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HEARINGS

BEFORE A

3. congress. She

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR
7

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-FIRST CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H. R. 3095

A BILL TO ESTABLISH A FEDERAL COMMISSION ON
SERVICES FOR THE PHYSICALLY HANDI-
CAPPED, TO DEFINE ITS DUTIES,

AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

HEARINGS HELD AT WASHINGTON, D. C.

JULY 12, 13, 14, AND 15, 1949

Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Lalwr

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COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

JOHN LESINSKI, Michigan, Chairman GRAHAM A. BARDEN, North Carolina SAMUEL K. MCCONNELL, JR., Pennsylvania AUGUSTINE B. KELLEY, Pennsylvania RALPH W. GWINN, New York ADAM C. POWELL, JR., New York

WALTER E. BREHM, Ohio JOHN S. WOOD, Georgia

WINT SMITH, Kansas JOHN F. KENNEDY, Massachusetts

CARROLL D. KEARNS, Pennsylvania WINGATE H. LUCAS, Texas

RICHARD M. NIXON, California CLEVELAND M. BAILEY, West Virginia THRUSTON BALLARD MORTON, Kentucky LEONARD IRVING, Missouri

THOMAS H. WERDEL, California
CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky

HAROLD H. VELDE, Illinois
CHARLES R. HOWELL, New Jersey
HUGO S. SIMS, South Carolina
ANDREW JACOBS, Indiana
THOMAS H. BURKE, Ohio
TOM STEED, Oklahoma
ROY W. WIER, Minnesota

JOSEPH KOSKI, Clerk
John S. FORSYTHE, General Counsel

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE FOR ESTABLISHING A FEDERAL COMMISSION FOR

PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED

AUGUSTINE B, KELLEY, Pennsylvania, Chairman ADAM C. POWELL, JR., New York

SAMUEL K. MCCONNELL, JR., Pennsylvania CLEVELAND M. BAILEY, West Virginia WINT SMITH, Kansas LEONARD IRVING, Missouri

RICHARD M. NIXON, California CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky

THOMAS H. WERDEL, California
ANDREW JACOBS, Indiana

HAROLD H. VELDE, Illinois
THOMAS H. BURKE, Ohio
ROY W. WIER, Minnesota

JOSEPH S. JAROSZ, Professional Staff

II

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78

State borrowing authority-

148

Statement or testimony of -

Allen, Col. Robert S., Washington, D. C.----

11

Archibald, A. L., executive director, National Federation of the Blind- 136

Arnett, Roger, vice president, American Federation of Physically

Handicapped ---

97

Barber, Hartman, general representative, Brotherhood of Railway and

Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers, Express and Station Em-

ployees, Washington, D. C., presenting statement of George M.

Harrison.-

115

Bartle, Dr. Harvey, Philadelphia, Pa.

117

Barrett, Paul s., president of National Rehabilitation Association -- 27

Belsley, G. Lyle, Commissioner for Special Services, Federal Security

Agency ---

68, 73

Berinstein, Benjamin, representing a group of members of the American

Foundation for the Physically Handicapped, Inc.--

17

Brown, Dr. Francis J., staff associate, American Council on Education. 127

Brown, Hon. Paul, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Georgia---

32

Burns, James J., Office of Vocational Rehabilitation.

69

Chester, E. P., director, Division of Rehabilitation, State of Con-

necticut

192

Dabelstein, Donald D., assistant director, Office of Vocational Re-
habilitation

69, 73
Davis, Hon. James C., a Representative in Congress from the State
of Georgia.----

133
Dunnigan, Mrs. Alice A., representative, Associated Negro Press ---- .56

Page

70

135

115

186

16

108

53
198

183

Statement or testimony of_Continued

Ellenbogen, Theodore, Federal Security Agency ---
Ewing, Hon. Oscar R., Federal Security Administrator, accompanied by

G. Lyle Belsley, Theodore Ellenbogen, James J. Burns, Donald Dabel-

stein and Louis Rives -

Fogarty, Hon. John E., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Rhode Island..
Harrison, George M., as presented by Hartman Barber, general repre-

sentative, Brotherhood of Railway and Steamship Clerks, Freight
Handlers, Express and Station Employees, Washington, D. C----

Hayes, Albert J., in*ernational president, International Association

of Machinists, delivered by Elmer Walker, vice president of the

Machinists' Union----

Hines, Lewis G., national legislative representative, American Fed-

eration of Labor---

Hudson, Holland, director, rehabilitation service, National Tubercu-

losis Association---

Irwin, Dr. Robert B., executive director, American Foundation for

the Blind ---

Johnson, Leroy, a Representative in Congress from the State of

California -

Johnson, W. D., vice president, Order of Railway Conductors of

America.

