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report to him : Provided, that no allowance or compensation shall that the expenses attending the proceedings of the said Counci! be made to such special inspector or inspectors for any service or shall be accounted for by the Chief Superintendent of Schools as services performed by him or them.
part of the contingent expenses of the Education
Senior clerk in Duties in regard Seventhly. To take the general Superintendence
Office ; that the Senior Clerk in the Education the Education to the Normal
Offce to be ReOffice shall be Recording Clerk to the said Council, of the Normal School; and to use his best endeaSchool.
cording Clerk to And text.books. vours to provide for and recommend the use of
shall enter all its proceedings in a book kept for that the council.
His duties. uniform and approved text-books in the schools generally.
purpose, shall, as may be directed, procure the books
and stationery for the Normal and Model Schools, and shall keep all School libraries. Eighthly. To employ all lawful means in his
the accounts of the said Council.
of the place of school Towns, and Villages; to provide and recommend duty of the said Council of Public Instruction. I
duty of the said Council of Public Instruction, (three Council of Public
the adoption of suitable plans of school-houses, with members of which, at any lawful meeting, shall The collection and diffusion of the proper furniture and appendages; and to collect | form a quorum for the transaction of business): useful knowledge. and diffuse useful information on the subject of
First. To appoint a Chairman, and establish the education generally, among the people of Upper Canada.
to regulate its
times of its meetings, and the mode of its proceed- own proceedings, To submit to the Ninthly. To submit to the Council of Public In ings, which Chairman shall be entitled to a second or casting vote Council of Public Instruction, books struction all books or manuscripts wbich may be in cases of an equality of votes on any question. manuscripts, &c. placed in his bands with the view of obtaining the recommendation or sanction of such Council, for their introduction
Secondly. To adopt all needful measures for the To do all things
necessary for the te said To lay before said
permanent establishment and efficiency of the as text-books or library books; and to prepare and
permanent estabCouncil, geveral day before the Council of Public Instruction for its
Normal School for Upper Canada, containing one life
lishment and eff.
ciency of the regulations, &c. consideration, such general regulations for the
or more Model Schools for the instruction and train- Normal School. organization and government of Common Schools, and the manage
ing of Teachers of Common Schools in the science of education and ment of School Libraries as he shall deem necessary and proper.
art of teaching.
To make rules for Tenthly. To apportion whatever sum or sums of
Thirdly. To make from time to time, the rules To apportion mo
the management neys granted for money shall be provided by the Legislature for the
and regulations necessary for the management and and government the establishment
government of such Normal School ; to prescribe
of the Normal establishment and support of School Libraries : of school libra
School; to preries,
the terms and conditions on which students shall be Provided always, that no aid shall be given towards
scribe the terms
of admission. Proviso:
received and instructed therein ; to select the locathe establishment or support of any School Library
To erect or proCoudition of sha
cure and furnish
tion of such school, and erect or procure and furnish ring in such apunless an equal amount be contributed and expended
Normal School portionment, from local sources for the same object.
the buildings therefor; to determine the number and buildings compensation of teachers, and all others who may
teachers, &c. To appoint per
Eleventhly. To appoint proper persons to conduct be employed therein; and to do all lawful things sons to conduct teachers' ipsti County Teachers' Institutes, and to furnish such which such Council shall deem expedient to promote the objects tutes, aud
rules and instructions as he shall judge advisable in pare rules and
and interests of such school. instructions for regard to the proceedings of such Institutes and the regulating their
Fourthly. To make such regulations from time
To make regulaproceedings. best means of promoting their objects, in elevating
to time as it shall deem expedient for the organiza- tions for the orthe profession of school teaching and increasing its
ganization and tion, government and discipline of Common Schools;
government of usefulness.
the classification of Schools and Teachers, and for common schools
generally. To account for
for Twelfthly. To be responsible for all moneys paid School Libraries throughout Upper Canada. moneys, &c. through him in behalf of the Normal and Model
To examine and
Fifthly. To examine, and, at its discretion, reSchools, and to give such security for the same as shall be required
recommend books by the Governor; and to prepare and transmit all correspondence
commend or disapprove of text-books for the use of for schools, and which shall be directed or authorized by the Council of Public In
schools, or books for School Libraries: Provided for school libra
ries; struction for Upper Canada.
always that no portion of the Legislative School Proviso :
Grant shall be applied in aid of any school in which any book is To report annu- Thirteenthly. To make annually to the Governor,
used that has been disapproved of by the Council, and public notice ally to the Governor on certain on or before the first day of July, a report of the
given of such disapproval. matters. actual state of the Normal, Model and Common
Sixthly. To transmit annually, through the Chief To account annuSchools throughout Upper Canada, showing the amount of moneys Superintendent of Schools, to the Governor, to be ally. expended in connexion with each, and from what sources derived,
laid before the Legislature, a true account of the receipt and expenwith such statements and suggestions for improving the Common
diture of all moneys granted for the establishment and support of Schools and the Common School laws, and promoting education
the Normal School. generally, as he shall deem useful and expedient.
