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PART IV.

OF THE GOVERNMENT OF COUNTIES, CITIES AND

TOWNS.

PART IV.

OF THE GOVERNMENT OF COUNTIES, CITIES AND

TOWNS.

Title 1. Of Counties, 88 3901-3985.

II. The Government of Counties, $$ 4000-4347.
III. The Government of Cities, 88 4354-4449.
IV. Liability of Counties and Cities for Injuries

to Property by Mobs or Riots, $8 4452-4457.
V. Publications by State Officers and Commis-

sioners, or the Officers of Counties, Cities, Cities and Counties, or Towns, 88 4458, 4459.

TITLE I.

OF COUNTIES.

Chapter I.

County Boundaries' and County Seats, $$ 3901

3958. General Provisions Relating to Counties,

88 3969-3985.

II.

$ 3901. $ 3902. § 3903. $ 3904. $ 3905. § 3906. $ 3907. $ 3908. § 3909. $ 3910. $ 3911. $ 3912. $ 3913. $ 3914. $ 3915. $ 3916. $ 3917. 8 3918. $ 3919. $ 3920.

CHAPTER I.
COUNTY BOUNDARIES AND COUNTY SEATS.
County defined.
Counties in state designated in this title.
Courses deemed true.
Directions deemed due.
To, on, along, with or by a mountain or ridge, defined.
To, by, along, with, in, up, or down a creek, etc., defined.
In, to, or from ocean shore, etc., defined.
Mouth of creek, etc. defined.
Del Norte,
Klamath.
Shasta.
Lassen.
Siskiyou.
Humboldt.
Tehama.
Colusa.
Lake.
Mendocino.
Trinity.
Plumas.

[graphic]

$ 3921. Sierra.
§ 3922. Butte.
$ 3923. Nevada.
$ 3924.

Placer. § 3925.

Yuba. $ 3926. Sutter. $ 3927. El Dorado. $ 3928. Sacramento. § 3929. Yolo,

3930. Amador. § 3931. Alpine. $ 3932. San Joaquin. § 3933. Stanislaus. $ 3934. Merced. $ 3935. Mono. § 3936. Calaveras. $ 3937.

Tuolumne. $ 3938. Mariposa. § 3939. Fresno. $ 3940. Tulare. § 3941. Kern. 3942.

Inyo. 3943. San Bernardino. $ 3944. San Diego. $ 3945.

Los Angeles. 3946. Santa Barbara. § 3947.

San Luis Obispo. 3948. Monterey. $ 3949. Santa Cruz. $ 3950. San Francisco. $ 3951. San Mateo. $ 3952. Santa Clara. $ 3953. Alameda. $ 3954. Contra Costa. $ 3955. Sonoma. § 3856.

Solano. $ 3957. Marin. § 3958.

Napa. $ 3901. County defined. A county is the largest political division of the state having corporate powers. En. March 12, 1872.

Cal.Rep.Cit. 60, 347 ; 114, 325; 133, 77.

County-Governments, secs. 4000-4347; legislature to provide a system of uniform, Const. Cal., art XI, sec. 4; consolidation with city, Id., art. XI, sec. 7. Limits: The several counties as existing, recognized as legal subdivisions of the state, Const. Cal., art. XI, sec 1; boundaries, post, secs. 3909-3958. New, formation of, Const. Cal., art. XI, sec. 3; see post, sec. 3975. Seat, removal of, Const. Cal., art. XI, sec. 2; see post, secs. 3976-3985.

$ 3902. Counties in state designated in this title. This state is divided into counties, named, bounded and constituted as provided in this title. En. March 12, 1872.

Cal.Rep.Cit. 114, 325.

Counties as they now exist, recognized as legal subdivisions of this state: Const. Cal., art. XI, sec. 1.

Boundaries and seats: Post, secs. 3909-3958. Disputed: Post, secs. 3969 et seq.

New county, act providing for transfer of fund on: See General Laws, title Counties.

Acts relating to boundary lines between certain counties: See General Laws, title County Boundaries.

$ 3903. Courses deemed true. In describing courses the words "north," south,” east” and west,” mean true courses, and refer to the true meridian unless otherwise declared. En. March 12, 1872.

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$ 3904. Directions deemed due. The words " northerly," southerly," easterly and " westerly," mean due north, due south, due east and due west, unless controlled by other words, or by lines, monuments, or natural objects. En. March 12, 1872.

8 3905. To, on, along, with or by a mountain or ridge defined. The words “to," “on,” “along," “ with," or “ by" a mountain or ridge, mean summit point, or summit line, unless otherwise expressed. En. March 12, 1872.

$ 3906. To, by, along, with, in, up or down a creek, etc., defined. The words “to," “ by,” along," “ with," "in," “up” or “down" a creek, river, slough, strait, or bay, mean the middle of the main channel thereof, unless otherwise expressed. En, March 12, 1872.

Cal.Rep.Cit. 137, 205.

$ 3907. In, to, or from ocean shore, etc., defined. The words “in,” “to” or “from" the ocean shore mean a point three miles from shore. The words “ along," “ with,” " by” or “on” the ocean shore, mean on a line parallel with and three miles from the shore. En. March 12, 1872.

$ 3908. Mouth of creek, etc., defined. The mouth of a creek, river or slough which empties into another creek, river or slough, is the point where the middle of the channel intersects. En. March 12, 1872.

DEL NORTE. $ 3909. Del Norte. Situated in the northwest corner of the state of California, beginning at a point in the Pacific

Ocean, on the forty-second parallel of north latitude, three miles from shore, being on the southern line of Oregon; thence running southerly, three miles from ocean shore, to a point on the northern line of Humboldt County, one mile south of the mouth of Klamath River; thence easterly, along the northern boundary of Humboldt County, to the summit of a spur of the Siskiyou range of mountains; thence northerly, following the summit of said spur of the Siskiyou range of mountains, to the forty-second parallel of north latitude; thence due west to the place of beginning. En. March 12, 1872. Am'd. 1887, 106. Cal.Rep.Cit. 114, 325.

KLAMATH. $ 3910. Klamath. Beginning at the southwest corner of Del Norte, as established in section 3909; thence southerly, by ocean shore, to a point west from the mouth of Mad River, forming southwest corner; thence east to a point in Trinity River, which forms common corner of Humboldt, Klamath and Trinity; thence northeasterly to and along Scott's Mountain to its point of intersection with the ridge dividing the waters which flow into Scott's, Shasta and Sacramento rivers on the north from the waters which flow into Salmon and Klamath rivers on the south, forming the common corner of Siskiyou, Klamath and Trinity; thence northerly to and along the last-mentioned ridge to the southeast corner of Del Norte, as established in section 3909; thence westerly along the southerly line of Del Norte to the place of beginning.

County seat-Orleans Bar. En. March 12, 1872.

Annexation of Klamath County to Humboldt and Siskiyou counties: See act in Stats. 1874, p. 755, and amendatory and supplementary act in Stats. 1876, p. 603.

SHASTA. $ 3911. Shasta. Beginning at the northerly line of Tehama, at the head of Bloody Island, in Sacramento River; thence to and down the eastern channel to the mouth of Battle Creek; thence easterly, up Battle Creek, by the main channel, to the mouth of the middle fork, known as Digger Creek; thence up Digger Creek to its head; thence east to a point south of Black Butte Mountain, forming southeast corner; thence north, on western

Pol. Code-39

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