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JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.

but I only desire that the Governor-General in Council may be pleased to approve of my employing this method of communicating

with Municipal Bodies and School Officers, on matters connected TORONTO, AUGUST, 1850.

with this Department.

I have the honor to be, Sit,
NOTICE TO THE CANADIAN PUBLIC.

Your most obedient Servant,

(Signed) : E. RYERSON. JOURNAL OF EDUCATION THE MEDIUM OF ALL OFFICAL NOTICES, &c.,

The Honorable

I JAMES LESLIE,
FROM THE EDUCATION OFFICE FOR UPPER CANADA.

Secretary of the Province.
Copy of & Letter from the Chief Superintendent of Schools to the Provincial Secretary.

EDUCATION OFFICE,

Copy of the Provincial Secretary's Reply to the foregoing Letter. .

, . . . . Toronto, 16th July, 1850.

SECRETARY'S OFFICE, SR : I have the honor to submit to the favourable consideration

Toronto, 30th July, 1850. of His Excellency the Governor-General in Council, the propriety and advantage of my being authorized to make the Journal of

Rev. Sir,-I am directed by the Governor-General to state, in Education for Upper Canada the medium of Official Notices, In

reply to your letter of the 16th instant, that His Excellency has structions, &c., to the Municipal Councils, Superintendents, and

been pleased to direct me to communicate to you his approval of the other officers concerned in the administration of the School Law.

plan therein proposed, viz.; of making the Journal of Education

the medium of communicating Official Notices, Instructions, &c. This will be a great saving of expense in postage, & convénience to this Department, and to all parties concerned, and a means of diffusing

from your Department to Municipal Councils, Superintendents, and much practical information on School matters.

other persons concerned in the administration of the School Law in

Upper Canada. In the neighbouring State of New-York, this practice has long

I have the honor to be, Rev. Sir, obtained in the School Department. The State Superintendent

' '' Your most obedient Servant, uso is authorized to subscribe annually to the amount of $2,400 for

.

(Signed) .? J. LESLIE some monthly School Journal of which he approves, to be supplied

!

Secretary.' to each School District (called School Sections with us), through-4 The Reverend out the State, and to make such Journal the medium of publishing's

EGERTON RYERSON, D.D., the School law, and coinmunicating on School matters with local

Chief Supt. of Schools, U.C. . . School authorities. The Educational Journal selected, is not edited, but only approved of by the State Superintendent. On the con- |

In accordance with the foregoing correspondence, we hope the trary, I have assumed both the labour and responsibility of editing and publishing a monthly Educational Journal. The 15th clause of

Journal of Education will find its way into every Municipality and the New School Bill, which passed the Législative Assembly last School Section in Upper Canada. . Several Municipal Councils and week, makes it the duty of each Corporation of Trustees to procure, many Trustees have already requested it. We hope all others will annually, for the benefit of their School Section, some periodical

do the same. Trustees will not, of course, do so at their own perdevoted to Education. I suppose, that, generally, if not universally, Trustees will feel it their interest and “duty" to procure the Journal

sonal expense, but at that of the School Section for which they act. i of Education for Upper Canada. Making that Journal the medium

And to private individuals, who wish to be informed on all Schools of official notices, communications, &c., would add to its value and matters, and educational subjects generally, the payment of five shilusefulness, and render all parties interested in the School system lings a-year is a very small sacrifice in comparison of the advanta- : desirous of procuring it; and as I purpose to continue to do as I

gės and satisfaction secured by it. have done,--devote every farthing received on aécount of the Journal of Education in defraying the mechanical expenses of its publică tion, every additional subscriber will enable me to increase its value. LEGISLATIVE PROCEEDINGS--NEW COMMON SCHOOL by illustrations in different departments of art, science, and natural

ACT FOR UPPER CANADA. history, and make other improvements, which I cannot undertake without a large subscription.

