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of the sun, moon, and earth, are departure of the force from the susceptible of explanations equal- sea over the land, owing to the ly clear and simple. In the quar- intervention of the great contiters, the line joining the centres nents which separate the two of the earth and moon coincides great oceans from each other. with the line of the earth's orbit, And, I ascribe the variable or with the direction of the earth's height of the tides, as apparently orbicular force ; and the tide is connected with the age of the then produced solely by the revo- moon, to the variable distance of lution of the earth round the ful- the body of the earth from the crum of the earth and moon. line of its orbicular force, during But, as soon as the moon departs its revolution round the lunar in its orbit, towards the solar and mundane centre of motion. conjunction or opposition, from It is, at the same time, most the line of the earth's orbit, the evident, that no attraction of the centre of the earth is carried si- moon is either required or conmultaneously on the opposite side cerned ; that there is no mutual of the line of its orbit, and the attraction of the earth and moon, line of the rotatory and orbicular and no gravitation of the waters forces no longer coincide. This towards the moon. It is neverdisturbance, the waters are able theless true, that the tides are to restore ; and herein is a new dependant on, and connected cause of tide, which, at the op- with, the position of the moon, positions and conjunctions, not the waters under it being cononly coincides with the direction stantly raised towards it; but of the lunar fulcrum, but becomes this is not a consequence of any itself a maximum, because the attraction, but a consequence of earth's centre is then removed the two bodies being, so to speak, the farthest from the line of the at the two ends of a gazeous leorbicular force. Hence the spring ver, around whose fulcrum they tides at the new and full moon; turn, and towards which fulcrum and hence all the degrees of tide, they rise by their mobility, with as the centre of the earth and the an effort to maintain the equililine of the fulcrum approach the brium, presenting an appearance direction of the orbit.
of being attracted. In fine, I ascribe the tides pri- It follows, as corollories, that, marily to the revolution of the as the action of the earth on the earth round the fulcrum, or cen- moon is 64 times that of the tre of the momentum, of the moon on the earth, or the orbit of earth and moon, which fulcrum the moon round the fulcrum is is always in the line which joins 64 times greater than that of the the centres of the earth and earth; that, if there were wamoon; and, as the moveable wa- ters on the moon, they would be ters accumulate, or are accumu- raised 64 times higher than the lated opposite that fulcrum, so tides on the earth; consequentthey have the appearance of be- ly, it is not, on many accounts, ing attracted, as it is called, by to be believed that any water exthe moon.
ists on the moon. I ascribe the double tide in And further, that, as the cenevery twenty-four hours to the tres of several forces nearly coin
cide at the quarters when the that a couple of the kind must earth and moon move in a com- produce very large children. mon orbit, so the cause of the He dismounted, and, coming up tides there ceases ; and hence to the peasant, entered into contheir dimunition at those periods, versation with her, and was overwhen the slight tides are mere joyed to hear that she was but oscillations, continued from the nineteen years old, still a virgin, great oscillations produced at the and that her father was a shoenew and full moon.
maker. Hereupon he sat down More need not be proved. The and wrote the following note to causes are equal to the effects; the colonel of his guards. and these are necessary conse- « You are to marry the bearer quences of the former. The for- of this note with the tallest of mer are admitted facts, and the my grenadiers. Take care that latter are known phenomena. the ceremony be performed imPerhaps it would be difficult in mediately, and in your presence. any investigation of the proxi- You must be responsible to me mate causes of phenomena, to be for the execution of this order. more clear than in this case of 'Tis absolute; and the least dethe tides. They are phenomena lay will make you criminal in my of matter and motion ; and on sight.” legitimate principles of mecha. The king gave this letter to nics they are here shown to be the young woman, without innecessary consequences of ad forming her of its contents, and mitted motions.
ordered her to deliver it punctually according to the directions,
and not to fail, as it was on an THE MISTAKE.
