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Palace is as follows:- The United Statee, 85,000 feet; India, 60,000, canic eruptions continue to take place from Mounts St, Helen and Baker, other British Colonies, 47,050 ; France has applied for 100,000 feet, the in Oregon. An admirable address delivered by the Hon. Justice Day, City of Hamburgh for 28,800. Commissions have been formed in Austria, before the Provincial Industrial Exhibition, appears in the Montreal Pilot Spain, and Turkey. It is proposed to send to the Exhibition, bound in extenso. together, a specimen copy of each of the Canadian newspapers published

Geological Survey of Canada.---Mr. Logan, the provincial about the first of January next ; also specimens of the leaves of some of the most beautiful American trees and plants. Specimens of the mineral

geologist, and his assistants, are slowly but scientifically continuing their

survey of the Canadas. Messrs. Logan and Murray have passed several products of England will be exhibited ---The wires of the submarine tele

months upon the shores of Lake Huron, and are examining the physical graph between France and England having been found too weak, they will

structure of the Green Mountains of Vermont in their prolongation into hereafter be encased in a ten-inch cable, composed of what is called " whipped plait," with wire rope, all of it chemically prepared and gal

Canada. Their report shows that Lake Superior is nearly 272 feet higher vinized so as to protect it from rot--A new great seal of Ireland has been

than Lake Huron, of which rise 184 feet is at the Sault St. Marie. Toberconstructed of Gutta Percha----Two new Colleges will be opened in

many, near Cape Hurd, is described as an excellent harbour, but with the Scotland this month ; a Free Church one in Edinburgh, and one designed

exception of Goderich harbour, at the mouth of the Hartland, and the basin for the Commercial classes in Glasgow- The Pope has concurred in the

at the exit of the Riviere au Sable (south) there is not a single place of Memorial from the Synod of Thurles, and refuses his sanction to the

security for any kind of vessel on Lake Iluron between the River Sangume Queen's University Colleges in Ireland. Meanwhile the attendance of Ro

and the St. Clair. Gypsum and hydraulic lime are stated to be plenty, but man Catholic, and other students is highly satisfactory- Statues of New

no coal has been discovered in any part of Canada. The surveying party ton, Shakspeare, Milton, and Bacon are about being erected in front of the

ascended the Spanish River to the distance of 60 miles from Lake Fluron, British Museum, which is to be enclosed by an iron railing. A portion of

and found it navigable for 30 miles for vessels drawing 5 feet, with 5 casthe pediment, representing the progress of man, from the time when “wild

cades of 127 feet rise, in the next 30 miles. Mr. Logan remarks that the in the woods the naked savage ran," up to the highest state of civilization,

extent and value of the pine forests in this region, the facility afforded by is completed— Statues of the great statesman, Sir Robert Peel, are about

the river for water communication, the water power to be found on the being erected in various parts of England - The plan of auction sales of

main stream and all its tributaries, and the capabilities of the soil for raising pictures in Paris, which originated just after the last Revolution as a

most of the necessaries of life, all tend to indicate a probability that this dernier resort of artists, has proved eminently successful. They will be

district is destined to become of great commercial importance. the rule instead of the exception hereafter- Beautiful engravings can be A Canadian Microscope.-We copy the following, with great produced on black marble by scratching the polished surface with a steel pleasure, from the Kingston British Whig of the 12th inst.: “Mr. Smith, or diamond point, producing a white mark of different degrees of intensity watchmaker, has, at the expense of much labor and money, completed a according to the depth of the graving— An inquiry has been instituted at very powerful oxy-hydrogen microscope, the first ever made in Canada; Rome to ascertain the nature and extent of the damage done to works of which magnifies the object upwards of ten million times. At a private art during the late political troubles. The loss is estimated at 440,000 exhibition at the Lambton House, a variety of insects and other minute francs-Gervinus, the recent historian of German literature, has objects were submitted to the powers of the microscope, and the result just published a work on Shakspeare, which has produced a great was truly surprising and wonderful. A fly's wing was rendered so enorsensation in Germany— M. Guizot has been elected Director of mous, that only a very small portion of it could be contained on the large the French Academy for the year- The total cost of the Britannia Sus- | screen, and its minute and delicate structure was beautifully developed. pension Bridge is £601,865 sterling. The weight of the two iron roadways is 12,000 tons, supported by a mass of masonary of 1,500,000 cubic feet,