In the last number of this Journal we inserted the new Common * ** Hotel ***

** The convenience and practical benefits of the suggestion which I School Act for Upper Canada, and all the Forms, Instructions and now submit, may be inferred from the following extracts from reports Regulations for conducting all proceedings under it. In the present by the Superintendent of Schools in the State of New-York. In

number, we insert Circulars to the various Municipal Councilo, his report for 1847, (pages 53, 64;) he says,—“The State subscription to this periodical (District School Journal] has been con

Local Superintendents, Trustees and Teachers on the principles tinued by the undersigned [the Honorable N. S. Benton) since

and provisions of the Act, and the best means of giving them the hig áppointinent, under the full conviction of its necessity and greatest possible effect. We have only now to make two remarks importance, not only as a convenient medium of transmitting and respecting the proceedings of the Legislature on this measure, and diffusing the orders, regulations, and decisions of the Department,

to give a summary view of its characteristics. . and the various laws passed by the Legislature, in relation to Com mon Schools to every School officer in the State, but as a most use

The proceedings of the Legislature indicate that this Act was no ful agent in promulgating interesting and important information party measure. It was considered as a Provincial measure ; and ; equally beneficial to the public."

as such, it received the sanction of all parties in the Legislature.. The present State Superintendent of Schools, (the Honorable C. Considering the experience of past years, and past legislation on MORGAN) in his School Report to the Legislature (page 14) for the Common School Law, and the circumstances under which the: 1849, received by me a few weeks since, says,—“The continuance

present Act was brought before the Legislature, and the careful and of the annual appropriation for a monthly periodical, exclusively devoted to the subject of Education, and which shall serve as a medium

protracted examination and discussion of all its details, it may be of communication between this Department and the officers and in

justly regarded as embodying the deliberate judgment of each branch habitants of the several School districts, is respectfully recom of the Legislature, and of all parties in it, as to the principles and : : . ..

:$$. "" provisions of the Common School Law for Upper Canada. The I do not propose that any Notices, Circulars, Acts, &c., inserted friends of education throughout the Province, may therefore be sales in the Journal of Education, should be charged as advertisements ; | isfied that the present law in all its Icading features will be perma

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nent, and that future Legislation will be confined to the correction 5. It makes more effectual provision than has hitherto been of such defects as experience may detect, and the supply of such made, for calling and conducting school-meetings for all purposes wants as the progress of education may create. We fervently hope and at all times required by the interests of schools ; and gives to that the amity and quanimity of all parties in the Legislature in pass Trustees meals and facilities for procuring proper books, apparatus, ing the law, will be but the harbinger of the amity and unanimity of &c., and for sustaining their school, not conferred by any preceding all parties throughout Upper Canada in carrying it into execution.

Our second remark is of individual reference. It is well known 1 6. It provides for a more effective sysem than has yet been prothat for years the personnel of the Chief Superintendent of Schools, vided, for the examinative and licensing of School-teachers, the and the principles and machinery of the Common School system inspection of the schools, and for school lectures-relieving local which he has endeavoured to establish in Upper Canada, bave been Superintendents of the responsibility and trouble of keeping acvariously and largely discussed. The deliberate judgment of the counts of moneys, and providing for their appointment and remucountry, through its Representatives of all parties in Parliament, neration in a manner calculated to secure the best and most expehas at length been pronounced on these subjects, in the manner of rienced men in each County for School Superintendents ; and thus dealing with the salary, the department, and the recommendations increasing the efficiency of the department of local inspection, which of the Chief Superintendent of Schools ; and that judgment thus is regarded in all school countries as a most vital part of an eftec pronounced, amounts not only to a vote of confidence, but approval tive system of public instruction. of the proceedings which he has adopted for the introduction and

7. It provides a protection and security to the just rights and establishment of a system of Normal, Model and Common Schools

interests of Teachers, not heretofore extended to them ; while it for Upper Canada. He cannot, therefore, but view these proceed

provides corresponding means to enable Trustees to perform their ings of the Legislature with feelings of intense and grateful satis

duties ar.d fulfil their engagements. faction, and as the strongest additional obligation which the ap

8. It provides more effectually than heretofore for supplying all the proving voice of Parliainent can impose, to consecrate bimself with

schools with proper text-books ; and makes provision also for the fresh confidence and devotion to the educational elevation of his

establishment, miantenance and management of School-librariesnative country.

a matter of the utmost importance to the whole country. It again As to the characteristics of the new Act, we remark, that while | authorizes the visitation of the schools by the Clergy generally, and it is based upon the same great principles of co-operation between other official persons, whose gratuitous visits and attention to the the Legislature and Government, and the local Municipalities interests of schools for two or three years (in consequence of the throughout the Province, and of general supervision of the schools, provision of the law) exceeded the expectations of the most sanas have existed since 1843, it provides for the important improve guine friends of education, and proved most beneficial in elevating ments suggested by experience, in the several parts and details of and advancing it in popular estimation. ēņ22tiòò►

10. It makes better provision than has heretofore been made : 1. It arranges under distinct heads, and specifies in the plainest against the loss, perversion and diminution of any part of the Comlanguage, the duties of the several parties who have to do with the mon School Fund, with a sufficient provision at the same time for administration of the school system ; an arrangement and classifi the exigencies of any new or poor school-sections in any County. cation which were entirely lost sight of in the School Bill of last

