## General System Theory: Foundations, Development, ApplicationsAn attempt to formulate common laws that apply to virtually every scientific field, this conceptual approach has had a profound impact on such widely diverse disciplines as biology, economics, psychology, and demography. |

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Page 24

The advantages of

deduction, verifiability by observed data—are well known. This does not mean

that models formulated in ordinary language are to be despised or refused. A

verbal ...

The advantages of

**mathematical**models—unambiguity, possibility of strictdeduction, verifiability by observed data—are well known. This does not mean

that models formulated in ordinary language are to be despised or refused. A

verbal ...

Page 113

Before turning to it, discussion of

in order. Advantages and shortcomings of

sciences are well known (Arrow, 1956; Rapoport, 1957). Every

model ...

Before turning to it, discussion of

**mathematical**and non-**mathematical**models isin order. Advantages and shortcomings of

**mathematical**models in the socialsciences are well known (Arrow, 1956; Rapoport, 1957). Every

**mathematical**model ...

Page 275

Sci., I (1956), 303-315. , “Lewis F. Richardson's

General Systems, 2 (1957), 55–91. , “Critiques of Game Theory,” Behav. Sci., 4 (

1959a), 49–66. , “Uses and Limitations of

Sciences," ...

Sci., I (1956), 303-315. , “Lewis F. Richardson's

**Mathematical**Theory of War,"General Systems, 2 (1957), 55–91. , “Critiques of Game Theory,” Behav. Sci., 4 (

1959a), 49–66. , “Uses and Limitations of

**Mathematical**Models in SocialSciences," ...

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### Contents

Introduction | 8 |

On the History of Systems Theory | 10 |

Trends in Systems Theory | 17 |

Copyright | |

56 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

allometric animals appears applied approach aspects atoms basic Bertalanffy biological catabolism causality cell characteristics chemical classical classical physics closed systems complex components consideration considered constant contrast cultural cybernetics defined differential equations dynamic elements energy entities entropy equifinality equilibrium essentially evolution example existence experience expressed fact feedback fields formulation function game theory graph theory growth curves homeostasis homeostatic human behavior important increase individual information theory interaction isomorphic kinetics language laws living organism Lotka machine mathematical means mechanisms mechanistic mental metabolic rate modern nature open systems organismic phenomena philosophy physics physiological possible present principle problems processes protein psychology psychophysical quantitative reaction reality regulations relations scientific sense servomechanisms similar so-called social sciences society specific steady structure symbolic system concept system theory teleology theoretical theory of open thermodynamics tion Unity of Science vitalistic Volterra whole world picture

### References to this book

The Roots of Modern Environmentalism David Pepper,John W. Perkins,Martyn J. Youngs No preview available - 1984 |