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PART I.

OF THE SOVEREIGNTY AND PEOPLE OF THE

STATE, AND OF THE POLITICAL RIGHTS AND
DUTIES OF

ALL PERSONS SUBJECT TO ITS JURISDICTION.

Pol. Code-2

PART I.

OF THE SOVEREIGNTY AND PEOPLE UF THE

STATE, AND OF THE POLITICAL RIGHTS AND
DUTIES OF ALL PERSONS SUBJECT TO ITS
JURISDICTION.

Title I. Sovereignty of the State, 88 30-44.
II. Persons Composing the People of the State,

$8 50-52.
III. Political Rights and Duties of all Persons Sub-

ject to the Jurisdiction of the State, $$ 54-60.

TITLE I.
SOVEREIGNTY OF THE STATE.
Chapter I. Residence of Sovereignty, $ 30.

II. Territorial Jurisdiction of the State, $$ 33, 34.
III. General Rights of the State over Persons, 8 37.
IV. General Rights of the State over Property,

88 40-44.

CHAPTER I.

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RESIDENCE OF SOVEREIGNTY.

$ 30. Sovereignty resides in the people. § 30. Sovereignty resides in the people. The ereignty of the state resides in the people thereof, and all writs and processes must issue in their name. En. March 12, 1872.

People of state-political supremacy of: See Const. Cal., art. I, sec. 2: Rights of: See Const. Cal., art. I, secs. 10, 19, 23.

Style of process: See Const. Cal., art. VI, sec. 20. Prosecutions in name of people: See Const. Cal., art. VI, sec. 20.

State sovereignty; state inseparable part of Union; Const. Cal., art. I, sec. 3. Federal constitution supreme law of land: Ib.

CHAPTER II. TERRITORIAL JURISDICTION OF THE STATE. 33. Territorial jurisdiction ; limitations on. $34. Purchase, etc., of lands by United States for public use.

$ 33. Territorial jurisdiction; limitations on. The sov reignty and jurisdiction of thi state extends to all places within its boundaries as established by the constitution, but the extent of such jurisdiction over places that have been or may be ceded to, purchased or condemned by the United States, is qualified by the terms of such cession, or the laws under which such purchase or condemnation has been or may be made. En. March 12, 1872. Boundary of state: Const. Cal., art. XXI, sec. 1.

Purchase or condemnation by United States: Post, sec. 34.

lic use.

$ 34. Purchase, etc., of lands by United States for pub

The legislature consents to the purchase or condemnation by the United States of any tract of land within the state for the purpose of erecting forts, magazines, arsenals,' dockyards, and other needful buildings, upon the express condition that all civil process issued from the courts of this state, and such criminal process as may issue under the authority of this state, against any person charged with crime, may be served and executed thereon in the same mode and manner and by the same officers as if the purchase or condemnation had not been ade. En. March 12, 1872.

Lighthouses—and other aids to navigation, submarine sites for: See Stats. 1874, p. 621.

CHAPTER III.

GENERAL RIGHTS OF THE STATE OVER PERSONS.

$ 37. Rights over persons enumerated.

$37. Rights over persons enumerated. The state has the following rights over persons within its limits, to be esercised in the cases and in the manner provided by law: 1. To punish for crime;

2. To imprison or confine for the protection of the pub. lic peace or health, or of individual life or safety;

3. To imprison or confine for the purpose of enforcing civil remedies;

4. To establish custody and restraint for the persons of idiots, lunatics, drunkards, and other persons of unsound mind;

5. To. establish custody and restraint of paupers for the purposes of their maintenance;

6. To establish custody and restraint of minors unprovided for by natural guardians, for the purposes of their education, reformation and maintenance;

7. To require services of persons, with or without compensation: In military duty; in jury duty; as witnesses; as town or village officers; in highway labor; in main. taining the public peace; in enforcing the service of process; in protecting life and property from fire, pestilence, wreck and flood; and in such other cases as are provided by statute. En. March 12, 1872.

Cal.Rep.Cit. 105, 508.

Declaration of rights of people: Const. Cal., art. I, secs, 1-24.

Police powers of state: Post, secs. 2949-3387.

CHAPTER IV. GENERAL RIGHTS OF THE STATE OVER PROPERTY. $ 40. Original and ultimate title. § 41. Property escheats, when.

42. Intruders on public lands of the state. § 43. Acquisition by taxation and assessment. $44.

By right of eminent domain.

40. Original and ultimate title. The original and ultimate right to all property, real and personal, within the limits of this state, is in the people thereof. En. March 12, 1872.

Ownership of property-by state: Civ. Code, secs. 669, 670.

Property escheats, when: Post, sec. 41.
Eminent domain: post, sec. 44.

8 41. Property escheats, when. All property, real and personal, within the limits of this state, which does not belong to any person, belongs to the people. Whenever the title to any property fails for want of heirs or next of kin, it reverts to the people. En. March 12, 1872.

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