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adhool-house or houses; and if the sums authorized to be raised by secti five and six of this act shall be insufficient to pay the cost of such building, thes, the said board may raise an additional sum not exceeding five hundred dollars, to be levied and collected as provided for in sections five and six of this act, to be expended in defraying such cost. . . . . § 12. The said board of education may call special meetings of said district whenever they may deem it necessary; and whenever a special meeting shall be called, notices of it shall be posted up in five public places in said district, at least one week previous to said meeting; and no business shall be transacted at such meetings except that stated in the notice calling the §3. DOlé. § 13. All laws and parts of laws inconsistent with this act are hereby repealed, so far as they relate to district number three in the town of Newtown, county of Queens. . . . . . § 14. This act shall take effect immediately.

[Laws of 1851, Chap. 808.]

AN ACT to gonend an act entitled, “An act to establish a free school in district number three in the town of Newtown,” passed March 16, 1850

Passed July 8, 1851, “ three-fifths being present.” The People of the State of Wew-York, represented in Senate and Assembly,

do enact as follows :

§ 1. The fifth section of the act entitled “An act to establish a free school in district number three, in the town of Newtown,” passed March 16, 1850, is hereby amended so as to read as follows: - - . § 5. The said board of education are hereby authorized and empowered to raise a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars, by tax on said district, to be levied and collected in the same manner as taxes are authorized by law to be levied and collected in the towns of this state; and said board of education are also hereby authorized and empowered to raise the sum of three thousand and five hundred dollars by a loan, which sums are to be expended in the erection of a school-house in said district and furniture for the same ; such loan to be secured by a bond and a mortgage upon the public school property of said district, which bond and mortgage shall be executed by said board of education in their official capacity, under their hands and a common seal to be provided by them. Said loan shall be paid off in annual instalments of five hindred dollars each, and the first of said instalments shall be paid in three years after the date of said bond and mortgage. Said board is also authorized and empowered to raise such additional sum, from time to time, by tax on said district, to be levied and collected in the same manner as taxes are authorized by law to be levied and collected in towns of this state, as may be necessary to pay the accruing interest on said loan and the said instalments thereof, and also such amount as they may deem proper for fees for collection, not exceeding five per cent, on the amount. § 2. The said board of education are hereby authorized to sell and convey the lot of land in Astoria in said district, which has heretofore been occupied as the school lot, and which is situated adjoining St. George Protestant Episcopal Church. and execute a conveyance therefor under their said corporate seal, and invest the proceeds of the sale in the purchase of another lot, or in the completion of said new school-house, as by the said board may be deemed most advisable for the interests of the said district. § 3. The words “sections five and six,’, wherever they occur in section eleven of the act hereby amended, shall be construed to mean section first of this act and section six of the act hereby amended. $4. This act shall take effect immediately.

CITY AND COUNTY OF NEW YORK.
[Laws of 1851. Chap. 386.]

AN ACT to amend, consolidate and reduce to one act, the various acts relative to the Common Schools of the city of New York.

Passed J uly 3, 1851, “ three-fifths being present.”

The People of the State of New York, represented ân Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

OF SCHOOL OFFICERS AND THEIR ELECTION.

§ 1. There shall be two commissioners, two inspectors and five trustees of common schools in each of the wards of the city of New-York, who shall be known as the “school officers” of the ward. At each general election there shall be elected in each ward of said city, one commissioner and one inspector, whose terms of office shall be two years, and one trustee, whose term of office shall be five years, to commence in each case on the first day of Janu‘ary next succeeding such election. But the terms of office of the school officers elect, and those now holding office, except those whose terms of office will expire on the first Monday of June next, are hereby extended to the first day of January next after the day on which they would otherwise havé expired, respectively, and there shall be no election of school officers in 1852. The elections so held shall be subject to the same laws and regulations, in all respects, as those which govern the general elections in said city. The ballots for said school officers shall be endorsed “common schools,” and deposited in a separate box to be provided therefor; and the said school officers, before entering upon the duties of their offices, shall severally take and subscribe the oath prescribed by the constitution of the state.

QF THE BOARD OF EDUCATION.—ITS Powers AND DUTIES.

