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Educational Intelligence.

remarks:- The manner in which the pupils acquitted themselves was exceedingly creditable to themselves, and to their excellent and indefatigable

Teacher, Mr. Alexander Burdun. There was present a goodly vinber of CANADA

visitors who expressed their high satisfaction with the manner in which the

school appeared to have been conducted. Several prizes were awarded. Ilems.-Tho schoois in the city of Toronto have been declared

It is gratifying to find that our Grammar School still sustains iis high

character. We are glad also to learn, that the new edifice lately erecird free schools by the Board of School Trustees from the 1st instant. The

for its accominodation will soon be completed, and that then an assialant estimated expenses of elementary education in the city for 1851, is set down at

teacher will be employed for the English department.--The quarterly £2,00-£293 of which is to be set apart as the nucleus of a building fund. The plan is an excellent one.--In relation to the proposed new central

examinations of schools in various places are highly spoken of by the school in the city of Hamilton, the Spectator remarks, that, at a recent meel.

local papers. We sobjoin one or two: Woodstuck. The local supering of the Board of school trustees, plans were submiited by Messrs. Cum.

intendent says: “It may be satisfactory to know that the last quar. berland and Ridout for a central school-a majority of the board having

terly examinations of our common schools in this place showed the some time since decided upon adopting that system. The plan is chaste,

most satisfactory results. It was most gratisying to witness the pro

ficiency and progress of the children. I consider our schools, models in and ite building will have a fine appearance, although the strictest economy has been observed. The cost of the building, to accommodate 1,000 pupils,

everything, but in the important matter of school acconimodation, which is is estimated at £2,650. The board, by a vole of 6 to 2, decided upon the

certainly miserable in all the houses, except in the one occupied by Mr.

Izard. The examinations were continued through three half days. "The adoption of the plans; and the intention is to have the work under contract

teachers were present at and assisted in the examination of each others' immediately. A site in St. George's Ward has been chosent as the cheapest

schools ; several also of the more advanced pupils went from school to and best adapted for the purpose ; and it is hoped that some difficulties in

school to witness the examinations ; and at the close, on Tuesday, the the way of procuring that property will be overcome."--The school

teachers and several of the scholars, froin all schools, met and sang several trustees of Belleville have applied for a tax of £1,601 to be levied for the

pieces of music together. It was most pleasing to witness this harmoni purpose of building two common school houses. ---The town council of

among the youthful members of the community, and the example of the Brockville has appropriated £92) for the purchase of a site and the erection

leachers will no doubt tend power ully to foster and increase it." --Paisley of a superior common school brouse. ----Geo. Alexander, Esq., President

Block. The Guelph Advertiser states that, “On Friday laet, a public of the Teachers' Institute, Woodstock, has issued a circular to the

examination of the school conducted by Mr. W. Cowan, Paisley Block, teachers of common schools and others in the County of Oxford, urging

took place, and, we are glad to say, was attended by a considerable number upon them the importance of reachers' institutes. He announces that two

of the most respectable inhabitants of the peighbourhood. The Revg. J. or three days of the later part of this monih will be devoted to lectures on

G, Mctiregor and R. Torrance, assisted by the local superintendent, and different subjects, before the institute.--A school “convention” was

other parties, conducted the examination : which was very satisfactory in recently held at Port Rowan, of which a correspondent of the L. P Advocate

every depariment. After the examination, a handsome present, consisting obserres : “ The object appears to have been to ascertain, by a brief

of 18 volumes of books, the gift of the school trustees, and neighbouring examinarion, the present siate of schools in the township of Walsingham,

inhabitants, was presented to Mr. Cuwan by Mr. Kirkland, as a testimonial and to promote a general interest for education in that township. The

of the high esieem in which they bold Mr. Cowan's educational labours, scholars, composing no less than eight different schoule, with their respec

in the Sabbath, as well as the week day school. The whole of the proceedtive teachers and trustees, were present on the occasion. The house was

ings were of a very interesting characier. - The usual quarterly examinacrowded with spectators. The scholars were arranged in two divisions,

tion held in Oshawa, Niagara, Galt, West Dumfries, &c., &c., which are which recited alternately. The questions were answered promptly by the

reported, seem to have been highly interesting and productive of much scholars. Some of the classes distinguished themselves in the branches

good. The Norfolk Messenger speaks in the highest terms of the recent generally taught in the common schools, particularly arithmetic and algebra,

county examination of Teachers. It remarks, “The more we see of the es far as simple equations. After the conclusion of the examination, several

working of the system, the better satisfied do we become of its utility and appropriate addresses were delivered. --The Middlesex teachers' associ.

adaptation to the purposes of its organization. From its operation we look alion held its annual meeting at Lon-lon, on the 5th instant. Officers were

for the most beneticial ultimate results. Defecis it donbiless has, but de. appointed, and an address ordered to be prepared on the subject of the

fects which experience and reflection will speedily remove."-- Al an “ regulations authorized for the granting of certificates to teachers; and

open convocation of the Toronto University, Larratt W. Smith, B.C.L., the appointment of incompetent persons” as township superintendents.

was re-elected Pro-Vice-Chancellor-and George Crook alrank, M.A., was Examples of the best modes of teaching are to be given at the next meeting,

re-elected member of the Capui. un trie 5th of July. Ja urging a full attendance of teachers, one of ibeir number very properly remarks: “ Our legislators have done almost every. thing in their power for us. Money is most liberally granted. A Chief

