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set up against the house where sun; but they are not always the great fire of sixty-six began. round, nor always so bright as Let me see, I have it written the true sun; and when several somewhere, Oh! here it is :" appear, which is sometimes the
case, some are brighter than ' Here, by the permission of heaven,
issiou of heaven, the others. They are tinged, exhell broke loose upon This Protestant city, from the malicious ternally, with colours like the hearts of
rainbow-the red and yellow are Barbarous Papists, by the hand of their on the side towards the sun, and
agent Hubert; Who confessed, and on the ruins of this
the blue and violet on the other. place
Many of them have a long fiery Declared the fact, for which he was tail (some parhelia have been hanged, viz.
observed with two tails, and That here began that dreadful fire,
others with three), opposite to which is Described and perpetuated by the neigh- the sun, growing paler towards bouring pillar,
the extremity. These tails Erected anno, 1681, in the mayorality of mostly appear in a white horiSir Patience Ward, knt.
zontal circle, commonly passing (To be concluded in our next.) through all the parhelia, and
would go through the sun, if it Mr. Editor,
were entire. There are halos, or In your last number of the
coræn sometimes seen without
parhelia, and vice versa. Gleaner, you mention the recent
M. Huygens, on applying his appearance of a parhelium, par
attention to these appearances, helion, or mock-sun. The follow
was soon sensible that they could ing observations on those rare
not arise from such globules as phenomena, may not, to a por
formed the halos ; yet, since partion of your readers, be wholly
helia are attended with halos, he unacceptable.
was satisfied that their causes I am, sir, Your's, &c.
must be much alike. Consider
ing, then, what other figures
HTONIENSIS. July 3, 1822.
hail-stones might possibly have,
besides a spherical one, he could “ As when two suns appear in th' azure
find no other so simple as that of sky
a cylinder; and, indeed, he had Mounted in phoebus' chariot, fierie often observed, that snow did brighte :
consist of several slender oblong Both darting forth faire beams to each
particles, mixed with those of man's eye, And both adorn’d with lamps of flaming
other shapes : and seeing that light,
small globules were sufficient All that behold such strange prodigious for the production of halos, he sight,
imagined that a great number of Not knowing nature's work, nor what to weene,
small cylinders, floating in the Are wrapt with wonder, and with rare air, might produce similar apaffrighte."-SPENSER.
pearances. He, also, rememParhelia are rarely seen, but bered that Descartes had taken their appearance is wonderfully notice of certain small columns, curious: their apparent size is which he had seen lying on the generally the same as the true ground, the extremities of which were bounded with flat star-like were observed, one of which was figures, consisting of six rays. very much tinged with various
The large white horizontal colours, like the rainbow ; and circle, observed in some of these the others, more faintly so. phenomena, M. Huygens sup- Some were also observed by posed to be produced by the re- Cassini, in 1683. In England flection of the sun's rays from the and Scotland, two have frequentoutsides of the upright cylin- ly been seen at a time. In North ders; since, when the sun shines America, they are often seen, upon a number of such cylinders, and continue for hours; nay, suspended in the air, a white sometimes for several days— circle must necessarily appear to being visible from sun-rise to pass through the sun, parallel to sun-set; when these disappear, the horizon. This he shews very it generally rains, or there falls distinctly by a large figure of a snow in the form of oblong cylinder, and by pointing out the spicula. M. Aepinus apprehends progress of the sun's rays re- that parhelia, with elliptical flected from it. For every point coronce, are more frequent in the of the sun's verticle diameter, as northern regions; and those well as his centre, will illumi- with circular ones in the southnate a circle of cylinders, of the ern. same apparent height as the As parhelia are but very selilluminating point. It is ob- dom observed, and are a curious servable that no thick clouds are phenomena, it is not to be wonseen in the air when these circles dered at, that they were formerappear; but only such as are ly, among the common people, very thin, and scarcely visible. considered as portentous. “ Let For, in most of these observa- us,” says the pious Sturm, on a tions, the sky is said to have similar occasion, “ bless God, been very clear and serene, that we are not born in those which very well agrees with superstitious and ignorant times, this hypothesis ; since these when nations were thrown into minute cylinders must consti- consternation and terror by these tute a very thin cloud, uniformly singular appearances !" extended, through which the sun, and even the blue colour of the sky may be seen.