Scientific Wonders.—The general faith in science as a wonder erected at the rate of three feet a minute- Lines of electric telegraph are

worker, is at present unlimited ; and with it there is cherished the convicextending rapidly over Central Europe. Within four months 1,000 miles

tion that every discovery or invention admits of a practical application to have been spread in Austria, making 2,000 miles in that empire. Another

the welfare of man. Is a new vegetable product brought to this country 1,000 miles will be ready next year. The telegraph now works between from abroad, or a new chemical compound discovered, or an anatomical or Cracow and Trieste, 700 miles- The Senate of the University of Padua physical phenomenon recorded, the question is immediately asked, cui is about to issue, from MSS. in its library, editions in Hebrew of Dante's bono? What is it good for? Is food or drink to be got out of it? Will • Divina Commedia' and Ovid's ‘Metamorphoses'— The 1st vol. of Har: it make hats, shoes, or cover umbrellas? Will it kill, or heal? Will it per's New Monthly Magazine has been completed. It has reached an edition drive a steam engine, or make a mill go? And this truly cui bono question of 50,000 copies ! --Newspapers in England absorb so much of the literary

has of late been so satisfactorily answered, that we cannot wonder that the talent of the country that articles in the Reviews have dwindled down in

public should persist in putting it somewhat eagerly to every discoverer importance and interest ; so much so that the two chief English Quarterlies and inventor, and should believe that if a substance has one valuable appliscarcely pay their expenses. An article on the French in the current No. cation, it will prove, on further investigation, to have a thousand. Gutta of the Edinburgh (attributed to Lord Brougham) has attracted a good deal percha has not been known in this country ten years, and already it would of attention--Two new works by Guizot are announced: one on the fall be more difficult to say what purposes it has not been applied to than to enuof the Republic in England in 1660, under Gen. Monk ; and the other, the merate those to which it has been applied. Gun cotton had not proved in rise of the Republic in America, under Gen. Washington--An ærial the saddest way its power to kill, before certain ingenious Americans voyage is proposed to be made from Madrid to England, and over Europe, showed that it has a remarkable power of healing, and forms the best by a Spaniard, named Montemaynor--The English engineer, Stephenson, sticking plaster for wounds. Surgeons have not applied ether or chlorois in Egypt, surveying the canal route between the Mediterranean and forms as an anæsthetic for three years; and already an ether steam engine Red Seas----Asphaltum and iron have been found in abundance in New is at work in Lyons, and a chloroform engine in London. Of other sciences Brunswick by the Provincial Geologist, Dr. Gesner--The number of we need scarcely speak. Chemistry has long come down from her atomic periodicals at present published in Russia amounts to 164 ; 64 of which are altitudes and elective affinities, and scours, and dyes; bakes, cooks, and published at Petersburg, 13 in Moscow, 5 in Odessa, 22 in Courland and compounds drugs, with contented composure. Electricity leaves her thunthe adjoining provinces, and 50 in the remaining parts of the empire ; 108 derbolt in the sky, and like Mercury dismissed from Olympus, acts as letter of these are published in the Russian language, twenty-nine in German, carrier, and message boy. Even the mysterious magnetism, which once 8 in French, 8 in Italian, 5 in Polish, and 3 in Latin---It is in contem seemed, a living principle, to quiver in the compass needle, is unclothed in plation to erect a monument in Brantford to the celebrated Canadian Indian mystery, and set to drive turning lathes. The public perceives all this, and warrior, Theyandanegea, Joseph Brant--A subscription has been started has unlimited faith in man's power to conquer nature. The credulity which at Madrid to erect a Colossal statue of Columbus in that city, 20 feet high, formerly fed upon unicorns, phænixes, mermaids, vampires, krakens, of Florentine bronze, at an estimated cost of £20,000.- The Prospectus pestilential comets, fairies, ghosts, witches, spectres, charms, curses, of a literary and industrial paper, entitled, the Canadian Journal has been universal remedies, pactions with Satan, and the like, now tampers with issued in Toronto, under the auspices of the Mechanics' Institute. Price chemistry, electricity, and magnetism, as it once did with the invisible 129 6d. per annum.— A statue in honour of the hero Wallace is about world. Shoes of Swiftness, seven leagued boots, and Fortunatus wishing being erected in Edinburgh- A great Chess match, to be played by ama caps, are banished even from the nursery, but an electro-magoetic steam teurs of all nations during the Exhibition of 1851, is being arranged. — A fire balloon, which will cleave the air like a thunderbolt, and go as straight mummy brought from Thebes by Sir J. E. Tennant, has been unrolled at to its destination as the crow flies, is an invention which many hope to see the Belfast Museum. A monthly Magazine has been announced in realized, before railways are quite worn to pieces. A snuff-box full of England as the organ of the advanced section of the Non-conformists. new manure, about to be patented, will fertilize a field; and the same A monument in honour of Stephenson, " the father of Railroads,” is about amount of the new explosive will dismantle the fortifications of Paris. By being erected at Newcastle-upon-Tyne. -The Koh-i-noor diamond, will means of a fish-tail propellor, to be shortly laid before the Admiralty, the likely be exhibited among the minerals at the great Exhibition.--Vol. Avantic will be crossed in three days.- Edinburgh Review.

