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for expert opinions as provided for in subdivision nine of this act, for printing, stationery, postage, and expressage that will be required by said committee, and for manufacturing any edition of any book of the state series now in use or which may hereafter be adopted for use in the primary and grammar schools. It is provided that all moneys that have been received or that may hereafter be received from the sales of state series of school textbooks, except that which is received in payment of royalties and provided in this act to be deposited to the credit of the text-book royalty fund, shall be kept by the state treasurer as a separate and distinct fund, to be known as the “State School-Book Fund," which fund shall be subject to the drafts of the said text-book committee for all expenses incurred by the superintendent of state printing for all material, labor, and other expenses necessary in the mechanical work of printing and publishing state school text-books; all claims to be drawn after being certified to by the superintendent of state printing, as provided in subdivision four of section five hundred and twenty-six of the Political Code; provided, that all demands on the state school-book fund shall be presented to the state board of examiners in itemized form for their approval; and upon the approval of the state board of examiners, the state controller is hereby authorized and directed to draw his warrant, and the state treasurer is hereby arthorized and directed to pay the same, in conformity with the provision of this section.

9. Before selecting any text-book matter to be used in the compilation or revision of a state school text-book, the said committee may, subject to the approval of the state board of education, secure one or more educational experts to examine and give their opinions on the merits of any book or books or parts of a book that may be taken under consideration, and the claims for payment of such expert service shall be paid in like manner as other claims are paid out of the state text-book appropriation; provided, that the expense of such expert examination and opinion shall not exceed the sum of two hundred dollars ($200.00) for any one book that may be adopted and published as a book of the state series.

10. The existing law which provides the manner and the means for the distribution of state text-books is hereby continued in force and effect. En. March 12, 1872. Am'd. 1873-4, 112; 1880, 46; 1893, 265; 1903, 192. Cal.Rep.Cit. 49, 685; 131, 168. Subd. 1-131, 167. Subd. 3

131, 167. Subd. 1. Four years' continuance in use of text-books adopted, required by Const. Cal., art. IX, sec. 7.

Act to prevent change in text-books in use in the public schools: Stats. 1876, p. 1, was repealed by Stats. 1880,

p. 42.

See statutes for state publication of text-books, in General Laws, under title Schools.

$ 1875. Penalties for neglect to use books adopted. If any city or district refuse or neglect to use the books that may be prescribed, or use any other text-books in any of the prescribed studies, the superintendent of public instruction must withhold from such city, town, or district, twenty-five per cent of all state school moneys to which it may be entitled, until it comply; and any moneys so withheld must be apportioned by the superintendent at the next annual apportionment in the same manner as other school moneys in the treasury. En. March 12, 1872.

$ 1876. Certain persons not to be interested in contracts, No school trustee, or member of any board of education, must be interested in any contract made by the board of which he is a member; and any contract made in viola. tion of this provision is void. En. March 12, 1872.

$ 1877. Printing and binding, by whom to be done, All printing or binding required under this chapter, except as provided in subdivision eight of section one thousand seven hundred and seventy-one, must be executed by the state printer, in the form and manner and at the prices of other state printing, and be paid for in like manner. En. March 12, 1872. Am'd. 1893, 266.

$ 1878. School year, commencement and end. The school year begins on the first day of July, and ends on the last day of June. En. March 12, 1872. Cal.Rep.Cit. 138, 254.

1879. Bribing members. The offering of any valuable thing to any member of a board of education, or board of school trustees, with the intent thereby to influence his action in regard to the granting of any teacher's certificate, the appointment of any teacher, superintendent, or other officer or employee, the adoption of any textbook, or the making of any contract to which the board of education of which he is a member shall be a party, or the acceptance by any member of a board of education or board of school trustees of any valuable thing, with corrupt intent, shall be a misdemeanor, punishable as by law provided. Any person may be compelled to testify in any lawful investigation or judicial proceeding against any person who may be charged with any offense described in this section. Any contract or appointment obtained from a board of education or board of school trustees by corrupt means shall be void. En. Stats. 1880, 47. Am'd. 1889, 196; 1893, 266.

Cal.Rep.Cit. 137, 14; 137, 16.