11. It provides for a co-ordinate, but distinct and complete year.

system of schools adapted to the circumstances of Cities, Towns 2. It provides by a simple, cheap and equitable mode for settling

and incorporated Villages. at least pine-tenths of the most perplexing difficulties which have

12. While it provides for these improvements in the different arisen in years past, (and for which no provision exists in the bill of

parts and branches of our School system, it carefully guardo, in last year, or in any preceding act,) relating to the sites of school

the mode or introducing these improvements, against any derangehouses, accounting for the expenditures of school-moneys in School

ment or confusion in our present school operations. . sections, adjusting financial disputes between Trustees and Teachers; thus saving the trouble attending appeals on such matters either to

Educational Intelligence. the Chief Superintendent of Schools, or to the Municipal Councils, the members of which are paid by the day, and days of whose

CANADA Lime in successive sessions have been spent in the investigation of such matters, attended by more or less of the parties concerned

OFFICIAL APPOINTMENTS-EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT, U. C..

His EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR GENERAL has been pleased to during the whole of the proceedings.

make the following appointments, viz : 3. It secures to the freeholders and householders in each school The Reverend Egerton Ryerson, D.D., to be Chief Superintendent of Schools for Up

per Canada, under the Act of the present Session of Parliament for the better estaba section the right and the power, without any external interference

ment and maintenance of Common Schools in that part of the Province. whatever, of supporting their school in their own way, whether by John George Hodgins, Esquire, and Mr. Thomas Hodgins, to be First and Second voluntary subscription, rate-bille for pupils, or assessment according

Clerks, respectively, in the Education Office, U. G. to property ; a right and power which were but partially possessed

The following persons to be and compose the Council of Public Instruction for Upper

Canada, under the aforesaid Act, viz. : onder the School Act of 1846, and which were materially abridged, The Reverend Egerton Ryerson, D.D., Chief Superintendent of Schools ; to the great embarrassment of Trustees, by the Bill of last year.

The Right Reverend Francois Marie de Charbonnel, D.D., Roman Catholic Bisbop of

Toronto ; 4. It protects School-sections against changes in their bounda The Reverend Hanry James Graseth, A.M.; the Honble. Samud Boaley Harrison, Q.C.;

Joseph Curran Morrison, Esquire, M.P.P. Hugh Scobie and James Sopa Howard, ries without their own consent, and secures to them the right of

Esquires. disposing of their own school property, when expedient, and of fair. | The Reverend John Jonnings, and the Reverend Adam Luke

John George Hodgins, Esquire, to be Recording Clerk to said Counal ly and properly applying the proceeds of it; a right which was

The Honourable Franola Hiacka, to be the Crown Macaber and Chairman of the best never before enjoyed by School-sections and parties contributing to

dowment Board of the Vatversity of Toronto, and Opper Canada College and Rogel porchase school-sites and the building of school-bouges.

Grunnu Behool.

CONTENTS OF THE ANNUAL REPORT TO His EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR · GENERAL, of the Normal, Model, and Common Schools in Upper Canada, for the year 1849.

DY TRE CRIRI SOPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS. .

Transmitted the ath of August, 1850.

....... 164

35-37

Part 1.-REPORT, &c.

PAGES. Prefatory Letter to the Secretary of the Province, .................. Introductory and General Remarks, ... .......................

14-5 I. School Section and Schools, .............................. 5-8 II. School Moneys, .......................... ....

.........
..

8 10 III. Number of Children attending the Schools, ...

10-12 IV. Time of keeping open the Schools by qualified Teachers, ...... 12, 13

V. Classification of Pupils, and Subjects taught in the Schools, ....... 13-15 VI. Books used in the Schools-Modes of Teaching, ............. 15—33 VU. Classification and Salaries of Teachers, and Character of Schools, ... 33-35 VIII. School-houses, ... IX. School Visits, ...i...

37-39 * X. Libraries School Requisites-Colleges-Grammar and Private Schools, 39-42 XI. Provincial Normal and Model School, .....

............ 42-50 XII. Extracts from the Reports of Local Superintendents and City and Town Boards of School Trustees, ...

50-93 XIII. General Remarks, ......... ........................ 93—100

PART II. -STATISTICAL REPORT. TABLE A.-School Sections-Schools in operation-Moneys-Aggregate salaries of Teachers in Upper Canada, ..........

