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OBSOLETE AND PROVINCIAL ENGLISH,

CONTAINING

WORDS FROM THE ENGLISH WRITERS PREVIOUS TO THE NINETEENTH
CENTURY WHICH ARE NO LONGER V USE, OR ARE

NOT USED IN THE SAME SENSE.
AND WORDS WHICH ARE NOW USED ONLY IN

THE PROVINCIAL DIALECTS.

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LONDON: GEORGE BELL AND SONS, YORK STREET,

COVENT GARDEN.

HA!!! ! UNIVISITA

LIBRARY MAR 5 1841

LONDON :
PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, LIMITED,

STAMFORD STREET AND CHARING CROSS.

8.

66

The boys (at Horncastle] annually keep G.

up the festival of the floralia on May.

day, making a procession to this hill GA, 0. To go. North

with May gads, as they call them, in

their hands: this is a white willow wand, GAAM, (1) adj. Clammy. Wilts. the bark peeled off, tied round with

(2) 0. To daub with dirt. Berks. cowslips, a thyrsus of the Bacchanals: GAB, 8. (A. N.) Talkativeness.

at night they have a bonfire and other

merriment, which is really a sacrifice or GABBARD, adj. Jll-contrived, as religious festival.

GABBERN, s rooms; large. West. Stukeley's Itiner. Curios., 1776, i, 31. Gabbe, v. (14.-N.) To talk idly; to jest; to lie.

(2) s. A measuring rod of ten

feet. GABBER, (1) v. To talk nonsense. (2) 8. A jester.

(3) s. A fishing-rod; any rod or

stick. North. GABBERIES, S. (1) Deceits. Minsh. (2) Prattle; jests.

(4) 8. A tall, slender person.

Craven. GABBLE-RATCHES, 8. Birds which make a great noise in the even

(5) 8. The gad-fly. ings. North.

(6) v. To fit about as a gad-fly. GABBO,

(7) v. The game of three

To run madly about the

field, said of cattle. GOBBO, card loo. Gabel, 8. (A.-N.) An excise.

(8) v. To think; to believe. Ken

nett. GABERDINE, 8. (Fr.) A coarse cloak or mantle.

(9) 8. A wedge used in mining. GABERLILTIE, 8. A ballad-singer.

Pick and gad, and keep the North.

kibble going," a very common GABIE, s. A large-holed sieve.

motto in the mining districts North.

expressive of hustle and acti. Gable, (1) s. (Fr.) A cable.

vity. (2) adj. High.

GAD-ABOUT, 8. A rambler. West. GABLE.POLES, 8. Rods placed out.

GADAMAN, adj. Roguish. heref. side the roof to secure the thatch.

GAD-BEE, s. The gad-fly. GABLET, s. A small ornamental

GAD-BIT, 8. A nail-passer. gable or canopy over a tabernacle

GAD-BREEZE, 8. The gad-fly. or niche.

A. He's a puppy-I can liken him to GABLICK, 8. A crow-bar. Linc.

nothing but my bald heffer when she's GABLOCKS, S. Spurs for fighting got the gad-breeze in her tail. cocks.

The Country Farmer's Catechism, 1703. GABRIEL-BELL, $. A local name

GADDRE, s. A sheep's or calf's for the saints' bell or ting-tang.

pluck. GABRIEL-RATCHET, 8. The name

GADE, 8. A gadling. of a ghost or night spirit. North.

GADER, v. To gather. GABY, 8. A simpleton.

GADGER, S. A gauger. North. GACH, 8. Filth or dirt of children.

GAD-HOOK, 8. A long pole with an Glouc.

iron crook. Somerset. Gad, (1) 8. (A.-S.) A goad, or sharp | GADING, 18. A going about; a point of metal; a spear ; a pole

GADDING, s pilgrimage. pointed with metal.

GADLING, S. (A.-S.) A worthless And, come, I will go get a leaf of brass,

vagabond. And with a gud of steel will write these words,

GAD-NAJL, 8. A sort of long stout And lay it by.

Tit. Andr., iv, 1.

nail.

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GADS, 8. Knobs or spikes of iron

used in armour. GAD-STEEL, 8. Flemish steel, made

in gads, or small bars.
GAD-WHIP, 8. An ox-whip. Linc.
GAERN, 8. A garden. Somerset.
GAF, pret, t. Gave.
GAFF, (1) 8. An iron hook. West.

Called also a gaffer.
(2) 8. A gaffer. Linc.
(3) v. To toss up three pence, a

game in the North. GAFFER, S. An old man; sometimes

a grandfather; the foreman of a set of labourers. West. Formerly,

common mode of address among the lower classes, equivalent to friend, neighbour.

a

Lord, master, goodman, gaffer, or knave; lady, mistress, goodwife, gammer, or whore; so they do but buy my book, and pay honestly for it, it's all one to me: a knave's money is as good as an honest man's. Poor Robin, 1707.

GAFFLE, (1) s. A part of the cross

bow used in bending it, moved

in a part called the rack. My cross-bow in my hand, my gaffle on To bend it when I please, or when I please to slack.

Drayt. Muses' Elys.

(3) To hinder motion by tight

ness. Northampt.
GAGATE, 8. (Lat.) An agate.
Gage, (1) s. (A.-N.) A pledge; a

defiance for battle.
(2) v. To pledge; to lay as a
wager.
(3) 8. A bowl. Pr. Paro. Still
used in the Eastern Counties.
(4) 8. A measure of slate, a yard
square.

(5) v. To harness a horse. Bedf. GAGEMENT, 8. An engagement.

