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in discharging the royal salute man was in the act of extracting from the battery, then at the it, and produced the calamity bottom of East-street, had the mentioned; but which, had the deplorable misfortune to lose his vent been duly and properly suparms.

plied, would not have occurred. This melancholy and regretted It is somewhat remarkable, that event, occasioned by one of the when the princess Amelia, his late guns (twenty-four pounders) mis- majesty's sister, paid her only sing fire, and in the insufficient visit to Brighton, a few years manner in which the vent or previous to the above accident touch-hole of the cannon was only, that a similar event should stopped or served, in the attempt have taken place at the same battethat was afterwards made to draw ry; with this difference, however, the charge ; for the current of that the man then, whose name air not being effectually prevented was kidd, lost his life ; whereas, by the pressure which was applied the other, whose name was Toofor that purpose, a spark or sparks son, survived the accident, and that, unfortunately, remained in was a resident, in good health, the gun, from preceding use, of this town and neighbourhood exploded the cartridge as the subsequently, for many years.

(To be continued.)

CHARLES THE FIRST—continued from page 166.
1626.

which they had then upon the But the king easily perceived anvil, he dissolved the parliament that his royal father and himself on the eighteenth day of June, were as much concerned in it as then following. the duke—their favours being No sooner was he freed from made his crimes; and their au- this, but the necessity of his afthority in bestowing offices and fairs involved him in another honours on whom they pleased, embroilment. The French priests not obscurely questioned.

and domestics of that nation But the storm went higher which came into England with than the duke, some part of it the queen, were grown so insofalling downright on the king lent, and had put so many afhimself; it being openly affirmed fronts upon him, that he was in the House of Commons by one forced to send them home; in Mr. Coke (a true chip of the old which, he did no more than what block), “ that it was as good to the French king had done before die by a foreign enemy as to be him, in sending back all the destroyed at home.” Of this re- Spanish courtiers which his queen proach, tending so much to the brought with her. But the dishonour of his government, he French king not looking on his complained in a speech before own example, and knowing on both houses, but without any re- what ill terms the king stood medy. And being further incens- both at home and abroad, first ed by the noise of a declaration seized on all the merchants ships which lay in the river of Bour- tion to be much increased by the deaux, and then brake out into remisnesse of the government of open war. So that the king was archbishop Abbot, whom, therefain to make use of those forces fore, he suspended from all his against the French, which were metropoliticall jurisdiction, and designed to have been used confined him to his house at against the Spaniard, and to com- Ford, in Kent, committing the ply with the desires of the Ro- exercise thereof to the bishops of chelers, who humbly sued for his London, Durham, Rochester, protection and defence. But the Oxford, Bath and Wells, by letfleet not going out till after ters patents, bearing date the Michaelmas, found greater oppo- 9th day of October, anno 1627. sition at the sea than they feared Abroad he found the princes of from the land, being encountered Germany wormed out of their with strong tempests, and there- estates, one after another, by the by necessitated to return without emperour's forces—the king of doing any thing, but only shew- Denmark (whom they had made ing the king's good-will and the head of their league) being readinesse toward their assist. driven out of the country by ance.

count Tilly, and hardly able to 1627.

defend his own dominions. No

prince so fit for the prosecution But the next yeare this design of that cause, as Gustavus Adolwas followed with greater vigour phus, king of Sweden, whom, by the duke of Buckingham, who therefore, he elects into the nohoped thereby to make himself ble order of the Garter, and of some consideration in the eyes solemnly invests him with it in of the people. The gaining of the midst of his army, then lying the Isle of Re, which lay before at the siege of Darsaw, a town of the town of Rochel, and imbar- Pomerella, belonging to the red their trade, was the matter crown of Poland, on Sunday the aimed at : and he had strength twenty-third of October, of the enough both for sea and land to same year also. At which time have done the work, if he had he laid the grounds of that connot followed it more like a cour- federacy, which being seconded tier than a soldier-suffering by the French, the states of the himself to be complimented out United Provinces, and the disof the taking of their chief fort, tressed princes of the empire, when it was almost at his mercy brought that king into Germany; -and standing upon points of where he gave the first great honour in facing those forces check to the emperour's fortunes, which were sent from the French and had restored the prince elecking to raise the siege, when he tor Palatine to his ancient patrimight have made a safe retreat mony, if he had not fallen unforunto his ships without losse or tunately at the battell of Lutzen. danger. In the mean time, his majesty