NOVA SCOTIA Superintendent, active, efficient, and friendly to teachers, is continued in his A Bill for the establishment of a Normal School was passed in station. A Normal School, a provincial and a county board of public

committee of the house, on the 22nd olt., by a large majority ; but it was instruction, do all in their power for us, and for the good of the rising thrown out on tie 24th, on the plea that the expense would be too great! generation. Our school Act as a whole is not surpassed by any yet in A motion :o rescind the last vote was before the house. A bill repcaling operation in any county. What more can be done for us? If our collective

the graot ( £400 glerling per annum) to King's College, passed ihe House wisdom can suggest any realiinprovements to forward education, we may by 27 to 13, and was sent up to the Legislative Council.{Pikt. obtain a hearing, and doubtless our petitions due consideration. Is it pos. The Rev. Dr. Cramp, of Montreal, has accepted office of President of sible that we thus privileg d can let any opportunity of advancing in Acadia College ; and the charter of the college has been made perpetual. learning, pass unimproved? Les us unite io county and township associa. The annual grants for colleges and academies have been voted by the tions, for mutual improvement. Let us devote our whole idle time to self Assembly in committee of supply. The amounts are the same as last year, education, and put forth all our energies to teach those entrusted to our except to King's college, whose permanent grant of £400 sterling has been care. Let us read and digest the most approved works on theoretical and withdrawn, and £250 currency voted, as for other institutions in the practical reaching; and at all. cimes be open to receive instruction and province. acknowledge it, from whomsoever we can get it. It is high time to awaken out of leihargy. Let us march onward, or step aside and give place to more

BRITISH AND FOREIGN competent teachers. The country is being aroused to the importance of sound, liberal, and useful education, and if we cannot keep in the van, let

Ilems. The subscriptions in support of the Manchester and us fall into the rear."--Mi-s Haigh, formerly head female teacher at the

Salford new Educational scherpe exceed £7,000.- of the very poorest U. C. London Union School, having been obliged to desist from teaching,

classes in Liverpool, it is estimated there are under instruction in the owing to ill lealth, has been presented by her ex-pupils with a beautiful

charity schools of the town about 20,0:10.- The barristers, Me:Asrs. Tur. present of books, accompanied wiin an highly complimentary note.--At

ner, Bethell, Keating, and Kenyon, have give an opinion, on request from the quarteriy meeting of the Teachers' Association, Oshawa, a correspon

certain parlies in the University of Oxford, that the cominiosion of inquiry dent of the Reforiner states: "The attendance of teachers was grealer

is neither constitutional nor legal : that the memberk need not obey it; and than on any other occasion since the Institution was organized, and I may

that it cannot be supported by any authority of the Crown, either as visitor also say that we have never before succeeded in spending the time in exer

or under any prerogative, or other right. --- The Dublin papers announce cises so profitable, so interesting, and so thoroughly practical. Mr. Jobn

the constitution of the commission of inquiry into the University of Dublin ; ston delivered an able address on the duties of the Teachers, and the best

Archbishop Whately, Bishop Wilson, the Earl of Rose, Chief Justice way of performing them," &r.--In regard to the recent examination of Blackburne, Commissivger Longfield, of the Encumbered Estates Comthe county graınmar school at Beileville, a correspondent of the Intelligencer ! mission, and Mr. Cooper, of Mackree Castle. It is gratifying to notice

the interest taken in the subject of education by Her Majesty the Queen

UNITED STATES. and his Royal Highoess Prince Albert. Not only do they visit the schools in the Great Park at Windsor themselves, but they have the royal children