Wight.
GAGGER, 8. A nonconformist. East.
GAGGET, 8. (Fr. gigot.) A leg of

mutton. See Gigget.
GAGGLE, 0. To cackle.
GAGGLES, S. The game of nine-

pins. North. GAGS, 8. Children's pictures. Suff. GAG-TEETH, s. Teeth projecting

out. Nomencl.
Gagy, adj. Showery. Suss.
GAHUSEY, 8. A worsted short shirt

with sleeves. East.
GAIBESEEN, adj. Gay-looking.
Now lykewyse what saie you to courtiers ?
These minión gaibeseen gentilmen.

Sir Tho. Chaloner's Moria Enc., Q2, b.
GAIGNAGE, 8. (A.-N.) Profit; gain.
GAIL, S. A tub used in brewing.

Gail-clear, a tub for wort. Gail. dish, a vessel used to pour liquor

into a bottle. North.
GAILLARD, adj. (A.-N.) Gay; frisky.
Gaily, adj. Pretty well in health.

North.
Gain, adj. Near; convenient; pro-

fitable ; easy ; tolerable; tractable;
dexterous; expert; active; re.
spectable; accommodating; good

tempered. Var. d.
GAINAGE, s. (A.N.) Profit.
GAINCOME, S. (A.-S.) Return.
GAINCOPE, v. To go across a field

the nearest way; to meet with.
South.
Some indeed there have been, of a more

niy rack,

(2) v. To tease; to incommode.
West.
(3) v. To chirp, or chatter.
(4) v. To gad about. West.
(5) s. A dung-fork. Somerset.
(6) v. A term applied to ducks
when feeding together in the

mud. Northampt. GAFFET,

GAFFLET, }e. A cock's spur.

GAFFLED, adj. Silly. Northampt.
GAFFLOCK, S. A crow-bar. Derb.
Giarts. 6. Spurs for fighting-cocks.
GAFT, 8. A sort of hook for catch.

ing eels. Wilts.
Garty, adj. Suspicious. Chesh.
ling, v. (1) To nauseate. Suff.

(2) To gad about.

GALAGE, 18. (Fr. galloche.) A GALLAGE, S clog or patten, fastened with latchets; any coarse shoe.

heroical strain, who striving to gaincope these anbages, by venturing on a new discovery, have made their voyage in half the time.

Comenius's Janua Ling, ed. 1659. GAINFUL, adj. Tractable. Yorksh. You'll find him gainful, but be sure you

curb him, And get him fairly, if you can, this lodg. ing

B. & Fl. Pilgrim, iv, 4. GAINGIVING, 8. A misgiving. GAINLY, (1) adj. Suitable.

(2) adv. Readily; easily. GAINSHIRE, S. The barb of a hook.

Derb. GAIN-SPUR, 0. To excite by the

prospect of gain. Sure, in the legend of absurdest fables I should enroule most of these admirables; Save for the reverence of th' unstained

credit Of many a witnes where I yerst have read

it:

And saving that our gain-spurr'd pilots

finde, In our dayes, waters of more wondrous kinde.

Du Bartas.

GAINSTAND, 0. To withstand.
GAINSTRIVE, v. To strive against.
GAIRISH. See Garish.
GAIRN, 8. Yarn. Yorksh.
Gait, (1) s. A path, or street.

(2) 8. Suminer pasturage for
cattle in a common field. North.
(3) s.

A gait of water is two buckets carried with a yoke. (4) 8. A goat. (5) 8. A single sheaf of corn. North. (6) v. To set up sheaves of corn

in wet weather to dry. GAIT-BERDE, s. Goat's beard. GAITING,(1) adj. Frolicsome. Dors.

(2) 8. A single sheaf of corn set

on end to dry. North. See Gait. GAITRE-BERRIE, 8. The berry of

the dog-wood tree.
GAKIN, 8. A simpleton. Glouc.
GAL, 8. A girl. Vor. d.
GALAGANTING, adj.

Large and awkward. West.

My heart-blood is nigh well frorn I fee), Aud my galage grown fast to my heel.

Spens. Shep. Kal. Feb., 243. GALANTNESSE, s. Fashion in dress. GALAOTHE, 8. A chaplet. Maun.

devile, p. 244. GALASH, v. To cover the upper

part of the shoe with leather.

Yorksh.
GALCAR, s. An ale-tub. Yorksh.
GALDER, S. Vulgar talk. East.
GALDIMENT, S. A great fright.

Somerset.
GALE, (1) v. To cry; to scream.

(2) s. Song; noise.
(3) s. A castrated bull. West.
(4) v. (A.-S. galan.) To sing.
(5) 8. Wild myrtle. Cumb.
(6) s. (Fr.) Any sort of excres-
cence.

Linc.
(7) v. To ache with cold; to fly
open with heat. North.
(8) 0. To gale a mine, to acquire
the right of working it. West.
(9) A taunt, or gibe.
(10) Gaol, or prison.

Litul Johne and Moch for sothe
Toke the way unto the gale.

Cambridge Ms., 15th cent. GALE-HEADED, s. Stupid. Devon. GALENTINE, S. (Fr.) Asortof sauce.

We have in the old cookery re-
ceipts for such dishes as “lam.
preys in galyntyne.”
Galyntyne. Take crustes of brede, and
grynde hem smalle. Do thereto powdor
of galyngale, of canel, gyngyves, and
salt it. Tempre it with vynegar, and
drawe it up thrugh a straynor, and
messe it forth.

Forme of Cury, p. 25.
GALES, S. Wales.
GALEY, adj. Marshy. Devon.
GALIARD, adj. Gay. See Gaillard

Galiardise, gaiety. GALILEE, 8. A church porch.

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