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Miss Harrison, one of the teachers of the female department, who
had been for some days indispored, was seized with paralysis of the LINES BY MILTON IN HIS OLD AGE.
tongue, and a call for water was raised by some of the children
near her. The cry for “ water" seems to have given rise to the This sublime and affecting production was but lately discovered among the remains of our great epic poet,-and is published in the recent Oxford
idea that something had caught fire, and this alarm spread so raedition of Milton's Works.
pidly that before any preventive measures could be taken, the main
body of the scholars rushed toward the door, and a scene of indeI am old and bliad ! Men point at me as smitten by God's frown ;
scribable confusion and horror succeeded. This department was Afflicied and deserted of my kind;
in the third story, its elevation from the flagged floor being about Yet I am not cast down.
thirty feet. In the rush some children were forced over the bannisI am weak, yet strong;
ters of the staircase, and folling upon the flags below, were mangled I nurmur not that I no longer see ;
and instantly killed. The panic spread also through the other dePoor, old, and helpless, I the inore belony, t'ather Supreme ! tu Thee.
partments of the school, including the male department on the fourtb
floor, and under this augmented pressure the ballustrades from the O merciful One!
foot to a point above the second story gave way or were forced out, When men are farthest, then Thou art most near. When friends pass by, my weakness shun,
and the children as they eagerly rushed forward were instantly preI hy chariot I hear.
cipitated into the well of the staircase, the uppermost smothering
or suffocating those who lay beneath. Before the current could be Thy glorious face Is leaning towards me ; and its holy light
arrested, the well was filled with the bodies of children to the depth Shines in upon my lonely dwelling place,
of about eight feet. At this juncture the alarm reached the Ninth And there is no more night.
Ward station house, the fire-bell was rung, and a detachment of the On my bended knee
police hurried to the scene. Here a new difficulty presented itsell. I recognise Thy purpose, elearly shown:
The afternoon session of the school having commenced, the maio
outer doors, which open upon the foot of the stairs had been closed.
Against these the affrighted children were wedged in masses, and I have naaght to fear:
as the doors open inward it was some time before relief could be This darkness is the shadow of Thy wing; Beneath it I am almost sacred, here
given them. The police fortunately effected an entrance by a rear Can come no evil thiog.
door, but for which timely help probably many more of the children
would have been suffocated.
Much commendation is due to the teachers for their presence of
mind. Miss McFarland, one of the assistants in the primary departWuch eye hath never seen.
ment, finding the children of her department becoming alarmed, Visions come and go;
placed herself in the doorway, and exerted her utmost strength to Shapes of resplendent beauty round me throng;
arrest them as they endeavoured to rush from the room, and although From angel lips I seem to hear the flow
several times thrown down and trampled upon, she still persisted in Of soft and holy song.
her efforts, until finally she was so much injured as to be compelled It is nothing now,
to relinquish the post. So impetuous was the rush, however, thal When heaven is opening on my sightless-eysWhen airs from paradise refresh my brow
five of the teachers were forced over the bannisters and fell with the The earth in darkness lies.
children into the well. The sterner discipline exercised over the in a purer clime
boys' departments prevented them generally from joining in the My being fills with rapture-waves of thought
rush. Only three of the pupils in the upper male department were Roll in upon my spirit-strains sublime
among the killed. Some of the boys jumped out of the windows, Break over me unsought.
and one of them had his neck broken by the fall. There were Give me now me lyre!
altogether in the building 1233 boys and 600 girls. Hundreds on I feel the stirrings of a gift divine,
hundreds went over the stairs, until there was a pile of human Within my bosom glows unearthly fire Lit by no skill of mine.
beings—a mass of children-eight feet square and about twelve
feet in height. The police soon took possession of the premises, THE LATE FEARFUL ACCIDENT AT THE NINTH and commenced handing ont the children from their perilous posiWARD SCHOOL, CITY OF NEW YORK.