Ilems.--Philadelphia educates in her public schools 45,000 tak-! there also.- The Ragged Schools erected in Lambeth at the cost children at six dollars and forty-six cents each, yearly. The expense of of Mr. Beaufoy, as a monument to the memory of his wife, who lived a life the system in Massachusetts is about eight dollara per scholar. Jo Cincinof active good deeds amorg the poor, were opened on Wednesday, in the Dati, the expense is about fifteen dollars. In Balumore, fourteen dollars. presence of a large assembly over which Lord Ashley presided, and at / The late constitutional convention of Indiana has provided for the which many clergymen were present. The schools have cost £10,000, and organization of tree schools throughout the State,-thus recognizing and a sum of £ 1,000 has been invested by Mr. Beaufoy in perpetual trust to endorsing the great principle of the age in regard to education. The main aiu them in good repair. The building is of mode.n architecture, of board of national popular education is extending the sphere of its operations Iwo sivries, with extensive wings, and so arranged that ihe boys and girls thioughout the whole of the vast West. The society has now been in occupy opposite sides of the range : there is room for one ihousand children. operation four years, and during that period has sent 204 teachers into the --A valuable appointment is now vacant by the marriage of the late Western States and territories. Five female teachers have recently been warden of Dulwich College, and must be filled upon the 31st. By the curi. sent out to Oregon under the charge of Mr. Thurstoo, delegate in Congress ous statutes of ihis ancient foundation, no gentleman can hold the office from that territory. --The number of colleges in the United States is unless he bear the name of Alleyn, Alleyre, or Allen. John Disney, 121; and the number of students is about 11,000. In our 43 theological Esq., 10 whose munificence the university is indebied for the collection of seminaries, 22 law schools, and 45 medical schools, we have about 6,000 ancient marbles 'alely depos:ted in the Fitzwilliam Museum, and known by more young men. In Great Britain there are 60 colleges and 384 profes. the naine of "The Museum Disneiaum," offers to tranfer to the chancellor, sors. Oxford and Cambridge have 41 colleges and nearly 13,000 students, masters, and scholars of the University of Cambridge, £1,000, three per and in the other colleges, one-third inore-in all, making 17,000 training centum per annum Consolidated Bank Annuities, for the purpose of fourd in these schools. In the universities of Germany are 18,000 studenis; in ing and endowing a professorship of classical antiquities, to be called “The France, 12,000 students, 7,000 in Paris alone : 10,405 in the Spanish uniDisney Professorship of Archæology."—Henry Miller, Esq., a native of ver-ities, and in the European universities, are not far from 80,000.---The Scotland, and a retired London merchant, has presented £4,000 to the New number of theological schools in the United States is forty-two, viz:College of the Free Church of Scotland, as a fund for the erection of four Baptist, 10 ; Congregational, 5; Dutch Reformied, 2; Lutheran, 3; Methscholarships. — Sheriff" Alison, the Historian, has been inaugurated Lord odist, 1 ; Episcopalian, 8; Presbyterian, 11 ; Unitarian, 2. Toral, 42. Rector of the Glasgow University; and the Earl of Eglintoun has been Of the 120 colleges, there were in 1849 under the influence of the Episcoelected Lord Rector of Marischal College, Aberdeen.- The General palians, 10; of the Baptisis, 12; of the Methodists, 12 ; and of the Roman Assembly of the Church of Scotland at present support 119 schools in the Catholics, 13. The remainder were divided between the Congregationalisis Highlands and islands; afford aid to the teachers of 56 schools in various and the Presbyteriang.-- Rev. J. Blanchard, presideot of Knox college, parts of the Lowlands ; and maintain, with the assistance of Government; recently delivered a lecture in the house of representatives, at Springtield, Iwo Normal Schools in Edinburgh and Glasgow, by which upwards of 100 Illinois, in which he remarked that, notwithstanding all that has been done qualified teachers, male and female, are yearly sent forth. The number of in the States for popular education, the proportion of adults who could not children now under instruction in schools thus maintained or aided is 15,000. read or write was greater now than it was ten years ago, owing to the vast The whole ordinary annual revenue has not exceeded £5,200, leaving a influx of emigration. The last Thursday in February has long been deficiency of about £1,200. In the Highlands and islands it is believed observed in the United Stales by many churches, as a day of fasting and there are still 150 stations at which schools are required. ---Dr. Jacobi, prayer for the colleges and literary instirutions of the country. So important the celebrated professor of mathematics at the Berlin University, terminated is this season of special remembrance of our colleges regarded, that a cirhis long and distinguished career a few days ago.--M. Michelet, the his cular has beee issued this year, signed by the officers of thirty-three Amertorian, professor at the College of France, has been forbidden by the govero ican colleges, in every part of our country, and of various religious ment to continue his course of lectures on the philosophy of history or bis. denominations, calling the special attention of the churches to the subject. tory and morality.

Education in Michigan, 1850.-The expenditures for school Opening of the Owens College, Manchester.—The new colle

purposes during the year were $13,921,47. The number of children in the giate institution, founded in Manchester on the principle of the national

State, between four and eighteen years old, is 132,324, of whom 110,478 universities, out of funds provided by a munificent bequest made several

have attended school during the year. The amount paid to the University years ago by the late Mr. John Owens, to the amount of nearly £100,000

from the interest fund was $4,644.70. The students in the department of was opened on Thursday. The building selected (the will of Mr. Owens

arts and sciences were 64, and in the medical departments were more than giving no power to erect a building) was the spacious house in which Mr.

80. The Board of Educatiou have contracted for the erection of a suitable Cobdeo, M.P., formerly resided, in Quay street. The principal of the col.

edifice for the state normal school, for $15,000, of which $12,000 have lege is Professor A. J. Scott, late of the London University, who was pre.

been paid. The building will be completed and ready for the reception of vented from delivering his inaugural address by sudden illness, and ihe

pupils by the 1st March, 1352.-(N. Y. Com. Advertiser. session was opened yesterday morning by the delivery of a lecture introductory of a course of instruction in the languages and literature of ancient

The * Poor Boy's College."-At the recent meeting of VermonGreece and Rome, by Professor J. G. Greenwood, B. A., followed by one

ters in Boston, the Hon. Myron Lawrence stated some interesting facts on mathematics and physics, by Professor Archibald Sandeman, M. A. I

about Middlebury College. He said the little town of Cornwall, coprain. The other resident professors–Mr. Edward Frankland, Ph.D., who presides

ing only about 700 inhabitants, had educated some 70 young men. Among over the classes studying chemistry, and Mr. W.C. Williamson, M.R.C.S.,

them he mentioned Governor Slade, Senator Foote, President Lindsley, who takes the depariment of natural history, anatomy, and physiology

Prof. Post, two Professors Bingham, Professor Thompson, Judge Sampson, were also present. The teacher of French is M, Podevin, and of German,

Drs. Post and Matthews. He stated also that the father of Silas Wright M. Theodores. The principal of the college (who is also professor of logic

paid for the tuition of his son at this college by drawing wood into Middleand moral philosophy) it is expected, will now postpoile his inaugural

bury, driving the oxen himself, and that Silas used to walk iwo or three address for some weeks, if not till the opening of the next session. The

miles every day to his father's house, in order that he might thus be enabled public were admitted, on giving their names, to the introductory lectures

to obtain a liberal education.—[Ibid. on Thursday morning, and a great number of ladies and gentlemen pre Regents of the University, N. Y. Additional Ordinance respecting sented themselves. Among the gentlemen were Mr. J. Potter, (Mayor of

the Incorporation of Colleges.--On the 9th of January 1851, the following Manchester,) the Very Rev. Dr. Bowers (Dean of Manchester), Alderman

ordinance was adopted :--The Regents of the University of the State of Watkins, Alderman Shuttleworth, Mr. S. Fletcher, Dr. Hodgson, (Princi.