affair of great consequence ; he The late king of Prussia used afterwards made her a handsome to dress in so plain a manner, present, and continued his route. that, when he travelled about The young woman, who had his states, such of his subjects as not the least imagination that it did not know him, treated him was the king that spoke to her, with no other respect than they believing it was indifferent whewould an ordinary man. Once, ther the letter was delivered by as he was riding about Berlin, another, so it came safe to hand, without attendants, and very made a bargain with an old woplainly clad, he perceived a young man, whom she charged with woman digging in the fields, of the commission, laying an exa gigantic stature, being near press injunction on her to say seven feet high. It is well that she had it from a man of known that the king had a par- such a garb and mien. The old ticular predilection for tall men, woman faithfully executed her and, as his greatest passion lay message. The colonel, surprised that way, he spared no expence at the contents of the letter, to procure them from all parts of could not reconcile them with Europe, for forming, as he did, the age and figure of the bearer, his regiment of giants and gre- yet, the order being peremptory, nadiers out of them. At sight of he thought he could not without this tall woman, he imagined danger recede from obeying, and fancied that his master wanted to to be married. When presented punish the soldier for some mis- to him, he fell into a very desdemeanour by matching him in perate passion. The colonel in so disagreeable a manner. In vain endeavoured to justify himshort, the marriage was celebra- self, and the king was implacated before him to the great re- ble till the old woman confessed gret of the grenadier, whilst the the truth, finishing her tale by old woman, exulting with joy, raising her eyes to heaven, and assumed an air of the highest thanking providence for confersatisfaction.
ring on her a benefit the more Some time after, the king, on signal and acceptable to her as his return to Berlin, was eager unexpected. to see the couple he had ordered
asked him, “ What dependence WILLIAM PITT.
can you place upon your cinqueThe fashionable hours of the port volunteers ?-Do you know present times were neatly cen- some of them are millers, and sured by him. “ Mr. Pitt," said others are custom-house offithe duchess of Gordon, " I wish cers." “ 0," said Pitt, “ these you to dine with me at ten this are the very men in whose milievening.”, “I must decline the tary talents I can confide-every honour,” said the premier, « for miller is a marshall Saxe, and I am engaged to sup with the every custom-house officer is a bishop of Lincoln at nine.” Caesar.”
- Pray, Mr. Pitt," said the The Duchess of Gordon exsame facetious lady, “ as you pressed great pleasure at meeting know every thing that is moving him after a long absence, and in the political world, tell me asked him many questions. some news.” “I am sorry, ma- Among the rest," Pitt,” said dam,” said the discreet premier, she, “ have you talked as much “I cannot oblige you, as I have nonsense as you used to do, since not yet read the papers of the we last met ?" “ Madam,” he
replied, “ I have not heard so This great statesman was much.” known, when retired from public business, in the circle of his A noble admiral, about the friends, to indulge in light and year 1793, most honourably emplayful conversation. He even ployed in the service of his councondescended to punning. When try, was some years prior to that enjoying himself with a convivial time, riding in his carriage in the party at Walmer castle, the ex- streets of London, and saw a pected invasion of the French sailor who had served in his ship, from the opposite shores were and whose courage and good talked of, and one of his friends conduct he well remembered.
He got out of his carriage, and opinion of a dashing sign, lately gave him five guineas, and then mounted over the shop door of left him hastily, to escape the a tradesman in Bond-street, effusions of his gratitude. The which he thus readily complied sailor burst into tears. A gen- with the painter of that might tleman seeing him crying, asked do signs, but he will never do him what was the matter. wonders !" “ Look here,” said he, showing SINGULAR VERDICT.-A corohim the five guineas,“ don't you ner's jury, which sat on the body know captain
" which of a young lady, in Baltimore, was all the poor fellow for a who had hung herself in a fit of long time could utter.