....... 103-105 TABLE B.School population-Pupils attending the Schools-Average in sui

mer, in winter : of boys, of girls-aggregate and average time during
which the Schools have been kept open-Nuinber and classification of
pupils in the various branches of study. ............

......... 106-108 TABLE C.-Books used in the Schools, and modes of instruction employed

therein, .......................................... 109-111 TAJLE D.-Common School Teachers--their religious faith-their average an

nual salaries-Male and female-Certificates of qualification Character

of Schools, .......................................... 112-114 TADLE E-Kind, sizes, and condition of School-houses-Number and kind

built during the year 1849—Total School-houses--Freehold, lease, rented,

&c................................................... 115-117 TABLE F.-School visits-by Local Superintendents, by Clergymen, Council

lors, Magistrates, and other persons-Libraries, Common School, Sunday
School and Public-Number of volumes therein-School requisites, maps,
globes, black-boards, &c. Colleges, Acaderies, Grammar and Private

Schools Students and pupils therein, and branches of study, ........ 118-120 TABLE G.-District Model School-Masters and pupils-Moneys-Miscellaneous, .................... .. .. .. .. .. .. .

............ 121 TULE H. Normal and Model School for Upper Canada-Receipts and expen

diture of the annual grant of £1,500, &c., and of an additional £300

granted to facilitate the attendance of students, .................. 122 TABLE I. General Statistical Table, exhibiting the gross attendance of students

at the Normal School, since its establishment in 1847-(five sessions)--the
amount of weekly aid granted to thern during each session-their religious
faith-and the Districts from which they attended, &c.- in three abstracts,
Runbered 1, 2, and 3, .................................. 123-125

..... 123-125

No. 16.-Blank form of Certificate given at the close of the first and second

sessions of the Normal School, to each student on leaving the Institution, 102 No. 17.-Blank Form of Certificate given at the close of the third, fourth and

fifth sessions of the Normal School, to each student then in attendance

and deemed worthy of it, ........................................... 103 No. 18.-Blank form of authority to the Masters of the Normal School to er

amine and admit Candidates whose certificate of moral characer bad been

approved of by the Chief Superintendent of Schools, ......... NO. 19.-Blank form of requisition for any article required in the Normal and Model School for Upper Canada, .......

....... 165 No. 20.-Blank form of requisition for a set of Text-Books, &c., given to each student while attending the Normal School, ........

...... 166-167 Revised Terms of Admission into the Normal School, Toronto, Adopted the 12th of April, 1850, by the Board of Education for Upper Canada.-The Board of Education anxious to adopt such measures as appear besi calculated to render the training of the Normal School as thorough as possible, and to diffuse its advantages over every County in Upper Canada as equally and as widely as possible, adopus the following regulations in regard to the duration of the future Session of the Normal School, and the mode and terms of admitting and facilitating the attendance of Students at that Institution.

ORDEREDJ. That there shall, during each twelve months, be one Session, which shall commence on the first Monday in September, and close the las, week in May.

II. That no male Student shall be admitted under eighteen years of age, nor & femalo student under the age of sixteen years: nor unless, in addition to the qualifications heretofore specified for admission, (namely, to read and write intelligibly, and understand the simple rules of Arithmetic,) each Student be acquainted with the elenents of Geography and English Grammar.

III. That the weekly aid of five shillings each, heretofore allowed by the Board to approved Students to facilitate their attendance at the Normal School, shall be extended hereafter for a period of nine months, under the following regulations :-1st-The Students shall be admitted from the several Counties, Cities, and representative Towns in Upper Canada in proportion to the number of the Representatives in the Legislative Assembly : namely, three for every County mernber, and two for every member of a City and Town. The Township, Town and City Superintendents of Common Schools are requested to meet not later than the first Tuesday in August, (at least to the purnber of three) at ten o'clock, A. M., in the County Town, to examine candidates for admission ioto the Normal School during the ensuing Session, in accordance with the terms of admission prescribed by this Board, and recoinmend such as they shall judge qualified for admission, and worthy of the facilities of attendance afforded by this Board,-arranging such approved Candidates in the order of merit,-inserting the names of all whom they recommend, how many soever there may be-and forthwith transmitting their names to the Chief Superintendent of Schools. 2nd-Should any County, City, or representativo Town not avail itself of the facilities here offered, a sufficient number of approved Candidates will be admitted from other places, beyond the proportion of Candidates above specified ; and should not the complement of one hundred and twenty Students be thus recommended, the Board would receive a sufficient number of approved candidates, on examination, as heretofore, at the commencement of the Session.