New York do hereby declare and ordain, that the first section of the ordi. pal of the Chorlion High School,) Rev. G. Osborn, (Wesleyan Minister),

nance respecting the incorporation of Colleges, passed May 21, 1836, with and Mr. Alexander Kay. There were about 18 or 20 youths present who

the additions thereto adopted January 10, 1350, is hereby amended so as to had already been admitied students.

read as follows:--When any application is or shall be made to the Regents Maynoolk College.—The fisth report of the visitors of Maynooth for the incorporation of a college under the 6th section of tlie act of the College, presented to Parliament, has just been published. The visita Legislature, passed the 5th day of April, 1813 entitled “An act relative to tion was made on the 12th of December last, when 500 students were in the university," the applicants will be required to gatisfy ihe Regents that attendance, and 11 absent from sickness. The oath of allegiance had been suitable buildings for the use of the college will be provided, and that taken by the students. The new buildings of the college comprise 215 funds to the amount of one hundred thousand dollars, with which it is rooms for students, togeiher with a library, seveo lecture-balls, a kitchen, intended to found and provide fo: such college, have been paid or secured refectory, and other accommodation, but these remain unprovided with the to be paid by valid subscriptions of responsible parties or otherwise. And most jodispensable fixtures ead furniture.

| in case the Regen:s shall approve said application, and the amount afores, id

Massachuselts Common Schools, extract from the Governor's Annual Address to the Legislature.-The wisdom of our ancestors is no where more apparent than in the early and permanent provision they made for public instruction ; and we may indulge the gratifying reflection, that their example has always been imitated, though not in a manner corresponding to the increased wealth ot later times. We have no rank among the large States of the Union, derived either from population or extent of territory; but the time can never come, when a million of well-educated people shall fail to exert influence in every part of this ocean-bound republic. You cannot expect to secure this desirable result by any other agency than the common school. Such appears to be the opinion of the people. In 1850, the several towns and cities raised, by taxation, $864,000 for the support of schools, being an increase of $34,000 over the appropriations of the preceding year. The total expenditures for educational purposes during the year 1850, were not less than $1,250,000. The school fund amounts to $986,000, and is limited by law to $1,000,000. When this tund shall have reached its maximum, its income, distributed among two hundred thousand children, will furnish only the inconsiderable sum of thirty cents towards the education of each. If it were possible, I would not advise such an addition as should relieve the towns from taxation, but it could not be dangerous to allow the fund to increase to one and-a-half or two millions of dollars. It should also be borne in mind, that she increase of population diminishes annually the capacity of the fund to furnish education to each child. I do, therefore, most respectfully recommend to your consideration an additional appropriation of the proceeds of the public lands to this object.

Deaf and Dumb.—The subject of providing and institution in Canada, for the education of the deaf and dumb, is agitated in some of the Canadian papers. The number of deaf mutes in that province is estimated at seven hundred and fifty.- (N. Y. Spectator,



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Ziterary and Scientific Xntelligence.

shall not be invested for the use of such college, either in bonds and mortgages on unincumbered lands within this state, worth at least double the amount so secured thereon; or in stocks of this state or the United States, at their market value at the time of investment, or in the bonds or certifi. cates of stocks legally issued by some incorporated city in this state, at the par value, or in any one or more of the securities above enumerated, a charter shall be gra, ted for the incorporation of such college, for a term of five years, with a condition or proviso there, that is within the said term of five years, the trustees of such college shall furnish to the Regents satisfac. tory evidence that they have invested for the use of said college funds amounting to not less than one hundred thousand dollars, in the manner hereinbefore mentioned, the charter so issued shall become permament.

Academies and Colleges of New York. -At a meeting of the Regents of the University, held at Albany, on Friday last, an annual report was made. Reports were received from eleven colleges, (two of them including the medical branches of the institutions.) The students in these are as follows :LITERARY COLLEGES.

MEDICAL COLLEGES. Columbia College, .............

113 ) College of Physicians and SurUnion College, ..........

250 geons, New York,.......... Hamilton College, ...... 151 Geneva Medical Institution,.. Geneva College, :::..

Univereity of the City of New University City of New York, 1151 York, .................. Madison University,.....

Albany Medical College, .... 92 St. John's College, ..........

68 | Medical Department UniverGenesee College, ...........

58 | sity of Buffalo, ............ 852 |

949 The total number reported in 1 The total number reported in

1850), was................... 948 1850, was, ................ 848 The whole number of academies at the date of the reports, subject to the visitation of the Regents, was 204. Of these, 7 had been incorporated since March 1, 1850, by the Regents, and 2 by the Legislature ; of these 196 had reported. The number of students for the term ending nearest to January 1, 1851, was 15,447, while at the same ir. 1850, it was 15,000. The whole number attending during the year had been 31,850, while that of 1850 was 28,941. The number claimed as classical students, or students in the higher branches of English education, or both, was 17,993. The total amount of fixed capital, in lots, buildings, libraries, philosophical apparatus, and in other property set apart for the support of the academies was $1,694,660; while that reported for 1850 was $1,606,964. The debts had, however, increased from $104,740, in 1850, to $169,718 in 1951.-IN. Y. Commercial Advertiser. New York State Expenditure for Education in 1850.Common schools, ....

.......... $165,000 Amount to be added to the capital of the school fund,.. 25,000 Academies, ..

25,000 Normal school, ...