love, brought in their verdictNot many years ago, a gentle- died by the visitation of cupid. man, somewhat too distinguished TRIBUTE TO BEAUTY-As the for scolding his huntsmen in the late beautiful duchess of Devonfield, was so incensed at a reply shire was one day stepping out the fellow made, that he turned of her carriage, a dustman, who him off instantly on the spot. was accidentally standing by, The huntsman, after delivering and was about to regale himself up his horse, got into a rabbit with his accustomed whiff of cart, and away he went. The tobacco, caught a glance of her next morning, when the gentle- countenace, and instantly exman was going out, and had got claimed, “ Love and bless you, to the end of the town with his let me light my pipe in your hounds, the voice of the hunts- eyes !" It is said the duches was man saluted his ear, who began so delighted with this complihallooing the dogs, till not one ment, that she frequently afterof them would leave the tree, wards checked the strain of aduwhere the man had perched him- lation which was so constantly self. What could be done ? the offered 'to her charms, by saygentleman wished to hunt, but ing, “Oh! after the dustman's there was no hunting without compliment, all others are indogs, and there was no stopping sipid.” the man's mouth; so he was, M. C-, who had a wooden obliged at last to make the best leg, was in the habit of intriguof a bad bargain, and take the ing with a young lady, who was fellow down from the tree in his no more faithful than chaste. service again.
The lady becoming pregnant, NATIONAL Traits.Every na- M. C-had a dispute with anotion has its traits. The Spaniards ther person, who was a favourite, sleep upon every affair of impor- respecting the honour which was tance; the Italians fiddle; the likely to fall to one of them. Germans smoke; the French M. C- said, “Let it be thuspromise every thing; the British if the child comes into the world eat ; and the Americans talk with a wooden leg, it shall be upon every thing.
mine'; if otherwise, it shall be SIGNS AND WONDERS.-A gen- yours.” tleman much esteemed for his M. le Comte de Soissons had a abilities in painting, was the red beard. Being at his country other day applied to for his seat, whither Henry IV. had come to enjoy the chase, he, in sirous of rousing him from his the presence of the king, asked reverie, accosted him with bis gardener, whom he knew to “ Pray, sir, are you not fond of be an eunuch, why he had no dancing ?” “I am very fond of beard. The gardener replied, dancing, madam,” was the reply. that the Almighty having the “ Then, why not ask some of distribution of beards, he had the ladies that are disengaged to come into the world when there be your partner, and strike up?" were none but red ones left, and « Why, madam, to be frank that he preferred having none, to with you, I do not see one handone of that colour !
some woman in the room.” The A peasant, whose father was lady making a slight curtsey, dying, went early in the morning left him, and joined her compato the curate, and stayed three nions, who asking her what had hours at the door, calling in a been her conversation with the very low voice. When the cu- captain-" It was too good to be rate found him there, and learn- repeated in prose," said she, ed his business, he said, " Why « lend me a pencil, and I will did not you call louder ?” “ I try to give you the outline in was afraid of waking you," he rhyme. replied. “Your father, you say, “ So, sir, you rashly vow and swear, was dying when you came away,” You'll dance with none that are not fair ; added the curate : “ he is dead Suppose we women should dispense by this time, and there's no need Our hands to none but men of sense?”.
“ Suppose! well, madam, pray what of my going.” “O no, sir,”
th cried the peasant,“ Pierrot, my “ Why, sir, you'd never dance again.” neighbour, promised to amuse Rob Roy.-Graham, of Kilhim till I came back !"
learn, factor to the duke of MontA Scots GREY AND COLLIER. rose, had been collecting his During the encounter between rents in a small public house or the Scots Greys and the colliers inn, on the borders of Monteith. at Crwmlin, one of the Greys This gentleman had imbibed all was in the act of striking a col- his master's hostility to the Highlier, with his sabre. « Hold, land free-booter; and, after the Alexander," said the collier, business of the day was over, shewing his medal, “Don't you and money collected to a great remember when I carried you, amount, he loudly declared that wounded, off the field of Water- the ponderous money-bag should loo?" The soldier immediately be the property of him who would · dropped his sabre, proud that he bring Rob Roy into his presence. had for the first time an opportu- M'Gregor, who, on occasions of nity of shewing his gratitude to moment and interest to himself, the man to whom he owed his might almost be said to be omniexistence.
present, was near enough to FOND OF DANCING.-An officer, overhear this friendly declarawho was quartered in a country tion, and with his wonted cautown, being once asked to a ball, tion and celerity, he ordered his was observed to sit in sullen sort gillies to take their station, two in a corner for some hours. One by two, round the house, as a of the ladies present being de- precaution against any unexpect