## General System Theory: Foundations, Development, ApplicationsAn attempt to formulate common laws that apply to virtually every scientific field, this conceptual approach has had a profound impact on such widely diverse disciplines as biology, economics, psychology, and demography. |

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Page 64

The allometric relation holds , however , also for somewhat more complicated

cases , such as growth according to the parabola , the logistic , the Gompertz

The allometric relation holds , however , also for somewhat more complicated

cases , such as growth according to the parabola , the logistic , the Gompertz

**function**, either strictly or as an approximation ( Lumer , 1937 ) . The allometric ...Page 74

In a similar way , in the

alternative of considering it either as a sum of mechanisms for the individual

conception ...

In a similar way , in the

**function**of the nervous system there was apparently thealternative of considering it either as a sum of mechanisms for the individual

**functions**, or else as a homogeneous nervous net . Here , too , the correctconception ...

Page 151

However , the entropy

the classical entropy

generalized

Prigogine .

However , the entropy

**functions**do not contain time explicitly . This is true of boththe classical entropy

**function**for closed systems by Clausius , and of thegeneralized

**function**for open systems and irreversible thermodynamics byPrigogine .

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### Contents

Introduction | 3 |

On the History of Systems Theory | 10 |

Trends in Systems Theory | 17 |

Copyright | |

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### Common terms and phrases

according action activity animals appears applied approach aspects basic become behavior Bertalanffy biological body called cell certain characteristics chemical classical closed complex components concept concerned consequence consideration considered constant contrast cultural defined definition depends determined differential discussed dynamic elements energy entities entropy equations equilibrium essentially evolution example existence experience expressed fact fields final follow formulation function growth human important increase independent individual interaction language laws lead limited living machine mathematical matter means mechanisms mental metabolism nature observed open systems organism phenomena physics possible present principle problems processes progressive psychology question reaction reality reason recent regulations relations represent respect scheme scientific sense similar simple social society space specific steady structure symbolic system theory theoretical thermodynamics tion true universe various weight whole

### References to this book

The Roots of Modern Environmentalism David Pepper,John W. Perkins,Martyn J. Youngs No preview available - 1984 |