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Right sharp and quick the bells rang out, all night, from
Bristol town ; And, ere the day, three hundred horse had met on Clifton
Down. The sentinel on Whitehall gate looked forth into the night, And saw o'erhanging Richmond Hill, that streak of blood
red light. The bugle's note, and cannon's roar, the deathlike silence
broke, And with one start, and with one cry the royal city woke ; At once, on all her stately gates, arose the answering fires At once the wild alarum clashed from all her reeling spires; From all the batteries of the Tower pealed loud the voice of
fear, And all the thousand masts of Thames sent back a louder
cheer ; And from the farthest wards was heard the rush of hurrying
feet, And the broad streams of flags and pikes dashed down each
rousing street; And broader still became the blaze, and louder still the din, At fast from every village round the horse came spurring in ; And eastward straight, for wild Blackheath, the warlike er
rand went; And roused in many an ancient hall, the gallant squires of
Kent; Southward, for Surrey's pleasant hills, flew those bright
coursers forth; High on black Hampstead's swarthy moor, they started for
the north; And on, and on, without a pause untired they bounded still; All night from tower to tower they sprang, all night froin
hill to hill; Till the proud peak unfurled the flag o'er Derwent's rocky
dales; Till, like volcanoes, flared to heaven the stormy hills of Wales; Till twelve fair counties saw the blaze on Malvern's lonely
height; Till streamed in crimson, on the wind, the Wrekin's crest
of light; Till, broad and fierce the star came forth, on Ely's stately fane, And town and hamlet rose in arms, o'er all the boundless
Till Belvoir's lordly towers the sign to Lincoln sent,
pile, And the red glare on Skiddaw roused the burghers of Carlisle.
Macaulay. 1. Give the number of ships of war, men, 10. What was immediately done in Ply. and pieces of cannon, employed by Philip mouth! for the invasion of England.
11. What does unbonneted apply to ? 2. Of what number of ships did the 12. Who is called “her grace"? English fleet consist ?
13. What country is meant by " the lion 3. To what number was it soon in- of the sea," and what by the "gay lilies" ? creased by the zeal of the people ?
14. What have you to tell me about 4. Describe the Queen as she appeared “Picard field” ? in the camp at Tilbury, and give the noble 15. What about Agincourt? words with which she addressed the army. 16. Explain the Latin words “semper
5. With what success did the English eadem." squadron attack the Armada ?
17. If I put the large map of England 6. What completed its destruction ? before you, will any one point to Eddy
7. Give the beautiful inscription on the stone and tell me something about it? medal.
18. Now who will point to each of the 8. Should we not trace all our successes places mentioned ? to God's hand ?
19. For what is Stonehenge celebrated? 9. Who spied the Armada and gave the 20. Why comes Lancaster castle to be alarm ?
called Gaunt's embattled pile ?
XXVII.-HYMN BEFORE SUNRISE IN THE VALE OF
CHAMOUNI. TAE valley of Chamouni on N. W. of Mont Blanc, is the most celebrated in the Alps for its picturesque sites and the wild grandeur of its glaciers. The glaciers which descend into the valley from M. Blanc are without doubt the grandest in the Alps, and the grandest among these is the Mer de Glace or sea of ice. Cheever in his « Wanderings of a Pilgrim in the Shadow of M. Blanc," says," This Mer de Glace is an easy and excellent residence for the scientific study of the glaciers, a subject of very great interest, formerly filled with mysteries, which the bold and persevering investi. gations and theories of some modern naturalists have quite cleared up. The strange movements of the glaciers, their apparent wilful rejection of extraneous bodies and substances to the surface and the margin, their increase and decrease, long remained invested with something of the supernatural; they seemed to have a soul and a life of their own. They look motionless and silent, yet they are always moving and sounding on, and they have great voices that give prophetic warning of the weather to the shepherds of the Alps. Scientific men have set up huts upon the sea, and landmarks on the mountains opposite, to test the progress of the icy masses, and in this way it was found that a cabin constructed by Professor Hogi on the glacier of the Aar, had travelled, between the years 1827 and 1840, a distance of 4600 teet. It is supposed that the Mer de Glace moves down between four and five huudred feet annually.