1628. neither neglected his affairs at Being thus ingaged and emhome nor his friends abroad. At broiled, he gave a beginning to home he found the Puritan fac- his third parliament on the seventeenth of March, and freely de- evenness of his spirit, that this clares to them the necessities sad accident made little or no under which he lay; in answer stop in the proceedings of the whereunto the commons voted fleet; which at the last set forfive subsidies but meant he should wards under the command of the pay dearly for them before he had earl of Lindsey, who found the them. Such grievances as they haven of Rochel so strongly barthought fit to insist upon, were red, that it was utterly impossicast into the model of a petition, ble for his ships to force their by them called a “ petition of way (though it was gallantly atright ;” which if the king grant- tempted) and give relief to the ed, he must lose his prerogative; besieged; who, thereupon, set if he denied it, he must lose all open their gates, and received hopes of their supply in his great their king into their town withextremities. The consideration out more delay. of which last induced him to To smooth his way to the next yield to their desires, and con- session of parliament, adjourned firm the petition by act of par again till the twentieth of Januliament-the prerogative never ary, archbishop Abbot is admitted so much descending from perch to kisse his hand, by whom he is to popular lure, as by that con- commanded not to fail of his atcession. But though this act of tendance at the council table; grace might have given satisfac- Dr. Barnaby Potter (a thoroughtion even to supererogation (as placed Calvinian) is made bishop one well observed), yet the of Carlisle; and Mr. Mountague's commons were not so contented, book, called “ Appello Cæsarem” but were preparing a remon- (for which he had been questionstrance to take away his right of ed and molested in the beginning tonnage and poundage, as dis- of the king's first parliament) claimed by him in that act ; must be supprest and called in which coming to the king's know- by proclamation. ledge, on the twenty-sixth of But this little edified with the June, he adjourns the parliament faction in the House of Comtill the twentieth day of October, mons; who, not only took upthen next ensuing.

on them the reforming of the In the mean time the duke church and state, but called the prepares for the relief of Rochel, customers in question for levyboth by sea and land ; and being ing tonnage and poundage, not ready to set sail, was suddenly then granted (nor ever likely to cut off at Portsmouth, by the be granted as it had been forhand of one John Felton, a dis- merly) by act of parliament, and contented officer of the last distraining such merchants' goods year's army, alleging no other as refused to pay it : and in this reason for that bloody act, but point they went so high, that that the duke had been declared fearing they should be dissolved an enemy to the commonwealth, before they had vented their own in a remonstrance tendered to passions in that particular, upon the king in the former session. The second day of March they

But such was the constancy of lockt the doors of the parliamentthe king's temper, and the known house-kept the key thereof, in one of their pockets—and held ing brought immediately to the the speaker by strong hand in his king, he sent his band of penchair, till they had thundered out sioners, accompanied by his ortheir anathemaes, not only dinary guard, to force open the against such as should dare to doors; and going himself to the levie it, but those, also, who House of Peers, he dissolved the should willingly pay it. The parliament, not having continued news of which riotous proceed- in that session above forty days.

(To be continued.) .