§ 2. The commissioners of common schools, elected as aforesaid, shall constitute a board of education for the city and county of New-York; they shall meet on the second Wednesday of January in each year, for the purpose of organization; and thereafter for the transaction of business as often as they may determine. . They shall elect one of their number president and shall appoint a clerk and assistant or assistants, whose compensation shall be fixed and paid by the board. - The board of education shall have power: . 1st. To take and hold property, both real and personal, devised or transferred to it, for the purposes of public education in the city of New York : • * . 2d. To appoint a superintendent of common schools for said city, as hereinafter provided: 3d. On the nomination of the school officers of any ward to fill vacancies in school offices, which may occur in such ward between the general elections : . . . 4th. To establish new schools, as hereinafter provided : 5th. To draw from the moneys which shall be raised for the purposes of public education, such sums as may be required for the purpose of defraying the necessary incidental expenses of the board, and such further sums as may be required for the payment of the salaries of their clerk and assistant or assistants, and of the city superintendent of common schools: 6th. To visit and examine the schools, subject to the provisions of this act : - . 7th. To make rules of order and by-laws for the government of the board, its members and committees, and general regulations to secure proper economy and accountability in the expenditure of the school moneys;

8th, And, for the purposes of this act, the said board shall possess the powers and privileges of a corporation. . § 3. It shall be the duty of the board of education, 1st. On or before the fifteenth day of November in each year, to report to the board of supervisors of the said city and county, an estimate of the amount over and above the sums specified in the fifteenth section of this act, which will be required during the year, for the purpose of meeting the current annual expenses of common school instruction ; for erecting, purchasing, leasing and procuring sites for school houses, and the fitting up and furnishing thereof, and the alterations in, the additions to, and repairs of, the school buildings of the ward schools; for the support of schools which shall have been organized since the last annual apportionment of the school moneys made by the board; for the support of evening schools, not exceeding the sum of fifteen thousand dollars in each year; for the support of the free academy, an annual sum not exceeding twenty thousand dollars; and such further sum or sums as may be necessary for any of the purposes authorized by this act; but the aggregate amount so reported shall not exceed the sum of four dollars for each pupil who shall have actually attended and been taught in the preceding year in the schools entitled to participate in the apportionment : - - 2d. To apportion all the school moneys which shall have been raised for the purposes of meeting the current annual expenses of public instruction, to each of the schools provided for by this act : - 3d. To file with the chamberlain of said city, on or before the first Monday of April in each year, a copy of their apportionment, stating the amount apportioned to the ward schools, and to the trustees, managers and directors of the several schools enumerated in this act : - : ; 4th. To continue to furnish through the free academy, the benefit of edueation, gratuitously, to persons who have been pupils in the common schools of the said city and county for a period of time to be regulated by the board of education, not less than one year: 5th. To supervise, manage and govern said free academy, and, from time to time, make all needful rules and regulations therefor; fix the number and compensation of teachers and others to be employed therein; prescribe the preliminary examination, and the terms and conditions on which pupils shall be received and instructed therein and discharged therefrom ; direct the course of studies therein, and provide in all things for the good government and management of the said free academy; and purchase the books, apparatus, stationery and other things necessary and expedient to enable the said free academy to be properly and successfully conducted; and to keep the said building or buildings properly repaired and, furnished: . 6th. To appoint annually a standing committee of not less than five persons of their number, who shall, subject to the control, supervision and approbation of the said board, constitute an executive committee for the care government and management of the said free adademy, under the rules and regulations prescribed as aforesaid, whose duty it shall be, to make detailed reports to the said board of education, and, among other things, to recommend the rules and regulations which they deem necessary and proper for the said academy. The board of education may, at any regular meeting thereof, by a majority of all the members of said board, remove any or all the members of the said committee, and appoint another person or persons in the place of the member or members of the said committee so removed. - 7th. To make and transmit annually on or before the first day of February in each year, to the common council of said city, and also to the secretary to the board of regents of the university of the state of New-York a report signed by the president and clerk of the said board of education, and dated on the first day of January, in the year of its transmission ; which report shall state the names and ages of all the pupils instructed in such free academy during the preceding year, and the time that each was so instructed; a particular statement of the studies pursued by each pupil at the commencement of his instruction, and of his subsequent studies un£il the date of such report, together with the books such student shall have studied in whole or in part, and if in part what portion; an account or estimate of the cost of the library, philosophical and chemical apparatus, and mathematical or other scientific instruments belonging to such academy; the names of the instructors employed in said academy, and the compensa. tion paid to each; what amount of moneys the board of education received, during the year for the purposes of such academy, and from what sources, specifying how much from each, and the particular manner, and the specific purpose for which such moneys have been expended; and such other information in relation to education in said academy, and the measures of the board in the management thereof, as the said common council or the regents of the university of the state of New-York may from time to time re*C. Ullre : t - § 8th. To provide evening schools for those whose ages or avocations are such as to prevent their attending the day schools established by law, in such of the ward school houses or other buildings used for school purposes, and in such other places in said city as they may, from time to time deem *expedient : - 9th. To furnish all necessary supplies or make regulation, for furnishing such supplies, for the several schools under their care, but when such supplies are furnished by the board of education they shall be obtained by contract, proposals for which shall be advertised for the period of at least 'two weeks: . . . v , 10th. To make and transmit between the fifteenth day of January and the first day of February in each year, to the clerk of the city and county of New-York, a report in writing, bearing date the first day of January in the year of its transmission, stating the whole number of schools within their jurisdiction, specially designating, the schools for colored children; the schools or societies from whichreports shall have been made to the.board of education within the timelimited for that purpose, the length of time such schools shall have been kept open; the amount of public money apportioned or appropriated to said schoolorsociety; the number taught in each school, the whole amount of money drawn from the city chamberlain for the purposes of public education during the year ending at the date of their report, distinguishingthe amount received from the general fund of the state from all other and what sources;the manner in which such moneys.shall have been expended, and such otherinformation as, the superintendent of common schools may from time to time require, in relation to common school education in the city and county of New-York. \ § 4. If the board of education shall neglect to make such annual report within the time limited, the share of school moneys apportioned to the city and county of New-York may, in the discretion of the superintendent of common schools, be withheld until a suitable report shall have been rendered. - § 5. The clerk of the board of education shall have charge of the rooms, books, papers and documents of the board, and shall in addition to his duties as secretary of the board, perform such other clerical duties as may be required by its members or committees: . - | . § 6. All schools which have been organized under the act entitled “An act to extend to the city and county of New-York the provisions of the general act in relation to common schools, passed April 11, 1842,” and the acts amending the same, or organized or adopted under this act, shall be called common schools [“ward schools,”] or ward primaries, and each class shall be numbered consecutively, according to the time of their organization or adoption, and all such schools shall be under the supervision and government of the commissioners, inspectors and trustees of the ward in which &hey are located. - - > 21