XI. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS. X. CONSTITUTION AND DUTIES OF THE Council OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. XXXIX. And be it enacted, That a sum not ex- £1500 per annum,
granted for the Council of Public
ceeding fifteen hundred pounds per annum shall be XXXVI, And be it enacted, That the Governor
Normal School : Instruction for
allowed out of the Legislative School Grant for the salaries of offiU.C. He shall have authority to appoint not more than nine
cers and other contingent expenses of the Normal School; and that persons (of whom the Chief Superintendent of Schools shall be one)
a sum not exceeding one thousand pounds per an- £1000 per annum To consist of O
ve to be a Council of Public Instruction for Upper persons including
to facilitate the num be allowed out of the said grant to facilitate Canada, who shall hold their office during pleasure,
attendance of the Chief Super
the attendance of Teachers in training at the Noruper.
teachers in trainand shall be subject from time to time to all lawtendent,
mal School, under such regulations as shall, from ing. ful orders and directions in the exercise of their
time to time, be adopted by the Council of Public Instruction. duties, which shall, from time to time, be issued by the Governor.
XL. And he it enacted, That the sum of money What moneys to Mode of providing XXXVII. And be it enacted, That the Chief
constitute the i place and de
apportioned annually by the Chief Superintendent of common school isaying the ex. Superintendent of Schools shall provide a place for
Schools to each County, Township, City, Town orf penses of the
the meetings of the Council of Public Instruction, meetings of such
Village, and at least equal sum raised annually by local assessment, Courcil; of call- and shall call the first meeting of the Council, and
shall constitute the Common School Fund of such County, Town ing the first meeting and any spe
shall have authority to call a special meeting at any | ship, City, Town, or Village, and shall be expended Conditions of its ial weeting time by giving due notice to the other members ; /
noers; | for no other purpose than that of paying the salaries apportionment.
of qualified Teachers of Common Schools : Provided always, that be named by the Judge in euch order, together with reasonable costs no County, City, Town or Village shall be entitled to a share of the | incurred in making such application, as the Judge may tax, and in Legislative School Grant without raising by assessment, a sum at the event of a noncompliance with the terms specified in the said least equal (clear of all charges for collection) to the share of the order or any or either of them, then to order the said party to be said School Grant apportioned to it: and provided also, that should forthwith arrested by the Sheriff of any County in which such party the Municipal Corporation of any County, City, Town or Village, shall be found, and be by him committed to the Common Gaol of raise in any one year a less sum than that apportioned to it out of his County, there to remain without bail or mainprize until such the Legislative School Grant, the Chief Superintendent of Schools Judge shall be satisfied that such party has delivered up, accounted shall deduct a sum equal to the deficiency, from the apportionment for or paid over the books, papers, chattels, or moneys in question to such County, City, Town or Village in the following year. in the manner directed by the majority of the Trustees as aforesaid,
upon proof of his having done which, such Judge shall make an Certain sums 19 XLI. And be it enacted, That it may and shall
order for his discharge, and he shall be discharged accordingly; be expended for the establishment be lawful for the Governor in Council, to authorize
provided always, that no proceeding under this proviso shall be of school libraries
de certain the expenditure annually, out of the share of the construed to impair or affect any other remedy which the said regulations. Legislative School Grant coming to Upper Canada,
Trustees may have against such Secretary-treasurer, or person of a sum not exceeding three thousand pounds, for the establishment
having been such, or bis sureties.. and support of School Libraries, under such regulations as are provided for by this Act; of a sum not exceeding twenty-five pounds
XLIV. And be it enacted, That it may and shall Certificates of
qualification for in any County or Riding for the encouragement of a Teachers' In
be lawful for the Chief Superintendent of Schools, U. C. granted to
teachers under stitute, under the regulations hereinbefore provided ; and of a sum
on the recommendation of the Teachers in the Normal
certain circuinnot exceeding two bundred pounds in any one year to procure plans
School, to give to any Teacher of Common Schools stances, and publications for the improvement of School Architecture and
a certificate of qualification which shall be valid in practical Science in connexion with the Common
in any part of Upper Canada, until revoked according Proviso: the apount heretofore Schools : Provided always, that the amount here
to law; Provided always, that no such certificate Proviso. apportioned in aid a tofore apportioned in aid of Common Schools to the
shall be given to any person who shall not have of common schools not to be several Counties, Cities, Towns and Villages in
been a Student in the Normal School. . Upper Canada, shall not be lessened by the appropriation of such sums, but they shall be taken out of any additional
XLV. And be it enacted, That no part of the Salaries of 80
salaries of the Chief or Local Superintendents of amount awarded to Upper Canada, out of the said Grant, in consider
expenses incurSchools, nor of any other persons employed, or ex
red in the execuation of the increase of its population in proportion to that of the
tion of tbe school
penses incurred, in the execution of this Act, shall whole Province.
