## General System Theory: Foundations, Development, ApplicationsAn attempt to formulate common laws that apply to virtually every scientific field, this conceptual approach has had a profound impact on such widely diverse disciplines as biology, economics, psychology, and demography. |

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for basic formulations .

, like Köhler's , restricted to systems of physics ) . Being a statistician , however ...

**Lotka's**classic ( 1925 ) came closest to the objective , and we are indebted to himfor basic formulations .

**Lotka**indeed dealt with a general concept of systems ( not, like Köhler's , restricted to systems of physics ) . Being a statistician , however ...

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For example , an elaborate theory of the dynamics of biological populations , the

struggle for existence and biological equilibria , has developed , starting with the

pioneering work by

For example , an elaborate theory of the dynamics of biological populations , the

struggle for existence and biological equilibria , has developed , starting with the

pioneering work by

**Lotka**and Volterra . The theory operates with biological ...Page 56

The equations for biocoenotic systems , as developed by Volterra ,

Ancona , Gause and others , are special cases of equation ( 3.1 ) . So are the

equations used by Spiegelman ( 1945 ) for kinetics of cellular processes and the

theory ...

The equations for biocoenotic systems , as developed by Volterra ,

**Lotka**, D'Ancona , Gause and others , are special cases of equation ( 3.1 ) . So are the

equations used by Spiegelman ( 1945 ) for kinetics of cellular processes and the

theory ...

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### Contents

Introduction | 3 |

On the History of Systems Theory | 10 |

Trends in Systems Theory | 17 |

Copyright | |

56 other sections not shown

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according action activity animals appears applied approach aspects basic become behavior Bertalanffy biological body called cell certain characteristics chemical classical closed complex components concept concerned consequence consideration considered constant contrast cultural defined definition depends determined differential discussed dynamic elements energy entities entropy equations equilibrium essentially evolution example existence experience expressed fact fields final follow formulation function growth human important increase independent individual interaction language laws lead limited living machine mathematical matter means mechanisms mental metabolism nature observed open systems organism phenomena physics possible present principle problems processes progressive psychology question reaction reality reason recent regulations relations represent respect scheme scientific sense similar simple social society space specific steady structure symbolic system theory theoretical thermodynamics tion true universe various weight whole

### References to this book

The Roots of Modern Environmentalism David Pepper,John W. Perkins,Martyn J. Youngs No preview available - 1984 |