tion. Those that were on top were but slightly injured, but as
soon as these had been removed, the most heart-rending spectacle The following sad history of this melancholy occurrence, we
presented itself. Some among the policemen were fathers, whose have compiled from the extended accounts in the local papers own children were there. They worked manfully, and body after of the accident itself, and of the protracted investigation of body was taken out; many of them lifeless at first, came to when the Coroner's Inquest on the bodies of the forty-two innocent
they once more breathed the fresh air, but many were beyond aid,
and death was too plainly marked upon their pallid features. Some sufferers. The verdict of the Jury with its accompanying memo
were injured by the fall, and lay writhing in agony ; some moaned randum is worthy of the careful attention of all parties engaged in
wbile others shrieked with pain, and others, again, when released the construction of school-houses and other public buildings :-One started off for home, apparently unconscious of the awful scene of the most distressing calamities that ever visited this city, occur through which they had passed. The bodies of the dead and red yesterday afternoon, between 2 and 3 o'clock, at the Ward wounded were mostly taken to the ninth ward station house, which school-house No. 26, in Greenwich Avenue. We were upon the is near the school. In a few minutes news of the accident spread spot a short time after the accident occurred, but cannot convey to | through the neighbourhood, and mothers came rushing to the scene the reader any adequate conception of the excitement and anguish by scores. Occasionally a mother would recognize the lifeless form and desolation of the heart-rending scene. Nearly fifty children of a child as it was lifted from the mass, and then the piercing cry were killed, and forty-nine were more or legs severely wounded. of agony that would rend the air. One after another the bodies The school-house is a large, five story, brick building, the buse of the dead were removed ; and at length litters were provided, and ment being level with the street, and forming in fact the flagged the wounded were carried away also. Nearly one hundred families playground for the children, the building being so constructed that either mourned the loss of children or watched anxiously over the the children can play either in the open yard, or run for shelter forms of the wounded. underneath the school-house. The four floors above are reached Verdict of the Jury.—The investigation into the cause of the by a winding, or what is technically called a “well" staircase, the fatal accident, occupied the attention of a Special Jury for several bottom of the well or terminus of the staircase being upon the flag days, and on the last day the jury retired at about half past five ged floor of the basement, and about ten feet square in extent. It | o'clock, and at nine o'clock they agreed on the following verdict: was by precipitation into this well that so many of the children The jury unanimously concur in the opinion that the cause of were killed, many of them by suffocation alone.
death in the cases of -(here the names are recited)-- was suffoca. tion conjoined with external and internal injuries, produced by culpable indifference and carelessness to a proper performance of the falling down the front and rear stairway of ward school building, work. And that all concerned, the original contractors, master, known as number twenty-six, situated in Greenwich avenue, that and those having in charge the supervision of the work are alike said children deceased, with others at that time in the said school responsible for the imperfection of the work of these stairways. building, became suddenly alarmed, first occasioned by & slight That all who perished at that disaster, came to their deaths from the paralysis of the principal of the female department of said school, giving way of this newel, and the consequent breaking of the baMiss Abby Harrison. A sudden and almost instantaneous panic, lusters, we do not believe. That many would have suffocated, as was produced by the impression that the building was on fire, took the case with several on the rear stairway, is unquestionably true. possession of the entire school, causing a universal rushing of the Yet it is also true, that very many who would otherwise have children to escape from the building, rendering it utterly unavail escaped, perished from this cause. But in immediate connection ing for the the teachers, by any agency or means in their power, with this was the fact that the outer doors leading to the street, to quiet the aların, or to stay the children from their attempts to were so hung as to swing “inward," and, unfortunately, the doors emerge from the building, and that the teachers of said school, and opposite these, leading to the play-ground under the building, were each of them, are blameless concerning the casualty, and are in no both closed, and but for the fortunate circumstance that the northerly way responsible for the deaths or injuries occasioned by the disaster. half of the middle outer door was at the time open, multitudes more
To this verdict was offered a statement, of which we subjoin the would undoubtedly havs perished. To this evil perhaps, more than substance.
the stairway, is attributable the great number of lives sacrificed. In presenting this verdict, the undersigned feel it incumbent upon The jury in this connection regret that they were prevented, by the them, as well from public expectation as from an imperative sense ruling of the acting ooroner, from introducing certain evidence, and of the duty they have to discharge, to present as briefly as possible instituting inquiries as to certain branches of the investigation, some of the reasons more remotely connected with this catastrophe, which they deemed of importance to the issue. that all pertaining to, or connected with it, may be perfectly under In conclusion, we urge upon the public authorities and all conslood and known. We report first, that no ground of complaint cerned, having charge of public school buildings, that where such can, by any just construction of the testimony, be alleged against is not already the case, they provide separate stairways for each of the teachers of the school. All, at the time of the alarm were at the departments of our public schools, and that in every case the their posts, and all devotedly engaged in the duties severally doors opening from these entrances be so hung as to swing outassigned them. There was no lack of prudence, of self-possession, ward. We would also recommend, that hereafter no public school or well-directed effort, to command order. It would be invidious to building to be constructed should exceed three stories in height, mention names, and where all, without exception, showed them and that they contain capacious inclosed fire-proof stairways for selves to have exerted every energy to save harmless the little ones each department of the school. entrusted to their charge, we feel it but an act of simple We also recommend that hereafter our school buildings be conjustice to award to them universally meritorious praise and com structed with a view to a limited number of children--not in the mendation. The next point in order, and that which naturally furthest to exceed one thousand scholars. This, we believe, would presents itself, and to which much care has been given, is, as to be productive of the moral and physical improvement of scholars in the responsibility of the officers of the school. To them belongs | a much greater ratio than the increase of expense from multiplying the duty to provide suitable buildings, school apparatus, and teachers. building and increasing expense for building sites. We would To the latter of these, viz : the teachers, we have already said further, and lasly recommend the passage of a law appointing a there was no blame. With the benches, desks, and other school board of commissioners, to consist of practical and experienced apparatus, there is no fault to find. Concerning the building, the mechanics, to whom all plans for public buildings must be submost reliable testimony that could be obtained has proved that the mitted for approval, and under whose supervision such building main structure is good ; that it is abundantly strong and secure for must be constructed. [A notice of the improvements introduced the purposes designed and used.