law, how paid. be paid out of the Common School Fund, which shall, wholly and
without diminution, be expended in the payment of Teachers' salaThe moneys ap- XLII. And be it enacted, That the sum of money portioned annual
ries as hereinbefore provided. in aid of com- annually apportioned in aid of Common Schools in mon schools to be
e the several Counties, Cities, Towns and Villages in dayable the first
XLVI. And be it enacted, that any person who Punishment of day of July. Upper Canada, shall be payable on or before the first
shall wilfully disturb, interrupt, or disquiet the pro- ing meetings, &c. day of July, in each year, to the Treasurer of each County, City,
ceedings of any schoot meeting authorized to be hold hy this act or Town and Village, in such way as the Governor in Council shall
any school established and conducted under its authority, shall for from time to time direct.
each offence, forfeit for Common School purposes, to the School
Section, City, Town or Village, within the limits of which such Protection of the XLIII. And be it enacted, That if any part of offence shall bave been committed, a sum not exceeding five pounds, common school und against loss. the Common School Fund shall be embezzled or lost and may be prosecuted before any Justice of the Peace, by any per
through the dishonesty or faithlessness of any party son whatever, and convicted on the oath of one credible witness to whom it shall have been entrusted, and proper security against other than the prosecutor, and if convicted, the said penalty shall, guch loss shall not have been taken, the person or persons whose if not forthwith paid, be levied with costs by distress and sale of duty it was to have exacted such security, shall be responsible for goods and chattels of the offender, under a warrant of such Justice, the sum or sums thus embezzled or lost, and the same may be and paid over by him to the School Treasurer of such Section, City, recovered from them by Civil Suit in any Court of Law having Town or Village ; or the said offender shall be liable to be indicted jurisdiction to the amount claimed, by the party or parties enti and punished for the same as a misdemeanor. Proviso. tled to receive such sum or sums, or at the suit of the Crown. Provided always, That if any Secretary-treasurer appointed
XLVII. And be it enacted, That the first election Temporary pro
visions for boldby the School Trustees of any school division, or any person having
of Trustees in all the Cities and Towns of Upper ing the first elec
tions in cities and been such Secretary-treasurer, and having in his possession any
Canada, as provided for in the twenty-second sec
towus. books, papers, chattels, or moneys, which shall have come into tion of this Act, shall commence at ten of the clock his possession, as such Secretary-treasurer, shall wrongfully
in the forenoon of the first Tuesday in September, one thousand withbold or refuse to deliver up, or to account for and pay over the
| eight hundred and fifty, and that the places of election in the several same or any part thereo: to such person, and in such manner as
Wards of each City or Town, together with the name of the Rehe may have been lawfully directed by any majority of the School turning Officer for each such Ward, shall be duly notified, by Trustees for such School division then in office, such withholding
causing notices to be put up in at least three public places in each or refusal shall be a misdemeanor; and upon the application of the euch Ward, and not less than six days before such election, by the majority of such Trustees, supported by affidavit of such wrongful Mayor of each City and Town respectively : Provided always, that withholding or refusal made by them before some justice of the the School Trustees then elected in each City and Town, shall be Peace to the Judge of the County Court, such Judge shall thereupon subject to all the obligations which have been contracted by the make an order that such Secretary-treasurer or person having been
present School Trustees of such City or Town; and shall be such, do appear before such Judge at a time and place to be appointed invested with all the powers conferred by this Act on School Trusin such order, which shall, by a Bailiff of any Division Court, be tees of Cities and Towns for the fulfilment of such obligations, and personally served on the party complained against, or left with a for the performance of all other duties imposed by this Act. grown up person at his residence, and at the time and place so appointed, the Judge being satisfied that such service has been made,
XLVIII. And be it enacted, That the Interpreta- Interpretation sball in a summary manner and whether the the party complained tion Act shall apply to this Act ; that the word of do or do not appear, hear the complaint ; and if he shall be of
| “ Teacher," shall include Female as well as Male Teachers ; opinion that the complaint is well founded, he shall order the that the word “ Townships" shall include Unions of Townships party complained of to deliver up, account for and pay over the made for Municipal purposes ; and the word “County" shall books papers chattels or moneys as aforesaid by a certain day, to | include unions of Counties for municipal purposes.