PAGES.

V. Thoughts on the Causes and Results of Individual and National En

Editorial Notices, &c.

Notice to COUNTY CLERKS AND LOCAL SUPERINTENDENTS.—

Boxes containing copies of the last Annual Report of the Chief SECOND TRIUMPH OF THE FREE SCHOOL QUESTION IN Superintendent, for the several Municipal Councils and School THE STATE OF NEW-YORK.

Corporations, Trustees, Local Superintendents, and Boards of School

Trustees, in Upper Canada,—Blank Forms of School Reports for Our readers are aware that owing to some slight dissatisfac

1850,--Copies of the work on “School Architecture," designed tion expressed by a section of the people of the State of New

for the several Municipal Corporations, and also of the School Act, York against the system of Free Schools, the Legislature

Forms, Circulars, &c., bave been sent by Steamboat and Express decided upon again submitting the question to the people at the autumn elections. The result of that step is announced in the

to the Clerks of the several Counties in Upper Canada. following paragraph from a New-York paper. We congratu

CONTENTS OF THIS NUMBER. late our neighbours on the result of this second deliberate vote,

I. British and Continental Libraries, ..

.... 161-164 and on the decisive success of so important a national move II. MISCELLANEOUS. 1. A touching Incident 2. Hints on Moral Instrucment. We ardently hope that Canada will also, ere long,

tion in Common Schools, .......

165 III. Education in the British Army, by “ L.,"....

165-167 boldly and patriotically assent to the uni.ersal diffusion of edu

IV. EDITORIAL Correspondence of the Rev. Dr. Ryerson, ........... 168-170 cation among all classes of her people, upon the same terms as

lightenment, by “X.," ......

........ 171, 172 have a second time been agreed upon by the great mass of the

VI. Popular Science (Illustrated) Heat, by H. Y. HIND, Esq., ......... 172, 173 people in the State of New-York.

VII. EDUCATIONAL INTELLIGENCE. Canada, ....

173, 174 VII. LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGEXCE,

174, 175 “We announce with no common satisfaction, the signal triumph of Free | VIII. Editorial Notices, .......... Schools at the recent election. Our returns are as yet very imperfect and scattered, but they induce us to believe that the State canvass will show a

TUST PUBLISHED.-Two Lectures on Agricultural Chemistry. majority engainst the Repeal of the Free School Law' of 50,000 to 100,000.

By HENRY YOULE Hind, Mathematical Master and Lecturer on We hear of majorities for Repeal in very few localities, while majorities Chemistry and Natural Philosophy, Provincial Normal School, Upper agưinst Repeal are numerous and abundant. We think this city has given Canada. Price--18. 3d. Toronto :-Hugh SCOBIE, 16, King Street East, at least thirty thousand majority against Repeal; had a full vote been polled,

and Sold by all Booksellers. it would have been forty thousand. Many votes were lost through inatten

November 18, 1850. tion, some for want of ballots. However, 'enough is as good as a feast,'

W ANTED.-A Young Man whose present engagement will and we feel confident that Education Free to All has been re-affirmed as a

terminate about the middle of December next, will want a situation cardinal principle of our political system by a large majority. Now let the I in a Grammar School, a good Common School, or as an Assistant in some new Legislature silence all constitutional cavils by re-enacting the law. I higher Institution. He has had several years experience in the business of

Teaching--about two years of the time in one of the Provincial Colleges. with whatever modifications and improvements experience may have sug.

He is qualified to teach the common and higher branches of an English gested. and New York will have set her sister States South and West of Education. The Classics, so far as is necessary for entering on the reyuher a noble example. Free Schools for all and for ever!

lar Collegiate course. The French language and the most useful branches of the Mathematics. He teaches on the Normal School system. Address, R. T. C., Grimsby, C. W.

176

Theory AND PRACTICE OF Teaching:

W ANTED.-A Teacher who received a regular University Or the Motives and Methods of Good School Keeping: By D.P.

Education in Edinburgh, has had extensive experience in conduct

ing large Classes in that'City; and who is well acquainted with the most Page, Esq., A.M., late Principal of the State Normal School, Al approved systems of Education both in England and Scotland. He finished bany. 12th edition, New York. A. S. Barnes & Co. 8vo., pp. his French Education in Paris. 349.

