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sented the proposition, but the reply was the same—that Parliament must give the authority.
The question remained in this situation until 1896, when Hon. George Frisbie Hoar became interested in the History, and determined to make every effort to secure its return to Massachusetts. Visiting England he mentioned his desire to some who could be of assistance, and personally examined the manuscript in Fulham Library. On this occasion he told the Bishop of London (Frederick Temple) that the book ought to go back to Massachusetts, and gave his reasons, to which the Bishop assented, but explained that as the volume belonged to him in his official capacity the Archbishop of Canterbury and, indeed, the Queen should be consulted.1 Upon his return to the United States Senator Hoar prepared a memorial on the subject which resulted in the appointment of a committee in Massachusetts having for its object the return of the Bradford manuscript to this country. The members of this committee were Mr. Charles Francis Adams, President of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Mr. Charles William Eliot, President of Harvard College, and Bishop William Lawrence, of Massachusetts, acting in connection with the American Antiquarian Society of Worcester and the Pilgrim Society of Plymouth. A memorial was prepared, signed by committees of these societies and of the New England Society of New York, approved by the Governor of Massachusetts, Hon. Roger Wolcott,2 and sent to the American Ambassador at London, Hon. Thomas Francis Bayard. The Ambassador united with the Bishop of London (Mandell Creighton), with the approval of the Archbishop of Canterbury (Frederick Temple), in a petition to the Consistory Court of the Diocese of London. After a full hearing the Chancellor directed that the manuscript be given up to Mr. Bayard, for transmission to the Governor of Massachusetts,
1 See the address of Senator Hoar in the edition of Bradford's History printed by the State of Massachusetts, xlvi-li.
The members of these committees are given in Ib. li.
and for final deposit either in the State Archives of Massachusetts, or in the library of the Massachusetts Historical Society, as the Governor should determine. The volume was accordingly brought to the United States and on May 26, 1897, delivered to the Governor of Massachusetts, and by him accepted in behalf of the State. It was deposited with the State Library.2
Aside from the History few manuscripts of William Bradford are known. The Winthrop Collection originally contained five letters of Bradford, and four were printed in 5 Collections, vi. 156– 161. The present location of these letters is: that dated April 11, 1638, is in the Massachusetts Historical Society; that dated June 29, 1640, is in the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Massachusetts; that dated August 16, 1640, is in the Winthrop family; and that without date, but assigned to 1644, is in the Pilgrim Society, Plymouth, Massachusetts. The fifth, dated December 11, 1645, was given by Mr. Robert C. Winthrop to Mr. Charles Deane, and was sold with the Deane Library in April, 1898. The letter is now in the Pequot Library, Southport, Connecticut.3 The letter, dated February 6, 1631-32, signed by Bradford, Fuller, Alden, Standish and Prence, and now in the Chamberlain Collection, Public Library of the City of Boston, was written by Brad
1 The proceedings of the General Court and the addresses made on the occasion are in the edition of Bradford's History printed by the State of Massachusetts.
2 The full decree of the Court, dated April 12, 1897, is in Ib. xxi.
The decree stated that the manuscript had been "presumably deposited at Fulham Palace some time between the year 1729 and the year 1785, during which time the said colony [of New Plymouth] was by custom within the Diocese of London for purposes Ecclesiastical, and the Registry of the said Consistorial Court was a legitimate registry for the custody of Registers of Marriages, Births, and Deaths within the said Colony." As the Colony "had ceased to be within the Diocese of London and the Registry of the Court had ceased to be a public registry for the said Colony," the volume could properly and under certain conditions be returned to Massachusetts.
This was the letter sent by Mr. Deane to London to establish the authorship of the History. See p. 418, supra.
ford. Finally, there is the letter in Bradford's writing, signed also by Allerton, dated September 8, 1623, in Public Records Office, London.1
The Massachusetts Historical Society possesses the following Bradford manuscripts: 1. That of the Third Conference or Dialogue (see Vol. I. p. 3); 2. A fragment — eight leaves - of the First Conference; and 3. A Fragment eleven leaves, with writing on both sides of each leaf- of a poem by Bradford. This last manuscript came to the Society in March, 1858, a gift from Miss Elizabeth Belknap, daughter of Dr. Jeremy Belknap. A full copy of these poems, dated 1657, and in the writing of John Willett (1641-1664?), a son of Thomas Willett, is also in the collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society.
1 See American Historical Review, VIII. 294.
Printed, with other poems, in 1 Mass. Hist. Collections, III. 77.
Accountant, Winslow, 11. 135.
Abulentis, 11. 324.
Acadia, 1. 102 n.; 11. 133 n.; Razillai and, 206 n. | Alden, David, 11. 411 n.
Accomac, Smith at, 1. 178 n.
Alden, Elizabeth, 11. 411 n.
Accord Pond, 11. 278 n., 281.
Agriculture of Indians, 1. 180.
Acosta, Joseph, 1. 57 n.
Adams, John, 11. 30 n.; land, 1. 232 n., 347; pur-
Address, New Plymouth to Charles II, 1. 55 n.
Agamenticus, grant, 11. 133 n.; settlement,
Agawam, 1. 167 n., 297 n.; Indians' plot, 292 n.;
Agents, commission of, II. 37.
Albany, N. Y., 11. 23 n.
Alcock, George, wife of, 11. 113 n.
Alden, Elizabeth (—), 11. 411 n.
Alden, John, 11. 307, 405 n.; lands, 1. 347; hires
Alden, John, Jun., II. 411 n.
| Alden, Mary (Southworth), II. 411 n.
Alden, Sarah, 11. 405 n., 411 n.
Aldridge, Ellen, 11. 392 n.
Aldworth Robert, 1. 179; buys Monhegan, 447 n.
Alexander (Wamsutta or Mooanam), 1. 202 n.
| Allegiance, oath of, England, 1. 30 n.