CARD PARTIES NOT AMICABLE. Mariotte accounts for the ap- There are certain follies and pearance of parhelia from an in- impertinences, which people of finity of small particles of ice good sense and good nature are floating in the air, which multi- every day guilty of, and which ply the image of the sun, either are only considered by them as by refracting or breaking his things of course, and of too little rays, and, thus, making him ap- consequence for palliation or pear where he is not, or by re- apology. flecting them, and serving as Whoever is a frequenter of mirrors.
public assemblies, or joins in a We have on record, an account party at crads in private families, of parhelia seen at Rome, in will give evidence to the truth of March, 1629 : at this time four this complaint. I am, for my own part, a lover of the game of nights ago, at an assembly in whist, and should oftener be Thames-street, between two fretseen in those places where it is ters, at a whist-table; one of played for trifles, if I was not which had a beautiful daughter offended at the manners of my of eighteen years of age, leaning friends. How common it is with upon her mother's chair. some people, at the conclusion " Five trumps, two honours, of every unsuccessful hand of and lose four by cards ! But I cards, to burst forth into sallies believe, madam, you never lost of fretful complaints of their own a game in the whole course of amazing ill-fortune, and the con- your life.” stant and invariable success of “Now and then, madam.” their antagonists! They have « Not in the memory of your such excellent memories as to be daughter, I believe : and miss is able to recount every game they not extremely young neither. have lost for six months succes- Clubs are trumps-Well ! if ever sively, and yet are so extremely I play again !-You are three by forgetful at the same time, as not cards, madam—" to recollect a single game that “And two by honours. I had they have won. Or if you put them in my own hand.” them in mind of any extraordinary “I beg your pardon, madam; success that you have been wit- I had really forgot whose deal it ness to, they acknowledge it with was. But I thought the clovenreluctance, and assure you upon footed gentleman had left off their honours, that in a whole teaching Pray, madam, will he twelvemonths' play, they never expect more than one's soul for rose winners but that once. half a dozen lessons ?”.
In fashionable life, indeed, “You are pleased to be severe, where every one is acting behind madam ; but you know I am not the mask of good-breeding, and easily put out of temper. What's where nature is never seen to the trump ?” peep out but upon very extraor I was extremely pleased with dinary occasions, frequent con- the cool behaviour of this lady, vulsions of the features, Aushings and could not help whispering succeeded by paleness, twistings to her daughter, “ You have a of the body, fits of the fidgets, sweet tempered mamma, miss. and complaints of immoderate How happy would it be if every heat, are the only symptoms of lady of her acquaintance was so ill-fortune. But if we travel amiably disposed !” I observed eastward from St. James's, and that miss blushed and looked visit the territories of my good down; but I was ignorant of the lord-mayor, we shall see nature reason, till, all at once, her stript of her masquerade, and mamma's good fortune changed, hear gentlemen and ladies speak- and her adversary, by holding ing the language of the heart. the four honours in her own hand,
For the entertainment of polite and by the assistance of her life, and because polite life is partner won the game at a sometimes a little in want of en- deal. tertainment, I shall set down a “And now, madam," cried the. conversation that passed a few patient lady, “ is it you or I who
have bargained with the devil ?
A COUNTRY INN ON A WET SUNDAY. I declare it upon my honour I never won a game against you in It was a rainy Sunday, in the my life. Indeed, I should wonder gloomy month of November. I if I had, unless there had been a had been detained, in the course curtain between you and your of a journey, by a slight indispopartner. But one as a fine time sition, from which I was reon't indeed! to be always losing, covering ; but I was still feverand yet always to be baited for ish, and was obliged to keep winning ; I defy any one to say, within doors all day, in an inn of that I ever rose a winner in my the small town of Derby. A wet born days. There was last sum- Sunday in a country inn! whomer at Tunbridge! Did any hu- ever has had the luck to experiman creature see me so much as ence one, can alone judge of my win a game? And ask Mr. A. and situation. The rain pattered Sir Richard B. and Dean C. and against the casements; the bells lord and lady D. and all the com- tolled for church with a melanpany at Bath this winter, if I did choly sound. I went to the not lose two or three guineas windows in quest of something every night at half-crown whist, to amuse the eye ; but it seemfor two inonths together. But I ed as if I had been placed comdid not fret and talk of the devil, pletely out of the reach of all madam : no, madam; nor did I amusement. The windows of trouble the company with my my bed-room looked out among losings, nor play the after-game, tiled roofs and stacks of chimnor say provoking thing's—No, neys, while those of my sittingmadam ; I leave such behaviour room commanded a full view of to ladies that,”
the stable-yard. I know of “ Lord ! my dear, how you nothing more calculated to make heat yourself! You are ab- a man sick of this world than a solutely in a passion. Come let us stable-yard on a rainy day. The cut for partners."