2. The parties thus authorized to act as Visitors, have it in their the blessings of law and liberty, as well as to promote their future happipower to exert an immense influence in elevating the character and
ness, and also to point out to them the evil tendency of the opposite rices. promoting the efficiency of the schools, by identifying themselves with
By Order of the Council of Public Instruction for Upper Canada. them, by visiting them, encouraging the pupils, aiding and counselling
J. GEORGE Hodging,
EDUCATION OFFICE, Toronto. Teaebers, aud impressing upon parents their interests and duties in the
Recording Clerk. Adopted the 5th day of August, 1850.
C. P. I. education of their offspring. In visitiog schools, however, Visitors should, in no instance, speak disparagingly of the instructions or man.
NOTICE. agement of the Teacher in the presence of the pupils ; but if they think it necessary to give any advice to the Teacher, they should do it privately. They are also desired to communicate to the local or Chief
JOURNAL OF EDUCATION FOR UPPER CANADA. Superintendent any thing which they shall think important to the interests of any school visited by them. The law recommends Visitors, His Excellency the GOVERNOR GENERAL has been pleased to " especially to attend the Quarterly Examinations of the Schools." It is
sanction the JOURNAL OF EDUCATION as the medium of official hoped that all Visitors will feel it both a duty and a privilege to aid, on such accasions, by their presence and influence. While it is competent
notices and communications from the Education Office, Toronto, to to a Visitor to engage in any exercises which shall not be objected to by all Municipal Councils, Local Superintendents, Trustees, and other the authorities of the school, it is expected that no Visitor will introduce, persons concerned in the administration of the Common School on any such occasion, any thing calculated to wound or give offence to Law. The next number (which will appear in the course of a the feelings of any class of his fellow Christians.
week) will contain the official correspondence on this subject; as 3. The local Superintendents are School Visitors, by virtue of their
also the apportionment of the Legislative School Grant, for the office, and their comprehensive duties, as such, are stated with sufficient
present year, to all the Counties, Cities, Townships and Towns in minuteness in the 3rd clause of the 31st section of the School Act. While
Upper Canada-Official Circulars from the Chief Superintendent of each local Superiutendent makes the careful inquiries and examinations
Schools to Wardens of Counties, and Mayors of Cities and Towns, required by law, and gives privately to the Teacher and Trustees such
to County Clerks, to Local Superintendents, to School Trustees, advice as he may deem expedient, and such counsel and encouragement to
and to School Teachers, on the objects and administration of the the Pupils, as circumstances may suggest, he will exhibit a courteous and conciliatory conduct towards all persons with whom he is to communicate,
new School Act. and pursue such a line of conduct as will tend to uphold the just influence It is therefore suggested to those County, City, Township, and and authority, both of Trustees and Teachers. i.
Town Municipal Councils that have not yet ordered copies of the 4. Too strong a recomniendation cannot be given to the establishment Journal of Education, for the use of their members, whether it of Circulating Libraries in the various Townships, and School Sections. would not be convenient, and contribute to the educational objects A Township Association, with an auxiliary in each School Section, which they are anxious to promote, to do so. The same suggestion might, by means of a comparatively small sum, supply popular and useful is made to those Local Superintendents who have not yet availed reading for the young people of a whole Township. It is submitted to the themselves of this mediuin of information in the performance of serious attention of all School Visitors, as well as Trustees, and other their duties. friends of the diffusion of useful knowledge.
The 15th clause of the 12th Section of the new Act makes it the
duty of each Corporation of Trustees to procure annually, for the SECTION 5. Constitution and Government of Schools in respect to Religious and
benefit of the School Section, some periodical devoted to education. Moral Instruction.