into this building, since the accident, will be given in the next num. But of the design and structure of the stairways, the facilities of ber of this Journal.] ingress to the building, the opinion is as unanimous and decided Proceedings of the City Corporation. The subject engaged the that they deserve universal condemnation. The form of a stairway anxious attention of the City Council and various plans for the relief being four square, with steps on either side, starting with winders of the suffering parents were discussed. Finally the subjeot was left at every angle, thus continuing to the top of the building, leaving with a special committee. A resolution was adopted, requiring the a well hole in the centre. The spiral form and low rails, even committee to report the form of an act that shall make it obligatory though safely constructed, cannot be commended as the most con on all persons having charge of public buildings, such as public venient, or by any means safe. All who testified upon this point, school-houses, theatres, and halls used for the assemblage of large save one, concurred in this opinion. The most trivial occurrence numbers of persons at a timo, to have the buildings 80 constructed might cause a child to lose his balance whilst reclining against this and arranged as to prevent, under any circumstances, casualties rail, and precipitate him, if at the top, a distance of fifty feet to a like that at the school-house in the Ninth Ward, on the 20th inst., stone flagging below, which must inevitably produce death. Such and that the same be sent to the Legislature with a petition for its was the structure of the front stairway in this school, and such passage. were the exposures of the children who used it. It is not enough FOUNDATION AND SOURCE or NATIONAL GRBATNESS. — The' to say that accidents of this kind never before occurred, or that celebrated Dr ToCQUEVILLB in the following paragraph clearly resimilar structures exist in other buildings, and that therefore there is veals the cause of American success and intelligence :--It is by the no cause to condemn them.
attention it pays to public education, that the original character of The undersigned are united in opinion as to their insecurity, and American civilisation is placed in its clearest light. Schools were do, therefore, most unqualifiedly condemn them. We say this, established by law in every township, obliging the inhabitants, however, in no spirit of censure of the intentions of those who under pain of heavy fines, to support them. Schools of a superior derigned them. It was most unquestionably thought by them to be kind, were founded in the same manner as in the more populous the most available mode of construction. It is in proof that the districts. The municipal authorities were bound to enforce the plans were submitted to the entire board of school officers of the sending of children to school by their parents ; they were emward; and subsequently to the Board of Education, who approved powered to inflict those fines upon all who refused compliance ; and them, and made an appropriation of 815,000 to erect the building. in case of continued resistance, society assumed the place of the We would be understood, then, not as condeinning the good inten parent, and deprived the father of those natural rights which he tions or honest purpose of those designing this work, but the design used to so bad a purpose. At this very time in the year 1650), itself, the structure as it left the hands of the master mechanics, those principles which were scorned or unknown by the nations of we do in the most unqualified terms, pronounce to have been Europe, were proclaimed in the deserts of the New World, and unsuited to the purposes designed, bad in their arrangement, at all were accepted as the future creed of a great people. The boldest times insecure and dangerous, and never properly and thoroughly theories of the human reason were put into practice by a commusecured by the builder.
nity so humble, that not a statesman condescended to attend to it, Whatever may have been the good intentions of the builder of l and a legislation without a precedent was produced off hand by the this stairway, it is clear that there was great negligence, if not inagroalion of the citizens.
JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.
The same section of the Act also requires, " that a correct copy of the proceedings of every annual school section meeting, signed by
the Chairman and Secretary, shall be forth with transmitted by the TORONTO, DECEMBER, 1851.