It is impossible to form a grander image of the rigidity and barrenness, the cold. ness and death of winter, than when you stand among the billows of one of these frozen seas; and yet it is here that Nature locks up in her careful bosom the treasures of the Alpine valleys, the sources of rich summer verdure and vegetable life. They are hoarded up in winter, to be poured forth beneath the sun, and with the sun in summer. Some of the largest rivers in Europe take their rise from the glaciers, and give to the Swiss valleys their most abundant supply of water, in the season when ordinary streams are dried up. This is a most interesting provision in the economy of nature, for if the glaciers did not exist, those verdant valleys into which the summer sun pours with such fervour would be parched with drought. So the mountains are parents of perpetual streams, and the glaciers are reservoirs of plenty." -Cheever's Wanderings of a Pilgrim.
1" Gaunt's embattled pile."-The castle of Lancaster. John, duke of Lancaster, was born in Gaunt or Ghent, in Belgium. He was the progenitor of the Lancastrian line of kings.
Va'pour-y, adj............ vapor,
S latus, see
.kataratto Hi'e-rarch, N..........
Hast thou a charm to stay the Morning-Star
Yet, like some sweet beguiling melody,
Awake, my soul! not only passive praise
Companion of the morning-star at dawn,
And you, ye five wild torrents, fiercely glad!
Ye ice-falls !
ye that from the mountain's brow
you with rainbows ? Who, with living flowers
Ye livery flowers that skirt th' eternal frost !
forth God, and fill the hills with praise !
Once more, hoar mount! with thy sky-pointing peaks,
Oft from whose feet the Avalanche, unheard,
Coleridge. 1. Why seems the morning star to pause 20. Change theconjunctions in line 33rd. on the mountain top ?
21. Is Mont Blanc the highest point of 2. Name the principal rivers in the vale? the Alps ? 3. Are these the only rivers there? 22. Where will the rosy beams of' morn4. What sort of trees abound at the ing first light ? foot of the inountain ?
23. Name the heralds of the dawn ? 5. How high does the mountain lift its 24. Name the questions in lines 37, 38, head into the air ?
39. 6. Is the air around the summit really
25. Whence have the five torrents their an ebon mass ?
source? 7. What gives it the dark appearance ? 26. How many questions are asked of 8. Is "calm home" correctly descriptive the torrents? of the sky at the summit?
27. What is the answer to them all? 9. At what height in the air do storms 28. By what agent does God stiffen the usually rage ?
billows ? 10. Is the word eternity in line 12th 29. What do the icefalls seem in the strictly correct ?
eye ? 11. Substitute the correct word.
30. Name the colours of which light is 12. What was the effect of the poet's long made up. and steady gaze at the mountain ?
31. Show that the icefalls are glorious 13. What mean you by the soul in her in the moonlight. natural form?
32. Enumerate the questions put to the 14. In what state was the soul of man icefalls. originally ?
33. With what voice are the torrents to 15. Did he then see God in everything? | answer?
16. Are tears, thanks, ecstasy, passive or 34. What objects echo the shout? active praise ?
35. What objects are to sing ? 17. What active praise does the poet 36. Why is the 3rd personal pronoun used propose to give ?
in speaking of the piles of snow ? (Ans. 18. Do stars rise in the east and set in They are so far above human reach, that the west just like the sun ?
he cannot speak to them, he must speak of 19. Explain lines 31st and 32nd.
1 Avalanches are the most dangerous and terrible phenomena to which the valleys embosomed between high snow-topped mountain-ranges are exposed. They are es pecially frequent in the Alps owing to the steepness of their declivities, but they are also known in other mountain regions, as in the Pyrenees and in Norway. They originate in the higher region of the mountains, when the accumulation of snow be comes so great that the inclined plane on which the inass rests cannot any longer support it. It is then pushed down the declivity by its own weight, and precipitated into the subjacent valley, where it often destroys forests and villages, buries men and cattle, and sometimes tills up the rivers and stops their course.