Numerous Testimonials from Gentlemen of high respectability and

talents, both in Edinburgh and in this country may be seen by applying to In a practical educating age like this, few professional books on the sub J. George Hodgins, Esq., Education Office, Toronto. If by letter, postject of education seem to be so admirably adapted to the purposes for which paid, or to R. N., London Post Office, C. W. it is designed, as the volume before us. There are 15 chapters in the book devoted to various important subjects connected with “Good School W ANTED.-A Teacher who has had six years' experience in Keeping.The work would prove a valuable book of reference for local

W Teaching in his Province, and holds a First Class Certificate, is Superintendents in their preparation for the delivery of lectures in the various

desirous of obtaining a good School; a village would be preferred. En

gagement to commence on 1st January. Apply, if by letter post-paid, to School Sections under their charge. As a manual for Teachers it is un T. S. M., Oshawa. equalled among the many rival books on the subject--as it contains the result of many years of practical teaching by the gifted and lamented CHAMBER'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE. Master of the New York Institution, designed for the especial training of

THE SCIENTIFIC SECTION.
Common School Teachers. The book may be obtained at this Office.
Price 5s.

PUBLISHED BY A. S. BARNES & Co., New-York.
THE Messrs. Chambers have employed tbe first professors in

1 Scotland in the preparation of these works. They are now offered to Two LECTURES ON AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY:

the schools of this country, under the American revision of D. M. REESE,

M.D., LL.D., late Superintendent of Public Schools in the City and By H. Y. Hind, Esq., Mathematical Master, etc., Normal School, | County of New-York. Toronto. H. SCOBIE, 12mo., pp. 84.

I. CHAMBERS' TREASURY OF KNOWLEDGE.

II. CLARK'S ELEMENTS OF DRAWING AND PERSPECTIVE. This admirable brochure contains a very concise summary of facts and

HII, CHAMBERS' ELEMENTS OF NATURAL PHILOSOPHY, principles illustrative of the Science of Agricultore. The style of the

IV. REID AND BAIN'S CHEMISTRY AND ELECTRICITY. author is remarkably clear and elegant. His propositions are distinctly

V. HAMILTON'S VEGETABLE AND ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY. and popularly elucidated, and even to the general reader they will rarely be

IV. CHAMBERS ELEMENTS OF ZOOLOGY.

VU. PAGE'S ELEMENTS OF GEOLOGY. found obscured by the use of a purely technical phraseology. The Lectures were originally delivered by Mr. Hind while on a tour last summer for the purpose, in conjunction with the Head Master of the Normal School, Toronto: Printed and published by Thomas H. BENTLEY. of holding preliminary Teachers’ Institutes in the several Counties TERMS : 5s. per annum in advance. No subscription received of U. C. They are interspersed with interesting and striking statistics for less than one year, commencing with the January Number. Single collected from various Canadian and other sources. Indeed, the general Nos. 7}d each. Back Numbers supplied to all new Subscribers. adaptation of these Lectures to the wants of the Canadian Agriculturist has

** The 1st and 2nd Vols., neatly stitched, may be obtained upon inipressed us very favourably. We cordially recommend the Lectures to this class of our readers, as well as to Teachers and local Superintendents

application, price, 5s. each. generally. No Teacher should be without a copy : the work may be pro

All Communications to be addressed to Mr. Hodgins, cured at this Office, price is, 3d., and can be transmitted by post. | Education Office, Toronto.

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THE GIFTS OF SCIENCE TU ART.

water to its present position by the combustion of four busbels of STEAM-DAGUERREOTYPE - LIGHTNING CONDUCTORS

coal ! THE SAFETY LAMP-ELECTRO.PLATING AND GILDING Marvellous as the uses are to which heat has been rendered sub-THE ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH.

servient, those which have been obtained from light are not less 80. Each succeeding age and generation leaves behind it a peculiar Ready-made flame is fabricated in vast establishments, erecled in character, which stands out in relief upon its annals, and is associ the suburbs of cities and towns, and transmitted in subterranean ated with it for ever in the memory of posterity. One is signalized pipes through the streets and buildings which it is desired to illufor the invention of gunpowder, another for that of printing ; one is minate. It is supplied according to individual wants, in measured rendered memorable by the rovival of letters, another by the reforma quantity : and at every door an automaton is stationed, by whom a tion of religion ; one epoch is rendered illustrious by the discoveries faithful register is kept of the quantity of flame supplied from hour of Newton, another by the conquests of Napoleon. If we are asked to hour! by what characteristic the present age will be marked in the records

It resulted from scientific researches on the properties of solar of our successors, we answer, by the miracles which have been

light, that certain metallic preparations were affected in a peculiar wrought in the subjugation of the powers of the material world to

manner by being exposed to various degrees of light and shade. the uses of the human race. In this respect no former epoch can

This hint was not lost. An individual, whose name has since beapproach to competition with the present.