Secretary to the Local Superintendent of Schools."
5. In the event of a vote being objected to, the 7th section of
the Act provides, “ That any person offering to vote at an annual ELECTION OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES, RECEIVING OF
or other school section meeting, shall be challenged as unqualified THEIR ANNUAL REPORTS AND EXAMINATION OF THEIR ACCOUNTS,
by any legal voter in such section, the Chairman presiding at such THOUGHOUT UÞPER CANADA, ON WEDNÉSDAY, 14TH JANUARY, 1852.
meeting shall require the person so offering to make the following The second section of the School Act requires, " That the Annual declaration; ‘I do declare and affirm that I am a freeholder (or Meetings for the Election of School Trustees shall be held in all the householder] in this school section, and that I am legally qualified Villages, Towns, Cities, and Townships of Upper Canada, on the
to vote at this meeting. And every person making such a decla
ration, shall be permitted to vote on all questions proposed at such SECOND WEDNESDAY in January, in each year, commencing AT THE
meeting; but if any person thus challenged shall refuse to make HOUR OF TEN O'CLOCK IN THE FORENOON.”
such a declaration, his vote shall be rejected.” The Act then renAs the proceedings of these Annual School Meetings are of great ders any person liable to fine and imprisonment who shall be conimportance to the interests of Schools and the promotion of educa victed of having wilfully made a false declaration as to his right to tion, we will offer some directions and remarks respecting them.
vote at such meeting.
6. With these references and explanations, we think there can be 1. By the 12th clause of the 12th section of the Act, it is the
no doubt on the part of any one, as to the organization and mode duty of the TRUSTEES of each School Section “ To appoint the place
of proceeding at an annual school meeting. It remains then for of each annual school meeting, and to cause notices to be posted the electors to discharge the three important duties which the Act up in at least three public places of such section, at least six days imposes. The first relates to the financial report of the Trustees;
the second to the election of one or more Trustees; the third to before the time of holding such meeting."
the manner of providing for the support of their school during the 2. It is not necessary that the Trustees should specify any of the
year. objects of the annual school meeting, as they are enumerated and (1) The meeting is to receive and decide upon the report of the prescribed by the Act. The following are the several clauses of the Trustees for the past year. The 18th clause of the 12th section of 6th section of the Act relative to the duties of each annual school
the Act requires the Trustees “ to cause to be prepared and read at
the annual meeting of their section, their annual school report for meeting:
the year then terminating, which report shall include among other " VI. And be it enacted, That at every annual school section
things prescribed by law, a full and detailed account of the receipts meeting in any Township, as authorized and required to be held by and expenditures of all school moneys received and expended in the second section of this Act, it shall be the duty of the freehol- behalf of such section, for any purpose whatever, during such year; ders or bouseholders of such section, present at such meeting, or a and if such amount shall not be satisfactory to a majority of the majority of them,
freeholders or householders present at such meeting, then a majority “Firstly. To elect & Chairman and Secretary, who shall per of said freeholders or householders shall appoint one person. form the duties required of the Chairman and Secretary, by the
and the Trustees shall appoint another; and the arbitrators thus fifth section of this Act...
appointed shall examine said amount, and their decision respect“ Secondly. To receive and decide upon the report of the Trus
ing it shall be final; or if the two arbitators thus appointed tees, as authorized and provided for by the eighteenth clause of the
shall not be able to agree, they shall select a third, and the twelfth section of this Act.
decision of the majority of the arbitrators so chosen shall be • Thirdly. To elect one or more persons as Trustee or Trustees,
final.” This provision of the Act affords Trustees an opportunity of to fill np the vacancy or vacancies in the Trustee Corporation, ac
publicly refuting any imputations which may have been cast upon cording to law : Provided always, that no Teacher in such section them from any quarter as to their expenditure of school moneys; shall hold the office of School Trustee.
it also secures to the tax payers in each school section a public “ Fourthly. To decide upon the manner jo which the salary of annual account of the school moneys of their section. They have, the Teacher or Teachers, and all the expenses connected with the
therefore, the satisfaction of knowing that whatever may be the operations of the School or Schools, shall be provided for."
