w ch
Y. C. 1143.-Here Malmesbury ends his history and Novellæ. m
Y. C. 1154.-King Stephen dies hn hn w Oct. 25, hn w and
Here Huntingdon ends his bistory, hn 9 and

V. THE FRENCH LINE, OR PLANTAGANETS OF THE HOUSE OF

ANJOU, BEGINS. No. 1.-Henry II. a son of Geoffry Plantaganet, Earl of Anjou, w ch by queen Maud, daughter of Henry I. m hv w ch aged 22, hv w reigns thirty-four years, eight months, eleven days. Il

Y. C. 1171.–Saturday, Oct. 16, hv he sails from Milford-Haven for Ireland, hv w ch arrives at Cork the next day ; upon which all Ireland receive him for their Sovereign, hv

Y. C. 1189.-He dies hv w ch Thursday July 6, hv w and

No. 2.-Richard I. eldest surviving son of Henry II. hv w reigns nine years, nine months.

Y. C. 1199.—He dies of a wound received at a siege in France, hv w ch f Tuesday, April 6, hv ch and

* Malmsbury and R. of Chester mistake in saying he died in the twentysecond year of his reign.

| By his queen be leaves only one child. viz Maud, to whose succession all the chief men of the kingdom sware. m hn hv w ch. But hn hv w mistake in saying he reigned but thirty-five years, three months.

| Malmsbury by mistake says, Lord's Day, Feb. 2. 1142 ; for Lord's Day, Feb. 2, is 1140,1.

And yet M. of Westminster says, Huntingdon ended his History in 1135.

He is the first king of England since Edward the Confessor, that bath any Royal Saxon blood, having receiyed it only from his mother ; though the kings of Scotland are of prior birth.

No. 3.-John, youngest son of Henry II. succeeds, while Arthur son of his elder brother Geoffry is living. hv w ch f Reigns seventeen years, six months, thirteen days.

Y. C. 1202.-Here Hoveden ends his annals. hv
Y. C. 1215.-June 15, king John grants the first Magna Charta of England. *
Y. C. 1216.–Oct. 19, king John dies, w f being poisoned by a Mook, ch f and

No. 4.-Henry III. eldest son to king John, w ch f aged y, ch f reigns fifty.. six years, twenty-seven days.

Y. C. 1224.—(i. e. 1224,5) Feb. 10, the ninth year of his reign, he grants the present Magna Charta. +

Y. C. 1272.-Nov. 16, he dies w ch faged sixty-five, w and

No. 5.-Edward I. or rather IV. eldest son of Henry III. w ch s reigns thirty-four years, seven months, twenty-one days. w

Y. C. 1282.—Leolin, Prince of Wales rebelling, is killed in a fight, w ch f namely, Dec. 3. f

Y. Č. 1283.-David, brother to Leolin, taken, w ch f June 24, f drawn and hanged, w ch f about October. f And Wales wholly subdued and subjected to the English government. w ch f

Y. C. 1305.- Plavio of Amalfi near Naples, first discovers the Polar virtue of the loadstone, and applies it to navigation. st

Y. C. 1307.-Edward I. dies, w ch f Friday July 7, w f aged 68 years. twenty days. Un

Here M of Westminster ends bis history. And

No. 6.-Edward II. surviving son to Edward I. ch f aged 24, w s reigns nineteen years, six months, eighteen days.

Y. C. 1312. —November 13, prince Edward born to king Edward II. ch hl st

Y. C. 1326.—(that is 1326, 7.) Tuesday, January 13, a Parliament at Westminster agree to depose him. ch s hl

January 25, they actually renounce him, f hl st and raise bis son

No. 7.-Edward III. aged 15, to the throne, ch s pl reigns 50 years, 4 months, 28 days. hl

September 21, Edward II. dies in prison ch f by a violent death, f hl st aged 43. pl

Y. C. 1344.—Macham, an Englishman, sailing from England for Spain, driven out of his course, first discovers the Isle of Madeira. g

Y. C. 1357.-Here Chester ends his Chronicle, ch and Caxton carries it on to 1460. cx

Y. C. 1376.—Lord's Day, June 8, the famous Black Prince, eldest son to king Edward III. dies, f hl st aged 46. pl hl

Thursday, February 19, 1376, 7, John Wickliff, the first English Reformer, brought before the bishops in Paul's Church, London, st and silenced. hl

Y. C. 1377, June 22, Edward III. dies, f aged 65, pl hl st and

No. 8.—Richard II son of the Black Prince, aged 11, cu s pl reigns 22 years, 3 months, 8 days. s

Y. C. 1380.----Guns first used by the Venetians; the nature of the powder being before accidentally discovered by a German chemist, pl p namely, Berthold Schwartz, a monk. c at

f An old manuscript of the seventh part of Fabian's Chronicle. ** So the Latin Charter, in Tyrrel.