IV. That the foregoing Resolution is not to limit the number of Teachers-in-training to be admitted, on their personal application, (duly recommended) to free tuition, and the use of books, without the addition of any allowance for Board during the Session.

V. That, in future, no private pupils be received into the Norinal School, but that the Institution be confined exclusively, to the Instruction of Teachers-in-training ; nor shall any persons be admitted as Students, unless, in addition to the qualifications required by the third Resolution, they produce a certificate of good moral character, signed by the Clergyman or Minister of the religious persuasion with which they are connected, and declare their intention to devote themselves to school-teaching, and that their object in coming to the Normal School is to qualify themselves better for the important duoco of that profession.

VI. That all Candidates for admission into the Normal School must present themselves during the first week, of the Session, otherwise they cannot be admitted ; they shall board and lodge in such houses, and under such regulations as are approved by the Board of Education : and their continuance in the School is conditional upon their diligence, progress, and observance of the General Regulations prescribed by this Board.

VII. That all commuaications be addressed to the Reverend Dr. RYERSON, Chief Superintendent of Schools, Toronto. By Order of the Board of Education for Upper Canada.

J. GEORGE HODGINS, EDUCATION OFFICE

· Recording Clerk. Toronto, 12th April,

N. B.-Board and lodging, for Students, may be obtained, at the Houses approved by the Board of Education, at from 75. 6d. to 10s. per week.

Messrs. Robertson and Hind, of the Normal School, Toronto. have been busily engaged during the recess in travelling through the Upper Province and lecturing on education and agricultural chemistry. Large assemblies of Teachers and others have been gathered on these occasions, and the results have proved highly gratifying. When we have a Normal School in Montreal, the Lower Canadians will also enjoy the advantage of Lectures. Perhaps it might not be amiss to procure some Lectures beforehand. We throw out this hint for the consideration of those concerned.--Montreal Pilot, 13th August.

APPENDIX. No. 1.-Disposition of the Annual Parliamentary School Grant for the year 1949, 120-130 No. 2.--General Statistical Table, exhibiting the progressive results of the

operation (since its introduction in 1846-47) of the Common School Act for Upper Canada, 9th Victoria, chapter 20, repealed the 31st day of De

cember, 1819, ........................................ 11-132 No. 3. General Statistical Abstract, exhibiting the state and progress of Edu

cation in Upper Canada, as connected with Universities, Colleges, Academies, Gramınar, Private, Cominon, Normal and Model Schools, during the

years 1842 to 1849, inclusive, .................. ........... 132-135 No. 4. Circular addressed by the Chief Superintendent of Schools to the Dis

trict Superintendents and Trustees of Coinmon Schools in Upper Canada, relative to the Local School Reports for 1849, and the election of one Trus

ice in each School Section, on the second Tuesday of January, 1830, ... 136 No. 3. Circular addressed by the Chief Superintendent of Schools to the

Chairmen of the Boards of School Trustees for Cities and Incorporated
Towns in Upper Canada, relative to the preparation of the Annual School
Report and the continuance in office of the present Board of School

Trustees, ................. .......................... 137
No. 6.-Address to the Inhabitants of Upper Canada, on the systein of Free

Schools ; by the Chief Superintendent of Schools, . .................... 138-143 No. 7.-Address to the Inhabitants of Upper Canada--continued-Encourage

ment to persevere in the cause of Cominon School Education.--By the

Chief Superintendent of Schools, ............................. 144 145 No. 8.-Revised Terms of Admission to the Normal School, Toronto, ..... 146 No. 9.-Teachers' Institutes in Upper Canada-n circular from the Chief

Superintendent of Schools to Teachers, Superintendents, and other officers or Common Schools throughout Upper Canada, appointing a tiine and place for holding a Teachers' Institute in each County Town of Upper

Canada, .............................. ............... 147 No. 10.-Blank form of Annual Report for 1849, furnished to each set of

Cornmon School Trustees in Upper Canada---in addition to the blank forms of Reports for Boards of School Trustees in Cities and Towns and District

Buperintendents, furnished yearly, ............................... 14 No. 11.-Blank form of Annual Report, for 1849. furnished to each Board of

Coromon School Trustees in Cities and Incorporate Towns, ............ 119 Mo. 12.-Programme of the Seini-Annual Examination of the students and

pupils in the Normal and Model Schools for Upper Canada, at the close of

the winter session 181250, .................................... 150 No. 13.-A comparative view of the exact chemical constitution of certain

foils, Vegetables, and Manures-(a table compiled for the use of students

in the Normal School,)........................................... 151 . 14.-Examimation Paper for His Excellency the Governor-General's two Prizes in Agricultural Chernistry, Vegetable and Animal Physiology and

the Chemistry of Food, April 7th and 9th, 1819, . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 152-156 No. 15.-Examination Paper for His Excellency the Governor-General's two

Prizes in Agricultural Chemistry, Vegetable and Animal Physiology and de Chemistry of Food, April 13th, 1850,......