amount of school moneys which they have raised, such moness 3. It will be observed that the majority of the freeholders or
will be expended in their own section, by men of their own election, householders present at an annual meeting have a right to elect
and accounted for to them at the end of the year. We are not
aware of a provision for so prompt and satisfactory a mode of acwhom they please to be Chairman and Secretary, without any restric
counting for school moneys to school constituencies existing in any tion or exception; and however few electors there may be present at other country. any such meeting, (if no more than three) they have authority to do (2) The second important duty of an annual school meeting is all that could be done by one hundred electors. The lawfulness of " To elect one or more persons as Trustee or Trustees, to fill up the the proceedings of any such meeting is not in the least degree
vacancy or vacancies in the Trustee Corporation, according to law:
Provided that no Teacher in such section shall hold the office of affected by the smallness of the number of school electors present,
School Trustee." It will be observed from this clause of the Act, any more than the lawfulness of the election of a member of Par- that the electors at a school meeting can elect whom they please liament would be affected by the smallness of the number of his (except a Teacher in their section) as Trustee or Trustees, whether constituents who had voted at his election, provided he had the
rich or poor, resident or non-resident. The 5th section of the Act
having specified the order of the retirement of Trustees from office, majority of those who did vote. All electors have a right to attend
there can be no misunderstanding or doubt on this subject in ordiand vote if they please; if they do not do so, they have no reason
nary cases. But questions have arisen as to the order of the retire to complain, and are justly bound by the acts of those who didt ment of Trustees elected at the same time, not in a new section, but attend and vote.
in sections already established, in cases where one Trustee has been 4. The 5th section of the Act requires that “the CHAIRMAN of
chosen to fill a vacancy occasioned by the retirement of a Trustee
after his three years' service, and another has been chosen to fill a such meeting shall decide all questions of order, subject to an appeal
vacancy by death, removal, or resignation. The doubt will be to the meeting, and shall give the casting vote in case of an equality removed, when it is recollected that a person elected in the place of votes, and shall have no vote except as Chairman, and shall take of a Trustee who had died, removed from the neighbourhood, or the votes in such manner as shall be desired by the majority of the resigned, as authorised by the 8th section of the Act, remains in pectors present, and shall at the request of any two electors, grant office, not three years, but so long as the person in whose place he a poll for recording the names of the electors by the Secretary." | has been elected would have remained in office had he lived, or *0€ removed or resigned. Thus is the barmonious working of the prin THE ANNUAL SCHOOL ELECTIONS IN Cities, Towns AND ciple of the triennial succession of Trustees secured. We will not | INCORPORATED VILLAGES take place on Wednesday, the 14th repeat here what has been said heretofore, as to the vast import January-one Trustee to be chosen in each Ward of a City or ance of electing the most devoted friend of youth and the most judi Town, and two Trustees in each Incorporated Village. All - taxcious promoter of education in each section, as School Trustee for able inhabitants" have a right to vote. The election in each ward the next three years, comiencing the 14th January, 1852. There shall be held at the place where the last municipal election was can be no doubt that the duties of School Trustee are much more 'held for such ward, and under the direction of the same returning important than those of a Township Councillor, and not second to officer, or, in his default, of such person as the electors present shall those of a member of the Legislature. We pray every school choose; and such election shall be conducted in the same manner elector to think of this, and in behalf of his children, the children of as an ordinary municipal election in each ward of such city or his neighbours, and his country in all time to come, to vote for the town." The notice of the election in each ward is to be given by best men as School Trustees.
the Board of Trustees in each city or town. See. 22nd and 23rd (3) The last important duty of each annual school meeting is sections of the Act and 9th clause of the 24th section. The school to decide upon the manner in which the salary of the Teacher or elections in each incorporated village are conducted in the same Teachers, and all the expenses connected with the operations of the manner as the school elections of wards in cities and towns. See School or Schools, shall be provided for." It will be observed by 25th and 26th sections of the School Act. this clause, that the amount of the Teacher's salary and of other expenses of the school is not to be determined at the school meeting; NOTICE TO LOCAL SưPERINTENDENTS AND BORDS or Tresthe amount of all such expenses (as required by the 4th and 5th TEES.-Blauk Annual School Reports, both for local Superintendclauses of the 12th section of the Act) is to be decided by the Trus ents and Trustees, having some time since been sent by mail from tees—the elected representatives of the section. Indeed the question this Department, local Superintendents and Boards of Trustees in of the precise amount of expense can seldom be decided upon by a
Cities, Towns and Incoporated Villages are requested to prepare public meeting in regard to any undertaking whatever. It is not
and transmit their reports as early as possible, so that the Annual so decided in any of the public works of Government, of Munici General Report of the Chief Superintendent may be prepared and pal Councils, of Road Companies, &c. And the expenses attend laid before the Governor General and the Legislature at the coming the operations of a school are so contingent, that it would be as mencement of the next Session, and be printed at an earlier period impracticable as it would be injurious to attempt the discussion and