Powers AND DUTIES OF SCHOOL OFFICERs.

§ 7. It shall be the duty of the school officers, or a majority of them, in any ward: - . i fo ist. To certify to the board of education of the city and county of New York, whenever in their opinion it is necessary, to organize one or more additional schools in said ward, with the facts and circumstances showing such necessity, together with the character of the school buildings required, and the number and class of scholárs who will probably attend such schools if organized, and to organize such schools as hereinafter provided:

2nd. To provide, under such rules and regulations as the board of education may establish, the necessary books, stationary, and other essentials necessary to organize and conduct any school in their ward; .

3rd. To examine, ascertain and report to the board of education, and as frequently as may be, whether the provisions ofthis act in relation to the teaching of sectarian doctrines, or the use of sectarian books, shall have been violated ; and 4th. To notify the board of education of any vacancy in the office of any school officer of their respective wards.

Powers AND DUTIES OF COMMISSIONERS.

§ 8. It shall be the duty of the commissioners of common schools in the several wards: - ... -- . 1st. To attend all the meetings of the board of education; and if any commissioner shall refuse or neglect to attend any three successive stated meetings of the board, after having been personally notified to attend, and if no satisfactory cause of his non-attendance be shown, the board may declare his office vacant ; 2nd. To transmit to the board of education all reports made to them by the trustees and inspectors of their respective wards; - . 3rd. To visit and examine all the schools entitled to participate in the apportionment ; *.. - 4th. They shall be ex officio members of the board of trustees in their respective wards.

POWERS AND DłJTIES OF ENSPECTORS.

$ 9. It shall be the duty of the inspectors of common schools: ist. To inspect and examine each of the schools in their respective wards, at least twice in each year, and oftener if necessary; and on or before the fifteenth day of October, in each year, to make and transmit to the board of education and to the trustees of the ward, a report in writing, in which they shall set forth the condition of the several school buildings in use in their ward, and whether any, and if any, what repairs, alterations or modifications of those buildings seem to them necessary; . 2. Whether they are kept clean and in good order; - - 3. In what manner they are heated and ventilated, and how effectual the means used are in producing the result desired; . 4. The studies pursued; 5. The progress of the classes in their different studies; 6. The punctuality of attendance of the scholars and teachers; 7. The order, attention and general appearance of the school; 8. The length of each morning and evening session, and the number and length of recesses allowed; . . .9. The number and qualifications of the teachers, and such other facts as in their opinion are important to insure the discipline or extend the usefulness of the schools; - 10. In conjunction with the city superintendent of common schools, to license teachers for their respective wards; and

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