As a convenience and inducement to Trustees and Teachers subAs Christianity is the basis of our whole system of Elementary Edu
scribing for the Journal of Education, we propose that each cation, that principle should pervade it throughout. Where it cannot be carried out in mixed Schools to the satisfaction of both Roman Catholioa Teacher subscribing for it shall have the privilege of advertisiog in and rrotestants, the law provides for the establishment of separate Schools.
its columns for a School, and each Trustee Corporation subscribing And the Common School Act, courteenth section, securing individual rights as well as recognizing Christianity, provides, " That in any Model for it shall have the like privilege of advertising for a Teacher. In of Common School established under this Act, no child shall be required every such potice, the salary offered to the Teacher, should be to read or study in or from any religious book, or to join in any exercise of devotion or religion, which shall be objected to by bis or her parents
stated. This will afford peculiar facilities for Trustees to procure or guardians: Provided always, that within this limitation, pupils shall good Teachers, and for Teachers to procure good Schools. No be allo:yed to receive such religious instruction as their parents or guardians
such notice will be inserted from non-subscribers for less than two shall desire, according to the general regulations which shall be provided acoording to law."
shillings and sir pence for each notice. In the section of the Act thus quoted. the principle of religious instruction We would again remind all parties concerned, that the Journal in the schools is recognized, the restriction within which it is to be given of Education is edited gratuitously ; that every six pence received is stated, and the exclusive right of each parent and guardian on the subject is secured, without any interpusition from Trustees, Superintendents, or
for it from any source whatever, is placed to the credit of what is the Government itself.
dermed the “ Journal of Education Fund ;" that if the sums received The Common School being a day, and not a boarding school, rules are not sufficient to defray the mechanical expenses of publication, arising from domestic relations and duties are not required, and as the
(as has hitherto been the case) the Chief Superintendent of Schools pupils are under the care of their parents and guardians on Sabbaths, no regulations are called for in respect to their attendance at public worship.
pays the balance out of his own pocket; and that whenever the In regard to the nature and extent of the daily religious exercises of the sums received shall be more than sufficient to pay the ordinary School, and the special religious instruction given to pupils, the COUNCIL
mechanical expenses of publication, the overplus will be expended or Public INSTRUCTION FOR UPPER CANADA makes the following Regulations and Recommendations :
in procuring various illustrative engravings and otherwise adding 1. The public religious exercises of each school shall be a matter of to the value and usefulness of the Journal. murual voluntary arrangement between the Trustees and Teacher; and it Under all these circumstances, we venture to hope for a large inshall be a matter of mutual voluntary arrangement between the Teacher and the parent or guardian of each popil, as to whether he shall hear such
crease in the circulation of the Journal of Education-using every pupil recire from the Scriptures, or Catechism, or other summary of reli means in our power to make it a safe expositor of the law, the gious doctrine and duty of the persuasion of such parent or guardian.
Trustee's manual, the Teacher's friend, a select miscellany, and Such recitations, however, are not to interfere with the regular exercises of the school.
general educational intelligencer. 2. But the principles of religion and morality should be inculcated upon N. B. A copy of this and the ensuing number of the Journal all the pupils of the school. What the Commissioners of National Education of Education will be sent to each of the Municipal Councils in in Ireland state as existing in schools under their charge, should charac.
Upper Canada, and each local Superintendent whose address is terize the instruction given in each school in Upper Canada. The Commissioners state that "in the National Schools the importance of religion known at this office ; also a sufficient number to the Clerk of each is constantly impressed upon the minds of children, through the works
County to supply (through the local Superintendents or otherwise) calculated to promote good principles and fill the heart with love for reli.
a copy, to each of the Trustee Corporations in the several town. gion, but which are so compiled as not to clash with the doctrines of any particular class of Christians." In each school the Teacher should exert ships of their respective Counties. his best endeavours, both by example and precopi, to impress upon the minds of all children and youth committed to his care and instruction, the
Toronto: Printed and Published by THOMAS H. BUNTLEY, at 58 per principles of piety, justice, and a sacred regard to truth, love to their
annum, and may be obtained from ANSON GREEN, Hugh SCOBIL, country, humanity and universal benevolence, sobriety, industry, frugality,
and A. H. ARMOUR & Co., Toronto; R. D. WADSWORTH, General chastity, modera:ion and temperance, and those other virtues which are the
Agent for Canada : J. McCoy, Montreal; and D. M. DEWEY, Arcade ornament of society and on which a free constitution of government is
Hall, Rochester, N. Y. founded ; and it is the duty of each Teacher to endeavour to lead his pupils, |
Dr Back Numbers supplied to all nero subscribers. as their ages and capacities will admit, into a clear understanding of the
AU Communications to be addressed to Mr. HODGINS, Education Cra, tendency of the above mentioned virides. in order to preserve and perfect
ties of the County Council are specified in the several clauses of the
27th section of the Act. FROM THE CHIEF SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS TO THE VARIOUS MUNICIPAL AND OTHER OFFICERS CONCERNED IN
1. The first and immediate duty of the County Council will be THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE NEW COMMON SCHOOL ACT FOR to cause to be levied upon the several Toionships represented in the • UPPER CANADA.