of the year than heretofore. disposal of them at public meetings. Therefore what is done by Local Superintendents are specially referred to the 9th direction a majority of 84 men for United Canada, and a majority of 5 men
at the bottom of the Blank Reports for Trustees of School Sections, for each Township, is wisely left to a majority of three men for each stating “the local Superintendent is required not to give a check School Section in respect to the amount of expenses of the School for the last instalment of the School Fund on the order of the three men elected for that purpose, and who can have no other inte Trustees of any School Section, until they shall have transmitted to rest than that of the majority of those who elected them. But the him their Annual Report.” According to the 1st clause of the 26th MANNER of providing for these expenses is left to be decided by section of the Act, no School Section is entitled to this last instalvote at the annual, or a special school meeting. There is, however, ment of the School Fund, until the Report of the Trustees for the one mode of providing for the expenses of a School which is not current year shall have been received and approved by the local recognized by the School Act, though some school meetings erro Superintendent. neously adopted it in the early part of the year; we refer to that of Annual APPOINTMENT OF LOCAL School SUPERINTENDENTS. tax according to the number of children of school age. Those
-The 3rd clause of the 26th section of the School Act makes it who have fallen into the error of adopting this method of support | the duty of the Municipal Council of cach County “ To appoint ing their school, have found it necessary to retrace their steps. There annually a Local Superintendent of Schools for the whole County, is no provision or principle of the law that will authorise a tax upon or for one or more Townships in such County, as it shall judge exa man according to the number of his children. The Act recog pedient,” &c. &c. nizes three modes of supporting Common Schools-voluntary sub
This is one of the most important duties that each County Counscription, rate bill, (that is on parent's sending children to school), cil has to perform. The value of the office of local Superintendent and general rate, or tax “ according to the valuation of pro
depends entirely upon the qualifications, abilities and industry of perty, as expressed on the Assessor or Collector's Roll." Which
the person appointed. As a general rule, the office appears to have of these three modes of supporting the School shall be in each
been filled with more ability and zeal last year than during any section adopted, must be determined by the electors them | previous year; but we fear that in the multiplication of local Superselves of such section. In the neighbouring States, a majority intendents which has taken place in some Counties the present year, of the Legislature determine how each school throughout tho appointments have, in some instances, been made without proper State shall be supported; but in Upper Canada it is left with care or due regard to educational qualifications. We implore the the electors of each school section to decide how their own school
members of County Councils not to allow themselves to be influshall be supported. If they decide to support it by voluntary sub
enced by any personal or local consideration in appointing or continuscription, the 2nd clause of the 12th section of the Act authorises
ing any person in the office of local Superintendent who is not a good the Trustees to collect such subscription in the same manner as if it scholar, in at least all the branches of an English Education. To were a rate-bill or rate. If the majority at a school meeting should
appoint any person not thus qualified, however good a man he may determine to support their school by rate-bill, they should then
be in other respects, is a burlesque upon the office itself, is a waste determine how much should be paid per month or per quarter for of public money, and is a great injury to the improvement and ineach child attending the school ; so that all parents sending their terests of the schools. It will be recollected that it is not only the children to the school may know at the commencement of the year duty of the local Superintendent to attend to financial and other how much they must pay. But the most simple, equitable and matters of business that require judgment and knowledge, but to patriotic mode of supporting each school is by rate on property, and the examination of Teachers and schools in English Grammar, then opening the school to all the children of school age in the sec
Arithmetic, Geography, History, Algebra, Me suration, &c. &c., tion,-as free as the sun light of heaven. The inhahitants of up
and to prepare and deliver public Lectures on Education in each wards of 250 school sections in Upper Canada adopted this mode School Section. The local Superintendent should, therefore, not of supporting their schools in 1850; and some of the early results
only be better educated than the School Teachers generally under are attested in the extracts from local reports, given in the Annual his inspection, including a knowledge of teaching, but he should be Report of the Chief Superintendent of schools, just published, pp.
the best educated man within the limits of his charge, if such per154-198. In the same Report will also be found the Address of
son can be obtained to perform the duties of the office. We sinthe Chief Superintendent to the People of Upper Canada, “ On the cerely hope that there will be no exceptions the ensuing year to the the System of Free Schools.” In every case where a free school is
| care and discretion which County Councils have generally exeradopted, two things should be specially remembered -- there should cised the last and present year in the selection and appointment of be room for all children in the section who will attend school, and local Superintendents there should be a teacher competent to teach them all.