10,000 Academies for instruction of common school teachers, 3,000 Report of the Massachusetts Board of Education, 1850.The fourteenth annual report of the Massachusetts Board of Education has been published. The school fund, on the first of December last, amounted to $958,921, 19, having been increased during the year by the sum of $74,580 45. Of this fund, the sum of $218,559 73 consists of land notes not productive, leaving the sum of $740,361 46 producti. e, and so invested as to yield $40,000 for distribution among the towns, for the support of the schools. In order to entitle towns to the benefits of this fund, it is neces. sary for them to raise a specified relative sum additional, and it appears that every town in the state, with the exception of five, has raised more than the required sum. The highest sum per scholar, raised by any town the last year was $10 52, and this was raised by Brookline, Boston stands second, having appropriated $9 81 for each child. The lowest on the list is Palmer, which raised only $1 43 for each child. The average sum actually raised for the education of each child in the commonwealth is $4 42. The aggregate amount raised in the state for the support of schools is $864,667 85, which added to the income of the surplus revenue, appropriated to schools ($8,714 67) makes the gross sum of $873,202 59. The number of children between 5 and 15 years, who attend school, is 193,232; under 5 years, 17,782; over fifteen years, 18,208. The number of public schools in the state is 3,878 ; male teachers 2,442; females, 5,925: scholars in summer, 176,344; in winter, 194,403. Average attendance in summer, 1:28,815 ; in winter, 149,609. Average length of schools, 7 months and 12 days. Average wages of male teachers, per month, $34 89; female do., $14 42. The number of incorporated academies in the state is 67, with an average of 3717 scholars. The number of incorporated academies, private schools, and schools kept to prolong public schools, is 845, with an average of 19,534 scholars. The aggregate paid for tuition in these schools is $271,241 92. The Secretary of the Board speaks in terms of warm encou. ragement and commendation of the Normal Schools and Teachers' Insti. tutes, as also do the Board, in their report. The state has expended during the year $11,078 in distribuing 2,718 copies of Webster', large Dictionary, and. 103 copies of Worcester's.

Items.-We understand that a new periodical is about to appear in Montreal, entitled the Provincial Journal of Literature, Science and Art-Reviews, Criticisms, and Belles Lettres.--We see by the Quebec papers, that the Societe Philharmonique Canadienne of that city lately held a grand concert, vocal and instrumental, at the residence of Mr. Trudelle, president of the society, where, among other songs, was sung the national anthem, the English words being very happily paraphrased as follows:

Terre, asile des preux,
O Dieu de nos aieux,

Et Comble de bonheur,
D'equire, de grandeur,
De gloire et de splendeur,

Victoria. -One paper only, is published in Egypt-at Cairo, in Arabic, - which appears in a small sheet, monthly, at four dollars a year. There are upwards of 200 manufactories of paper in France, employing 4,900 per. sons, and making 2,900,000 reams per year. The American Associa. tion for the Advancement of Science will hold their next annual meeting at Cincionati, in May next. The meeting of the British Association at Ipswich, is to commence on Wednesday, July 2nd, and extend over seven er eight days. President, Professor Airy, Astronomer Royal. There is no doubt, from the ; : resence of all the most distinguished scientific men throughout the world in England, during the ensuing summer, in conse. quence of the Great Exhibition, that this will be the most brilliant meeting the association ever had. A committee of English gentlemen has just been formed at Calcuita, under the title of the “Vernacular Translation Committee," whose object will be to promote the translation of standard works in general, literature by English writers into the vernacular language of India. In the foreign obituaries is chronicled the death of the venerable Ludwig Tieck, the associate of Schlegel in his translation of Shakespeare. This accomplished man died at Berlin, on the 13th March. He has done more to raise the character of English literature by making Shakespeare familiar to his German countrymen, than almost any man in our times. The celebrated Danish Naturalist, Oersted, died at Copenba. gen, on the 9th ult. - -The daughter of Godwin and Mary Worstoncraft, wife of Shelley, and authoress of Frankenstein, one of our last links with the literature of the first quarter of the century, died during last month. Mrs. Joanna Baillie, authoress of “ Plays on the Passions," and other works, died at Hampstead, in her 891h year. John Wesley Monetta, the historian of the valley of the Mississippi, died at his residence in Louisiana, on the 1st of March. George Thomson, the Correspondent of Burns, expired recently, at his residence in Leith Links, at the advaneed age of ninety-two. The National Institute of France has recently (Feb. 8th) filled 'wo vacancies, caused by death, in the division of Moral Sciences. The honors were conferred on Archbishop Whately, of Dublin, aud Francis Lieber, LL. D., a distinguished Professor in South Carolina



College. - The Giarnole di Roma of the 15th, continues to give accounts ing:-Four of the thirteen were discovered in Great Britain, four in Italy, of new discoveries made in the excavations now going on in the ancient | and five in Germany, by seven observers only-Mr. Hind and Prof. GaspaVia Appia. The works have now progressed as far as the fifth mile outside | ris having discovered three each, Dr. Olbers and Hencke two each, and the town. Beautiful fragments of Roman Architecture have been again Piazzi, Harding and Graham, one each. Metis, which was first seen by brought to light, Crowds of connoisseurs are constantly on the spot to Mr. Graham at Mr. Cooper's Observatory, Markree Castle, Ireland, is examine the relics daily brought to view. It is stated that some valuable believed to be the smallest of the thirteen, as when nearest it does not manuscripts relating to the early history of this continent, have been dis. appear brighter than a star of the eleventh magnitude, whilst Vesta appears covered lately in the library of the Dominican friars. Mr. Cass is endeavour. to the sixth. ing to have them obtained for his government. Those discovered, thus far,

LIST OF THE PLANETS BETWEEN MARS AND JUPITER. comprise 25 packages or volumes.--A pot of gold has been found, under


Discovered by

At neath the surface of the ground, in Leicester, by some workmen. The

1. Ceres. 1801, Jan. J. Piazzi. pot contained gold coins of the reign of George III, consisting of 78.

2. Pallas. 1802, March 28.


3 Juno.
1804, Sept. 1.


Lilienthal. pieces, half-guineas, amounting in value to £28.- A late traveller among 4. Vesta.