$ 1880. Election for issuance of school bonds. The board of trustees, board of education, or other governing bodies of any school district may, when in their judgment it is advisable, and must, upon a petition of a majority of the heads of families residing in the district, call an election and submit to the electors of the district, whether the bonds of such district shall be issued and sold for the purpose of raising money for purchasing school lots, for building, or purchasing one or more schoolhouses, for insuring the same, for supplying the same with furniture and necessary apparatus, for improving the grounds, or for any or all of said purposes, for liquidating any indebtedness already incurred for said purposes, and for refunding any outstanding valid indebtedness, evidenced by bonds, or warrants thereof. En. Stats. 1881, 62. Am'd. 1885, 8; 1889, 196; 1893, 267; 1895, 245; 1899, 94.

Cal.Rep.Cit. 99, 151; 102, 185; 138, 256.

$ 1881. Notice of election, how given. Such election must be called by posting notices, signed by the board, in three of the most public places in the district, for not less than twenty days before the election; and if there is a newspaper published in the county, by publishing such notice therein not less than once a week for three successive weeks. En. Stats. 1881, 62.

1882. What notice shall contain. Such notice must contain:

1. Time and place of holding such election;

2. The names of inspectors and judges to conduct the same;

3. The hours during the day in which the polls will be open;

4. The amount and denomination of the bonds; the rate of interest and the number of years, not exceeding forty, the whole or any part of said bonds are to run, En. Stats. 1881, 62. Am'd. 1893, 267; 1901, 293; 1903, 41.

$ 1883. How election conducted. Such election shall be conducted in conformity to the provisions of sections one thousand five hundred and ninety-six, one thousand five hundred and ninety-seven, one thousand five hundred and ninety-eight, one thousand five hundred and ninetynine, one thousand six hundred, one thousand six hundred and one, and one thousand eight hundred and thirty-four, except that the words to appear upon the ballots shall he “Bonds-Yes" or "Bonds—No." En. Stats. 1881, 63. Am'd. 1893, 267.

$ 1884. Issuance of bonds, when directed. On the seventh day after said election, at one o'clock P. M., the returns having been made to the board of trustees, board of education, or other governing body of such school district, the board must meet and canvass said returns, and if it appears that two thirds of the votes cast at said election was in favor of issuing such bonds, then the board shall cause an entry of that fact to be made upon its minutes, and shall certify to the board of supervisors of the county all the proceedings had in the premises, and thereupon said board of supervisors shall be and they are hereby authorized and directed to issue the bonds of such district, to the number and amount provided in such proceedings, payable out of the building fund of such district, naming the same, and that the money shall be raised by taxation upon the taxable property in said district, for the redemption of said bonds and the payment of the interest thereon; provided, that the total amount of bonds so issued shall not exceed five per cent of the taxable property of the district, as shown by the last equalized assessment-book of the county. En. Stats. 1881, 63. Am'd. 1895, 246.

$ 1885. Form of bonds, when payable. The board of supervisors by an order entered upon its minutes sball prescribe the form of said bonds and of the interest coupons attached thereto, and must fix the time when the whole or any part of the principal of said bonds shall be payable, which shall not be more than forty years from the date thereof. En. Stats. 1881, 63. Am'd. 1897, 243; 1903, 40.

$ 1886. Interest-Sale of bonds. Said lionds must not bear a greater amount of interest than eight per cent, said interest to be payable annually or semi-annually; and said bonds must be sold in the manner prescribed by the board of supervisors, but for not less than par, and the proceeds of the sale thereof must be deposited in the county treasury to the credit of the building fund of said school district, and be drawn out for the purposes aforesaid as other school moneys are drawn out. All the proceedings of every school district and of every board of trustees, board of education, board of supervisors, and of all officers of school districts and counties purporting to have been taken under or by authority of sections one thousand eight hundred and eighty to one thousand eight hundred and eighty-eight, inclusive, of the Political Code, shall be valid in the same manner and to the same extent as if sections one thousand eight hundred and eighty and one thousand eight hundred and eighty-four of said code, at the time when such proceedings were taken, in express language empowered the governing body of all school districts, by whatever name su governing body should be known, to call elections for the purposes set forth in said section one thousand eight hundred and eighty, and to receive and canvass returns, to cause a minute entry of the result of elections, and to certify proceedings to the board of supervisors, as pro. vided by said section one thousand eight hundred and eighty-four. And all bonds of school districts purporting to have been issued under or by virtue of any or all of the following sections, to wit: sections one thousand eight hundred and eighty, one thousand eight hundred and eighty-one, one thousand eight hundred and eighty. two, one thousand eight hundred and eighty-three, one thousand eight hundred and eighty-four, one thousand eight hundred and eighty-five, one thousand eight hun

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