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tles-putting themselves into the were kept so short both in rebody of an army-banishing or spect of pay and other necessaimprisoning all such as oppose ries by the houses of parliament their practices—and then peti- (who had made use of the money tioning the king for a public raised for the relief of Ireland exercise of their religion. The to maintain a war against their twenty-third of October, anno. king), that they were forced to 1641, was the day designed for come to a cessation, and cheerthe seizing of the city, and castle fully returned home again to of Dublin, and many places of assist the king in that just war great importance in the king- which he had undertaken for his dom. But failing in the main own defence; the ground and design, which had been discover- occasion of which war we are ed the night before by one O'Ca- next to shew. nelle, they break out into open
At such time as he was in arms, dealing no better with the Scotland and expostulated with protestants there, than the cove- some of the chiefs among them, nanters had done with the royal touching their coming into Engparty in Scotland.
land in an hostile manner, he Of this rebellion (for it must found that some, who were now be called a rebellion in the Irish, leading men in the houses of though not in the Scots) the parliament had invited them to king gives present notice to his it. And having furnished himhouses of parliament, requiring self with some proofs for it, he their counsel and assistance for commanded his attorney general the extinguishing of that flame to impeach some of them of high before it had wasted and con- treason, that is to say, lord Kimsumed that-kingdome. But nei- bolton, a member of the house of ther the necessity of the protest- peers, Mr. Hollis, sir Arthur ants there, nor the king's impor- Haslerig, Mr. Hambden, Mr. tunity here, could perswade them Pym, and Mr. Strode, of the to levy one man towards the house of commons. But sending suppression of those rebels, till his serjeant at arms to arrest the king had disclaimed the pow- their persons, there came a couner of pressing soldiers, in an act termand from the house of comof parliament, and thereby, laid mons, by which the serjeant was himself open to such acts of vio- deterred from doing his office, lence as were then hammering and the members had the opporagainst him; which, having done, tunity of putting themselves into they put an army of Scots (their the sanctuary of the city. The most assured friends) into the next day, being the 4th of Janunorthern parts of Ireland, de- ary, his majesty being no otherlivering into their hands the wise attended than with his ordistrong town and port of Carick- nary guard, went to the house of fergus, one of the chief keys of commons to demand 'the five that kingdome, and afterwards members of that house, that he sent a small body of English to might proceed against them in a preserve the south, which English way of justice; but his intention forces having done notable ser- was discovered, and the birds vice there against the rebels, flown before his coming.
This was voted by the The gentry of Yorkshire who commons such an inexpiable had petitioned the king to secure breach of privilege, that neither that magazine, became hereby the king's qualifying of that more firmly united to him. The action, nor his desisting from the like had been done also by the prosecution of that impeachment, yeomanry, and those of the innor any thing that he could ferior sort, if his proceedings had either say or do, would give not been undermined by the satisfaction. Nothing would sa- committee of four gentlemen, tisfy their jealousies and secure all members of the house, and their fears, but the putting of the all of them natives of that countower of London into their try, sent thither purposely (in a hands, together with the com- new and unprecedented way) to mand of the royal navy, as, also, lie as spies upon his counsels, all the forts, castles, and train- and as controllers to his actions. bands of the kingdome, all com- Some messages there were beprehended under the name of the twixt him and the houses of militia ;, which if his majesty parliament, concerning the atonwould Aing after all the rest, ing of these differences, while he they would continue his most was at York. But the nineteen loyal subjects. On this the king propositions sent thither to him demurs awhile, but having ship- did declare sufficiently that there ped the queen for Holland, and was no peace to be expected on got the prince into his own his part, unless he had made power, he becomes more resolute, himself a cypher, a thing of no and stoutly holds on the denial. signification in the arithmetic of
Finding the members too state. strong for him, and London, by And now the war begins to reason of the continual tumults, open. The parliament had their to be a dangerous neighbour to guards already, and the affront him, he withdraws to York, that which Hotham had put upon his being in a place of safety, he majesty at Hull, prompted the might the better find a way to gentlemen of Yorkshire to tencompose those differences which der themselves for a guard to his now began to embroil the king- person. This was presently voted dome. At Hull he had a maga- by both houses to be a levying zine of arms and ammunition of war against the parliament, provided for the late intended for whose defence, not only the war against the Scots, and laid train-bands of London must be up there when the occasion of in readiness, and the good people that war was taken away. Of of the country required to put this town he intended to possess themselves into a posture of himself, and to make use of his armsregiments of horse and own arms and ammunition for foot are listed, a general appointhis preservation; but, coming ed-great sums of money raised, before the gates of the town, he and all this under pretence of was denied entrance by sir John taking the king out of the hands Hotham, who by the appoint- of his evil counsellors. ment of the house of commons The noise of these preparations had took charge of that place. hastens the king from York to
Nottingham, where he sets up no fewer than five thousand men his standard, inviting all his good slain upon the place the prosubjects to repair unto him, for logue to a greater slaughter, if defence of their king, the laws the dark night had not put an and religion of their country. end unto that dispute. He increased his forces as he Each part pretended to the marched, which could not come victory, but it went clearly on unto the reputation of an army, the king's side, who, though he till he came into Shropshire, lost his general, yet he kept the where great bodies of the loyal field, and possessed himself of and stout-hearted Wesh resorted the dead bodies; and not so to him.
only, but he made his way open Strengthened with these, and unto London, and in his way furnished sufficiently with field forced Banbury castle, in the pieces, arms, and ammunition, very sight as it were of the earl which the queen had sent to him of Essex, who, with his flying out of Holland, he resolves upon army, made all the haste he his march towards London ; but could towards the city (that he on Sunday, the twenty-third of might be there before the king) October, was encountered in the to secure the parliament. More way, at a place called Edge-hill, certain signs there could not be by the parliament forces. The of an absolute victory. fight was terrible for the time, (To be continued.)