** l'or further Editorial Notices, &c., sce page 187.
verpool, presented a reverend gentleman with £2,000, to build schools for
the education of poor childreo. ....On Monday afternoon the foundation CANADA.
stone of an institution for the education and maintenance of the children
and orphans of Church missionaries was laid by the Earl of Chichester, at Items.-Summary.—The Teachers' Institute for the County of
Highbury-grove, in the presence of a numerous and highly respectable Oxford was held in Woodstock on the 15th and 16th instant. A large
assemblage of the neighbouring gentry..... The winter session of the Uni
versity of Edinburgh was formally opened on Monday week. The attennumber of teachers were present and admirable addresses were delivered
dance of students was large. A considerable number of the city clergy by Geo. ALEXANDER, Esq. and the Rev. W. H. Landon..... The Goder
and the patrons of the University were also present. The Rev. Principal ich papers contain an account of the death of Mr. JAMES STRACHAN,
Lee delivered the usual inaugural address to the students in reference to Teacher in Wawanosh. He was in Goderich on the 291h Nov. in good
the prosecution of their studies..... The Senatus Academicus of the Uni. health, and was cheerful in spirits as possible, and yet he was "in the
versity of St. Andrew's, at a meeting held on Saturday, unanimously made midst of death.” He never reached home-it is supposed that fatigue of the bad roads upon a well-worn and debilitated frame, was the immediate
choice of the Duke of Argyle to be Chancellor of the University, in the room
of Viscount Melville, lately deceased..... The Tablet reports the "failure" cause of his death. He was 53 years of age, a native of Kirkaldy, Scot
of the Catholic Collegiate School” in London, owing to the "utier apathy" land, --came out to this country some three or four pears ago, and has been some time Teacher in Wawanosh, and Clerk of the United Townships of
and disorganization" of the metropolitan Roman Catholics, and states that
failures in other matters have arisen from tbe same cause..... The Earl of Ashfield and Wawanosh. He was a shrewd intelligent man, and endeavoured to make himself useful in the settlemen: by delivering lectures on
Besborough has attached land to all the national schools on his estate in
Ireland, so as to provide agricultural instruction for all the pupils attending popular subjects, and by using every laudable means of communicating
them..... It is said that Government intends establishing an institution al knowledge. .... Miss Mary ELIZABETH Haigh, formerly a most success
Kingstown, near Dublin, for the professional education of seamen..... The ful Teacher in the Union Central School of London, U. C., died recently
Lord Lieutenant has appointed the Rev. James McCosh, A.M., LL.D., at her father's residence in Toronto. Miss Haigh was an exceedingly in
the distinguished author of "The Method of the Divine Government, Phytelligent and amiable girl. While attending the Normal School, Toronto, in 1848 she evinced the greatest zeal and attention to her duties. She was
sical and Moral," to the vacant chair of logic and metaphysics in Queen's universally beloved by all who knew her, and particularly so by her pupils,
College, Belfast..... The foundation-stone of the Oxford Diocesan Trainwho, on the occasion of her retiring in April 1851 in consequence of her
ing School, for the education of teachers, was laid on Wednesday, by the
Bishop of Oxford, at Culham, about a mile and a half Sou:h-east of Abingimpaired health, presented her with a beautiful present of books accom
don. The building will be in the style of the fourteenth century, and will panied by a highly complimentory and touching address. .... A son of P. C.
stand on three sides of a quadrangle, with a frontage of 226 feet long. Van Brockliu, Esq., of Brantford, a pupil of the Union School of that town was accidentuly drowned on Thursday the 11th instact wbile skat
About a hundred dormitories will be provided. The cost will be about ing on the Canal. In a letter to the Courier, Mr. Hughes, his late teacher,
£12,000..... An edict has been issued in Prussia, placing the schools and
teachers under the control of the clergy.....We understand that it is inspeaks of him in the very highest terms.
tended by a large section of the students of the Glasgow University New Design for the Extension of the Toronto University Build
again to bring forward Lord Palmerston for the office of Lord Rector, at ings.-The Building Committee awarded the following premiums for the
the approaching election. The late Lord Rector, Mr. Alison, has been competition designs sent in for the new building :-To Thomas Young, |
re-elected. ..., The Archbishop of Armagh, Lord Beresford, has been elected Esq., Architect, Toronto, first premium, the superintendence of the build.
