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this section may at any time be removed by the senate. En. March 12, 1872. Am'd. 1875-6, 8; 1891, 1; 1897, 24: 1899, 1.

Cal.Rep.Cit. 69, 494.

$ 246. Officers of the assembly. The officers and employees of the assembly shall consist of a speaker, a speaker pro tem., one chief clerk, four assistant clerks (who shall be appointed by the chief clerk, by and with the advice and consent of the assembly), one sergeant-atarms, one assistant sergeant-at-arms, one clerk for the sergeant-at-arms, one bookkeeper to the sergeant-at-arms (said bookkeeper to be appointed by the sergeant-at arms, by and with the advice and consent of the assembly), one minute clerk, two assistant minute clerks, one journal clerk, one assistant journal clerk, one engrossing and enrolling clerk, two assistant engrossing and enrolling clerks, and two additional assistant engrossing and enrolling clerks (said last two to be elected on the thirtieth day of the session), one file clerk to keep the files, four bill filers, one chaplain, one postmaster, one assistant postmaster, one mail carrier (who shall be mailing and folding clerk), one page to speaker, six pages, three gatekeepers, one doorkeeper, one gallery doorkeeper, one messenger to printer, one history clerk, one bill clerk, four assistant bill clerks, thirty committee clerks (to be assigned to committees, actually requiring the use of a clerk), six skilled stenographers (who shall be typewriters, and who shall be at the service of the assembly, its members, and its committees under the supervision of the chief clerk), five porters, three watchmen, one fireman, one sergeant-at-arms for the ways and means committee, one sergeant-at-arms for the judiciary committee, one engineer, one electrician, one janitress and one elevator attendant; and only such other officers or employees as the assembly by a three-fifths vote of all the members elect shall deem necessary. Any officer or employee appointed or elected under the provisions of this section may at any time be removed by the assembly. En. March 12, 1872. Am'd. 1875-6, 8; 1891, 2; 1897, 25; 1899, 2.

$247. How elected. All officers and employees of the legislature, except the president of the senate, porters and pages, must be elected by the house to which such

Fol. Code3

officers and employees are attached. The porters and pages shall be appointed by the presiding officers of their respective houses. En. March 12, 1872. Am'd. 1875-6, 8.

Elected by the house: See Const. Cal., art. IV, sec. 7.

§ 248. Standing committees, appointments of. All standing committees of the senate and assembly shall be appointed by the presiding officer of the respective houses; provided, that each house may by resolution, or the rules thereof, direct otherwise. En. Stats. 1875-6, 8. Rep. 1891, 426. En. 1899, 165.

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8 249. Duties of committees. The rules of each house may prescribe the duties of each committee thereof. In addition to the duties that may thus be prescribed, it shall be the duty of the judiciary committee of each house, whenever a bill drawn in the form of a general law is recommended for passage, either as introduced, or amended by such committee, if it relates to and should form part of any subject contained in either one or more of the codes of this state, to accompany such recommendation with a substitute, or substitutes therefor, containing a suitable title and the provisions of such bill in codified form, and numbered so as to indicate in what code, and what part. thereof, it is proposed to insert the same in case of enactment. En. Stats. 1875-6, 8. Rep. 1891, 426. En. 1899, 165.

$ 250. Codifying laws. When any standing committee of the senate, or assembly, other than the judiciary committee thereof, favorably report any bill referred thereto, if such bill is in the form of a general law, the same shall be placed on file, retain its place thereon, and be referred to the judiciary committee, whereupon such committee must, if the bill relates to and should form part of any subject contained in either one or more of the codes of this state, codify the same, and within two days after such reference, unless additional time is granted, report a substitute or substitutes therefor in the manner provided in the preceding section. En. Stats. 1899, 165.

ARTICLE IV. POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES

OF THE LEGISLATURE. $ 252. What oficers of, may administer oaths. $ 253. Duties of secretary and clerk. $ 254. Duties of assistant secretary and assistant clerk. $ 255. Duties of minute clerk. 256. Daily journal of each house to be printed. 257. Duties of journal clerk of assembly. (Repealed.) 258. Duties of copying clerks. (Repealed.) 259. Duties of sergeants-at-arms. 260.

Duties of assistant sergeants-at-arms. 261. Duties of officers at close of session.

252. What officers of, may administer caths. The president and president pro tem. of the senate, and the speaker and speaker pro tem. of the assembly, may administer the oath of office to any senator or assemblyman, and to the officers of their respective bodies. The members of any committee may administer oaths to witnesses in any matter under examination. En. March 12, 1872.

Oath of office: Post, secs. 904-910.

