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No. 8, A.]

[Published April 7, 1891.


AN ACT relating to liens on logs and lumber. The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do enact as follows:

SECTION 1. Any person who shall do or per- For what serform any labor or services in cutting, hauling, rices lien siv

enpriority running, felling, driving, rafting, booming, crib. bing, towing, sawing, peeling or manufacturing into lumber or timber, any logs or timber, or cutting any stave bolts, or staves, in any of the counties of this state, shall have a lien upon such logs, timber, lumber, cord wood, railroad ties, tan and other barks, piling, telegraph poles, telephone poles, fence posts, paving timber, stave bolts or staves, for the amount due or to become due for such labor and services, which lien shall take precedence of all other claims, liens or incumbrances thereon or sales thereof, whether such claims, liens, incumbrances or sales are made, created or accrue, before or after the time of doing such work, labor and services.

SECTION 2. No debt or demand for such labor Petition for and services, shall become or remain such lien, to be filed; unless a petition therefor in writing shall be made what to conand signed by the claimant and verified by him or by some one in his behalf under oath, setting forth the nature of the debt or demand for which the lien is claimed, the amount claimed to be due; a description of the property upon which such lien is claimed, and the averment that the petitioner claims a lien thereon pursuant to law. Such petition shall be filed in the office of the clerk of the circuit court of the county in which such labor or services were done or performed. If the labor or services be performed between the first day of November and the first day of May following, or, if such labor and services be commenced on a day prior to the first day of November, and be continuous to a day between the first day of November and the first day of May, the petition for a lien shall

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Suits, when and where brought; parties.

be filed on or before the first day of June next thereafter; and if such labor and services shall have been done or performed after the first day of May, and shall terminate before the first day of November, or if the doing or performing of such work and labor shall be continuous from the first day of November or a day pricr thereto to

date beyond the first day of May following, the petition


a lien shall be filed within thirty days after the last day of doing or performing such labor or services, and such labor or services shall be deemed continuous, notwithstanding a change of ownership in the property on which such lien is claimed. The clerk with whoin such petition for a lien is filed shall receive twenty five cents for filing each petition. Where the property, subject to said lien, has been transported or taken from the county where the work was done, then the person in whose favor such lien exists, may, at his optior, file his petition for a lien and bring action to foreclose the same in the county where the property is at the time of filing such petition.

SECTION 3. All actions to enforce any such lien may be brought in the circuit court of the county where the work is done when the amount claimed over and above all legal set-offs exceeds one hun. dred dollars, or before any municipal court or justice of the peace having jurisdiction of the amount claimed, and of the parties. Where the work for which the lien is claimed shall have been done partly in one county and partly in another, the petition for a lien may be filed and foreclosed in either one of said counties. Actions may be commenced to enforce

enforce and foreclose any such lien if the same be due immediately after the filing of such petition for a lien, and such claim for labor or services shall cease to be a lien on the property named in the petition for a lien, unless action to foreclose such lien be com menced within four months after the filing of such petition. If the claim be not due at the time of such filing, the time when the same shall become due shall be set forth in such petition, and in such case such claim shall not cease to be a lieu on the property named in the petition until thirty days after such claim shall have become due; provided, that such claim sball

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continue a lien in all cases for four months after the filing of such petition. In all such actions the person, company or corporation liable for the payment of such debt or claim shall be made the party defendant to such action. Any person claiming to be the owner of such property or of any interest therein, may be made a party defendant, on application to the court in which the action is commenced, at any time before final judgment therein.

SECTION 4. No person purchasing or otherwise Bona fide puracquiring any title to, or interest in, the property chasers who on which such lien exists, before the time for fil. checks. ing such petition has expired shall be considered a bona fide purchaser as against the rights of such lien claimant. If the time-check or time-order given for such work shall become the property of another, either by purchase or otherwise, it shall remain a lien, and the person owning the same shall have the same right to a lien as the person who performed the work for which such timecheck or time-order was given.