Council a sum or sims at least equal (clear of all charges of col
lection) to the sum or sums of money apportioned to them for the cur(CIRCULAR.] [OFFICIAL.]
rent year out of the Legislative School grant. That ápportionment To the Wardens of Corinties and Unions of Counties in Upper
I have notified to the Clerk of your Council, as required by the 35th Canada, on the Duties of County Municipal Councils under the
section of the Act. If any of the Township Councils in your County nero Common School Act, 13th and 14th Vict. Chapter 48.
have anticipated the apportionment of the Legislative grant, and have’
levied a sum or sums for the payment of the salaries of teachers equal .. EDUCATION OFFICE,
to the amount of the legislative grant apportioned to such munici-*
Toronto, July 3ist, 1850. SIR,
palities therein, then it will be untecessary, in such cases, for the I have the honour to transmit to you herewith, a copy of the
County Council to impose any further assessment. But in every new Common School Act for Upper Canada, which, having passed
case the County Council must see that the local assessment part of
the School Fund is available to Teachers before the end of the the Legislative Council and Assembly, received the Royal sanction
second half-year--the Legislative grant part of it being payable at and came into force on the 24th instant ; and I desire to direct the attention of the Council over which you have been chosen to pre
the end of the first half-year. In the neighbouring state of New
York, this order of proceeding is reversed.' The County assessment side, to the duties which will devolve upon it under the provisions of this Act.
part of the School Fund must be imposed and collected and attested
to the State Superintendent, before the State part of the Fund Though the Act is new, the provisions of it are mere renewals
apportioned to any County can be paid. In my circular addressed of the provisions of the general School Act of 1846 and the City
to Wardens of Districts, and dated January 16th, 1848, * I called the and Town School Act of 1847-combined into one Act, with a
attention of Municipal Councils to the great injustice to Teachers, " new and more simple arrangement, and such additional provisions
and injury to the efficiency of the school system, arising from the as experience has suggested, and the progress of the schools and
non-payment of the local assessment part of the School Fund at the the new system of Municipal Councils seem to require. The du
end of the year. Several Councils provided forthwith for the future ties of the County Councils under the new School Act are substan
punctual payment of the amount of the local school assessment tially the same as were those of the District Councils under the
prescribed by law, on or before the fourteenth day of December of School Act of 1846, with this exception, that the County Council
each year. What several Councils so promptly and advantageously is relieved from the task of forming and altering school-sections,
did in the cases referred to, the new School Act requires to be done and of considering applications and levying assessments for the
in every case. . erection and repairs of school-houses.
2. The securing, and mode of paying, ihe local School Fund is Under our present system of Municipal Councils, a two-fold,
Municipal Councils, a two-tola 1 another subject which will engage the attention of the County provision has been made to enable the people, through their local
Council. The new School Act contemplates but one financial representatives, to meet together and manage their local affairs : |
officer and his subordinates in each county. If the payınent of The one is by the meeting of the representatives of the several
the School moneys in each, District by one financial officer (in the Townships collectively in County Councils; the other is by the
person of the District Superintendent of Schools) has, during the meeting of the several representatives of a Township in such Town
last few years, been attended with no inconvenience equal to ship separately. It is the several Townships that act in the one
the advantages of it, of course no greater inconvenience will be case as well as in the other ; but in the one case they act collective
case they act collective | experienced by confining the payment of such moneys to the ly, and in the other separately. Of course some diversity of opinion |
County Treasurer. But if the County Council deem it expedient, may naturally exist as to the precise parts of a school system
it can appoint any number of sub-Treasurers, even lo the Treasurer which can be best managed by the Townships in their collective or
of each Township as a sub-Treasurer, duly providing for uniformity separate representative capacity. After large consultation and
of responsibility and obligation in the method and punctuality of much consideration, it has been decided that the Township8 separ
payments of school-moneys. Under this system, local Superintendately can best arrange the boundaries of school-sections and do
ents will be under no temptation, at any time, from considerations what may be deemed expedient in providing school sites, and for
of personal convenience, to withhold or delay the payment of school erecting and repairing school houses and imposing other school
moneys; they will be relieved from keeping financial accounts, and section assessments ; but that the Townships can best consult
from giving sureties as heretofore. The mode of accounting for collectively in regard to the selection of proper School Superintend the expenditure of school-moneys will be extremely simple and conents, and can best arrange for the more uniform, certain and punctual
plete. No receipts need be given or taken. The order of the providing and payment of the local assessment moiety of the
Trustees in behalf of a legally qualified Teacher will be the Local School Fund. ,
Superintendeni's authority in each instance, for his cheque upon It will be seen by the first section of the new School Act, that the County-Treasurer or Sub-Treasurer ; and the Local Superinall lawful proceedings and obligations of every description which tendent's cheque will in euch instance be such Treasurer or Subhave taken place under former school acts are confirmed until fulfilled or modified according to the provisions of this Act. The du. ! See Appendix to the Provinsial School Report for 1847, page 33.