come memorable, M. Daguerre, thought that as engraving consisted Although the credit of the invention of the steam-engine must be of nothing but the representation of objects by means of incisions conceded to the generation which preceded us, its improvement and | on a metallic plate, corresponding to the lights and shades of the its most important applications are unquestionably due to our con 22/2/2 /2/2/2/22222–22/2/2/2ūsēņ2222/2§§2§Â§\§2ū2/22–2–ăm2ÂòÂū2 ūti temporaries. So little was the immortal Watt himself aware of shown by the discoveries of science to produce on the metals specific the extent of the latent powers of that machine, that he declared, effects, in the exact proportion of their intensities—there could be upon the occasion of his last visit to Cornwall, on ascertaining no reason why the objects to be represented should not be made to that a weight of twenty-seven millions of pounds had been raised engrave themselves on plates properly prepared !! Hence arose the one foot high by the combustion of a bushel of coals under one of beautiful art now become so universally useful, and called after its his boilers, that the ne plus ultra was attained, and that the power inventor-DAQUERREOTYPE. of steam could do further go. Nevertheless, the Patriarch of the But of all the gifts which Science has presented to Art in these steam-engine lived 10 see forty millions of pounds raised the same

unds raised the same latter days, the most striking and magnificent are those in which the height by the same quantity of fuel. Had he survived only a few

agency of electricity has been evoked. years longer, he would have seen even this performance doubled, and still more recently it has, under favorable circumstances, been

From the moment electric phenomena attracted the attention of increased in a threefold ratio.

the scientific world, the means of applying them to the useful purBut it is not in the mere elevation of mineral substances from the

poses of life were eagerly sought for. Although such applications

had not yet entered into the spirit of the age as fully as they have crust of the globe, nor in the drainage of the vast subterranean regions which have become the theatre of such extensive operations

since done, it so happened that in this department of physics, & of industry and art, that steam has wrought its greatest miracles.

volunteer had enlisted in the army of science, the characteristic of By its agency coal is made to minister in an infinite variety of ways

whose genius was eminently practical, and soon achieved, by his to the uses of society.

discoveries, an eminence to which the world has since offered uniCoals are by it taught to spin, wcave, dye, print, and dress silks, cottons, woo!lens, and other cloths ; to make

versal homage. paper, and print books on it when made ; to convertcorn into flour ;

Art often presses into its service the discoveries of Science, but to press oil from the olive, and wine from the grape ; to draw up

it sometimes provokes them. Art surveys the fruit of the toil of metal from the bowels of the earth; to pound and smelt it, to melt and

the philosopher, and selects such as suits her purposes ; but somemould it ; to forge it ; to roll it, and to fashion it into every form that

times not finding what is suitable to her wants, she makes an appeal the most wayward caprice can desire. Do we traverse the deep ?

to Science, whose votaries direct their researches accordingly they lend wings to the ship and bid defiance to the natural oppo

toward the desired objects, and rarely fail to attain them. nents, the winds and the tides. Does the wind-bound ship desire

One of the most signal examples of the successful issue of such to get out of port to start on her voyage!_steam throws its arms | an appeal presents itself in the safety-lamp. round her, and places her on the open sea. Do we traverse the The same gas which is used for the purpose of illumination of land ?-steam is harnessed to our chariot, and we outstrip the flight our cities and towns (and which, as is well known, is obtained from of the swiftest bird, and equal the fury of the tempest.

coals by the process of baking in close retorts) is often spontaneously The great pyramid of Egypt stands upon a base measuring seven developed in the seams of coal which form the mines, and collects hundred feet each way, and is five hundred feet high. According in large quantities in the galleries and workings where the coalto Herodotus, its construction employed a hundred thousand labour miners are employed. When this gas is mingled with common air, ers for twenty years. Now we know that the materials of this in a certain definite proportion, the moisture becomes highly exstructure might be raised from the ground to their present position plosive, and frequently catastrophes, attended with frigbtful loss of by the combustion of four hundred and eighty tons of coals.

life, occurred in consequence of this in the mines. The prevalence The Menai Bridge consists of about two thousand tons of iron, of this evil at length became so great, that Government called the and its height above the level of the water is one hundred and attention of scientific men to the subject, and the late Sir Humphtwenty feet. Its entire mass might be lifted from the level of the l rey Davy engaged in a series of experimental researches with a view o the discovery of some efficient protection for the niner, the result the possible appropriation of a part of their Educational tax to the of which was, the now celebrated safety-lamp.