Chancellor of the University of Dublin, vice the king of Holland deceased. ings. To William Thomas, Esq., Architect, Toronto, second premium,
Manchester and Salford Educational Scheme. We have in £60, To John Tully, Esq., Architect, Toronto, third premium, £40.
previous numbers of this Journal presented a summary of the proceedings We understand that the buildings will be proceeded with immediately, and
in England in regard to this scheme. We have done so, not for the pur will cost at least £15,000.-(Toronto Patriot.
pose of expressing any opinion upon the merits of the question at issue, Faculty of Trinily College, Toronto.—The Rev. Geo. Whita
but simply to direct the attention of our readers to the gratitying indicaker, M. A., late Fellow and Classical Lecturer of Queen's College, Cam.
tions of progress in the public mind of England in regard to that vital bridge, Provost and Protessor of Theology. Mr. Whitaker's Honour when
interest of a great and free people-the education of its youth. The followtaking his degrees was first-class in the Classical Tripos. The Rev.
ing extracts from the speeches of two clergymen will accurately convey Edward St. John Parry, M.A., of Baliol College, Oxford, Professor of
the religious feeling of the people of Manchester in regard to the new Classical Literature. Mr. Parry took his degree at Easter, in 1848, and scheme. The Rev. William Doyle's remarks were highly appropriate was a first class man in classics. In 1849 he carried the English Essay
and correct. At a recent public meeting the Rev J. P. PITCAIRN remarked Prize, and was equally fortunate in 1850, with the Latin Essay Prize. He
that the local bill was specially acceptable to him, on the ground that it is the son of the Right Reverend the Bishop of Barbadoeg. George Clerk
respected the rights of conscience, and left the managers of existing schools Irving, Esq., B.A., and Scholar of St. John's College, Cambridge, Pro
in precisely the same position as it found them, with regard to their man. fessor of Mathematics. Mr. Irving took his degree in 1850, and was 8th
agement. It was the heaviest blow ever struck against ignorance and crime, wrangler--a distinction, it may be remarked, of a very high character.
and the only safe antidote for infidelity and superstition. It laid the axe at The duries of the Chair of Chemistry, which was for some time vacant,
the root of the evil, and proposed not only to develop the mental faculties are now performed by Henry Youle Hipd, Esq., who will assume the posi
and train the moral principle, but to justil the religious belief, or in other tion of Professor of Chemistry at the termination of the present academical
words, to train up children in the way they should go, so that when they year of the Normal School, with which institution he has been for some
were old they would not depart from it. It was absolutely necessary that time connected.-[The Church.
some such measure should pass into a law, end therefore he gave it his cor
dial and warmest support. The Rev. WILLIAM DOYLE said he was not NOVA SCOTIA.
sufficiently familiar with the local bill to enable him to yield bis assent to
all its details, but the principles and objects of the plan had his hearty con. Superintendent of Education. At the close of the Teachers'
currence. It was lamentable to reflect on the vast amount of ignorance Session, held at Truro last week, the proceedings were terminnted by a that pervaded the juvenile portion of the population. Very few could republic meeting in the Court House, at which a complimentary address, peat the Lord's Prayer, and fewer suill the Ten Commandments. By the signed by sixty-eight Teachers, was presented to the worthy Superinten adoption of this measure parents would be left withont excuse, for it would dent of Education, J. W. Dawson, Esq., which drew forth an eloquent bring the means of education within the reach of all. The priocipal ground reply from that gentleman. A series of resolutions were also moved and on which he approved of the local scheme was that it proposed to give a passed unanimously, the movers and seconders supporting them with effec sound sccular education to all, and to found it on that solid rock of eternal tive speeches.-(Nova Scotian.
truth, the infallible Word of the living God. By giving the people an en
lightened, liberal, and Christian education, a blessing would be conferred BRITISH AND FOREIGN,
not only on this country but on the nations of the earth, for as the tide of
emigration was continually flowing towards the western hemisphere of the Items.- Monthly Summury.-Mr. Thomas Ainsworth, of Cleator, world, the people would take with them not only the language, the manhas offered a prize or scholarship of £ 100 to every student of the Manches pers, and the customs, but the religion of the English nation ; and wherever ter New College who shall hereafter obtain a gold medal in University a colony of emigrants was found, there also would exist an association of College, London. As four gold medals may be obtained each year in the feelings and affections which would ever endear them to the mother couatry. University, it will be perceived that Mr. Ainsworth's offer is one of no He believed that the local plan of education would conser blessings on hucommon liberality..... Efforts are making tú establish Ragged'Schools in manity which would produce fruit not only for time, but eternity ; tberefore Chester.....Mr. Gellow, a Mexican merchant, having recently visited Li: he gave it his cordi al approval.