Examination U. C. College.-The annual examination of the pupils of Upper Canada College, which took place last week, was highly satisfaetory. His Excellency the Governor General was present at the distribution of prizes, and delivered an eloquent speech. The Governor General's prize was obtained by Chancellor Blake's son.-{Ibid.

Victoria College.-The friends of this Institution are informed that, in accordance with the decision of the Board of May last, arrangements are being made to commence the Winter Session at Cobourg, sometime in the month of September. --(Christian Guardian.

Acts relating to Education passed during the last Session of the Legislature and assented to by His Ērcellency.-An Act to remove certain doubts respecting the intention of the Act of the last Session of the Parliament of this Province for amending the Charter of the University of Toronto, and to provide for the institution and endowment of Regius and other Professorships, Lectureships, Fellowships, Schol. arships, Exhibitions, Prizes, and other rewards in the said University, and for other purposes connected with the said University, and with the College and Royal Graminer School of Upper Canada College forming an appendage thereof.

An Act for the better establishment and maintenance of Common Schools in Upper Canada.

An Act to provide for the payment of the sum of money therein mentioned, for the use and support of three additional Grammar Schools in the County of York, for the year one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine.

An Act to authorize the removal of the site of Victoria College from Cobourg 10 Toronto An Act to incorporate the Saint John's Academy. L. C.

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THB TIMB or The new School Act COMING INTO OPERATION. -Every act of the Legislature comes into force as soon as it receives the Royal Assent, unless some express provision is made as to the future condition or period of its taking effect. The new School Act came into force the day on which it received the Royal Assent, and under its authority the Chief Superintendent and Council of Public Instruction have been appointed, the Legislative School Grant for the year has been apportioned, and all the Forms and Regulations have been adopted. All School proceedings in all the Counties and School Sections in Upper Canada must be conducted under its authority and according to its provisions.

ANNUAL School REPORT FOR UPPER CANADA FOR THE YBAR 1849.--The contents of this Report will be found on the 127th page. The friends of Common School education will read with pleasure the following resolution, which was adopted by the Legislative Assembly two days before the close of the Session :

"Hon. Mr. Price presented the Annual Report of the Normal, Model and Common Schools in Upper Canada, for the year 1849, by the Chief Superintendent of Schools.

"On motion of Mr. Price, it was ordered, that a sufficient number of copies of the said Report be printed, to furnish a copy to each Municipal Council, Local Superintendent, and Common School Corporation in Upper Canada, exclusive of the usual number prirfted for the use of the Members of the House."

TEACHERS AND EDUCATIONAL JOURNALS. Among the Laws for the regulation of the Public Schools, in Alleghany, Pennsylvania, is the following,—"It shall be the duty of each Teacher to take at least, one Periodical devoted to Education." Ought not each Teacher in Canada be a law unto himself in this respect ? Does he not owe it to himself, bis professional reputation, nay, to his pecuniary interest, to take an educational periodical?

CORRBCTION. - The Chapter of the new School Act for Upper Canada should be 48, instead of 9, as stated in the last number of this Journal. The number of the Chapter was set down as 9 in the list of Bills assented to by the Governor General on the 24th of July,- some time before the close of the Session ; but in classifying and arranging all the Bills which have been passed during the Session, and to which the Royal assent has been given, the chapter of the Common School Act for Upper Canada has been numbered 48.

PAOL.

APPROPRIATION FOR NORMAL SCHOOL PRÉMISES AND BUILDINGS. The Legislature has made the handsome appropriation of £15,000 for procuring Premises and erecting Buildings for a Provincial Normal and Model School. It is intended to procure a sufficient quantity of ground for a Botanical Garden and Agricultural Experiments --80 as to furnish practical illustrations of the courses of instruction in Vegetable Physiology and Agricultural Chemistry. It is also intended to keep in view the contemplated establishment of a School of Art and Design, in the construction and accommodations of the Buildings, as well as the immediate objects of the Normal School. Accommodations will be likewise provided for the Education Office, and for a Depository of Apparatus and Books for School Libraries. This is the first appropriation which was ever made by the Canadian Legislature for the erection and permanent establishment of a Peoples' College, the direct object of which is to benefit the mass of the population. We indulge the hope that we are entering on & new era in the diffusion of popular education and useful knowledge in Upper Canada.