benetit of their neighlsours' children. He said the possible approThe instrument by which he accomplished this was as remark priation, because, as a general principle, the changes which took able for its simplicity as for its perfect efficiency. A common lanter, place in families caused almost any given family, which might containing a lamp or candle, instead of being as usual enclosed by happen at one time to pay more than it received, to be almost cerglass or horn, was enclosed by wire găuze of that degree of fine tain, in the revolution of a low years, to receive more education ness in its meshes which experiment had pruved to be than it paid for; so that in the end, even on the score of profit impervious to flaine. When such a lantern was carried into an and loss, in mere dollars, the account was almost sure to be balatmosphere of explosive gas, the external atmosphere would enter, anced. Such penny-wise persons, however, might rest assured freely through the wire gauze, and would burn quietly within the that, though they might possibly succeed in retarding the aduplantern ; but the meshes which thus permitted the cold gas to enter, 1 jion of the Free School System in their own locality, and thus enforbade the white hot gas within to escape without parting withi so sure to themselves the censure of posterity whose interests they had much of its heat in the transi: as to deprive it of the character and endeavoured to sacrifice, they could not altogether prevent it. The properties of flame ; so that although it passed into the external signs of the times were so unequivocal as to the universal adoption explosive arniosphere, it was no longer in a condition to inflame it. of the Free School System, that he hazarded nothing in saying it was

The lamp thus serves a double purpose ; it is at once a protection à mere question of time: but at the same time on the prompt soluand a warning. It protects, because the flame cannot ignite the tion of that question depended the intellectual and inural status of gas outside the Tantern. It warns, because the miner, seeing the gas the coming generation. Any systein of practical education would burning within the laniern, is infornied that he is enveloped by an be seriously defective, wbich did not provide for the development of explosive atmosphere, and takes measures accordingly to ventilale the the essential attributes which crowned man with glory and honour, gallery, and meantime to prevent unguarded lights from entering it. I and sustained him in his proud position as “lord of creation," in

As wire gauze drains flame of its danger in the safety-lamp, it accordance with the great principle, that whilst the laws or God drains air of its poison by another felicitous appiictaion of a physical were all true and exact, they were so made to operate as to give principle in the case of the ncedle-grinder's mask. In that depart expansion to every created thing up to the full elevation of its nament of industry, the health of the artisan was impaired, and the ture; and that not in a sort of indefinite aggregate condition of duration of his life abridged, by respiring continually, while at work, the being as a whole, but in the full development of every separate an atmosphere impregnated with steel-dust. A mask was invented part or faculty in its due proportion--plıysical, mental, moral, and composed of a gauze formed of magnetized wire, through which the spiritual. Supposing the physical effects of the fall of man to reartisan was to breathe. The air in passing from the external main unchanged, if human sorrows were limited to such as necesatmosphere to the mouth and nostrils, left all the steel-dust which

sarily flowed from that source, they would be immeasorably lighter it held in suspension on the wire of the mask, from which, from than they were ; and trne wisdom would direer educational efforts time to time, it was wiped off as it accumulated.

with a view to arrive at such a consummation as nearly and as Electricity has proved a fertile source of benefits conferred on quickly as possible. The prophetic Scriptures shadowed forth such Art by Science. When a galvanic current is passed through a 1 a state of things; and its advent, looking to the operation of cause * fluid which holds in solution any substance which has the property and effect, with the sanction and blessing of Almighty God upon of being attracted by one of the poles of the battery, such substance the agencies wbich, for the first time in the world's history, were will desert the fluid, and coliect upon any obj"ct, being a conductor, being put into operation on a large scale, was not so chimerical or which may be used to form the attracting pole."

distant as it would appear at first sight. Were we to draw an This fact has been already variously applied in the arts, and in

imaginary picture of the state of human society, on the supposition no case with greater felicity and success than in the process of gild- that man had retained his original innocence, in combination with ing and silvering the baser metals.''

the expansion of the faculties of every human being, "up to the full Let us suppose that it be required to gild an object formed of elevation of his nature," and then make the necessary deductions for silver, copper, or any inferior metal. The object being first fabri

the physical curse, we might arrive at a pretty definite idea of the cated in the form it is designed to have, is submerged in a fluid practical elevation of which human society was susceptible. We which holds gold in solution. It is then put in connection with the might suppose that whilst man's sensual and intellectual pursuits attracting pole of the galvanic battery, while the solution of gold is were regulated by moral rectitude, his necessary intellectual and put in connection with the other pole. The galvanic current thus bodily erertions would neither be oppressive nor of doubtful results. passing through the solution, will decompose it, and the gold will In the absence of the curse, regular attention would secure an unattach itself to the metallic object, which, in a few seconds, will be failing supply of food; in the universal prevalence of competence, sensibly gile. ita 49 BJELENTÉ , Tas? Ir nok Of Ylso nyeg 834 3* UI 136.018 morality, and content, every man's conscience being a law. unto