SECTION 5. The plaintiff in such action may Proceedings to have the remedy by attachment of the property attachment; upon which the lien is claimed, provided by law aMdavit; un

dertaking. in personal actions, and such attachment may be issued, served and returned, and like proceedings had thereon including the release of any attached property, upon giving security as in civil actions. The affidavit for the attachment must state that the defendant, who is personally liable to the plaintiff therefor, is indebted to him in a sum named over and above all legal set-offs for such labor and services done or performed as entitles the plaintiff to a lien thereon under this act, describing the property on which it is claimed such work was done or performed, and averring that the plaintiff has filed his petition for a lien pursuant to law; and no other fact need be stated in such affidavit. No undertaking upon such attachment or security for costs in actions hereunder before justices of the

justices of the peace or municipal courts, need be given unless upon application of some defendant in the action showing by affidavit that he has a good and valid defense to the plaintiff's claim or to some part thereof, and if it be to a part only of such claim, unless the residue be paid

to the

as a

plaintiff at the time of such application, which
payment, if made, shall not affect the jurisdic-
tion of the court; and no order shall be made by
any circuit court or a judge thereof, requiring the
giving of such undertaking or security for costs
except upon ten days' notice to the plaintiff. The
writ of attachment shall direct the officer to
whom it is issued, to attach the property named,
or so much thereof as shall be necessary to satisfy
the sum claimed to be due thereon, and to hold
the same subject to further proceedings in the ac-
tion. The officer executing the writ of attach-
ment shall pay any charges for booming or driv.
ing the property attached that may be due, and
the amount so paid shall be taxed
part of the costs of the action. Where
the property on which the lien is claimed has
been taken out of the county in which the labor
and services were done or performed, the action
may be commenced in the circuit court of such
county, without regard to the amount claimed,
and in such case the writ of attachment shall run
to the sheriff of the county in which the prop-
erty then is, who shall serve and execute the
writ; and in like manner the execution upon any
judgment obtained shall run to the sheriff of the
county where the property is, and he shall have
power to make sale and proceed as on executions
issued from the circuit court of his county.
When the action is commenced in justice court
or municipal court, the rules of practice and
procedure provided by statute for such court
shall govern, except as otherwise specially provided
in this or other statuies relating to the enforce.
ment of such lien. Where personal service can-
not be made upon the defendant, and the action
is in the circuit court, service shall be made as
provided by law for service of summons on non-
residents or persons who cannot be found in other
actions in the circuit court, and if the action be in
justice or municipal court, the provisions of law
relating to service of summons upon non-residents
or persons who cannot be found, in other actions
in such courts shall govern and apply to such
action to foreclose a lien.

SECTION 6. Any person who shall cause the property upon which such lien exists to be transported out of the state of Wisconsin, or who shall

Persons remov. ing property, liable for amount.

able to other




secrete or destroy the same, or so change its character, as to prevent the lien-claimant from subjecting the same to the payment of his claim, shall be liable to such lien-claimant for the amount of his claim, as and for a conversion.

SECTION 7. When more than one person has a Claims assignclaim, for a lien given hereunder upon the same claimants. property, any person having such a claim, may complaint to have assigned to him the debt or claims of the allow assignother, subject to all defense and set-offs to such claim against the original owner, and may file a petition for his own lien and for the clains for liens so assigned to him and bring an action to enforce the same in his own name; but such petition and the complaint in the action shall allege such assignment.

SECTION 8. Any person who shall sell or in. Persons selling cumber any property upon which such lien exists, property levieš knowing that such lien is unsatisfied, without in on guilty of a

. forming the purchaser or incumberer of the existence of such lien, shall be deemed guilty of a misdenieanor and punished accordingly.

SECTION 9. Sections 1, 2, 3, 4 and 7, of chapter Repeals sec413, of the general laws of Wisconsin for the year tion 1, 2, 3, 4

and 7, chapter 1889, and chapter 454, of the general laws of Wis- 413, and chapconsin for the year 1889, are hereby repealed; 1889. provided, that this act shall not affect rights of actions or remedies already accrued under existing laws. All acts and parts of acts conflicting with the provisions of this act are hereby repealed.

SECTION 10. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage and publication, Approved April 3, 1891.

ter 454, laws of

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