fly, like our cicada. Its flight is A LUMINOUS INSECT IN SURINAM,
then very rapid, and the noise it makes with its wings is like the
sound of a cymbal. Although, Besides the insects which shine according to the ordinary course in the night, such as the glow- of nature, an insect, after having worm, &c. there is one found in acquired wings, undergoes no Surinam, which deserves to be further change, yet this one, by known on account of its singu- the concurring testimony of the larity. According to the descrip- Indians, which Mad. Merian says tion which Mad. Merian gives of she had in part verified by her it, this animal, in its creeping own experience, undergoes still state, seems to have a form ap- a last transformation, which renproaching that of our small grass- ders it luminous, and which then hopper, but is much larger ; like procures it the name of the lanthem, it has a long probosis, by tern fly. (Fulgora Laternaria Lin.) which it sucks the juice from the In this last transformation, beflowers of the pomegranite, and sides other inconsiderable changes this probosis remains with it all which happen to its body and its life. After having quitted one wings, there issues, from the skin, it changes its form, and ap- forepart of its head, a very long pears under that of a large green transparent bladder, coloured
with reddish and greenish streaks, ing echoes, mentioned in your and which diffuses a light suf- last Gleaner. Vide, p. 348. 349. ficient to enable a person to read
R. pretty small print. This animal, August 19th. by the description she gives of it, is then about four inches long,
I shall not treat, (as you have and the bladder occupies about not) on the causes, nature, and a fourth of its whole length. uses to which echoes might be Before Mad. Merian was ac- applied, with other curious phequainted with the luminous qua- nomena, as it would, to many of lity of this insect, the Indians your readers, be abstruse and unbrought her many of them, which interesting; but merely notice she shut up in a large box. Be- some of the more remarkable and ing alarmed one night with a well authenticated echoes, not singular noise, which she heard noticed in your last :-at Rosin the house, she got up, lighted neath, near Glasgow, in Scotland, a candle, and went to see what it there is an echo which repeats a
The noise came from the tune, played with a trumpet, three box; she opened it, and imme- times completely and distinctly. diately, there issued a flame, Authors mention a tower at Cywhich increased her emotion, and zicus, where the echo repeated made her throw down the box, seven times. There is an echo at whence there was now dispersed Brussels that answers fifteen a new beam of light, as each ani- times. A certain popular work mal got out of it. We may be- mentions a fine echo in a church lieve her fear did not long conti- in Sussex*, which, in the night nue, but soon gave place to ad- time, will repeat the following miration, and she immediately twenty-one syllables : set herself to regain animals so
« Os homini sublime dedit, ecelumque extraordinary, which had taken
tueri jussit, et erector" advantage of the fear they had occasioned to make their
It is remarkable, that there are certain letters, which no echo will return, particularly an S.
Lord Bacon, on the celebrated QUERY.
echo formed by the walls of a Whence did that saying ruined church, at Pont Charenarise, tailors make
ton, near Paris, mentions the suman ?''
perstition of an old Parisian ; " for
(says the Parisian) if you call Mr. Editor,
satan, the echo will not only de
liver back the name, but will say Permit me to add a few to va-t'n, which signifies avoid," those extraordinary and interest- which the Parisian took to be the
Dr. Harris, (if I am not mistaken) in his Technical Dictionary, assures us the echo is from the north side of Stepney church, in the county of Sussex : but, in what part of the county the parish of Stepney is situated, I am not acquainted.
work of good spirits.- Ency. party and faction. Or if the goodLond.
ness of his heart should incline him to acts of humanity and be
nevolence, he will have frequentMr. Editor,
ly the mortification of seeing his
charities ill bestowed; and by By introducing the vowel E, his inability to relieve all, the you wil have the following lines.
constant one of making more Vide, Brighton Gleaner, No. VIII.
enemies by his refusals, than
friends by his benefactions. If Persevere ye perfect men,
we add to these considerations Ever keep these precepts ten.t a truth, which I believe few per
sons will dispute, namely, that the greatest fortunes, by adding
to the wants of their possessors, LABOUR, HEALTH, AND
usually render them the most
necessitous men, we shall find Health is the blessing which greatness and happiness to be at every one wishes to enjoy ; but a wide distance from one another. the multitude are so unreason- If we carry our enquiries still able, as to desire to purchase it at higher, if we examine into the a cheaper rate than it is to be ob- state of a king, and even enthrone tained. The continuance of it is him, like our own, in the hearts only to be secured by exercise or of his people ; if the life of a falabour. But the misfortune is, ther be a life of care and anxiety, that the poor are too apt to over- to be the father of a people is a look their own enjoyments, and pre-eminence to be honoured, to view with envy the ease and but not envied. affluence of their superiors, not The happiness of life is, I beconsidering that the usual attend- lieve, generally to be found in ants upon great fortunes are those stations, which neither anxiety and disease.
totally subject men to labour, If it be true, that those persons nor absolutely exempt them from are the happiest, who have the it. Power is the parent of disfeweșt wants, the rich man is quietude, ambition of disappointmore the object of compassion ment, and riches of disease. than envy. However moderate I will conclude these reflechis inclinations may be, the cus- tions with the following fable : tom of the world lays him under
“ Labour, the offspring of the necessity of living up to his Want, and the mother of Health fortune. He must be surrounded and Contentment, lived with her byan useless train of servants; his two daughters in a little cottage, appetite must be palled with by the side of a hill, at a great plenty, and his peace invaded by distance from town. They were crowds. He must give up the totally unacquainted with the pleasures and endearments of great, and had kept no better domestic life, to be the slave of company than the neighbouring
* The ten commandments.