An object may be silvered in some parts, and gilt in others, by a 1 himselt, there would be no necessity for written laws being added, very simple expedient. Let the parts intended to be gilt be coated “because of transgression," or for the education of “gentlemen with some non-conducting substance, not affected by the solution of learned in the law," or for complaints of the exorbitance of lawyers' silver, and let the object be then immersed in the solution, and put charges, or for constables, magistrates, bailiis, jailers, and those in connection with the galvanic battery, as already described. The periodical displays of human depravity and legal cunning, furnished parts not coated will then be plated. Let the parts thus plated be

by assizes and quarter sessions, in which the concentrated power of now.coated with a non-conducting substance not affected by the

society had to deal with the erring man whom, when a child, it had solution of gold, the coating previously applied being removed, and

neglected to train “in the way he should go," and to punish him let the object be immersed in a solution of gold, and being connected as a felon at four-fold the cost which would have been required to with the battery, the parts not coated will be gilt.,

furnish him with knowledge atid motives to become a blessing to But of all the applications, of electric agency to the uses of life, his generation. Despotism and anarchy, civil wars and internathat which is transcendently the most admirable in its effects, and

tional disputes would be out of the question ; and nava) armaments the most important in its consequences, is the electric telegraph. kould not be needed; the butchery of battles and sieges would not No foree of habit however long continued, no degree of familiarity cause the blood of human brotherhood to cry from the ground, nor can efface the sense of wonder which the effects of this most mar “ soldiers of fortune" to " seek the bubble reputation at the cannon's vellous applieation of science excites.—Dublin University Mag... mouth ;" nor would the resources of nations be laid under contribg

tions for generations to come, to gratify the passions and carry out * FREE PUBLIC EDUCATION IN CANADA.

the schemes of unprincipled and unfeeling men; nor hare to con. Extract from the lecture of John Kirkland, Esqi, Local Super

tend in self-defence, against unjust aggressions. The expenditure se spinata, intendant of Guelph and Puslinch. ,

of public property on the erection of prisons, fortifications, perii

tentiaries, poor-houses, or the pensioning of those wrecks of hunan Men who would submit to be taxed without murmuring for the beings whom the fiendish appliances of war had not dispossessed of purpose of carrying the horrors of war into the borders of a hos life, would have been equally avoided ; and every day's walk, and tile nation, losing sight of the great prospective blessings which every dollar expended, would, like the rain and the sunsbine, have the universal diffusion of education would impart, were grudging brought blessing to man.

.. 131 1; W*£ inget si -paper H

o mes is !

The illimitable range of human interests, enjoyments, distresses, neglected ; but this should occupy a very high and prominent place. and responsibilities, ---sensual, social, mental, and moral,-demanded “Educate, educate !" is a voice that comes from every corner of the that the intellectual faculties should be as fully developed as oppor

land on the ear of patriotism; and that education may accomplish tunity would permit ; and that the mechanical means for the trans ils lofly end, in forming the character, and preparing for a holy and mission of thought from mind to mind should combine distinctness, spiritual life, the Bible must be its basis, and eternity the sole boundvariety, and facility of expression. Man possessed bodily organsary of its aims.-Scottish Christian Heruld. fitied for the purpose: but, unlike the lower animals, the powers of those organs were not so uniformly or instinctively capable of fulfilling their functions. The local associations of the individual de

TEACHERS MAKING EXCUSES. termined the mode and extent of their development. They, as well as the moral and intellectual faculties, required to be cultivated by

Read the following hints to teachers, and avoid making excuses precept and example; in other words, their correct exercise con

for the defects of your school. stiluted one part of practical education. It was true the unedu

I think that it was Franklin that said, “A man who is good for

making excuses is good for nothing else." I have often thought of cated rustic, who had never trarelled beyond the vicinity of his own birth-place, found no difficulty in conversing for the necessary

this as I have visited the schools of persons given to this failing. It purposes of common life's so as to be understood, and if a stranger

is sometimes quite amusing to hear such a teacher keep up a sort of happened occasionally to visit the unfrequented locality, his different

running apology for the various pupils. A class is called to read. modes of thought and expression called forth expressions of vulgar

The teacher remarks, " This class has just commenced reading in

this book.” merriment, aid pörhaps contempi, at his supposed affectation ; but

Stephen finishes the first paragraph, and the teacher

adds, “Stephen has not attended school very regularly lately," let the rustic leave his own locality, and he became “the observed

William rends the second. “This boy," says the teacher, “was of all observers," finding the laughi turned upon himself; or if he wished to correspond with distant persons by letter, he must ei

very backward when I came here he has but just joined this class."

Mary takes her turn. “This girl has lost her book, and her father ther employ some person to write for him, or, if he could write at

refuses to buy her another.” Mary here blushes to the eyes ; for all, and determined to do so in his own imperfect way, his bad *pelling, his ill-chosen words, and almost unintelligible sentences

though she could bear his reproof, she has still some sense of family would reader ic almost impossible for his puzzled correspondent to

pride ; she bursts into tears, while Martha reads the next paragraph.