place was littered with wet straw, Which they immediately did ; that had been kicked about and happening to get together, by travellers and stable-boys. and to win the next game, they In one corner was a stagnant were the best company, and the pool of water, surrounding an civilest people, I ever saw. island of muck; there were se
Many of my readers may be veral half-drowned fowls, crowdtoo ready to conceive an illed together under a cart, among opinion of these ladies; but I which was a miserable, cresthave the pleasure of assuring fallen cock, drenched out of all them, from undoubted authority, life and spirit; his drooping tail that they are in all other respects matted, as it were, into a single very excellent people, and so re- feather, along which the water markable for patience and good- trickled from his back ; near the humour, that one of them has cart was a half-drowned cow, been known to lose her husband, chewing the cud, and standing and both of them their reputa- patiently to be rained on, with tions, without the least emotion wreaths of vapour rising from or concern.
her reeking hide ; a wall-eyed
horse, tired of his stable, was night with the armour of waypoking his spectral head out of a worn warriors, such as coats of window, with the rain dripping mail, falchions, and yawning helon it from the eaves ; an unhappy mets; so the travellers'-room cur, chained to a dog-house hard is garnished with the harnessing by, uttered something every now of their successors-box-coats, and then, between a bark and a whips of all kinds, spurs, gaiters, yelp; a drab of a kitchen-wench and oilcloth covered hats. tramped backwards and forwards I was in hopes of finding some through the yard in pattens, look- of these worthies to talk with, ing as sulky as the weather itself: but was disappointed. There every thing, in short, was com- were, indeed, two or three in fortless and forlorn, excepting a the room; but I could make crew of hard-drinking ducks, nothing of them. One was just assembled like boon companions finishing his breakfast, quarrel. round a puddle, and making a ling with his bread and butter, riotous noise over their liquor. and huffing the waiter ; another
I was lonely and listless, and buttoning on a pair of gaiters, wanted amusement. My room with many execrations at boots soon became insupportable. I for not having cleaned his shoes abandoned it, and sought, what well; a third sat drumming on is technically called, the travel- the table with his fingers, looklers'-room. This is a public ing at the rain, as it streamed room set apart at most inns for down the window-glass-they the accommodation of a class of all appeared infected by the weawayfarers, called travellers, or ther, and disappeared, one after riders—a kind of commercial the other, without exchanging a knights-errant, who are inces- word. santly scouring the kingdom in I sauntered to the window, gigs, on horseback, or by coach. and stood gazing at the people, They are the only successors that picking their way to church, I know of at the present day, to with petticoats hoisted mid-leg the knights-errant of yore. They high, and dripping umbrellas. lead the same kind of roving ad- The bell ceased to toll, and the venturous life, only changing the streets became silent. I then lance for a driving-whip, the amused myself with watching buckler for a pattern-card, and the daughters of a tradesman opthe coat of mail for an upper posite; who, being confined to benjamin. Instead of vindicat- the house for fear of wetting ing the charms of peerless beau- their Sunday finery, played off ty, they rove about, spreading their charms at the front winthe fame and standing of some dows, to fascinate the chance substantial tradesman, or manu tenants of the inn. They, at facturer, and are ready, at any length, were summoned away by time, to bargain in his name; it a vigilant vinegar-faced mother, being the fashion now-a-days to and I had nothing further from trade, instead of fight, with one without to amuse me. another. As the room of the What was I to do to pass away hotel, in the good old fighting the long-lived day? I was sadly times, would be hung round at nervous and lonely; and every