CONTENTS OF THIS NUMBER.
I.-CIRCULARS from the Chief Superintendent of Schools to the

various Municipal and other officers concerned in the
administration of the New Common School Act for Upper

Canada, 13th and 14th Victoria, chapter 48, as follows: 1. To Wardens of Counties, on the duties of County Munici :

: pal Councils, under the new School Act, ........... 113-115 2. To Mayors of Cities and Towns, on the duties of City and 13:

Town Councils, under the new School Act,......... 115 3. To Townreeves, on the duties of Township Councils,

under the new School Act,........................ 116-117 4. To Local Superintendendents of Common Schools, on

their duties under the new School Act,.---...----- 117-119 5. To Trustees of Common Schools, on their duties under the new School Act ----------

....... 119–126 6. To Teachers of Common Schools, on their duties under the new School Act..

121-122 7. To County Clerks, notifying the apportionment of the

Legislative School Grant for the year 1850, ........ 122-124 8. To City and Town Clerks, notifying the apportionment of

the Legislative School Grant for the year 1850, ... 124 9. To the Taxable Inhabitants of Cities and Towns, on the

election of Boards of Trustees on the first Tuesday in

September next ----- ----
II.- EDITORIAL. 1. Notice-Journal of Education the medium

of Official Notices from the Education Office. 2. Legis-
lative Proceedings-Characteristics of the New School
Act for Upper Canada,--..

........ 125-126 III.-EDUCATIONAL INTELLIGENCE. Canada, ........

...........

126-127 IV.-Editorial Notices, ..

............ 128

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To CANDIDATES FOR ADMISSION TO THE NORMAL SCHOOL.For the information of such we again insert on page 127 of this Journal, the Revised Terms of Admission to the Normal Schcol. We believe that very few county authorities have formally taken advantage of the provisions contained in these Terms of Admission. Therefore, candidates, with the required certificates of character, will be received, on examination, as heretofore, by the authorities of the Normal School, at the commencement of the Session. The next Session will commence the first Monday in September and close the last week in May. Candidates must present themselves during the first week of the Session.

NOTICE TO TRUSTEES AND TEACHERS.--The following School Requisites may be obtained upon application to Mr. HODGINS, Education Office, Toronto : Any article of the School Apparatus (Small Globes, Orreries, Numeral Frames, &c.,) advertised in the June No. of this Journal, at the prices stated ;-Reading Tablet Lessons, ls. 4d.- Arithmetic, do. 2s. 4d.-Natural History and other Object Lessons, at various prices—National Maps and Books Johnston's Agricultural Chemistry, 1s. 3d., &c. &c. &c. .

NOTICE TO TRUSTEES AND LOCAL SUPERINTENDENTS.—A sufficient number of the July and August numbers of the Journal of Education will be sent to each Local Superintendent in U.C., whose Post Office address is known at this Office, to furnish each Corporation of School Trustees within his jurisdiction with a copy of each.

** Answers to numerous inquiries, addressed to the Education Office, will be found in the various Circulars contained in this number.

Toronto: Printed and published by THOMAS H. BENTLBY. TERMS : 5s. per annum in advance. No subscription received for less than one year, commencing with the January Number. Single Nos. 730 each. Back Numbers supplied to all new Subscribers.

*** The 1st and 2nd Vols., neatly stitched, may be obtained upon application, price, 5s. each.

All Communications to be addressed to Mr. Hodine, Education Office, Toronto.

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WHAT COMMON SCHOOL EDUCATION CAN DO FOR no mines of the precious metals and little coal or iron ; our climate A COUNTRY.

is too severe or otherwise not adapted for any of the great agriwulIn nearly all the Cities and Towns of the neighbouring States, tural staples, except Indian corn ; and yet we have a population of public semi-annual examinations of the Elementary and better class

a million. If the State of Texas were inhabited in the same pro

portion to the square mile, her population would equal that of the of Schools take place under the direction of examining Committees

whole United States. At least I made a calculation some years appointed by the local School authorities for that purpose. These ago, at the time of the first talk of angexation, that, according to examinations are of several days continuance ; and the examining the boundaries then claimed by Texas, she was twenty-six times

as large as Massachusetts. Committees, at the close, report the results of their labours.