1807, March 29.


Bremen. the Ionian Isles says, the first thing he met at Athens was a Greek girl 5. Astraca. 1845, Dec. 8. Hencke. Drieser. selling " Morrison's Pills." -Tbe excavators at Fountain's Abbey have

6. Hebe. 1847, July 1. found 354 pieces of silver coins of the reigos of Philip and Mary, Queen

7. Irig.
1847, Aug. 13.

8. Flora.

1847, Oct. 18. Elizabeth, James I, and Charles I. They were concealed in one of the 9. Metis. 1848, April 25. Graham. Markree, C. Ire. arches. A subscription has been set on foot to raise a "Nineveh Fund," 10. Hygeia. 1849, April 12. Gasparis. Naplee. to enable Mr. Layard to prosecute his researches, the funds provided by the

11. Parthenope. 1850, May 13.

12. Victoria. British Goveromeat being exhausted. Prince Albert, the Earl of Elles.

1850, Sept. 13. Hind.


13. Egeria. 1850, Nov. 2. Gasparis. Naples. mere, and Sir J. Guest, have each subscribed £100. At the meeting of

The Statistics of the Press in Prussia and Bavaria.—The the Royal Geographical Society last week, information was communicated that the Rev. D. Livingstone, Missionary in South Africa, had found

following statistical account is given of the periodical press in Prussia :

Up to June of last year there existed within the Prussian monarchy 809 another large lake, about 200 miles north of Lake Ngami, for the discovery

periodical publications. Of newspapers there were 159 conservative and of which he received last year the second prize of the society. The new lake contains several large islands, and is connected by a rapid stream

ministerial ; 201 belonging to the opposition ; and 167 neutral or undecided.

Since the new law on the press, promulgated in June, 137 journals have called the Teoga, with Luke Ggami. At the date of the last advices, Mr.

ceased to exist, of which 15 were conservative, 98 opposition, and 24 Livingstone was still proceeding north ward. - Patents for Great Britain

neutral ; 9 conservative papers, 70 opposition, and 18 neutral, could not and Ireland have been taken out by Mr. Paine, of Worcester, United States,

give the pecuniary securities required by the new law; 12 opposition jourfor his invention of water gas. — The building of the British Museum is

nals perished by the withdrawal of the right to be sent through the post, now rapidly approaching towards completion, and the work men are at

and 28 were extinguished by want of subscribers. Of scientific, technical, present employed in putting up the railing in front of the court yard, and in

and literary periodicals, there were 282 in all. On an average there is io preparing the pediment for the reception of the figures destined to adorn it.

Prussia one periodical to every 20,186 inhabitants : bus in some districts The subject of the group for the pediment is, “ The Progress of Civiliza

the proportion is one to 90,935, and in one to 102,341. Jo Bavaria, there rion.” It has been executed in high relief by Sir R. Westmacoti.

are 53 political and 120 other periodicals, of which 17 are religious and 2 During the past year 163 gold, 1295 silver, and 2067 copper coins, making

devoted to education. a total of 3525, were added to the collection in the Briush Museum, parily by gift and partly by purchase. --The prizes awarded at the Great Exhi.

The French Library in 1850.--According to the Journal de bution will be distributed, it is understood, by the highest personage in the Libraire, the number of books, pamphlets, &c., of all kinds printed in realm. Among the curiosities of industry which will be displayed at France during the year 1950 was 7,2084 In Paris, 4,711 works were pubthe Great Exhibition will be a silver tea-kettle, manufactured out of a four lished ; in the departments 2,460, and in Algiers 37. Or the whole, 1,360 penny piece. The following inscription is displayed in the Crystal works and pamphlets were reprints or new editions ; 5,848 were new works, Palace :-“ Das rauchen wird nicht erlaabt.” “Il n'est pas permis de 6,611 were in French. 68 in provincial dialects, 53 in German, 61 in fumer." "Non e permesso di fumare.” “No es permittido fumer.” English, 2 in Arabic, 61 in Spanish, 83 in Greek, 9 jo Hebrew, 16 in • Nao he permittido fumer." "No smoking allowed."- Some idea of Italian, 165 in Latin, 14 in Polish, 16 in Portuguese, 4 in Roman, I in Rusthe extent of the Chrystal Palace may be formed from this one fact, that to sian, 2 in Turkish, 2 polyglott books. They comprised also 281 journals, walk round the tables on which the articles are to be exhibited, is equal, partly new and published during the year of 1850, of which 79 have been at least, to making a journey of twenty miles. The Emperor of Russial printed and have appeared in the departments, and 73 were lithographed has commissioned his agents to purchase every model at the Great Exhibi. pamphlets. 2,697 engravings and lithographs were published during the tion, which may be useful to Russian manufactures. The Emperor intends year; also, 122 geographical charts, 579 pieces of vocal musie, and 625 to spend 10,000,000 silver roubles in such purchases. - The Russian Go works of instrumental music in copper-plate and lithographed. vernment has decided that the thousandth anniversary of the foundation of Unique Collection. Among the recent advertisement in The the Russian Empire, which, according to the historians of that country,

Times is one of an entire column announcing for sale a very extensive and dates from the year 852, shall be celebrated next year with the greatest

matchless Collection, containing 31,000 Historical Manuscripts and Autopomp in all the cities and large towns of the European and Asiatic province

graph Letters, dated from 1473 to 1848, Henry VII, to Queen Victoria, of Russia.- lhe system of franking letters by means of stamps is being

Louis XI. to Prince Louis Napoleon, President Washington, U. S. to introduced into the post office of Poland and Russia. - A remarkable in.