SATIRICAL ADVICE TO Scottish family. Whatever you clean you SERVANTS.

need not be very particular

about it, as you can do it better (Continued from page 174.)

next time ; and as to keeping But the manner, as well as the things clean, that can be no busitimes of doing your business, de- ness of mistresses. I am sure it mands attention. As a general is not them that have it to do rule, I would recommend that again. In all your labours never wherever you go, high or low, spare sand or whitening. These you leave some goodly token of articles, like charity, cover a having been there at work.. A multitude of sins. Besides the dirty dusting cloth upon the places they are used to brighten, drawing-room sopha-a zig-zag by the help of your fair feet and line of small coal or ashes from ten toes, the whole stairs, pasthe hearth to the door-the sages, and rooms may be beautiscrubbing brush or the greasy fully variegated with a sort of rags with which you rubbed the Mosaic, or tesselated pavement, grates or brass locks, will agree- which I have seen produce a very ably indicate your labours to all fine effect on floors at Inverness. who enter the rooms—while the Under this head I may briefly operations going on may be plea- advise, that when you sweep a santly inferred by strangers, chamber, you allow the corners from a pile of chamber utensils to stay till next time. Sweep all on the landing place, with pails into the fire place, and as you and cloths scattered about. probably forgot the dust pan, I can see no good reason for keep- which is gone with coals to the ing people in the dark, as your nursery, let the sweeping lie till mistress often wishes to do, about they gather to be worth taking her domestic arrangements. away; or sweep the rooms out When you clean tin covers, upon the stairs and leave the dust knives, forks, &c. be sure you there till you do something else. leave a portion of the stuff about This will probably give you the them-particularly between the whole business to do again, and prongs of the forks. I have seen shew industry and activity. a servant suffer silver spoons You will sometimes be blamed to be so gilded that they actually for carelessness and negligence became golden ones, which no in breaking earthenware and doubt tells for the wealth of the crystal, pouring boiling water

G

on knives, and allowing polished handy thing. Upon this dash grates, fire irons and other things some whale oil from the kitchen of the kind to rust-very inno- lamp, or a lump of suet, and I cently, I am sure. Such things warrant me you'll have a fire; can never be a fault of your com- while at the same time you diffuse mitting. You find the dishes a fragrance through the house broken in the morning in the which must greatly redound to press, or I dare say “they just your credit, and give strangers came in pieces in your hand with- a good idea of the family manageout a mortal touching them.” ment. Be sure also, at all times, But if the worst come to the but especially upon such occaworst, it must be a poor house in sions, to keep the bellows in exwhich there is neither cat, dog ercise. This hospitable sound nor bairn to take the blame off the never fails to betoken an active poor servant. As to allowing forecasting servant. The econofine furniture to spoil, how can my of many of your number inyou help it. I dare say you clean duces them to heap bones, fish, it as often as other folks' servants, decayed vegetables, and all the and I am sure you cleaned it on- refuse of the kitchen, on that ly the week before last, however most convenient of all places, it is now. When ordered to take the back of the kitchen fire. up the carpets to be dusted, ne- Enough cannot be said in praise ver trouble yourself about undo- of this truly Highland practice, ing the nails—give them a good sucked in, I may say, with your hearty pull, and never fear but mother's milk. Town's folks they will come to you. Some mis- snuff up their noses, but let them tresses make a sad fuss ahout they will come on by degrees : keeping the carpets from grease, the nose is said by philosophers fire, &c. Pay no regard to such to be the most placable of all the rediculous fears. Talking of senses. In a physical view this fires a great deal of your repu- practice is commendable, since tation will depend upon your burnt feathers and candle snuffs management of the fires : as a are recommended for squeamish grand rule, I would say, never people. This also justifies your spare fuel - coals and peat practice of never extinguishing a must be supplied, and choke candle properly, but allowing it them up. It remains with your to regale the noses of all the mistress what is to be done with family; and probably you have them. Wood must often be fur- also in view the enormous profits nished by your own industry. of the fire officers, and wish a Barrels, baskets, packing cases, little to increase their risk. Upand the old furniture stowed up on all occasions use a bold poker. in the garret, will supply you. A Highlander is not more distinTrue, these articles may be want- guished by a charge of bayonets, ed again, and may cost money, than a Highland serving wench but that is nothing to you. at a charge of pokers upon an When a fire is ordered in haste English coal fire. Give it home for unexpected visiters, an old to the very hilt; then adroitly book or a parcel of letters is a charge from flank to flank, right

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