Kennedy, Hon. John F., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Massachusetts..

Kessler, Dr. Henry H., Newark, N. J.-

Lemke, Hon. William, a Representative in Congress from the State

of Norih Dakota --

Maas, Col. Melvin J., national president, Marine Corps Reserve Of-

ficers' Association---
Meyer, G. F., director, Commission for Blind, State of New Jersey--

Nolan, Howard F., president, Philadelphia Lodge 117, American Fed-

eration of the Physically Handicapped.---

Norton, Hon. Mary, a Representative in Congress from the State of

New Jersey

Pachler, William J., secretary-treasurer, Utility Workers Union of

America, C. I. O__

Pa'ton, James G., president, National Farmers' Union.-

Potter, Hon. Charles E., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Michigan.

Pullen, Thomas G., Jr., State superintendent of schools, Maryland..

Ramspeck, Hon. Robert, Washington, D. C------

Reedy, Corbett, supervisor, vocational rehabilitation, Commonwealth

of Virginia..

Sherer, P. G., president, States' Vocational Rehabilitation Council

Strachan, Paul A., president, American Federation of the Physically

Handicapped

Swope, Dr. Chester D., American Osteopathic Association..

Thompson, R. C., director of vocational rehabilitation, State of Mary-

land-

Van Zandt, Hon. James E., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Pennsylvania

Walker, Elmer, vice president, Machinists' Union, in behalf of Albert

J. Hayes, international president, International Association of

Machinists.

Wender, Harry S., general counsel, American Federation of the Physi-

cally Handicapped and American Foundation for the Physically

Handicapped--

Whitten, E. B., executive secretary, National Rehabilitation Asso-

93

42

ciation

Wickenden, Elizabeth, in behalf of American Public Welfare

Association

Statement of Principles of BRA--
Testimony. (See Statement or testimony.)
Toll of injuries.--
Wiley, Hon. A. S., excerpt from statement of..

192

28

143
100

FEDERAL COMMISSION FOR PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED

TUESDAY, JULY 12, 1949

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 10 a. m., Hon. Augustine B. Kelley (chairman) presiding

Mr. KELLEY. The committee will please be in order. The committee this morning begins hearings on H. R. 3095, to establish a Federal Commission on Services for the Physically Handicapped, to define its duties, and for other purposes. A copy of the bill will be made a part of the record at this point.

[H. R. 3095, 81 st Coug., 1st sess. ] A BILL To establish a Federal Commission on Services for the Physically Handicapped,

to define its duties, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there is hereby created and established an agency of the United States, to be known as the Federal Commission on Services for the Physically Handicapped, which shall administer the provisions of this Act, and all activities outlined under the following titles :

TITLE I-PURPOSES Sec. 101. The purposes of this Act, in furtherance of the general welfare of the United States, are (a) to provide for maximum extension of medical services, education and training, vocational guidance, and full employment opportunities to citizens handicapped by physical or mental disability; (b) to provide for a more effective coordination of the functions of the Federal Government relating to the rehabilitation and employment of the handicapped; (c) to establish a Federal Interagency Committee on Rehabilitation and Employment of Handicapped ; (d) to establish a National Commission on Employment of Handicapped, composed of organizations and individuals outside of Government, to encourage employment of handicapped; (e) to provide for cooperative enterprises for the handicapped; (f) to provide financial grants to handicapped who are totally and permanently disabled ; (g) to provide educational grants to handicapped who require home or special training; to establish the Federal Services to Handicapped Revolving Loan Fund, from which fund States may borrow money at such times as their own funds for vocational rehabilitation is exhausted, and to appropriate an initial sum of $10,000,000 for such revolving loan fund; (b) to establish a Division for Handicapped in the United States Civil Service Commission; (i) to promote puk ic-safety programs designed to eliminate and prevent conditions which tend to promote injuries and disease in public buildings, institutions, parks, and so forth; (j) to provide for reports on the handicapped from the United States Public Health Service, United States Bureau of Mines, United States Coast Guard, Interstate Commerce Commission, and Civil AeroTautics Administration, and other Federal agencies which may now receive, as a part of their functions, reports upon persons disabled through accidents or disease, and for other purposes.

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