President Polk; also the Kings, Queens, Princes, Rulers, and eminent stance of the divisibility of matter is seen in the dyeing of silk with cochi.

persons of twenty other nations, arranged alphabetically and illustrated neal: a drachm of which gives an intense color to a pound of silk, con

with their portraits, in more than 100 folio volumes and sections many of taining eight score threads to the ounce, each thread sevenly yards long,

the Commonwealth of England, the Revolurion of 1668, the Republic, the and the whole reaching about one hundred and four miles.

Consulate, and the Empire of France, the French and other Revolutions of Astronomical Discoveries. Professor Bond, of Harvard Univer

1848. There are papers, &c., of all the Presidents of the United States sity, has discovered what is supposed 10 be a third ring to the planer Saturn.

from George Washington--the MSS. being narratives of events, and the It is interior to the two other, and therefore its distance from the body of work of art remembrances of them ; and his 30 years research has forced Satura must be small. The eighth salallite to this planet was also disco.

the advertiser, being anxious to select two great men, of different nations, vered by the Board two years ago. The Academy of Sciences of Paris

as bis particular heroes, of pronounce for the immortal William Shakhas awarded the Lalande Medal to M. de Gasparis, for the discovery of speare, and the great unique Emperor Napoleon. There are 31,000 a planet yet unnamed, and has divided the astronomical prize for the pre autograph letters, notes, papers, or signatures of eminent persons of nearly sent year between that gentleman and Mr. Hind, of London, for the disco. all nations ; dated from the year 1473 to 1848. They are fixed by the very of the planets Parthenope and Victoria. Since the above was writ. edge opposite about ten thousand portraits and crests of the writers in more ten, the “planet yet unnamed" has received from M. Leverrier, at the than one hundred folio volumes and sections, averaging nearly 300 autograps request of Prof. Gasparis, the appellation of Egeria. It is the thirteenth and 100 portraits. Of the papers written or signed by the Emperor Napo. planet or asteroid now known to exist between Mars and Jupiler, nine of leon, his father, mother, his Empresses, his son, and the Kings, Queens, which were discovered in the course of the last five years, and three in six Princes, and Princesses, belonging to bis family, there is an unheard of months of 1850. The first of the thirteen was discovered on the first day of collection. These alone far exceed 1,000 of consecutive dates, from 1793 the last half century, and the thirteenth within a few weeks of its close. to 1819, and as the collector would like the collection to be kept entire, he As a correct list of the names of all these planets cannot yet be found in consents to accept £15,000 for it, (oue half the cost.) Two-thirds, or more, any work on Astronomy, or even in that recently published volume enti. of the amount may not, if so desired, be paid in casb ; an approved estate tled "The Discoveries of the Last Half Ceptury," we subjoin ibe follow. I would be taken.

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4. ACTS“ RELATING TO THK Poplic Scuools Of RHODE ISLAND, &c., 1847. 8vo,



pp. 52.

Tur LEGISLATIVE APPORTIONMENT OF THE Schoo1 FUND FOR 1851. - We had hoped to have been enabled, in this number, to announce the apportionment of the legislative school grant for 1851, 10 each county, township, city, town, and incorporated village in Upper Canada : but for the reasons stated in the departmental circular, published in the March number of this Journal, page 43, we have not been able to do so. The apportionment will, if posible, be notified in the number for next month, when the uecessary instruction relative to the basis of distribution to be adopted by local superintendents the current year, will be annoqnced. Answers to numerous inquiries of correspondents on this and kindred subjects will, therefore, be included in those instructions.

AGENTS FOR THIS JOURNAL IN THE EASTERN PROVINCES. -The Rev. ROBERT A. TEMPLE. of Richibucio, New Brooswick, and Jons W. SMITH, Esq., P. M., Amherst, Nova Scotia, have kindly consented 10 act as agents for the Journal of Education for their respective provinces.


And Municipal Officers' Assistant. By THOMAS S. SHENSTON,

Esq., J. P., Woodstock, 1851. 8vo., pp. 111, This publication present one of the mosis complete and adorably arranged synopsis of municipal acis and municipal duties ever published in Canada. The parliamentary "rules," on pages 97-99. together with the "forms” on pages 101-105, are invaluable to the members of the county and township municipilities; while the “tables." and ready reckoner," on pages 100-Ul, will save an immense deal of very tedious labour on the part of county and township clerks. This portion of the work would also be of great service to common school trustees, in enabling them to make out their rate bills easily and expeditiously. We cordially recommend it.





Svo., pp. 312. 12. REPORT OF THE STATE Supor Public Schools, NEW JERSEY, 1850. 8vo., pp. 113.


&c., 1848. Evo., pp. 48. 14. SECOND DITTO

DITTO, 1819. Evo., pp. 51. 15. THIRD DITTO


FITTO, 1950. Evo, pp. 43.



Hun. Henry D. King. 19. MESSAGE OF THE GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS, 1851. Bio., pp. 23.

P. H. Gegan, Esq. 30. MINUTES OF THE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL OF THE COUNTY or YORE, January, 1851. 4to. Pp. 18.

The County Clerk. 21. A PRIMARY ASTRONOMI. By Rev. Hiram Mattison, 1851, 12mo., pp. 169.


Recueil Mensuel. Paris, 1851. 4t0., pp. 16.


In Theory and Practice. National Series. pp. 386.

JOURNAL d’EDUCATION.-Cette feuille, publiee dans le HautCanada, remplit toujours habilement sa mission Toujours elle renferine quantité de matières très instructives et très intéressantes Ceux qui sont familliers avec la langue anglaise devraient se la procurer -Le Moniteur Canadien.