“I have tried all along," says the teacher, "to make this girl raiso come at his meaning. In addition to the practical difficulties which

her voice, but still she will almost stifle her words." Martha looks educational deficiencies threw in the way of intercourse. they made the uneducated man a butt fur ridiculo of the aristocrat an object

dejected, and the next in order makes an attempt. of pity to the philanthropist : a cat's paw for the unprincipled po

Now the teacher, in all this, has no malicious design to wound the litician ; a pigeon for the slarper, and the helpless prey of state

feelings of overy child in the class, and yet he has as effectually accrafi, law-craft, and priest-craft. [Reported in the Guelph Advert.

complished that result as if he had premeditated it. Every scholar is interested to read as well as possible in the presence of strangers ;

every one makes the effort to do so, yet every one is practically proTHE BIBLE AND EDUCATION.

"

nounced to have failed. The teacher's love of approbation has so When men speak of discarding the Bible from Education, it is | blinded his own perception, that he is regardless of the feelings of onough to set the world on fire. Where, in the wide earth, is there others, and thinks of nothing but his own, a book like it ? In what library will you find such narratives, such The over-anxiety for the good opinion of others shows itself in a wisdom, such pictures of domestic life, such panoramic, exhibitions still less amiable light, when the toucher frequently makes unfavuorof natural history, such glowing poetical visions, such inimitable able allusions to his predecessor. “When I came here," says the simplicity and powers of diction? There is not a book in the world teacher, significantly, “ I found them all poor readers.". Or if a little to be compared with it, even although it were not the book of God; disorder occurs in a school, he takes care to add, “I found the school and admitting it to be His, kings may well place their crowns be in perfect confusion ;" or, “the former teacher, as near as I can neath it, and philosophers sit with it on their knees, and merchants learn, used to allow the children to talk and play as much as they carry it with them in their travels, and sailors and soldiers deposit pleased." Now whateyer view we take of such a course, it is imit in the safest corner of their chests, and missionaries go forth with possible to pronounce it any thing better than despicable meanness. it as beyond price, to give it to the heathen. Take it away and it For if the charge be true, it is by no means magnanimous to publish would be as if you were to quench the sun, so that the gloom and the faults of another ; and if it is untrue in whole or in part, as most confusion of a secund chaos would fall upon the condition and pros likely it is, none but a contemptible person' would magnify another's pects of mankind.

failings 'to mitigate his own. : : Sometimes it would appear as if it were supposed that, in contend There is still another way in which this love of personal applauso ing for the fundamental use of the Bible in the work of education, we

exhibits itself. I have seen teachers call upon their brightest mean that the Bible should supplant everything else. But there can scholars to recite, and then ask them to tell their age, in order to be no greater mistake than this. Take the Bible, we say, for what remind the visitor that they were very young to do so well; and it is--a book of religion and morality. In connection with these, it then insinuate that their older pupils could of course do much better. contains some history, poetry, and prophecy ; but its proper charao · All these arts, however, recoil upon the teacher who uses them. ter is, that it is a popular book, that is, a book designed for the mass A visitor of any discernment sees through them at once, and immoof mankind on these subjects. If you can educate the young with diately suspects the teacher of conscious incompetency or wilful out religion and morality, then you may educate them without the deception. The pupils lose their respect for a man whom they all Bible; but if you cannot, then the Bible you must have, because it perceive to be acting a dishonourable part. I ropeat, then, never at. is, in all respects, incomparably the best, and in many most import tempt to cover the defects of your schools by making ridiculous ant respects, the only book on these subjects. * *

excuscs. -Selected.' Lot parents and teachers consider their responsibility, as superintending the formation of character in the young. They have a

Thx Basts or PROGRESS. -The Institutions and manners of society prodigiously important trust in hand ; and all their schemes and

indicate the state of inind of the influential classes at the time when labours distinctly manifest that they are alive to this fact. Let the

they prevail. The trial and burning of old women as witches, indicato

the predominance of wonder, over reason"; "the practice of wagor of. young themselvos awake to the obligation of rightly improving the

1. battle, aod of ordeal by fire and water, show great intellectual ignoranco precious season allotted for education, and now fleeting so rapidly of the course of Providence. . Tbe enormous sums expended in war, away; and, above all, let them be careful to listen to the voice of | and the small sums grodgingly paid for education in the intense energy God, proclaiming in his Word, that “the fear of the Lord is the be- displaved in the pursuit of wealth, and the general apathy exiveed in ginning of wisdom." Never can they learn with so much case and the pursuit of knowledge and virtue, show ihe predominance of selfisness proficiency as nw ; and their study should be to learn the best

and the lower propensities. It is not sale, therefore, to establish instituthings, and to learn them with diligence and care. Let Christians

tions greatly in advance of the mental condition of the mass, but the

rational method is, first to instruct theat: to elevate the standard of every where awake to the commanding claims of the religious edu

morals, and then io forin orrangements in harmony with improved public cation of tho young. Other means of doing good are not to be

opinion.

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