+ So the Latin Charter in Coke's Institutes ; in some things differing from the other, as they appear compared in Tyrrel.

st Stow, hi Holinshed. pl Polydorus Vergilius. g Galvanus. cx Caxton.

p Petavius. c Calvisius. a Alsted. Alsted says, Froissard makes mention of guns in 1340; and that in 1380, Schwartz publishes the manner of using them. And Calvisius says, Mariana describes the Moors in Spain, as using guns in 1342.

Y. C. 1382.-Wicklif finishes his translation of the Bible into English. f

Y. C. 1384.—December 31, John Wickliff, parson of Lutterworth, dies there.st

Y. C. 1395.—The Spaniards first discover and settle the Canaries. g

Y. C. 1399. The Parliament depose Richard II. cx s hl st Tuesday, September 30, f hl and choose for king cx hl st

No. 9.--Henry IV. son to the duke of Lancaster, third son of Edward III. while the heirs of the duke of Clarence, the second son are living, cxf reigns 13 years, 5 months, 21 days, f or rather 20 days. st

Y. C. 1400.-(i. e. 1399, 400.) hl st February 14, st Richard II. killed in prison, cx f aged 33, pl March 12, brought dead, to London. cx f.

Y. C. 1412.-(that is 1412,13) Henry IV, dies, cx f March 20, f hl st aged 46, pl hl sl and

No. 10.—Henry V. aged 26, gd son of Henry IV. succeeds, while the senior heirs of the duke of Clarence are living ; cx f reigns nine years, five months, ten days, f or rather eleven days.

Y. Č 1415—The coasts of Africa, not being known beyond Cape Non, in 29 degrees north latitude ; the Portuguese discover Cape Bajador 3 degrees farther. g

Y. C. 1419.- June 11, Henry V. marries the French king's daughter, and is made regent and heir of that kingdom. cx f*

Y. C. 1422.-10 August Henry V. dies, cx August 31, f hl st aged 36, cx pl and

No. 11.—Henry VI. only son of Henry V. aged eight months, twenty-three days, succeeds, cr f reigns 38 years, 6 months, 4 days. f

Y. C. 1428.—Lawrence Coster, at Haerlem in Holland, begins to print, from letters at first cut on wooden tables, then in lead, and then in tin. hj

Y. C. 1431.- December 7, Henry VI. crowned king of France in Paris. cx f st

Y. C. 1440.-At Christmas, John Faustus, servant to Coster, runs away with his master's printing-tools, to Mentz ; where he practices the art, and claims the honor of its invention. hj

Y. C. 1441.- Gonsales and Tristan, Portuguese, discover the coasts of Africa as far as Cape Blanco.g

Y. C. 1442.–Faustus first prints a book at Mentz, hj hr with Coster's types. hj

Y. C. 1446 - John Guttenberg of Strasburg contrives the art (i. e. the present way) of Printing, removes to Mentz, and here completes it. en Faustus being assistant to him. a

Denis Fernandes Esq. of Lisbon, first discovers the river Senega a mouth of the Niger, and the famous Cape de Verde in Africa. g

Y. C. 1449.—The Portuguese first possess the Azores. g

Y. C. 1450.--Faustus first prints a book at Mentz with copper and lead types. ma

Y. C. 1453.—May 29, Tuesday, the Turkish monarch Mahomet takes Constantinople cp and puts an end to the Greek eastern empire.

# Caxton and Fabian say, Trinity Sunday, in the seventh year of Henry V. which is June 11, 1419. Holinshed and Stow say, the day after Trinity Sunday, in the eighth year of Henry V. which is June 3, 1420.

† From the inscription I saw over his door at Haerlem.
gd Goodwin. hj Hadian Junius in Boxhornio. A Fuller.

br Bertius in Alsted. cn The Continuator of Liecthenaw. riangelus in Boxhornio.

# Mariangelus ascribes the invention of copper and lead types to Faustus ; the Colonian Annalist ascribes the present way of printing (i. e. by separate letters) to Guttenberg; and they both, with Cluverus agree on the first print. ing of a book therewith, in 1450. (See Cluverus and Boxhornio.)

ma Ma.

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