Le Journal d'Education du Haut-Canada nous parait bien remplir sa mission et nous pouvons le recommander vivement à ceux qui lisent l anglais et s'intéressent aux matières dont il traite. Le prix de l'abonnement n'est que 5 chelins par année.-Le Semeur Canadien

Speciul Acknowledgments on behalf of the Journal of Education.

From the Clerk of the County of Peterboro', 421 12s. Cd.; Clerk, County of Carleton, £21 Ils. 30. ; Clerk, County of Norfolk, 3 1js. Od. ; County Clerk, Sandwich, £1 5s. Od.; Y, W. Nash. Esq., £1 158. Od.; Clerk, Township of Waterloo, 12 10s Od ; J. W. Sunith, Esq., Ainherst, Nova Scotia, £1 Os, vd.; Rev. R. A. Teinple, Richibucio, N. B.; £2 10s. 00.; Clerk, Township of Osnalruck, £3 15s. Ud.: Clerk, Township of Woolwich, £I 10s. Od.: Board of Trustees, Hamilton, £3; Board of Trustees, Prescott, £1; A. Macdonnell, Esq., £I; Rev. T. J. Hodskin, £1 158. Od.: Rev. J. Porieous, £1; Mrs.' J. L. Biggar, f1 5s. Cd. ; D. P. Macdonald, Esq., £1 13s.; Rev. J. Baird, £1 138.; Benj. Hayter, Esq., R. N., $1 13s.


The First Reading Book. 33 sheets. Authorised by the Council of Public Instruction for Upper Canada, and published by BREWER, McPHAIL & Cu.

The character of these publications is already firmly established: The only objections we have heard urged against them is the frail nature of the binding. This complaini having been forinally laid before the Council of Public Instruction, a letter was addressed to tha publishers on the subject. The reply cannot but be sa isfactory. It is as follows:-

“We received your comnunication of the 9th instant, containing a copy of a letter from a gentleman, asking to be surn plaints made in said letter, in order to lay them before the Council. We have now the honour of complying with the request.

" The first complaint inade, is, that the binding of the National Books is so frail that they literally drop to pieces with a few months use.'

"There are five or six houses in Canada publishing the National Scries, and we believe, or rather have heard, that somnc editions are exported from the United States. Our editions being in general circulation, to supersede them the prices were lowered by other publisaers ; in order therefore to keep our works in circulation, we were compelled to sell them at the reduced raing, consequently the books could not be as well bound as if a better remuneration could be obtained. This is the first complaint of that nature we bave had. We lind cur school looks as firm and as strong as the competing price will admit of. Il persons will have chcáp books, they must not expect the same quality as those for which a fair price is paid. We do not know, however, nor does the coinplainant state, shat the hundreds of looks were of our publication ; they might have been of any of the five other publishers. We sell large quantities of our publications in sheets to various persons in Canada, who bind tbein therpselves; thus, you will perceive, whilst there are so many publishing and binding, we cannot he held generally responsible.

** We regret that it should be necessary to complain of our works, if they are at fault in this respect; and we do not know how otherwise to meet the wishes of your correspondent, than to have a quantity of cach of the National Books bound in a superior manner for the use of the schouls. We will do so. The price of course will be more than the present rates, and vet they will be wishin the litnits fixed by the Council. Should therefore your correspondent or others desire strongly bound books, we will supply then..

* Complaint second is directed particulariy to our publication, and it is in regard to errors and misprints' in the sinall Arithmetic. This appears to be the case, yet our copy is au exact transcript of the Dublin edition, word for word, figure for figure. We have before us the Irish edition; we find the questions the same as in ours--the answers also. We turn to the Irish Key, and we find the answers given in it to correspond with those produced from the questions, as in the Arichinctic. We find the answers given by vour correspondent to be correct, yet differing from those given in the Key. The errors and misprints' have crept into the Dublin edition : ours, being an exact copy, has the the same. A gentleman who has worked through the whole book intends handing us, this morning, a corrected copy. We will have all the errors brought before our notice reinoved ; and we trust that future editions will be satisfactory in this and in every other respect."

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8. d. A Treatise on Arithmetic in Theory and Practice. Price, per doz., 23 6 Sequel 10 2nd Book of Lessons, por doz., ....... .......... 6 0 "THE Subscribers keep constantly on band a large supply of the

e authorised editions of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, Ath, and 5th Book of Lessons : ist Arithmetic, Lennie's, Kirkhani's, and National Grammars ; Morse's Geography, &c. Io BREWER, McPHAIL, & Co.,

46, King Street, East, Toronto: April 24, 1851.

Official Documents RECEIVED. - We have to acknowledge the receipt of the following Official Reports and Documents at the Education Office :-1. REPORT ON THE SCHOOLS OF Nova Scotia, 1850. 8vo. pp. 123. By the Superintendent of Education,


Rev. Dr. B. Scars. 3. AN ACT TO Arti INT, ESTOURAGE, AND ESSURE THE FORMATION, &c., or Pueuc LIPRA!! ! MASSACDUSETTS, 1831. OVO., pp. 3.

* John 11. Wright, Long

TORONTO : Printed and Published by THOMAS Hugu Bentley. TERMS : For a single copy, 56. per annum ; not less than & copies, 4s. 4:. each, or 67 for the 8; not less than 12 copies, 48. 24. each, or $10 for the 12 ; 20 copies and upwaris, 38, 9d. each. Back Vols. neatly stitched supplied on the same terms. All subscriptions to coinmence with the January nuinber, and payment in advance must in all enses accompany the order. Single Dumbers, 7 d. each. . All coinmunications to be addressed to Mr.J. GEORGE HORQINB,

Education Ofce, Toronto.

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