Treasurer's receipt for the school-money paid out by him. The The School Act imposing upon a local Superintendent not only duty of the County Auditors will be plain and easy; and the school | miscellaneous duties which require judgment and knowledge of men moneys will be best secured against every kind of misappropriation. and things, but a visitorial examination of each School once a
3. The next most important duty which the new School-Act quarter, (which, if conducted as the law expressly enjoins, cannot devolves upon the County Council, is the annual appointment of be "performed in more than two Schools a-day) and a lecture on Local Superintendents of Schools. I believe that it is generally
education in each School Section once a year, and the examination agreed that it is not expedient or desirable to have both County and l of Teachers for the Schools, the County Council should spare no Township Superintendents ; but as to which class of these local pains to search out and appoint men as local Superintendents who school officers should be provided, there is considerable diversity of will command public attention as lecturers, who understand the true opinion-some preferring a County Superintendent, others desiring principles of school organization and the improved modes of school Township Superintendents. The new School Act 1 aves the de- teaching, who will do justice to the great interests entrusted to cision of this question to the choice of the Local Representatives them by their examinations of teachers, their visitations of schools, of the people assembled in County Councils-each Council having and their patriotic exertions to diffure sound education and know." authority :o appoint a School Superintendent for each Township, or lege as widely as possible. I doubt not each County Council will for two, three or four Townships, or for a County, provided it does respond to the spirit of the New-York State Superintendent of not contain more than one hundred Schools. In some municipali
Schools, when he says, “It is fervently hoped that in every election ties, where the duties of the office have been very imperfectly dis hereafter to be made of a Local Superintendent, the most compecharged, doubts are entertained by many persons as to the utility tent individoal, without reference to sect or party, will be selected. of the office at all : but this is not the case where the office is filled | On such a subject, where the good of their children is at stake, men with ability,diligence and skill; and School Countries are unanimous should dismiss their narrow prejudices, and tear in sunder the in their judgment and practice as to the vast importance of an
shackles of party. They should consult only the greatest good of officient local inspection and supervision of schools.*,
the greatest number of the rising generation. They should disect The new School Act, by fixing the minimum of the allowance of their preferences to those only who are the ardent friends of youtha Local Superintendent, has relieved the Municipal Council of what ful progress-to those only, the smoke of whose incense offered in bas often proved an embarrassing and thankless daty. During the this holy cause, daily ascends to heaven ; whose lips have been
$930 last session of the New York State Legislature, a Bill was introduced, I touched with a burning coal from the altar." on the recommendation of the State Superintendent of Schools and the And as the selection to the office of Local Superintendent of Report of a Select Committee, providing for the abolition of the office | Schools should be made upon the sole ground of personal qualificaof Town Superintendents and the appointment of a School Superin tion and character, and irrespective of party considerations, 60 tendent for each Legislative Assembly District--analogous to an | should the duties of the office be performed in the same spirit. electoral riding with us. The salary of each Superintendent was During the recent discussions in the Legislative Assembly on the fixed at $500 per annum. There are 128 Assembly Districts and School Bill, it was averred on all sides that the office of Chief 11,000 Schools in the State-giving an average of about 86 schoolsSuperintendent of Schools was and should be non-political-that to each Superintendent, who was required to visit each school twice whatever might have been the political opinions of the incumbent, a year, with a remuneration of nearly six dollars per school. With or of his mode of advocating them, previously to his appointment us, under the new School Act, the Local Superintendent is required l to office, that, as in the case of a judge, he should take no part in to visit each school under his charge at least once in each quarter, party political questions during his continuance in office. On this and to deliver a public educational lecture in each section once a principle I have sacredly acted since my appointment to office, as year, besides various other duties prescribed by law; and the min was admitted in gratifying terms by all parties in the discussion Imum of his remuneration is fixed at one pound per school--a less referred to ; and I think the same principle should be insisted upon sum than is given to Local Superintendents by most of the Town by each County Council in respect 20 each local Superintendent of ship Councils from which I have heard the present year. Persons who offer their services at a very low figure in order to get an of