253. Duties of secretary and clerk. The secretary of the senate and the chief clerk of the assembly must attend each day, call the roll, read the journal and bills, and superintend all copying necessary to be done for their respective houses. En. March 12, 1872.

$ 254. Duties of assistant secretary and assistant clerk. The assistant secretaries of the senate and the assistant clerks of the assembly must take charge of all bills, petitions and other papers presented to their respective houses, file and enter the same in the books provided for that purpose, and perform such other duties as may be directed by the secretary of the senate and chief clerk of the assembly. En. March 12, 1872.

Cal.Rep.Cit. 72, 9.

255. Duties of minute clerk. The minute clerk of the senate and the minute clerk of the assembly must keep a correct record of the proceedings of their respective houses. En. March 12, 1872.

Cal.Rep.Cit. 69, 494.

$256. Daily journal of each house to be printed. sufficient number of copies of each day's proceedings of each house of the legislature shall be printed by the state

printer, in book form, separately, to supply the members of both houses and chief officers daily during the session with the journal of the previous day's proceedings; and also a sufficient number of copies, with proper repaging, to bind at the end of the session of the legislature, in book form, as the journals of the senate and assembly; one copy of which daily journal of each house, upon the approval thereof by the house of which it is such daily journal, shall be authenticated as so approved by the presiding officer and chief clerk or secretary (as the case may be) of the house so approving it; and upon the final adjournment of the legislature such copy of the daily journal of each house for the entire session, so authenticated, shall be properly bound in separate volumes, and deposited in the office of the secretary of state as the official journals of both houses of the legislature. En. March 12, 1872. Am'd. 1891, 425. Cal.Rep.Cit. 69, 494 ; 80, 213.

257. Duties of journal clerk of assembly. (Repealed). En. March 12, 1872. Rep. 1891, 425.

Cal.Rep.Cit. 69, 494.

8 258. Duties of copying clerks. (Repealed). En. March 12, 1872. Rep. 1875-6, 9.

§ 259. Duties of sergeants-at-arms. The sergeant-at-arms of the senate and the sergeant-at-arms of the assembly must give a general supervision, under the direction of their presiding officers, to the senate and assembly chambers, with the rooms attached; attend during the sittings of their respective bodies, execute their commands, and all process issued by their authority; keep an account for pay and mileage of members, and prepare checks for the same. En. March 12, 1872.

Pay and mileage of members: Post, sec. 266.

8 260. Duties of assistant sergeants-at-arms. The assistant sergeant-at-arms of each house must perform the duties of doorkeeper, prohibit all persons, except members, officers and employees, and such other persons as may have the privilege of the floor assigned them by the rules of each house, from entering within the bar of the house, unless upon invitation, and keep order in the halls and lobbies. En. March 12, 1872.

Doorkeeper-open doors: Const. Cal., art. IV, sec. 13.

$ 261. Duties of officers at close of session. The secretary and assistant secretaries of the senate, and chief clerk and assistant clerks of the assembly, at the close of each session of the legislature, must mark, label and arrange all bills and papers belonging to the archives of their respective houses, and deliver them, together with all the books of both houses, to the secretary of state, who must certify to the reception of the same. En. March 12. 1872.

Cal.Rep.Cit. 69, 494 ; 69, 495.

ARTICLE V.

COMPENSATION OF MEMBERS, OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES

OF THE LEGISLATURE. 1 266. Per diem and mileage of members. 257. Per diem and mileage of speaker of assembly. 258. Compensation of other officers and employees. 269. Compensation for services after close of session.

$266. Per diem and mileage of members. Members of the legislature shall receive eight dollars per day, payable weekly, during the session of the legislature, and ten cents per mile for each mile of travel to and from their residences and the place of holding the session. En. March 12, 1872. Am'd. 1877-8, 5; 1880, 48.

Cal.Rep.Cit. 78, 272.
Section conforms to Const. Cal. 1879, art. IV, sec. 23.

$267. Per diem and mileage of speaker of assembly. The speaker of the assembly shall receive the sum of ten dollars per diem during the session of the legislature, and the same mileage and sum for contingent expenses as members of the legislature. En. March 12, 1872. Am'd. 1877-8, 5; 1880, 87.

$268. Compensation of other officers and employees. There shall be paid to the officers and employees of the senate the following salaries: To the secretary, eight dollars per day; to the assistant secretaries, sergeant-at-arms, minute clerk, assistant minute clerks, journal clerk, engrossing and enrolling clerk, and history clerk, each, six dollars per day; to the assistant sergeants-at-arms, bookkeeper to sergeant-at-arms, assistant journal clerks, assistant engrossing and enrolling clerks, assistant bis. tory clerk, and assistant at desk, each, five dollars

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