How it would be with her present

boundaries I do not know ; I am not sure that she has any. In the City of Cambridge, Massachusetts, (the seat of Harvard

* Well, sir, what is it that has led to this result, as far as Mas. University) the examination of the Schools (all of which are free) chusetts is concerned? What has enabled our noble little State, took place the last week in July. The Cambridge Chronicle of the on her rocks and her sands, and within her narrow limits,—to rear 8th of August says :

and support this rapidly increasing population ;what enables her, “The semi-annual examination of the Public Schools of this city,

besides constantly sending forth a swarm of emigrants,--to keep at commenced on Thursday, July 25, with the Alphabet School, and

home a population far greater in proportion to her size than that of was closed on Saturday, August 3rd, with the High School-the

any other State ?

"I take it that this result is mainly owing to the general intelliSchool Committee devoting nine days to the work. From all that we can learn we are satisfied our schools were never in a more four

gence of the community, promoted by many causes and influences,

but mainly by the extension of the means of education to all the ishing condition than they are at the present time. We believe

people. On this rock the corner stone of the infant settlement was that it is now generally conceded that our mode of classification is one of the best that could have been devised. It consists of Alpha

laid ; (I speak of human things) on this it has ever rested. I do bet, Primary, Middle, Grammar, and High School, and, we hope

not wish to claim anything for Massachusetts which is not strictly

her due. I cheerfully concede to other States the possession, in eventually to say, College. “ It was our design to speak of the different classes of schools as

some respects, of superior advantages. I acknowledge much that

is good in all. I bear cheerful testimony to the liberal effort that they appeared on the examination ; but, as the High School is a kind of focus to which all the others tend, we devote our paper to

| have been made by some of them, and especially Connecticut and it. That which follows will show what a FREE SCHOOL, for the

New-York, in this same good caus; but may I not claim for teaching of every thing short of College and extended scientific

Massachusetts the palm in this respect? If the Genius of our education, is capable of doing."

common America should cast his eye over this great sisterhood of

States, to see what they have done respectively for the educatiod of Then follow the Report of the Committee on the examination of

their children, would he not a postrophize Massachusetts and say, the High School, and an address from the Mayor of the City, who many daughters have done virtuously, but thou excellest them all ?' concluded by calling upon the Hon. EDWARD EVERETT, LL.D. " But I do not wish to overstate the matter, and to ascribe tog (former Governor of the State, United States Minister to England,

much to popular education as the cause of our prosperity. A great

many other things, I know, have contribted to it. We have a and President of Harvard College) to address the assembly.

temperate climate ; our winters brace, while our summers are not How delightful would it be to witness such examinations and

long enough to enervate. Our soil, if not very fertile, no where proceedings twice a-year, in connexion with the Common Schools generates disease. An extensive sea-board furnishes great faciliin every city and town in Upper Canada! What a brilliant pros lies for commerce. Our granite and gravel make capital roads, and pect would it open up for our country to see the education of the

the former is an excellent material for building. Our abundant

waterpower holds out great inducements to manufacturers, Then people engaging the patriotic attention of the chief men in the land,

there are political and moral causes of prosperity of vast importance ; and calling forth the public contributions of its first talent and

free popular government, which extends an equal protection to all ; learning in the periodical examinations and celebrations of Schools ! -a greater degree of practical equality, then exists in any other Such contributions from the lips of the Honorable EDWARD

highly civilized country ;--a traditional respect for the law ; a high EVERBTT have often enriched our pages, no doubt to the gratifica

state of public morals ;-- pervading religious sentiment. All

these are eminently conducive to the public prosperty. But I need tion and profit of our readers. We shall, on the present occasion,

not say, that some of these influences owe their existence to the omit those portions of his noble speech which relate to the High intelligence which educatiou has diffused and fostered in the coinand other Common Schools at Cambridge, and lay before our readers munity, and that all of them operate through that intelligence, that part of it which discusses the great question of patriotism

Yes, sir, it is the intelligence of a people that makes its natural the great problem of the age-What Common School EDUCATION

advantages available.

“There are other regions of the earth as highly favoured as our CAN DO FOR A COUNTRY.

State in all natural endowments. If you take a terrestrial globe Mr. EVERETT proceeds as follows :

and turn it round, so that every part of its surface which lies in “Our little State of Massachusetts covers about eiglit thousand the same latitude ;--this precious forty-second degree, (for our par. square miles. Not much of the soil is of high fertility ; we have row little State does not in any pari, I believe, run up to the fori;

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