Baldivin's Municipal Council Bill, then before the Legislature. The fol. fice, generally do little tha: is of any value after they get the office, lowing are the reasons I assigned for this provision : and then justify their inefficiency by the plea that they do more "The Troenty-third Section confers upon Township Superintendenis, without than they are paid for. It is of very little importance to the people
in the limits of their respective jurisdictions, the powers of District Super
intendents, with two vitaliy important provisos :- The one fixing the mini- I. at large whether a Local Superintendent receives a few shillings | mum of the allowance to Township Superintendents, sat one pound per." more or less per school; but it is of the greatest importance to
School] the other prescribing additional duties of the highest importance them and their children, whether an able supervision be provided
to the progress of Common Schools (namely, that the Superintendent should
visit each School once a quarter, and deliver a lecture on Education in each for their schools. Under the provisions of the new School Act, Section, once a year.) Without these provisos, I think the system of Town new and feeble Townships can be provided with an efficient School
ship Superintendents will prove a failure, as it has done in the State of New Superintendence, and aided, if not altogether relieved, in regard to
York: with these provisos, I think it will add very greatly to the efficiency not altogether reneved, in regarn to l of onr Common School System. In the Municipal Corporations Bill,' ry its remuneration.f
perceive the minimum of allowance to certain officers is prescribed by law . and I think such a provision absolutely essential to the etficiency of the office
of Township Superintendent. The inefficiency of the late office of Town. The following remarks, from a late New-York School Report, deserves ship Superintendent was, I am persuaded, chiefly owing to the absence of the deep attention of all Municipal Councils, School Trustees and other the provisos which l here propose. In some instances, persons offered to friends of popular education:
perform the duties of Township Superintendent gratuitously, and such offers "The success of schools is based upon two things which are closely con:
were invariably accepted; but that gratuitous zeal soon subsided ; and as nected and mutually dependent on each other : viz. the pre-eminent moral
gratuitous service is irresponsible service, those who performed it consider and intellectual qualifications of teachers, and the active and digilant super.
ed themselves entitled to gratitude for the little that they did, rather than vision of inspectors to render the methods of teaching more and more perfect.
liable to blame for the much that they did not. Besides, wheu there were If either of these be wanting, the whole fabric receives a shock from which
rival candidates for the office, the lowest bidder almost always received the ir is unable to recover. The great and important object is to have gooi
Jargest suffrage ; but when once in office, he would proportion his work to schools. To have none is a great disadvantage ; but to have bad schools
his compensation. Such was the tendency and practical effects of the syg. in which error is taught and learned, is a great misfortune. A superintend.
lem; although there were many honourable exceptions. And a still worse Ing power is the main spring of all schools. A moment's reflection will
effect of that system was the appointment, uoder such circumstances, of Batisfy any one that the whole must hinge upon it. If the education of the
many incompetent persons. The first proviso which I propose, will remove people be seriously taken up, we may rest assured that the whole vigor and
all competition for the office upon pecuniary grounds; and while the comlife of that education will depend upon the system by which it is to be regu
pensation will be such as to secure the services of competent persone, the lated. If it be weak and insecure, the schools will make no advance; they
duties enjoined by the second proviso_can hardly be discharged. or even atmay, by some transient circumstances, have a momentary success, but there
tempted by incompetent persons. The second proviso will prevent the will be no security that they do not speedily fall back into a deplorable state
Councils from appointing persons who are not competent to prepare and of langour. If, however, these schools are placed under a vigorous and active
deliver lectures, and persons who are competent to do that will be most government, the spirit of that governmen: will be communicated to every
likely to be qualified to inspect and superintend the Schools their qualifipart of the machine, and will impart to it life and motion.".
cations for which will be necessarily increased by their obligations io pre.
pare public lectures on such subjects. The second proviso will p.oduce, * This provision in regard to the duties and minimum of Local Superintend. per annum, 12,000 school visits of Superintendents, instead of 3,000, as ar ents, I first submitted to the consideration of the Government on the 23rd of present, besides, 3,000 public school lectures,one in each School Section February, 1849. Jt formed the 23rd Section of a then proposed “Draft of in Upper Canada. The vast amount of good which will result frooi sacla Bíll making further provision for the improvement of Common Schools in an arrangement, can scarcely be estimated."-"Correspondence on the Upper Canada,"'-designed to remedy the defects of the then existing | subject of the School Law for Upper Canada," lately laid before, and printed Schoal law, and 10 adapt it to the provisions of Mr. Attorney-General | by order of, the Legislative Assembly, page 32